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Full text of "A history of the town of Industry, Franklin County, Maine, from the earliest settlement in 1787 down to the present time"

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Engnived by Johnson & Thompson, Boston. 
From a photograph made in 1893 by Ing-alls & Knowlton, Farniington, Me. 

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From the Earliest Settlement in 1787 down to the Present 

Time, Embracing the Cessions of New Sharon, 

New Vineyard, Anson, and Stark. 

IN two parts, 

Including the History and Genealogy of Many of the 
Leading Families of the Town. 


ILLIAM COLLINS H-jiH"QJl/ '•/:'');•• 

»• • • ••• 


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[public LIBRARY] 

, Astor, Lenox and IWAmJ 



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The novice in the literary arena is prone to apologize for his work, 
but, for the nonce, he has no apology to offer. His work is to be 
weighed by a discriminating public ; should it be found wanting, of 
what avail will apology prove ? In undertaking this work the author was 
actuated by a higher motive than mere love for sordid gain. Though 
not widely known, Industry is a town that has a history of which every 
citizen may justly be proud. Larger towns may claim the peerage in 
other directions, but when its part in furnishing the brain and brawn of 
the busy world is taken into account, Industry is entitled to high rank 
among her sister towns. To rescue the life-story of 'these noble men 
and women from oblivion has been the author's aim. How well he has 
succeeded let the intelligent reader decide. Many years ago the author 
conceived the idea of writing a history of his native town, but not until 
1882 did he become actively engaged in the work. The results of his 
researches are embodied in the following pages. 

Errors undoubtedly occur in this work, for surprising discrep- 
ancies often exist between family, town and church records. In some 
instances even town records contain conflicting dates. Again, memories 
are fallible, some of course to a greater degree than others. Hence, 
family records furnished the author from different sources sometimes 
disagree. To determine which is correct is often extremely difficult, if 
not an impossible task. In Part Second the author has conformed 
largely to peculiarities of each person in regard to the orthography of 
christian names. 

Occasionally q. v, (meaning which see) will be found in the Genea- 
logical Notes without the corresponding record to which reference is 

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made. These omissions are due to the fact that the author was 
compelled to condense the last half of Part Second in the manuscript 
even to the elimination of many family records. 

The name of a neighboring town has been invariably spelled Stark. 
This the author believed was correct, as it is so spelled in the act of 
incorporation recorded in the records of the town and also on the plan 
sent to the General Court with petition for incorporation. Recent 
developments, however, show that the name is spelled with a final s as 
recorded in the archives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The author would here acknowledge with a deep sense of gratitude 
the assistance and untiring interest of Dr. John F. and Mrs. Annie 
(Currier) Pratt, of Chelsea, Mass., who have contributed in no small 
degree to the interest and completeness of this work. Great credit is 
also due the printers, Messrs. David H. Knowlton and Frank E. 
McLeary, for their constant personal attention to every detail of the 
work while the volume was passing through the press. 

To those who, by their hearty co-operation and friendly counsel, 
have done much to lighten the cares of his onerous labor, the author 
would tender his heartfelt thanks, with the assurance that while life 
lasts he will ever cherish pleasing recollections of their kindness. 

Finally, lo one and all : If errors are discovered, as they usually 
can be in works of this description, will you oblige the author by not 
calling his attention to them ? 

January 25, 1893. 

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General Characteristics. — Boundaries. — Soil. — Productions. — Objects of Interest. — 
Scenery, etc., 13 



Early Attempts to Colonize New England. — King James's Grant. — The Kennebec 
Purchase. — The Appraising Commission, etc., etc., 24 



The Plymouth Patent. — The New Vineyard Gore. — The Lowell Strip. — North 
Industry, 40 


EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 

Condition of the Settlers. — Plantation Organized. — Town Incorporated. — Roads. — 
E^rly Town Officers. — The Embargo Act. — The Town Becomes a Part of 
Somerset County, etc., etc., 56 



Being a Full Account of the Emigration of his Father, Capt. William Allen, from 
Martha's Vineyard to the District of Maine, together with an Interesting De- 
scription of their Pioneer Life, 72 

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First School. — Incompetence of Early Teachers. — The Ix)g School-House on the 
Gore. — Other School- Houses. — High Schools. — Free High Schools. — Wade's 
Graduating System.— Text-Books.--Statistical, 90 


The Baptist Society.— The Methodists.— The Congregational Society.— The Free Will 
Baptists. — Protestant Methodists, etc., 1 14 



Military Company Organized. — Election of Officers. — Equipments Required by 

Law. — First Training. — Muster at Farmington. — Money Raised to Buy Military 

Stores. — Muster Roll of Capt. Daniel Beede's Company. — Cavalry Company 

Organized. — Powder- House Built. — ^The Industry Rifle Grays, 156 


Water Powers of Industry. — First (jrist-Mill Erected. — Capt. Peter West Erects 
Mills. — Cornforth's Grist- Mill. — Elisha Lumbert's Grist and Saw-Mills. — Cutler's 
Mills. — Davis's Mills. — (Power's Mills. — Capt. John Thompson Erects Mills near 
Stark Line. — West and Manter's Saw-Mill. — Clover Mill. — First Shingle Machine. 
— Daggett and Brown's Shingle Mill. — William Cornforth's Fulling-Mill. — ^James 
Gower's Fulling-Mill. — Allen & Co.'s Starch -Factory. — Deacon Emery's Bark 
Mill. — Other Tanneries. — Shovel Handles. — Rake Manufacturing. — Smith & 
Coughlin's Spool- Factory. — Oliver Bros.' Steam Box- Factory. — Racklifi^s Chair- 
Factory. — Mechanics, etc. 166 


First Store in Town. — Esq. Peter West. — John West. — Johnson cS: Mitchell. — Geo. 
Cornforth.— Capt. Jeruel Butler.— Chas. Butler.— Col. Peter A. West.— Capt. 
Freeman Butler. — John Allen, Jr. — Thing & Allen. — James Davis. — John Mason. 
— Moses Tolman, Jr. — Escj. Samuel Shaw. — Israel Folsom. — Col. Benj. Luce. — 
Christopher Goodridge. — Cyrus N. Hutchins. — Willis & Allen. — Zachariah 
Withee. — John W. Dunn. — Supply B. Norton. — Rufus Jennings. — Enoch 
Hinkley. — Amos S. Hinkley. — Isaac Norton. — Warren N. Willis. — Boyden & 
Manter. — Maj. James Cutts. — Franklin and Somerset Mercantile Association. — 
John Willis.— Willis & Clayton.— John & Benj. N. Willis.— Duley <S: Norcross.— 
James M. & Alonzo Norton. — James M. Norton iK: Co. — Asa H. Patterson. — 
Caswell & Hilton. — .Shaw t'v: Hinkley. — Harrison Daggett, etc., . . 193 

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EVENTS EROAf 1810 TO 1830. 
Condition of the Settlers. — Expense of Transacting the Town Business. — Pounds and 
Pound- Keepers. — Attempts to Establish a New County to Include Industry. — 
Gower's (now Allen's) Mills Becomes a Part of Industry. — "The Cold Fever" 
Epidemic. — ^The Thompson Burial Ground. — New Vineyard Gore Becomes a Part 
of Industry. — Great Gale of 181 5. — Question : " Shall Maine Become an Indepen- 
dent State?" Agitated. — Vote for Maine's First Governor. — Population Increases. 
— *' Blind Fogg." — First Sunday-School. — Road Troubles. — First Liquor License 
Issued. — ^The Residents of New Vineyard Gore Pass the Ordinance of Secession 
and Ask to be Made Citizens of Strong. — The Town Receives Additions from 
Stark and Anson. — Subject of Building a Town-House Discussed. — Great Drouth 
and Fire of 1825. — First Meeting- House in Town. — Meeting-House Erected at 
the Centre of the Town. — ^The Industry North Meeting-House, 204 



I^ck of Postal Facilities.— High Rates of Postage.— First Post-Office Established^- 
Jonathan Goodridge Appointed Postmaster. — Mail Brought from Farmington. — 
Mail from Stark Once a Week. — Mail Route Changed. — Mail Received via New 
Sharon. — James Davis Appointed Postmaster. — Other Postmasters. — Industry 
Post-Office Changed to Allen's Mills.— Post-Office Established at West's Mills.— 
Esq. Peter West Appointed Postmaster. — Lower Rates of Postage. — Stamps First 
Used. — Era of Cheap Postage Begins. — Rates Fixed According to Weight 
Instead of Distance. — Other Postmasters at West's Mills. — Glass Call -Boxes First 
Introduced. — Mail Carriers. — Change of Time. — Industry (iets a Daily Mail 
from Farmington. — North Industry Post-C)ffice, etc., .... 226 


Prevalence of Rum Drinking. — ^The License Law. — Five Licenses Granted. — ^Town 
Votes "Not to License Retailers." — The Ministerial Association Passes Resolu- 
tions Against the Use of Spirituous Liquors. — First Temperance Society Formed. 
— Esq. West's Temperance Society. — The Washingtonian Movement. — ^The Allen's 
Mills Watch Club. — First Division Sons of Temperance Organized. — The 
" Union Peace Temperance Society." — The Sons of Temperance at Allen's Mills. 
— The Order of Good Templars in Industry. — Juvenile Temples. — The Iron 
Clad Club, 246 


Religious Views of the Early Settlers.— Strict Observance of the Sabbath.— Destitute 
Circumstances. — Agricultural Implements. — Bread Baking. — Substitute for Cook- 

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ing Soda. — ^The Luxuries of Pioneer Life. — Methods of Starting a Fire. — 
Harvesting Grain. — Depredations of Bears. — A Good Bear Story. — Cows and 
Swine Allowed to Roam at Will in the Woods. — Spinning and Weaving. — 
Domestic " Tow and Linen " Cloth. — Flax-Culture. — Wool-(irowing in Industry. 
— ^The Tin Baker. — Introduction of Cooking Stoves. — First Thoroughbraced 
Wagon Brought to Town. — Shoe-Making. — First Threshing-Machine. — Sewing- 
Machine. — Mowing- Machines. — Air-Tight Cooking-Stoves. — Methods of 
Measuring the Flight of Time. — ^The Hour-Glass. — Sun Dials. — Clocks. — Nails. 
— Methods of Lighting the Settlers' Homes. — ^Tallow Dips. — Whale Oil. — Burn- 
ing Fluid. — Kerosene. — Sugar-Making. — Intentions of Marriage. — Quill Pens. — 
Anecdotes, etc., 261 


EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 

Condition of the Town. — Population. — Valuation. — Small-Pox Scare. — Attempts to 
Change the Centre Post-Office to Withee*s Corner. — F'irst Public House Opened. 
— Extensive Land -Owners. — Large Stock-Owners. — Effect of the High Tariff on 
the Inhabitants of Industry. — Residents in the South Part of the Town Ask to 
be Made Citizens of New Sharon. — Remarkable Meteoric Shower. — "Temperance 
Hotel" Opened. — Other Public Houses. — Financial Crisis of 1837. — ^^^ Surplus 
Revenue Distributed. — Auroral Display. — Franklin County Incorporated. — Diffi- 
culties in Choice of Representative. — Prevalence of the Millerite Doctrine. — End 
of the World Predicted. — 7000 Acres Set off from New Vineyard and Annexed 
to Industry. — Vigorous Fight of the Former Town to Recover its Lost Territory. 
— ^The Pioneers of Liberty. — Destructive Hail-storm. — New County Roads Estab- 
lished. — Subject of Erecting a Town- House Discussed. — A Grand Sunday-School 
Picnic. — ^The Free-Soil Party. — Efforts to Suppress Rumselling. — Town Liquor 
Agents. — The License Law. — General Prosperity of the Town. — ^One-half the 
New Vineyard Gore Set off to F'armington. — South Part of the Town Set off to 
New Sharon, etc., 273 


EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 

Political Excitement. — ^The John Brown Insurrection. — Diphtheria Epidemic. — Resi- 
dents of Allen's Mills Petition the Legislature for Annexation to Farmington. — 
War Meeting Held at West's Mills. — Patriotic Resolutions Passed. — Lively Times 
at Subsequent Meetings. — Muster and Celebration at West's Mills, July 4, 1866. 
— Call for Troops. — A Comet Appears. — (Jreat Scarcity of Silver Money. — 
Methods Devised for Supplying the Defect. — ^The U. S. Fractional Currency. — 
Disheartening News from the War. — Mason and Slidell Arrested. — Belligerent 
Attitude of England. — Total Failure of the Fruit Crop of 1866. — Militia En- 
rolled and Organized. — First Industry Soldiers' Lives Sacrificed. — Obsequies 
at the Centre Meeting- House. — More Soldiers Wanted. — Liberal Town Bounty 
Offered for Enlistments. — A Call for Nine-Months' Troops. — Draft Ordered. — 

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Generous Measures Adopted by the Town to Avoid a Draft. — A Stirring Mass 
Meeting for Raising Volunteers. — Provisions for Destitute Soldiers' Families. — 
News of the Emancipation Proclamation Reaches Industry. — ^The Conscription 
Act. — Anxieties of Those Liable to a Draft. — Disloyal Utterances in Other Towns. 
— Industry True to her Country. — Piratical Craft Reported off the Maine Coast. 
— Revenue Cutter " Caleb Cushing " Captured in Portland Harbor, 298 



General Lee Begins the March of an Invader. — Crosses the "Mason and Dixon 
Line." — Gloomy Prospects of the Federal Cause. — Numerous Desertions from the 
Union Army. — Organization of the Districts under the Provisions of the Con- 
scription Act. — First Conscripts from Industry. — ^Thc Non Compos Conscript. — 
. "The Kingfield Riot."— Efforts of Drafted Men to Secure Town Bounty.— The 
Somerset and Franklin Wool -Growers' Association. — Call for More Troops. — 
$300 Town Bounty Offered for Volunteer Enlistments. — Stamp Act Passed. — 
Steamer "Chesapeake" Captured. — Attempts Made to Raid Maine's Elastern 
Border. — Re-enlistments. — Furloughed Soldiers Tendered a Banquet. — ^$600 
Offered for Volunteer Enlistments. — Second Draft Made. — Small-Pox Outbreak. 
— Aid to Soldiers in the Field. — Inflated Prices. — Efforts of Men who Furnished 
Substitutes to Recover the Sum Paid for the Same. — Third Draft Made. — Close 
of the War. — Great Rejoicing. — Hag-raisings at Allen's and West's Mills. — 
Assassination of President Lincoln. — Memorial Services in Industry. — Cost of the 
War to the Town of Industry, 312 



Francis O. Bean. — Nelson O. Bean. — George W. Boyden. — Charles E. Burce. — ^James 
O. Burce.— John C. Burce.— William S. Burce.— George H. Butler.— John P. 
Butler. — Addison H. Chase. — Addison F. Collins. — Daniel S. Collins. — ^James W. 
Collins.— Daniel A. Conant.— John F. Daggett.— Hiram P. Durrell.— William H. 
Edwards. — ^John D. Elder. — Carlton P. Emery. — George C. Emery. — Zebulon M. 
Emery. — Calvin B. Fish. — Eben Fish. — Benjamin FoUett. — William Q. Folsom. — 
William H. Frost. — ^John F. Gerry. — Bradford Gilmore. — Almore Haskell. — John 
M. Howes. — Adriance R. Johnson. — William G. Lewis. — Fifield A. Luce. — ^John 
T. Luce. — Henry S. Maines. — Gilbert R. Merry. — Elias Miller. — Henry G. 
Mitchell. — Atwood Morse. — ^John M. Nash. — David M. Norton. — Oliver D. Nor- 
ton. — ^James Pinkham. — Samuel Pinkham. — Wellington Pinkham. — Wilder Pratt. 
—Charles S. Prince.— Albanus D. Quint.— William L. Quint.— Edwin A. R. 
Rackliff.— Elbridge H. Rackliff.— John O. Rackliff.— Samuel Rackliff.— William 
J. Rackliff. — Reuel H. Rogers. — Lyman M. Shorey. — Andrew J. Spinney. — 
John C. Spinney. — Benjamin Tibbetts. — Benjamin F. Tibbetts. — Clinton B. 
Webster. — David C. Whitney. — Aaron E. Williams. — Cieorge F. Williams. — O. 
L. Young, 327 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 

Road Matters. — ^The Curtis Pinkham Road. — Stark Asks for a Better Road through 
Industry to Farmington. — Route to Madison Bridge Shortened and Improved. — 
Industry Votes on Amendment to Liquor Law. — "The Gold Fever." — Unusual 
Snow-fall in the Winter of 1868-9. — Destructive Freshet of 1869. — Heavy 
Thunder-storm. — Beautiful Display of Aurora Borealis. — A Heavy Gale. — ^The 
Great Earth(iuake of 1870. — Grasshopper Plague. — State Equalization Bonds. — 
Industry Farmers* and Mechanics' Club. — The Enterprise Cheese Manufacturing 
Company. — Orders Forged on the Town of Industry. — Prize Declamations at 
West's Mills. — Extensive Improvements on the Centre Meeting- House. — ^The 
Greenback Party in Industry. — Caterpillar Scourge. — P'reshet of 1878. — Severe 
Drouth. — Cattle Show and Fair. — Independence Day Celebrated at West's Mills. 
— Destructive Fire. — A Bear Commits Many Depredations in Industry. — Red 
Sunsets. — Gale of November, 1883. — Planets in Perihelion. — ^Town Votes to Buy 
a Poor-Farm. — Allen's Mills Union Agricultural Society. — A Maine Blizzard. — 
Potato Crop Ruined by Rust. — Industry's New Methodist Church. — A Maine 
Cyclone. — La Grippe. — Shorey Chapel Erected, etc., .... 385 



Physicians. — Tallest Soldier from Maine. — Table of Incidents. — Poem: "To the Old 
Church Bell." — ^Town Officers from the Incorporation of the Town to 1893. — 
County Commissioners. — Senators. — Representatives to the Legislature. — 
Marriages Solemnized by Esq. Cornelius Norton. — Examination (Questions. — 
Statistical. — Town Officers' Bills. — Date of Ice Leaving Clear Water Pond. — 
Temperature Chart. — Industry's Gubernatorial Vote. — List of Voters in Industry, 
1855 434 

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ALLEN, 471 

Ambrose, 498 

Ames, 500 

Atkinson, 501 

BAILEY, 507 

Bean, 509 

Bcede, 509 

Benson, 512 

Boardman, 513 

Boyden, 516 

Bradbury, 520 

Brown, 521 

Bryant, 523 

Burgess, 524 

Burns, 524 

Butler, 525 


Clark, 540 

Coffin, 542 

Collins, • . . 542 

Comforth, • . . 562 

Cottle, • . . 565 

Crompton, ..,...-.. 565 

Cutler, • . . 567 

Cutts, • . . 569 


Davis, 589 


Edwards, 602 

Elder, 603 

Ellis, 603 

Emery, 604 

Eveleth, 614 

FISH, 617 

FoUett, 621 

Frost, 622 

Furbush, 623 


Goodridge, 624 

Goodwin, 626 

Gower, 628 

Graham, 630 

Greenleaf, 631 

Greenwood, 635 


Harris, 637 

Hatch, 638. 

Hayes, 642 

Higgins, 647 

Hildreth, 648 

HUton, 650 

Hinkley, 651 

Hobbs, 653 

Howes, 655 

Huston, 660 


Jennings, 662 

Jewett, 663 

Johnson, 663 

KYES 673 

LOOK, 674 

Luce, 675 

MANTER, 719 

Marshall, 732 

Mason 732 

Meader, 734 

Merrill, 738 

Merry, 741 

Moody, 745 


Norton, 751 

OLIVER, 783 

PATl^ERSON, 784 

Pike, 791 


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Remick, 797 Thompson, 820 

Roach, 800 Tolman, 825 

Trask, 827 

SHAW, 801 

Shorey, 808 

Smith 811 

Spinney, 814 

Stevens, 815 


THING, 819 



VILES, 834 

WEST, 838 

817 WiUis, 840 

Winslow, 844 

Withec, 846 

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Wm. C. Hatch, Frontispiece. 

Residence of Capt. John Thompson, 44 

Christopher S. Luce, 119 

M. E. Church at West's Mills, 140 

Wm. a. Merrill, 155 

Ira Emery, 181 

Centre Meeting-House, 219 

Wm. Harvey Edwards, 338 

Lyman M. Shorey, 374 

Shorey Chapel, 422 

John Allen, 477 

Asaph Boyden, 516 

Peter W. Butler, 536 

Thomas C. Collins, 55 1 

Wm. Broderick Davis, . . . ". 598 

Ira Emery, 609 

Chas. R. Fish, 619 

Nathan Goodridoe, 625 

Stephen H. Hayes, 643 

Edmund Hayes, 644 

Geo. W. Johnson, 666 

Henry True Luce, r 677 

Chas. Lucf:, 708 

George Manter, 729 

S. HAWFii Norton, 769 

Franklin W. Patterson, 788 

Daniel Shaw, 801 

Pelatiah Shorey, 808 

Eben G. Trask, 831 

Zachariah Withee, 847 

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General Characteristics. — Boundaries. — Soil. — Productions. — Oljjects of Interest. 
— Scenery, Etc. 

On inspecting a topographical map of the town of Industry, 
the most striking feature which presents itself to the eye of the 
observer, is the extreme irregularity of its boundary lines and 
the peculiar distribution of the lands comprising it. These 
peculiarities are to be attributed, in a large measure, to the 
acquirement of lands from adjoining towns since its incorpora- 
tion. When incorporated, the town of Industry contained only 
about thirteen thousand acres, bounded as follows: On the 
west by Farmington and New Vineyard, on the north by New 
Vineyard, on the east by Stark, and on the south by unincorpo- 
rated lands of the Plymouth Company and New Sharon. Since 
then, the town has received additions from all the adjoining 
towns with the exception of Farmington. In 1813, it received 
from New Sharon its first addition, consisting of a tract of land 
containing two thousand acres, including the village of Allen's 
Mills and a portion of Clear Water Pond. In 181 5, that portion 
of New Vineyard known as the Gore, containing fifteen hundred 
and sixty-four acres, was set off from that town and annexed to 
Industry. Then from Stark, in 1822, a tract of land con- 
taining four hundred acres was added, and a year later, two lots 
of three hundred and twenty acres from the town of Anson. 

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In 1844, that part of New Vineyard, since known as North 
Industry, containing seven thousand acres, was set off from that 
town and annexed to Industry. Thus it will be seen that by 
the various acquisitions up to this date (1892) over ten thou- 
sand acres have been added to the original acreage of the town. 
Since 1850, lands have been set off from Industry to the 
adjoining towns of Farmington and New Sharon to the amount 
of two thousand acres. First to Farmington in 1850, three 
farms on the western part of the Gore, containing in the aggre- 
gate, seven hundred and eighty-two acres, including the farms 
of Nathan Cutler, Alexander Hillman, Eunice Davis, and others. 
By this concession. Industry lost seven polls, and six thousand 
dollars from the valuation of the town. Next, in 1852, a tract 
of land embracing lots No. 43,* 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 59, 61, 62, 
63, 64, 66, 6y, 68, and all that portion of lot No. 70, in Stark, 
which lay in Industry, likewise a portion of lots H and M, the 
whole of lots I, N, P, Q and R, together with four small plots 
belonging to lots No. 72, 73, 74 and 75 in Stark, containing 
sixteen hundred and sixty-five acres, was set off from the south 
point of Industry and annexed to New Sharon. Industry lost 
by this concession fifteen polls, and sixteen thousand seven 
hundred dollars from its valuation, or over eleven hundred dol- 
lars for each poll. This tract of land embraced some of the 
best farms and wealthiest farmers in town, such as Asa H. 
Thompson, George Hobbs, Franklin Stone, and others. Thus 

♦ Esq. Wm. Allen fails to mention this lot, in his history of the town, also lots 
numbered 46, 47 and 66, but adds 41, 42 and 51, as among those set off to New 
Sharon. The following abstract from Acts and Resolves of the Maine Legislature for 
1852, gives the boundaries of the piece set off as follows: "Commencing at the 
southeast corner of the town of Industry; thence running northwesterly on the 
dividing line between New Sharon and Industry till an east course will strike the 
southwest corner of lot number forty-five; thence on the south lines of forty-live, lot 
marked S, and lot number forty-one easterly to the southeast corner of number forty- 
one; thence on such a course as in a direct line will strike the northwestern corner of 
lot marked P; thence easterly on the line of lot marked P to the west line of lot 
marked M; thence easterly the same course until it strikes the town line of Starks; 
thence on the dividing line between Starks and Industry to the place of l)eginning." 
Hy a careful comparison of these bounds with Lemuel Perhara's plan of the town, it 
will be seen that Mr. Allen was in error regarding the lots set off from Industry. 

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it will be seen at the present time (1892), that the town con- 
tains about twenty-one thousand acres, including water, there 
being a pond in the western part of the town containing fifteen 
hundred or two thousand acres.* 

The surface of Industry is rough and uneven, and in some 
parts hilly and mountainous. The soil consists of a yellowish 
loam mixed with sand and gravel, with a subsoil of clear gravel. 
Occasionally, however, the subsoil is found to be of blue clay, 
or a mixture of clay and gravel. In some places on the shores 
of Clear Water Pond, the whitest and nicest sand for plastering is 
found. This sand is of such a superior quality that builders 
have come long distances to procure it, and it is claimed that 
there is no other deposit in Franklin County which imparts 
such a beautiful whiteness to plastering as this. 

In many parts of the town the soil is quite stony, as is usu- 
ally the case with upland, and the early settlers experienced 
much difficulty in subduing the soil and rendering it suitable for 
cultivation. But when once cleared, the land was found to pos- 
sess an unusual degree of fertility, and bountiful crops rewarded 
the farmer's toil. Observation has shown that crops are less 
affected by severe drouths in this than other towns where the 
soil is of a lighter and more sandy character. Some land was 
found to be too wet and cold for profitable tillage when first 
cleared, but was, nevertheless, excellent grass land. 

The principal growth of wood is beech, birch and maple, of 
which, the last named variety predominates. Beside these 
varieties are to be found, red oak, cedar, hemlock, spruce and 
poplar, with scattering trees of other species. The point of 
land extending into Clear Water Pond, was originally covered 
with a heavy growth of pine timber ; but it was destroyed by 
fire at an early date, prior to the settlement of the town. 

There is a range of mountains in the west part of the town, 
north of Clear Water Pond, a peak of which is the highest 
elevation of land within its limits. Boardman Mountain, f situ- 

♦ Walter Wells's " Water Power of Maine." 

t This mountain was so named in honor of Esquire Herbert Boardman, who 
setUed at its base in 1795. 

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ated in that part of Industry ceded by New Vineyard in 1 844, 
was formerly regarded by the more superstitious and imagina- 
tive, as an extinct volcano, as some of the dwellers at its base 
aver to have heard, at times, mysterious rumblings within its 
rugged sides. This mountain, with slight exceptions, is still 
covered with woods, and from its southern aspect presents a 
very picturesque view. 

Bannock Hill, in the southeast part of the town, is a noted 
eminence. It is said to have received its name from a survey- 
ing party under Judge Joseph North, who encamped near its 
summit in 1780, and baked there a bannock for their breakfast. 
Whether this was the source from which it received its christen- 
ing, or whether it received its name from subsequent settlers, 
owing to its shape, which closely resembles that of a huge old- 
fashioned loaf of its delectable namesake, there seems to be a 
diversity of opinion. From the summit of this hill a magnifi- 
cent view greets the eye of the beholder on every side. Look- 
ing west the blue placid surface of Clear Water Pond is to be 
seen almost at your feet, with Backus Mountain rising abruptly 
from its western shore. While old Mount Blue, towering in 
lofty grandeur, can be plainly seen in the distance. North of 
the pond lies the chain of mountains which separates Industry 
and New Vineyard ; and rising above the top of this range the 
summit of Saddleback, Abraham and Bigelow mountains can 
be seen. Looking north, Boardman Mountain, situated wholly 
in the town of Industry, which forms an interesting feature 
of the New Vineyard chain, is seen just at hand. To the west, 
south and east, one gets a fine view of fertile fields, cozy farm- 
houses, interspersed, at frequent intervals, by large tracts of the 
forest primeval. Occasionally one gets a glimpse of Sandy 
River, winding its sinuous course to mingle its waters with those 
of the Kennebec. The villages at New Sharon, Stark and 
Madison Bridge, can likewise be seen. This hill, which has an 
altitude of 1227 feet above the mean sea level, affords a more 
commanding view of the surrounding country than can be ob- 
tained from any point within a radius of twenty miles. The 
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, of 1866, found it a 

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desirable position for a signal station, as did also the Survey of 

On that portion of the town set off from Industry and an- 
nexed to Farmington, is located a beautiful cascade, where the 
water takes a sudden leap of seventy-five feet over a precipice. 
This is counted one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the State. 
From a favorable position, on a sunny day, the colors of the 
rainbow can be seen amid its foamy spray, hence it has been 
called Rainbow Cascade by many. A large number of tourists 
visit this attractive locality each year, with whom its popularity 
seems to increase rather than to diminish. 

The waters forming this Cascade are derived from a small 
pond in the west part of Industry, known, probably on account 
of its diminutive size, as "The Little Pond." The stream from 
this pond flows in a southwesterly direction, and empties into 
F'airbanks Stream in the town of Farmington. 

Clear Water Pond, in the west part of the town, is, as its 
name indicates, a sheet of remarkably clear water. Among the 
early settlers it was almost invariably known by the name of 
"Bull-Horse Pond"; but the manner in which this name was 
acquired is veiled in obscurity.f Esq. Wm. Allen, in speaking 
of Judge North's surveying party, says : ** On arriving at the 
pond they watered their pack-horses, and proposed the name of 
* Horse Pond,' but put a prefix to it and called it * Bull-Horse 
Pond.' " The writer recollects of hearing, in his boyhood days, 
some of the older people say that the pond received its name 
from the circumstance that a bull and a horse were accidentally 
drowned there, at an early date. This statement can hardly be 
regarded as worthy of credence, and those best qualified to 
judge give it but little weight. Perhaps the most reasonable of 
all traditions bearing on this subject, and one fully as worthy of 
credit, is that a Frenchman named Blois once resided on its 

♦Through the courtesy of Hon. T. C. Mendenhall, Superintendent of this Survey, 
we learn that the geographical position of Bannock Hill is : latitude 44°, 44' , 01 .70^' , 
Longitude, 70°, y, 23^.99, or 4 h. 40 m. 09.6 s. west of Greenwich. 

t Since the above was written it has been discovered that, as early as 1 803 — 
(Petition Inhabitants Northern Part of Neiv Sharon) — this body of water was 
sometimes designated as Clear Water Pond. 

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shores, spending his time in hunting and trapping. It is 
claimed that in this way the lakelet acquired the name of Blois 
Pond. The advocates of this theory claim that Bull-Horse, or 
** Hoss," as it was almost invariably pronounced, was but a cor- 
ruption of the name Blois. True, it would require but a small ! 
amount of orthoepical license to effect this change, — not nearly 
as much as is sometimes taken with other words in the English 
language. This explanation, to say the least, has the merit of 
plausibility. i 

On the map of Franklin County, published in 1861, it was 
laid down as Clear Water Pond, by which name it is now 
generally known. Clear Water Pond has many interesting 
features. Its western shore rises abruptly, forming what is 
known as Backus Mountain, in Farmington, and near this shore 
the water is very deep. Several mills derive their motive 
power from this source, as the pond furnishes an abundant 
supply of water the year around. When the fact that it 
receives the waters from only two or three small brooks is 
taken into consideration, and that these, which are usually dry 
a large portion of the summer, at no time supply a large 
amount of water, it is evident that this pond is fed by abundant 
springs beneath its surface. Another fact which goes to 
establish the theory of this spring-supply, is the temperature : 
the water during the warmest weather being several degrees 
colder than that of similar bodies of water known to receive 
their supply from streams. 

The principal farm crops of Industry are wheat, oats, corn 
and potatoes. Rye, in large quantities, was raised by the early 
settlers ; but it has almost entirely disappeared from the list of 
the farm products. The apple-tree seems to flourish well in 
the soil of Industry, and fruit-growing is a branch of husbandry 
that is steadily gaining ground. Maple syrup is also made to 
a considerable extent. The rock or sugar-maple (Acer sac- 
chariniim) being indigenous to the soil, almost every farmer 
has at least a small sugar-orchard, from which he makes syrup 
for family use, while others engage more extensively, making 
from one to three hundred gallons each season. 

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The hills, with their many springs of deliciously cool water, 
afford unequalled facilities for grazing. This has rendered 
sheep-husbandry a paying branch of agriculture, and prompted 
many farmers to engage therein. The breeding of neat stock 
and horses has also received considerable attention. The time 
has been when Industry was noted for its many yoke of fine, 
large oxen, ranking in this respect second to no other town in 
Franklin County. Of late years, horses have come into more 
general use on the farm, hence the lively competition which 
formerly existed in raising nice oxen has in a large measure 

The scenery of Industry is by no means tame or uninterest- 
ing. Its mountains, covered with shady woods, the commanding 
views which their summits afford, the springs of pure cool 
water, issuing from their rugged sides, are all a source of con- 
stant admiration to the summer visitor. On the mill-stream, 
but a short distance from West's Mills, is a beautiful cascade,* 
which, with its surrounding forest, forms, during the summer 
months, an interesting and attractive bit of scenery. Then, too, 
a body of water like Clear Water Pond would furnish a constant 
attraction for any summer resort. This is a favorite resort for 
fishermen and excursionists, and, during the summer months, 
parties frequently come here from adjoining towns to sail on its 
clear, placid waters, or to hold picnics on its cool, shady banks. 
The first attempt to make the carrying of pleasure parties on 
Clear Water Pond a business was made by Captain Reuben B. 
Jennings, a gentleman from Farmington, who, in the summer of 
1868, put into its waters a sail-boat called the "Minnehaha." 
He likewise built a rude cabin, on the Backus Mountain shore, 
where he lived during the season, and where many parties landed 
for the purpose of holding picnics. So far as the writer has 
been able to learn, the season's work proved fairly remunerative. 
Since that time, excursionists have been dependent upon local 
resources for boats. At the present time, several very good 
ones are owned by parties residing at Allen's Mills. Probably 

* This cascade was given the name of Sunderland Falls, in early times. 

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there is not another pond of equal size in the State which 
affords more natural attractions, and whose surroundings are 
better adapted for a summer resort, than this. It is situated 
within an hour's drive of railroad connections, and a daily stage 
brings the mail on the arrival of the evening train. Let a com- 
modious hotel be built at Allen's Mills for the accommodation 
of guests ; let the same pains be taken to stock the waters of 
this pond with fish, as has already been taken with Rangeley 
Lake ; and a good supply of serviceable boats kept ready for 
use as occasion requires, and one of the most attractive inland 
summer resorts in Maine would be the result. Thus located, it 
would draw numerous visitors whose delicate health precludes 
even the thoughts of a journey to more remote and inaccessi- 
ble points. With the improvements mentioned, the clear brac- 
ing air, the fine scenery and perfect quiet, could but have a 
salutary influence in restoring invalids to a state of perfect 
health. The place would soon become popular, and eventually 
secure a patronage which could not prove otherwise than re- 
munerative to those interested in the enterprise. 

The principal varieties of fish found in Clear Water Pond, 
are: Lake-trout (Salmo r^///?//iV^— commonly called togue — 
cusk, chivens,* suckers and perch, with innumerable swarms of 
the smaller varieties. Of the edible kinds, the first named is the 
most valuable and eagerly sought. Probably the most success- 
ful fisherman in the waters of this pond was Isaac Webster, 
who died, at an advanced age, a few years since, in Taunton, 
Mass. He moved to Industry from Stark, and resided at 
Allen's Mills for many years. Though a shoemaker by trade, 
he was an ardent devotee of Izaak Walton, and spent much 

♦ Fur some years the writer has been of the opinion that this name was of local 
origin and incorrect. To settle the matter, a specimen, preserved in alcohol, was sent 
to the L". S. Fish Commissioner, Hon. Marshall McOonald, Washington, I). C. The 
following letter was received in reply: " Dear Sir: The tish sent by you for identi- 
fication is the round while hsh, shad waiter, or * chivy ' { Cortgonsus quadrilaUralis ) 
of ichth>ologist8. It is taken about this lime of the year (^ April lOlh) in some of 
the rivers and lakes of Maine. The species has a very wide range, including the 
whole width of country in your latitude and a large part of British America and 

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time in luring the finny tribe with baited hook. Others may 
have caught larger specimens than he, but Mr. Webster un- 
questionably stands ahead of all competitors in point of num- 
ber and aggregate weight. The largest trout ever caught by 
him weighed seventeen and three-fourths pounds, with a great 
many weighing ten pounds and upward. Among those who 
have captured large fish from this pond are : John Daggett, 
31 3-4 pounds; John Wesley Norton, 21 pounds; Samuel 
Rackliff, 20 1-4 pounds; James C. Luce, 16 pounds; Luther 
Luce, Sen., 21 1-2 pounds; Reuben Hatch, Sen., 16 pounds; 
Nelson W. Fish, 13 lbs. 14 ozs. ; John Atwell Daggett, 22 1-2 
pounds; John F. Daggett, 16 pounds; Wm. R. Daggett, 
16 1-2 pounds; Fred F. Backus, 153-4 pounds. In 1833, 
Truman Luce caught a fine specimen weighing ten pounds, and 
in 1857, Daniel Sanders Collins, one weighing 16 pounds. In 
July, 1890, Harry Pierce of Farmington, and John Richards of 
Boston, each caught a trout, weighing 10 1-4 and n 1-2 respec- 
tively. Chas. E. Oliver, West's Mills, caught a large specimen, 
in the summer of 1885, which weighed 13 pounds; and in the 
spring of 1 891, John L. Sterry, Stark, while fishing through 
the ice, caught two trout weighing 1 1 and 12 pounds. But the 
greatest catch of late years, was made by George W. Dobbins, 
of Boston, in March, 1889, when he landed two splendid trout, 
weighing 16 and 20 pounds. Five were caught the next year, 
each weighing ten pounds or more, beside a large number of 
smaller ones.* 

Some effort has been made to stock Clear Water Pond with 
black bass and salmon, in the past decade, but the results have 
not been wholly satisfactory. Herbert B. Luce, of Allen's 
Mills, after a protracted correspondence with State Fish Com- 
missioner, Henry O. Stanley, of Dixfield, induced that gentle- 
man to visit Industry, in the summer of 1883, to consider the 
feasibility of stocking this pond with black bass. Being well 

* Since the foregoing was put in type, the writer learns that Chas. Augustus 
Allen, of Farmington, while a resident of his native town, Industry, caught a trout 
from Clear Water Pond which, by actual weight, tipped the beam at 16 3-4 pounds; 
and afterward, another of equal weight. 

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pleased with the natural facilities it afforded, he forwarded to 
Mr. Luce, twenty-five small bass (Grystes nigricans, Agassiz), 
taken from a pond in Wilton, Me. These measured from five 
to ten inches in length, and were put into Clear Water Pond in 
the month of September. Since then specimens have been 
caught, occasionally ; but for the most part, have been returned 
to the water, and it is believed that in the course of a few 
years the pond will be well stocked with this valuable fish.* 

It was not known for some years after the settlement of the 
town, that there were suckers in Clear Water Pond. The story 
of their discovery is as follows: Joseph Collins, Sr., then a 
mere boy, one day went down to the pond in company with a 
man named Otis Foster, to strip elm bark, which was much 
used in those early times to scare crows away from the corn- 
field. In the course of their rambles they came to the brook 
and found it full of fish. Not knowing what they were, young 
Collins went home and called his father, who, being an old 
sailor, was the authority of the settlement in all such matters. 
Mr. Collins, after catching and examining one, pronounced 
them suckers. Since that time a great many have been caught 
each spring. 

The first cusk ever taken from this pond, was caught by one 
of Josiah Butler's sons, about 1828, or perhaps later. This fish 
was also carried to Mr. Collins to be named. 

Chivens were not known to exist in the pond till about 
1835. As they are a fish which can be caught only through 
the ice, in shoal water, their discovery was the result of the 
merest accident. At the mouth of the sucker brook, the bank 
of the pond makes off very suddenly from shoal to deep water. 
Several sons of David M. Luce were in the habit of fishing 
for pond trout, in the deep water just off the mouth of this 
brook. By a miscalculation, they one day cut their fishing 
holes in the ice too near the shore, and while angling through 
those holes, noticed numerous fish of an unknown species 

♦ Since the above was written, black bass have been caught in large numbers, 
some specimens being of good size. Among the largest taken, was one caught by 
John Vehue, in 1889, weighing six and one-fourth pounds. 

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gathering about their bait. As they could not be induced to 
take a baited hook, a method was devised by which they were 
easily captured. A gaff was made, by tying a large hook to a 
slender pole, and while one would troll a large piece of pork in 
the water, another would watch with his gaff and dextrously 
hook any fish which came near the bait. Even Daniel Collins 
did not know the name of these fish, and they were for a time 
called dun-fish, etc., etc. 

In June, 1886, while Fish Commissioner Henry O. Stanley 
was at Weld, Me., looking after the land-locked salmon there, 
it was suggested to him that Clear Water Pond, in Industry, 
possessed superior advantages for breeding and rearing salmon. 
Mr. Stanley, knowing something of its characteristics, at once 
agreed to put in a certain number of young salmon, providing 
some one would bear a portion of the necessary expenses. 
This Mr. D. W. Austin, of Farmington, volunteered to do, and 
under his immediate supervision, on the 17th of June, 5,000 
young salmon were placed in the cool, limpid waters of this pond. 
Many argued that the black bass was an inveterate enemy of 
the salmon, and that it was absolutely impossible to breed 
them successfully in waters infested by the bass. Perhaps time 
may prove these views to have been erroneous ; but after the 
lapse of nearly six years, the result of Messrs. Stanley and 
Austin's experiment is still shrouded in doubt. 

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Early Attempts to Colonize New England. — King James's Grant. — The Kennebec 
Purchase. — The Appraising Commission, Etc., Etc. 

After the failure of Capt. John Smith to establish a 
colony in New England, in 1618, Sir Ferdinando Gorges turned 
his undivided attention to the formation of a new company ^ dis- 
tinct from that of the Virginia company, whose exclusive atten- 
tion should be devoted to the colonization of New England. 
A liberal charter was granted to this company, by the sole 
authority of the King, constituting them a corporation with 
perpetual succession, by the name of **The Council established 
at Plymouth in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, 
ordering and governing of New England in America." The 
original grant reads as follows, to wit. : 


Whereas his Majesty King James the first, for the advancement of a 
Colony and Plantation in New England, in America, by his Highness* 
Letters Patent, under the great seal of England, bearing date, at West- 
minster, the third day of November, [1620], in the eighteenth year of 
his Highness' reign of England, etc., did grant unto the right Honora- 
ble Lodowick, late Lord Duke of Lenox, George, late Marquis of 
Rockingham, James, Marquis of Hamilton, Thomas, Earl of Arundle, 
Robert, Earl of Warwick, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Viscount, and divers 
Others, whose names are expressed in the said Letters Patent, and their 
successors, that they ^should be one body politic and corporate, per- 
petually, consisting of forty persons, that they should have perpetual 
succession and one common seal to serve for the said body ; and that 
they and their successors should be incorporated, called and known by 

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the name of the Council established at Pl)rmouth, in the county of 
Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing New England 
in America. And further did also grant unto the said Vice-President 
and Council, and their successors forever, under the reservations in the 
said Letters Patent expressed, all that part and portion of the said 
country called New England in America, situate, lying and being in 
breadth from forty degrees of northerly latitude, from the equinoctial 
line, to forty-eight degrees of the said northerly latitude, inclusively, and 
in length of, and in all the breadth aforesaid, throughout the main lands, 
from sea to sea, together, also, with all the firm lands, soils, grounds, 
creeks, inlets, havens, ports, seas, rivers, islands, waters, fishings, mines, 
minerals, precious stones, quarries, and all and singular the commodities 
and jurisdictions, both within the said tract of land lying upon the 
main, as also within the said islands adjoining. To have, hold, possess 
and enjoy the same unto the said Council and their successors and 
assigns forever^ &c,*' 

This grant extended from New Jersey northward to the 
mouth of the St. Lawrence River, and nearly half of it was 
comprised in a former grant to the Virginia Company. Objec- 
tions were made to it, at the outset, from that quarter. Not 
succeeding with the King and the Privy Council, the complain- 
ants carried the matter before the House of Commons, and 
Gorges appeared three several times at the bar of the House to 
answer objections. On the last occasion, he was attended by 
eminent legal counsel. The result was unfavorable, and the 
House, in presenting to the King the public grievances of the 
kingdom, included amongst them the patent of New England. 
The effect of this movement was at first prejudicial to the Com- 
pany, for it was the means of discouraging those who proposed 
to establish plantations in this quarter, as well as some of the 
Council. But James was not inclined to have the propriety of 
his own acts disputed, or denied on the floor of Parliament. 
So, instead of destroying the patent, as he had intendecjl to do, 
he dismissed the Parliament and committed to the Tower and 
other prisons, the members who had been most forward in 
condemning the charter and most free in questioning the 
prerogative of the Crown. 

Dr. Belknap well remarks, that ** either from the jarring in- 

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terests of the members, or their indistinct knowledge of the 
country, or their inattention to business, or some other cause 
which does not fully appear, their affairs were transacted in a 
confused manner from the beginning; and the grants which 
they made were so inaccurately described, and interfered so 
much with each other, as to occasion controversies, some of 
which are not yet ended." No part of New England has 
suffered more from this cause than Maine, even as at last to a 
complete denial of the title of its proprietary by a neighboring 

The first grant by the Council that included the lands of 
Industry, seems to have been the patent of Laconia, to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John Mason, in 1622. This 
comprised ** all lands situated between the rivers Merrimack and 
Sagadahock,* extending back to the great lakes and the river 
of Canada." Both patentees acted under this patent, although 
many subsequent grants of the Council were made within the 
same limits. After seven years joint title, Capt. Mason, 
Nov. 7, 1629, took out a separate patent of that portion lying 
south and west of the Piscataqua River, to which he gave the 
name of New Hampshire. The remaining portion became the 
exclusive property of Gorges, who, however, had no separate 
title until 1635, when he gave the territory between the Piscata- 
qua and the Kennebec, the name of New Somersetshire. 

The next event of general interest in the history of the 
State, was the confirmation of the patent from the Council of 
Plymouth to Gorges, by a new charter from the Crown, in 1639, 
in which the territory is first styled the Provinxe OF MAINE. 

After the death of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the Province of 
Maine fell, by heirship, to Ferdinando Gorges, Esq., son of 
John Gorges, and grandson of the old lord proprietor. In 
1678, Mr. Gorges sold and conveyed by his deed of the date 

♦ When the territory, now the State of Maine, was first known to the whijte peo- 
ple, the Kennebec River bore four different names. From its mouth to Merrymeeting 
Bay it was called Sagadahock ; from that bay to Skowhegan it bore the name of 
the Indian Chief Canabais,^{\t,rMZx6& changed to Kennebec; from Skowhegan Falls 
to Norridgewock Falls at Madison, it was called Nansantsouak, afterwards called 
Norridgewock; the rest of the river to its source was called Orantsoak, 

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of March 13th, to "John Usher, of Boston in New England in 
America, merchant," all the lands comprising the Province or 
County of Maine, for £\2^Q, or about six thousand dollars. 
Two days thereafter, Mr. Usher conveyed his purchase to the 
Massachusetts Bay Company. 

After William and Mary ascended the throne of England, 
a new charter was received, uniting in one province the colonies 
of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay, the Province of Maine 
and the territory east of it to the St. Croix River. 

In 1 66 1, the Colony of New Plymouth sold and conveyed 
a tract of land fifteen miles wide on each side of the Kennebec 
River and thirty miles in length from north to south, to Antipas 
Boies, Edward Tyng, Thomas Brattle and John Winslow, for 
;^400, or **at a cost," as Wm. Allen states, "of about four cents 
and three mills per acre." These persons and their heirs held 
it for nearly a century without taking efficient means for its 
settlement. In 1749, however, they began to think of settling 
their lands, and in September of that year, a meeting of the 
proprietors was called, and new members were admitted. Four 
years later, Massachusetts passed an act permitting persons 
holding lands in common and undivided, to act as a corporation. 
In June, 1753, under this act, a corporation was formed by the 
name of the ** Proprietors of the Kennebec Purchase, from the 
late colony of New Plymouth," which continued to be their 
legal title, though they are commonly known by the name of 
the Plymouth Company, and their lands as the Plymouth Patent. 
At the time of this incorporation, their claims were very ex- 
tensive, much exceeding the bounds already mentioned, — in 
fact, extending from Casco Bay eastward to Pemaquid, and 
north from the sea-coast to Carratunk Falls. Four adjoining 
companies claimed, however, large portions of this territory; 
whose claims, after tedious litigation, were finally settled, either 
by compromise or reference. 

The early explorers of Sandy River valley, supposing the 
land where they had decided to make clearings and establish 
their future homes, which was subsequently incorporated as 
the town of Farmington, belonged to the Plymouth Patent, en- 

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tered into negotiations with the proprietors for the purpose of 
obtaining a title to the land. Judge Joseph North was em- 
ployed to survey the township, in the spring of 1780, agreeable 
to these pending negotiations. The first duty of the surveyor 
was to establish the northwest corner of the Plymouth Patent, 
which, according to the proprietors' claims, would likewise 
fix the northwest corner of the township. This corner he made 
on a basswood tree marked " K. 15 M." — ^to denote that it was 
fifteen miles from the Kennebec River.* 

Nine years later, after the close of the Revolutionary War, 
by a different construction of the grant, and by an agreement 
with the agents of the Commonwealth, dated June 26, 1789, 
Ephraim Ballard,t a surveyor agreed upon for the purpose, 
made the northwest corner of the patent eighty rods east of 
the northeast corner of Farmington. The boundary of the 
Plymouth claim thus being established near the western shore 
of what is now called Clear Water Pond. After the establish- 
ment of the northwest corner of the Plymouth Patent, in 1 789, 
the Company obtained a grant from th,e Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, of a strip of land one mile and a half wide and 
thirty miles long, on their northern boundary, to compensate 
them for lands given to settlers. This new acquisition extended 
the northern limits of their possessions in Industry to the south 
line of the township of New Vineyard, as given in Osgood 
Carleton's Map of Maine, published about 1795. 

The meetings of the Company continued regularly, with 
the exception of the first year of the Revolutionary War, from 
1749 till it finally sold the remnants of its possessions, at pub- 
lic auction, in 1816, and dissolved by mutual consent. 

* Butler's History of Farmington^ p. 24. Allen says (History of Industry ^ p. j ; 
that the corner was marked " on a small beech tree." Mr. Butler quotes from the 
original plan of the survey, hence, his statement is to be accepted as indubitable testi- 
mony. Mr. Allen undoubtedly confounded this landmark with the small beech tree 
on the New Vineyard Gore which marked central corners of the four quarter sections. 

t Esquire William Allen states (History of Indtistry, p. j) that this boundary 
was estaljlished by Samuel Titcomb, a noted surveyor; but by the evidence adduced 
in the action Winthrop vs. Curtis (Greenleafs j Me. Reports^ p. 1/3) it was shown 
to be Mr. Ballard, as stated above. 

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The lands of the Company were not surveyed and offered 
for sale as the advancement of the country demanded. At the 
close of the Revolutionary War, great numbers of the dis- 
banded soldiers, unlike those of Europe — the pest and scourge 
of society— came into the District of Maine to seek a per- 
manent home, and became industrious husbandmen. The 
Company having formerly taken such pains to extend the in- 
formation of their liberal offers of land to actual settlers, many 
came on to the patent and selected for their abode such lots as 
suited them, without inquiring whether these were designed for 
settlers or had been assigned to individual proprietors, or were 
yet among the unsurveyed lands of the proprietary ; and in 
I799t Jt was found that large portions of the unlocated lands 
of the Plymouth Patent were taken up by persons who had 
intruded themselves without permission. " If," says R. H. Gar- 
diner, "the Company had, even at this late hour, resumed their 
former policy and given to the settlers half of the land, if so 
much had been required, for each to have one hundred acres, 
or if they had offered to sell at very low prices to actual set- 
tlers, there can be little doubt that the remaining portions would 
have been of more value than the whole proved to be ; but what 
is of infinitely more importance than pecuniary value, peace 
and quietness would have been at once established, and the 
subsequent scenes of violence avoided." 

The Company also found themselves deprived of disposing 
of their lands by dividing them among the proprietors; for 
division presupposes surveys and allotment, and the settlers 
would not allow surveys unless they could previously know 
what would be the price of their lands. After trying various 
expedients in their endeavors to gain possession of their lands, 
without success, the Company petitioned the General Court, in 
1802, to authorize the Governor and Council to appoint com- 
missioners, "who should determine the terms upon which the 
Company should quiet each of the settlers in possession of 
certain portions of land as may include their improvements, in 
such a manner and on such terms as the Commissioners may 

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think best." The following resolve was passed, in conformity 
with the prayer of these petitioners : 

On the petition of Arodi Thayer^ in behalf of the proprietors of the 
Kennebec Purchase, authorizing the company to quiet the settlers on 
said landSy and empoivering the Governor, with advice of the 
Council, to appoint Commissioners to adjust and settle all dis- 
putes between said proprietors and the settlers on said lands. 
February 19, 1802. 

On the petition of Arodi Thayer, in behalf of the proprietors of the 
Kennebec Purchase, from the late colony of New Plymouth, prayfng for 
leave to sell and dispose of certain of their lands for the quieting of 
settlers ; and for the establishing commissioners to quiet all such settlers 
as shall agree to submit themselves to iheir authority, and to fix and 
determine on the terms upon which they shall be so quieted : And the 
legislature being desirous to promote the laudable and liberal applica- 
tion of the Plymouth Company, to bring to a peaceable and final close, 
all matters not adjusted by its agent with the settlers on the undivided 
lands, by a submission of the same to three disinterested commissioners : 

Resolved, That the proprietors of the common and undivided 
lands belonging to the Plymouth Company, so called, be, and they here- 
by are authorized and empowered, by their agent or agents, duly ap- 
pointed and authorized for that purpose, at any legal meeting of said 
proprietors, to compromise and settle with such persons, or each or any 
of them, who may have entered upon any of said lands, and made im- 
provements thereon ; and by deed under the hand and seals of such 
agents, sell and convey to such person or persons, any portion or por- 
tions of said lands which they may think best, and on such terms as the 
parties may agree ; and after payment of all such taxes and charges as 
may be due from any proprietor, to divide and pay over to every pro- 
prietor his share of the residue of the money arising from such settle- 
ment and sale, according to his proportion of lands : And all such 
sales shall be as valid in law as if the deed thereof had been executed 
by every individual proprietor, or his or her legal representative : 

And whereas it is conceived. That a final compromise and settle- 
ment of the claims of the said proprietors, with such persons as have 
intruded upon such common and undivided lands, will have a tendency 
to promote the peace and quiet of that part of the State ; and the said 
proprietors having, on their part, assured the Commonwealth, that they 

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are willing to submit the terms of compromise with such persons as 
have set down on their said lands, and shall not have settled with said 
Company or their agent, to such commissioners as shall be appointed 
under the authority of this government : Therefore, 

It is further resolved, That the Governor with the consent of the 
Council, be, and he hereby is authorized and requested to nominate 
and commission three disinterested persons to adjust and settle all dis- 
putes between said proprietors and any such person or persons, their 
heirs or assigns, as have not settled with said proprietors or their agents : 
And the said commissioners, in settling the terms aforesaid for quieting 
any settler in the possession of one hundred acres of land, laid out so 
as to include his improvements, and be least injurious to adjoining 
lands, shall have reference to three descriptions of settlers, viz : Those 
setded before the war with Great- Britain, settlers during the war afore- 
said, and settlers since that period, or to any person whose possession 
has been transferred to claimants now in possession ; and award such 
compensation and terms of payment to the proprietors as shall appear 
just and equitable. And said commissioners shall repair to the land in 
dispute, and give due notice of the time of their meeting by the twen- 
tieth day of September next ; and thereupon proceed and complete 
the purposes of their commission as soon as may be, and make their 
report in writing, under their hands and seals, or under the hands and 
seals of a major part of them, into the office of the Secretary of this 
Commonwealth, who shall make out true and attested copies of the 
report, one for the said proprietors, and the other for the said settlers : 
And all reference by the settlers to the said commissioners shall be in 
writing, signed by the settlers, their agent or agents, representative or 
attorney, and by the agent of the proprietors, duly appointed and 
authorized for the purpose by a vote passed at a legal meeting of the 
said proprietors ; and the report of the said commissioners, made, exe- 
cuted and transmitted into the Secretary's office aforesaid, shall be 
final between the parties referring as aforesaid : And it shall be the 
duty of the agent for said proprietors to make and execute such dee'ds 
of conveyance upon performance of the conditions awarded, as may be 
necessary to give full effect to the report of said commissioners, which 
deed shall be as valid in law, as if the same was executed by every indi- 
vidual proprietor, or his agent, or legal representative, and all moneys 
received by said proprietors, or their agent, in virtue of said proceed- 
ings, shall be disposed of to the use of the several proprietors, in the 
same manner as is provided by this resolve in case of settlement by 
said proprietors, without submission to said commissioners : 

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Provided, That the parties interested in this resolve shall, on or 
before the ist day of November next, submit themselves to the refer- 
ence aforesaid, otherwise they shall not be entitled to any of the pro- 
vision, or benefit of this resolve. 

And whereas the peace, happiness and prosperity of a large and 
promising territory seems greatly to depend on an amicable settlement 
of existing controversies and disputes, which tend to public discord and 
private animosity, a submission to the commissioners to be appointed 
as aforesaid is earnestly recommended to all settlers on the lands afore- 
said, and all others interested, who wish hereafter to be considered as 
friends to peace, good order and the government of the Commonwealth. 
And all expenses and incidental charges of the aforesaid commission 
shall be paid, one half by the Commonwealth, and the other half by the 
said proprietors. 

The Commissioners appointed were, Hon. Peleg Coffin, 
State Treasurer, and a descendant of Sir Thomas Coffin, the 
original proprietor of the Island of Nantucket, whose descend- 
ants down to the time of the Revolutionary War exacted quit 
rents of all purchasers of real estate, out of the family line, of 
one hundred pounds of beef or pork or its equivalent, annually, 
with high aristocratic notions, was appointed chairman ; with 
Hon. Elijah Bridgham, a Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, and Col. Thomas Dwight, of Northampton, as associates. 
Although a recent writer claims that these men possessed the 
entire confidence of the public, yet Esquire William Allen says 
of them, "The selection of these Commissioners was very un- 
fortunate for the settlers ; they were all old-school Puritans of 
strict, unbending integrity of the patrician grade, with inflexible 
opinions as to the rights of freeholders, with no sympathy for 
trespassers or squatters as the settlers were called. They had 
no personal knowledge of the nature of the soil they were to 
appraise, and had no conception of the hardships and priva- 
tions of the settlers by whose hard labor not only the lands 
they occupied, but all in the vicinity had been made available 
and accessible by improvements and roads ; nor of the impos- 
sibility of raising money from the produce of the soil or from 
their labor, to pay the prices demanded by the proprietors." 

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Many settlers, who fiad served their country faithfully dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War and had been turned off without the 
least compensation for their services, were forced, from actual 
necessity, to take possession of wild land, wherever they could 
find it unoccupied, in order to save themselves and families 
from starvation. This they were invited and allowed to do on 
wild lands belonging to the State. Some of the Proprietors of 
the Plymouth Patent were Englishmen ; others were English 
sympathizers who had fled from the country, on the breaking 
out of the War, and had in a moral and equitable sense forfeited 
their estates by disloyalty to their country. Thus the early 
settlers in Industry believed, but the Courts thought differently. 
Others maintained that a title to their lots could be gained by 
possession, or at least for a small additional stipend. 

The Commission was required to repair to Maine and ex- 
amine the lands claimed by the Company, allow the settlers a 
hearing, and then state the terms and fix the price to be paid 
by each person who had been in possession of the land one 
year or more, for the lot on which he was located. As a 
necessary preliminary measure, Lemuel Perham, Jr., of Farm- 
ington, was employed, in September, 1802, to make a survey 
of the lands in Industry. 

This survey was made under the supervision of the Com- 
pany's agent, Isaac Pillsbury, of Hallowell, and by mutual 
agreement of the parties, Samuel Prescott, Esq., and Major 
Francis Mayhew, of New Sharon, were selected as chainmen. 
The surveyor was directed to run out a lot for each settler, to 
include all his improvements, with as little damage as possible 
to the adjoining lands. Under these directions, lots were laid 
out and numbered from one to seventy;* the survey com- 
mencing at Thompson's corner and embracing a large portion 
of Company's land, afterwards incorporated as the town of In- 
dustry, and extended north to the Mile-and-a-half or Lowell Strip. 
In October, after the completion of the survey, the Commission 

* Report of the Appraising Commission. Wm. Allen says (Hist, of Industry, p. 
jy) : " He [Mr. Perham] thus proceeded from day to day till he had laid out a lot 
for each settler, numbering them from one to sixty-four." 

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came to Augusta, and established themselves at Thomas's Tav- 
ern, on the east side of the Kennebec River, — giving notice to 
all persons interested, to appear and submit their cases to be 
heard. When, without seeing a single lot to be appraised, as 
appraisers on executions are required to do, they affixed a price 
ranging from one hundred and twenty-five to two hundred and 
twenty-five dollars for a lot of one hundred acres. This sum, 
with back interest, the settlers were required to pay in Boston, 
within a specified time, in specie or Boston bank bills. 

As few of the settlers had ready funds sufficient to pay the 
expenses of a journey to Augusta to present their claims in 
person, Capt. William Allen and Nahum Baldwin were em- 
ployed by the settlers, as their lawful agents and attorneys. In 
compliance with this arrangement the following document was 
signed and executed : 

Submission of Seitlers ok Plymouth Co.'s Land. Records of the 
Commonwealth, Vol. 3, page — . (In connection wfth Plans.) 

Know all men by these presents, That We, the Inhabitants and 
Settlers in the Plantation of Industry, in the County of Kennebec, and 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, viz : (Here foUows a list of the 
names which appear below as signers y but not in the same order.) Do 
by these presents constitute and appoint Capt. William Allen and Nahum 
Baldwin of the Plantation of Industry aforesaid, to be our true and 
Lawful agents or attornies, and for us and for each of us & in our 
names & behalf, to appear before the Commissioners Appointed by his 
Excellency the Governor and Council, under a Resolve of the Legisla- 
ture of the Commonwealth aforesaid, passed the nineteenth day of 
Feby., One thousand eight hundred & two, to adjust & settle all disputes 
between the proprietors of the Kennebec purchase (so called) and the 
Settlers who have settled on the Undivided Lands of said Proprietors 
as described in the Resolve aforesaid, and us their Constituents to 
represent before said Commissioners, for us and in our names to make, 
sign & Execute In Submission or Reference to the Commissioners 
aforesaid, the same to be good, valid & binding on us and each of us 
as tho. we were personally present, and had subscribed our names to 
such submission or Reference aforesaid to all intents, constructions & 
purposes whatever. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto set our 

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hands and seals this first day of October, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and two. 

Signed & sealed in presence of 

(signed) Cornelius Norton 
John Patterson. 

Jonathan Williamson, Jr. 

John Thompson. 

Elijah Butler. 
Rufus Sanderson. 
Atkins Ellis. 
James Johnson. 
Samuel Moody. 
Zoe Withee. 
Nathl. Davis. 
Jeremiah Bean. 
David Smith. 
Abijah Smith. 
Joshua Greenleaf. 
Samuel Hinckley. 
Daniel Ellet. 
John Lake. 
Sam Hill. 
Saml. Bnwn. 
John Thompson. 
Zephaniah Luce. 


Daniel X Emmery. 


Silas Perham. 
Ambrose Arnold. 

De'Have Norton. 

Luther Burr. 


Joseph X Taylor. 


John Gower. 
John Webber. 
Nath'l Willard. , 
Levi Greenleaf. 
Zachariah Norton. 
Clark Works. 
Joel Works. 
Daniel Burr. 
Eben'r Williamson. 
Abraham Johnson. 
Bartlett Allen. 
Nathaniel Chapman. 
Peter Witham. 
Ebenezer Oakes. 
Samuel Leeman. 
Jacob Leeman. 
David Maxell. 
Dan'l Young. 
John Young. 
Lemuel Collins. 


Benjamin X Jewett. 


Jabez X Rollins. 


Levi Willard. 

Samuel Willard. 

Jonathan Knowlton. 
James Thompson. 


Joseph X Moody. 


Hugh Thompson. 
Levi Joy. 
Eleazer CrowelK 
Peter West. 
James Winslow. 
William Baker Mann. 
James Heard. 
Isaac Young. 
Elijah Norton. 
Ebenezer Clark. 
John Coffin. 
Jacob Matthews. 
Thomas Johnson. 
Benjamin (Arnold?). 
Ebenezer Stevens. 
Benja. Burges. 
John B. Stevens. 
Archelaus Luce. 

Joshua Pike. 

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Freeman Allen. Ephraim X Moody. Samuel Stevens. 


Shubael X Crowell. Elisha Luce. 


John Thompson, Jr. Benjamin Stevens. 

Henry N. Chamberlain. William Ladd. 

Seth Brooks. Alvan Howes. 

Kennebec, ss. Industry Plantation, October the first, 1802, then 
the above named persons Personally appeared and acknowledged the 
above Instrument to be their free act and Deed, before me. 

(signed) Cornelius Norton | J"'*|^^ ^^^^^^ 

The names of Henry N. Chamberlain and Seth Brooks, were ack. 
on Oct. 5. 

Money being almost wholly out of the question, the settlers 
paid Capt. Allen in grain, with the exception of one who gave 
him a silver dollar, which was all the cash he got from them 
towards defraying the expenses of his journey. Their cases 
were presented in due form by the agent, who labored assidu- 
ously to secure favorable terms for his employers, but with 
little avail. 

The impartial reader can not fail to discern that the settlers 
of Industry were submitting their cause to a rigid tribunal, 
whose sympathies in the matter favored the proprietors. Not 
only was their able agent, Charles Vaughan, Esquire, in attend- 
ance at these hearings ; but likewise eminent legal counsel* and 
witnesses were subpoenaed to testify in behalf of the proprietors. 
On the other hand, settlers who were too poor to personally 
appear before the Commission in their own behalf, were in 
circumstances which precluded all thoughts of counsel to de- 
fend their rights, or witnesses to tell of the stubborn nature of 
the soil in Industry, or the abject poverty and want of its in- 
habitants. The proprietors' counsel availed themselves of the 
most trivial errors, making mountains of mole hills, in order to 

*TTiese were Hon. James Bridge, an eminent counsellor of his day, and Reuel 
Williams, then a rising young lawyer. 

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gain an advantage over the settlers, whom they seemed to 
regard rather as criminals to be convicted, than honest men 
presenting equitable claims for /adjudication. 

Forming an opinion from a few fertile spots on the beautiful 
Kennebec, and the glowing accounts of the Company's wit- 
nesses, the prices affixed to lots of land appraised was from 
seventy-five cents to one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, 
higher than equally as good land cost in adjoining towns. 

'* Thirty-one settlers,"* writes Wm. Allen, "submitted their 
claims to the Commissioners, all of whom were greatly disap- 
pointed with the appraisal, and only eleven of this number, by 
the aid of friends, were able to make payment according to the 
appraisal, and not more than six from their own resources. 
Some of these had to sell every animal of stock they had, to 
do it. Ten others prevailed on friends to advance the money 
for them and take the deeds for their security and to give them 
time to purchase of them or redeem their mortgages. The 
other ten abandoned their possessions and left town. An age 
elapsed before the title of the proprietors or non-residents was 

" My lot," continues Esq. Allen, " cost me two hundred and 
seven dollars and forty-two cents, in 1804. * * * i was able, 
by selling my oxen and all my grain, and by appropriating my 
wages for teaching school, to raise the necessary sum within ten 
dollars, and Elijah Fairbanks, of Winthrop, voluntarily lent me 
that sum to complete the payment. I then took a receipt and 
demanded my deed, but was refused for some time, till I paid 
the two dollars required by the agent and took a deed without 
warranty." Each claim adjusted required the execution of two 
sets of papers, one being a "submission," signed by the settler 
or his attorney, the other a written decision of the Commis- 
sioners, f The samples here given are verbatim copies of the 

♦ (Hist, of Industry^ p. 8.) The returns of the Commissioners show that forty- 
eight settlers submitted their claims. 

t In the originals, the words in italics were in writing, the rest in printing. 

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Thk Form used in the "Submission" or Reference, between the 
Kennebec Proprietors and the Seitlers in the Plantation of 
Industry, in 1802. 

Whereas the Legislature of this Commonwealth, by a resolution of 
the nineteenth day of February, one thousand eight hundred and two, 
made and provided for the quieting of settlers on the common and un- 
divided lands belonging to the proprietors of the Kennebec Purchase, 
from the late Colony of New Plymouth, and for establishing commis- 
sioners for that purpose, did Resolve as follows : 

"That the Governor, with the consent of the Council, be, and he 
" hereby is authorized and requested to nominate and commission three 
"disinterested persons to adjust and settle all disputes between said 
" IVoprietors and any such person or persons, their heirs and assigns, 
" as have not settled with said proprietors or their Agents. — And the 
" said Commissioners, in settling the terms aforesaid, for quieting any 
" settler in the possession of one hundred acres of land laid out so as 
" to include his improvements, and be least injurious to adjoining lands, 
" shall have a reference to three discriptions of settlers, viz : those set- 
" tied before the war with Great Brittain, settlers during the war afore- 
" said, and settlers since that period, or to any person whose possession 
" has been transferred to claimants now in possession.*' 

And whereas James Johnson, since the War with Great Brittain, to- 
vvit, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety- six, 
was a settler on a lot of — No, jg, sixty-nine acres of land, situated in 
Industry Plantation, the bounds whereof shall be ascertained and set- 
tled by the said Commissioners in their report hereon, the same lot 
being part of the land held under the Proprietors of the said Kennebec 
Purchase, James Johnson, a claimant now in possession thereof. 

Now, in pursuance of the said Resolve and appointment, I, Charles 
Vaughan, Agent to the Proprietors aforesaid, and the said James John- 
son, do refer and submit it to the said Commissioners, they, or the 
major part of them, to settle and declare the terms aforesaid, on which 
the said James Johnson, his heirs and assigns, shall be quieted in the 
possession of the said lot, the said Proprietors, by their Agent afore- 
said, and the said James Johnson, their heirs, executors, administrators 
and assigns, respectively holden and bound by the report of said Com- 
missioners in the premises, when made into the Secretary's Office of 
said Commonwealth, as directed by said Resolve. 

In Witness whereof We hereto set our hands this sixteenth day of 

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October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 

(signed) Chas. Vaughan^ Agent, 
Signed in presence of 

(signed) Lemuel Perham. (signed) 

James Johnson, 
by his attorn ies, 

Wm, Allen, 
Nahum Baldwin. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

This Sixteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand eight hundred and two, on the foregoing reference between the 
Proprietors of the Kennebec Purchase, by their Agent Charles Vaughan 
and James Johnson, for quieting the said James Johnson agreeably to 
the before mentioned Resolve, in the possession of the said lot of land, 
being lott number Thirty-nine on Plan No. 4, situated in the Plantation 
of Industry, containing sixty nine acres, 

As by the plan and description signed by Lemuel Perham surveyor, 
hereto annexed will appear, reference thereto being had. 

We, the Commissioners before named, having met and heard the 
parties, do settle, declare, and report, that the said James Johnson be 
quieted in the possession of the above bounded premises — To have 
and to hold the same to the said James Johnson his heirs and assigns, 
to his and their use forever, on the terms following, namely ; 

That the said James Johnson, his heirs, executors, or administrators, 
shall, on or before the first day of June which will be in the year of 
otr Lord one thousand eight hundred and four, pay to Thomas Lindall 
Winthrop, esquire. Treasurer of the said Proprietors of the Kennebec- 
Purchase, or his successor in said office, the sum of ninety dollars, and 
fifty cents with interest, from the first day of April next, then the said 
Proprietoi^ by their Agent, shall make or cause to be made to the said 
James John^cn his heirs or assigns, a deed of the above described 
premises, whereb/ he and they may hold the same in fee-simple for- 

Given under our hi»,ids 
and seals. 

(signed) Elijah Brigham. 
P. Coffin, 
Thomas Dwight, 

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The Plymouth Patent. — The New Vineyard Gore. — The Lowell Strip. — North | 

Industry. i 

Who are the nobles of the earth, 

The true aristocrats, 
Who need not bow their heads to lords. 

Nor doff to king^s their haU? 
% '^ * * % % % 
Who are they, but the men of toil, 

W^ho cleave the forest down. 
And plant, amid the wilderness. 

The hamlet and the town ? 


AtTER the close of the Revolutionary War many who were 
in straitened circumstances were induced to come to Industry to 
settle, from the fact that this land had for the most part be- 
longed to Tories, or sympathizers with England, who, when the 
tocsin of war sounded, either clandestinely left the country or 
remained and used every means at their command to aid ^d 
abet the English soldiery. Under these circumstances, the 
assumption was not an unreasonable one that by such disloyalty 
all right and title to their estates would be forfeited and their 
lands become the property of the United States. On the 
strength of this hypothesis, many whg had served faithfully in 
the Revolutionary War, having no means to buy, came hither 
and took up wild land, which they hoped to hold by posses- 
sion, or by the payment of a nominal sum to the government 
in consideration of their faithful service. These were substan- 
tially the circumstances under which many came and settled on 

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the Patent, appropriating land and erecting log cabins for their 
families wherever a desirable location could be found.* 

The first settler within the limits of Industry, as the town 
was afterward incorporated, was Levi Greenleaf, who settled on 
lot No. 6i, in ijSj.t Mr. Greenleaf was from Massachu- 
setts,} a native of Bolton, and a young man of character and 
energy. He married about the time of his removal to the wilds 
of Maine, and brought his wife and household goods here on 
a sled drawn by four large oxen. The farm cleared by him 
was in that part of the town set off to New Sharon in 1852, 
and is now known as the Daniel Collins farm. 

Peter Witham, who came to Industry from the vicinity of 
Hallowell, in 1788, and settled north of Mr. Greenleaf, on Lot 
No. 6Ty\ was the second settler on the Patent. He was coarse, 
vulgar and illiterate, and was not prosperous — possibly in con- 
sequence of intemperate habits. 

No further settlements were made on the Patent until 1792, 
when Nathaniel VVillard and sons came from Dunstable, Mass., 
and settled on lot No. 14, at Thompson's Corner. A portion 
of this lot, if not the whole, is included in the Thomas M. Oli- 
ver farm, just south of the school-house in George W. John- 
son's district. Three years later, Mr. Willard's son, Levi, took 
up lot No. 15, adjoining his father's on the north. Samuel, 

* To the writer it seems a singular circumstance that the courts should invariably 
decide in favor of the disloyal proprietors when this matter was brought before them 
for adjudication some years later. 

t Esq. Wm. Allen says (Hist, of Industry^ p. ly): "The first settlers in Industry 
tin the patent were Joseph Taylor and Peter Witham in 1792, on that part set off to 
New Sharon, also about the same time Nathaniel Chapman, who was a Revolutionary 
soldier." Documentary evidence in the State-house in Massachusetts shows that 
Peter Witham came in 1788, Taylor in 1799, eleven years later, and that Mr. Chap- 
man did not settle in town until 1801. These same records show Levi Greenleaf to 
have been the first settler in town, as stated above. 

X Jonathan Cfreenleaf, in his Genealogy of the Greenleaf Family (see p. 7S), says 
Mr. Greenleaf came to Maine from Dunstable, N. li., but the author has been unable 
ti) find a New Hampshire town of that name in any Gazetteer he has consulted. 

§ Although the Plymouth Patent was not surveyed until many settlers had become 
residents thereon, the writer has, for convenience, designated the lots as subsequently 
numbered when the survey was afterward made. 

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another son, settled on lot No. 62, in the south part of the 
town, in 1 799, his lot joining that of Levi Greenleaf. Jonathan 
Knowlton settled on lot No. 18, north side of Bannock Hill, the 
same year as Mr. Willard. Mr. Knowlton was one of the 
original purchasers of the township of New Vineyard, and also 
owned the northwest section of the New Vineyard Gore. It is 
supposed that he occupied his lot but a short time. He was 
probably succeeded by Archelaus Luce, and in 1798 the lot 
reverted to Mr. Knowlton's son, Jonathan Knowlton, Jr., who 
lived there until after the town was incorporated and then sold 
his improvements to Dr. Aaron Stoyell, who obtained a title to 
the land from the proprietors' agent, and subsequently sold to 
Jacob Hayes, who came from Berwick, Me., about 1809. Mr. 
Hayes remained there a few years, and then exchanged farms 
with John Patterson and removed to the south side of the hill. 
Mr. Patterson and his son Samuel occupied this farm for many 
years. The land is now (1892) owned by George W. Johnson. 
A few apple-trees which stood near the house, and traces of the 
cellar, are still to be seen. Mr. Luce, on giving possession to 
Knowlton, settled on lot No. 27, at Goodridge's Corner, where 
he remained until 1808, when he sold to James Davis and 
moved to George's River.* Mr. Luce was from Martha's Vine- 
yard, as was also Mr. Davis. The farm he occupied was owned 
for many years by the late Hovey Thomas. 

John Thompson, Jr., and Jeremiah Beane, settled near Mr. 
Greenleaf, in 1793, on lots No. 64 and 66; but nothing has 
been learned concerning them. Mr. Beane is supposed to have 
left the settlement prior to the incorporation of the town. Mr. 
Thompson is not known to have been related to Capt. John 
Thompson, who figured prominently in the early history of the 
town. The following year saw quite an influx of immigrants 
among whom were James Thompson, Thomas Johnson and Zoe 
Withee. Mr. Thompson had resided in NorridgeWock for some 
years previous to his settlement on the Patent, but was a native 
of New Hampshire. He settled on lot No. 2, a near neighbor 

* Allen's History of Indus try ^ p, 44. 

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to Nathaniel Willard. He was a man of energy and enterprise, 
cleared a good farm, built a commodious frame house, and was 
held in high esteem by all who knew him. He eventually sold 
his farm to Samuel Norton, of Edgartown, Mass., and moved 
to the State of New York. This farm is now owned by George 
W. Johnson, and among the older townspeople is known as the 
Albert George farm. 

Thomas Johnson and sons, from Martha*s Vineyard, came 
to Sandy River in 1793, and the following year began to clear 
land on lot No. 8 on the Patent, built a log cabin, and moved 
his family there in the autumn of the same year. His sons, 
Abraham and James, took up lots No. 13 and 39, adjoining 
their father's, in 1796. The land embraced in lots No. 8 and 
39, is now owned by Augustus H. Swift, while No. 13 comprises 
the farm of McLaughlin Bros. Esq. VVm. Allen states that 
another son settled on lot No. 37 ; but there is nothing to show 
when he settled there or how long he remained. In "quieting" 
the settlers upon their lots, agreeably to a resolve of the General 
Court, in 1802, this lot was claimed by Joseph Moody, and the 
record shows that he took possession in 1797. 

Zoe Withee settled at Withee's Corner, a near neighbor to 
Mr. Johnson. His lot. No. 38, is now (1892) owned and 
occupied by Alvin L. Chapman. Mr. Withee was a soldier of 
the Revolution, and when he first came to Industry, intemperate 
in his habits. He was soundly converted, under the preaching 
of ** Father John Thompson," and ever after lived an upright 
christian life. He came from Vienna, but was a native of New 
Hampshire. His farm in former years was regarded as one of 
the best in town. 

John Thompson, also from Vienna, came to Industry in 
1795, and settled on lot No. 16, adjoining that of his brother 
James on the east. Here he cleared land, erected a cabin and 
made his home for some years; but subsequently, after the 
incorporation of the town, removed to lot No. 53, by Stark's line. 
John B. Stevens was the original settler on this lot in 1795, 
and had made some improvements thereon. On giving posses- 
sion to Mr. Thompson, he left town, and nothing of his subse- 

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quent history is known. Mr. Thompson cleared up a nice farm, 
erected mills on a small stream which flowed through his lot, 
and also a commodious two-story house, which still stands on 
the place. He was largely instrumental in erecting the " Red 
Meeting-House," the first house of worship in town, and figured 
prominently in every good work. The homestead fell by heir- 
ship to his son Robert, who spent his whole life thereon. It is 
now owned by the sons of Alvin L. Chapman. Joseph Badger 
settled on lot No. 51, at an early date, but made only a brief 
stay. The next settler on this lot was Joshua Pike, who came 
from Salisbury, Mass., in 1795. He spent the whole of his 
active life on this lot, clearing and bringing into cultivation the 
farm now owned by Wm. J. Gilmore. Samuel Crompton, a blunt 
Englishman, from Staffordshire County, came to Industry and 
settled on lot No. 46,* in 1795, having commenced a clearing 
the previous year. His lot was located in that part of the town 
set off to New Sharon, and is now (1892) known as the John 
Yeaton farm. Mr. Crompton was an honest, hard-working 
man, but rather poor when he first settled on the Patent. By 
diligence and perseverance, however, he made a good farm and* 
acquired a comfortable competency. John Webber settled on 
lot No. 48, adjoining Mr. Crompton's lot, in 1796, and lived in 
town until after its incorporation. Further than this, nothing is 
known concerning him. Jonathan Bunker, a ropemaker, from 
Nantucket, Mass., settled on lot No. 5, on the cast side of Ban- 
nock Hill, where he lived for fifteen years. He then sold to 
Henry Johnson, who came from Thomaston, Me., and removed 
to the State of New York. Samuel Moody and several of his 
sons, came to the settlement on the Patent in 1797. Of these, 
the father settled on lot No. 22, and Joseph, one of the sons, 
on lot No. 37, which is embraced in the farm now owned by 
Horatio A. B. Keyes. One or two other sons lived in town ; 
but all were very poor and eventually moved away. They were 
from Shapleigh. 

Joseph Broadbent took up lot No. 7, lying to the south of 

♦ Win. Allen says (Hist, of huiustry\p.^-j ) that Mr. Crompton's lot was No. 47, 
which does not agree with the records of the Appraising Commission. 

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the Jacob Hayes farm, in 1798, but left the settlement before 
the incorporation of the town. Hugh Thompson, who may 
have been the father of James and John, settled on lot No. 17, 
lying north of the forenamed John's lot. His name does not 
appear as a petitioner for incorporation of the town, or as one 
of the legal voters of 1803. The writer has been unable to 
ascertain anything in relation to his final destiny. 

Capt. William Allen, father of the historian, commenced a 
clearing on lot No. 34, on what has since been kno\Vn as Allen 
Hill, in October, 1796. The next year he cut more trees, built 
a log-house, and on the 30th day of April, 1798, moved his 
family to their new home on the Patent. William, his eldest 
son, commenced a clearing on lot No. 28, in the spring of 1801, 
and sowed two acres of wheat and one of rye that season. 
This lot was made into a productive farm by young Mr. Allen. 
It is now known as the Deacon Ira Emery farm, and is owned 
by Charles V. Look. Bartlett, another son of Capt. William, set- 
tled on the farm now owned by Francis S. Rogers. Capt. 
Allen was a clothier by trade, and worked at that business be- 
fore coming to Industry. He was a native of Chilmark, 
Mass. Atkins Ellis, a Revolutionary soldier, came to Industry 
from Harwich, Mass., and settled on lot No. 35, on New 
Sharon line, in 1798. He was the father of a large family who 
frequently suffered for the common comforts of life. Being 
unable to pay for his land, he moved to lot L, south of Pike's 
Corner, and later to Ripley, Me. His lot is now known as the 
Russell Macomber farm. 

Alvin Howes commenced improvements on lot No. 44, in 
1798. Being a single man, he boarded with James Johnson 
and others, until he finally married, in 1801. He was a practi- 
cal farmer, and labored incessantly to improve his farm and 
render it more valuable and productive. He was a native of 
Dennis, Mass., but came to the settlement on the Patent from 
Farmington. The farm on which he spent the whole of his 
active life is now owned by George W. Bailey. 

Lemuel Collins, a native of Massachusetts, settled in Indus- 
try on lot No. 50, the same year as did Mr. Howes who subse- 
quently married his eldest daughter, Mercy Collins. 

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Isaac Young, Jr., and Benjamin Gray, also came to the 
Patent in 1798, and settled on lots No. 59 and 70, but both 
moved away prior to the incorporation of the town. 

Samuel Brown made a settlement on lot No. 19, in 1799. 
He came from Farmington, his father and Nathaniel Davis hav- 
ing been the first permanent settlers in that town. His lot is 
now included in the Thomas Stevens farm, owned and occupied 
by David W. Merry. 

Elisha Luce made a small clearing on lot No. 33, in 1799, 
burned his chopping and sowed an acre of wheat, which he 
hoed in, being too poor to hire a yoke of oxen. He afterward 
enlarged his clearing, built a log-house, and sold out to Jona- 
than Goodridge. This farm is now the property of Alvarez N. 
Goodridge. Ephraim Moody and Eleazer Crowell settled on 
lots 32 and 43 the same year as Mr. Luce, but neither remained 
long. William Ladd from Mt. Vernon settled in town in 1798, 
first on lot No. 22, where he remained three years and then 
moved to lot 21. His habits were bad, and he was always 
poor. He eventually removed to Stark.* 


The first settlement within the present limits of the town of 
Industry was made on the New Vineyard Goref in 1791. 
This tract of land was a remnant, of rectangular shape, left 
after the survey of the township of New Vineyard, its longest 
sides being from east to west. It was bounded on the north by 
the township of New Vineyard, on the west by Readstown 
(now Strong), on the south by Sandy River Plantation (now 
Farmington), and on the east by the Lowell or Mile-and-a-half 
Strip. In extent it was six hundred and three rods long, four 
hundred and fifteen rods wide, and contained one thousand five 
hundred and sixty-four acres. This tract of land was purchased 

♦ More extended sketches of many of these settlers may l^e found in the genea- 
logical portion of this work. 

t The early surveyors in laying out townships invariably applied the term gore to 
any fragment of land remaining after the survey, irrespective of size or shape. 

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of the land agent of Massachusetts in 1790 by a company 
consisting of Jonathan Knowlton and Ebenezer Norton, Esq., 
of Farmington, Deacon Cornelius Norton, Abner Norton and 
Daniel Collins, of Martha's Vineyard, for forty-five pounds 
sterling, or a little less than fourteen cents per acre. Knowl- 
ton, Ebenezer and Cornelius Norton, each taking a quarter 
section, and Abner Norton and Daniel Collins each taking 
one-eighth of the tract. During the following winter these 
gentlemen proceeded to explore their purchase, and made a 
preliminary division of the same, so that those who wished 
could commence a clearing at once. They first divided their 
purchase into two equal parts by running a line, with a pocket 
compass, through the center from north to south. They then 
agreed to a proposition made by Esquire Ebenezer Norton, in 
consideration of the lots on the south half being more valua- 
ble on account of being nearer the settlement at Sandy River, 
to make those on the north half wider, and consented to run 
the line east and west from a beech-tree two rods south of the 
centre. They then proceeded to draw lots for the sections. 
The northwest section fell to Jonathan Knowlton, the northeast 
section to Deacon Cornelius Norton, the southwest section to 
Esquire Ebenezer Norton, and the southeast section to Abner 
Norton and Daniel Collins. It was said that after the division. 
Esquire Norton, who had designated the starting point for the 
east and west line, complained that Knowlton and Deacon Nor- 
ton had got too much of the land, their lots being four rods 
wider than the others, whereas he had intended that there 
should have been only two rods difference. Doubtless this was 
the intention of the gentleman, but not stopping to think, in the 
haste of the moment, that it would be necessary to move the 
line but one rod south of the centre to make the required two 
rods difference in the width of the two lots on the north, he made 
an error in his calculations. But as all the others were satisfied 
with the division, it was confirmed ; and Esquire William Allen 
says: **To pacify the complainant, the others relinquished 
to him their right to purchase a fragment of good land adjoin- 
ing Clear Water Pond." Early in the spring of 1791, Abner 

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Norton and Daniel Collins commenced to make a clearing on 
their section of the Gore. They ran a line through the centre, 
from north to south, and agreed that in the final survey, pro- 
vided any errors occurred in the first division, that the perma- 
nent line should be so varied as to give each one the benefits 
of his improvements, and at the same time give each his equal 
share of the land. After the division was made, Mr. Norton 
took the western and Mr. Collins the eastern portion. These 
tracts of land comprised the farms now owned and occupied by 
J. Simon Furbush and John Vehue, the latter having been 
diminished by the sale of a strip containing fifty acres from its 
eastern extremity. In order to make an opening sufficiently 
large to secure a good draft of wind and thus insure a good 
burn, Messrs. Norton and Collins made their first clearings 
adjoining each other. During the summer following they each 
built a substantial log-house. Mr. Collins's new house stood 
on a ridge of land near where John Vehue's new house stands, 
at a turn in the road as it strikes the Farmington line. Mr. Nor- 
ton's was located on his clearing some rods further to the west. 
The walls of these houses were laid up of logs notched near the 
ends so as to fit each other snugly. The roof was covered with 
hemlock or spruce bark held in place by long poles withed 
down. The gables were also covered with bark, while the 
cracks between the logs were caulked with moss on the inside 
and plastered with clay on the outside. The chimneys were of 
stone laid in clay mortar and topped out with sticks. A path 
having been bushed out from their clearings on the Gore to the 
settlement at Sandy River, so that they could pass with a 
horse-sled before the snow became deep, Mr. Collins and Mr. 
Norton moved their families from Martha's Vineyard in Decem- 
ber, 1 791, to their new homes in the then almost unbroken wilds 
of northern Maine. At that time Mr. Collins's family consisted 
of himself, his wife and eight children. This number included 
two pair of twins, the eldest two and youngest two being coup- 
lets. The oldest two were twelve years of age, while the young- 
est two had hardly completed their first year. During the 
journey to their new home, Mr. and Mrs. Collins rode on horse- 

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back, carrying the two infants in their arms, the other children 
riding on the horse-sled with the goods. Mr. Norton's family 
was not so large as Mr. Collins's, though he had several 

A year later, in the fall of 1792, Capt. William Allen, also 
from Martha's Vineyard, settled in Farmington, within two miles 
of them, on the farm now occupied by Obed N. Collins, on a 
route from the River Settlement to the westerly part of the 
Gore. Captain Allen continued to live here until early in the 
spring of 1798, when he removed to land belonging to the 
Plymouth Company, east of Allen's Mills, and since known as 
Allen Hill. 

Cornelius Norton, Jr., of Tisbury, Mass., commenced clear- 
ing land on the northern part of his father's section of the 
Gore, about the same time that Mr. Collins came, but as he was 
a single man he did not make his permanent home there until 
the summer of 1794, when he married Margaret J. Belcher, a 
daughter of Supply Belcher, Esq., of Farrfiington, and com- 
menced housekeeping in his log-house. His father, Deacon 
Cornelius Norton, moved with his family into a log-house on 
the southern half of his section, about the same time. This 
house stood but a little distance to the southeast from where 
Wesley N. Luce lived in 1885. A small orchard is standing 
near the spot, and the limpid waters still bubble up from the 
spring which furnished the household supply for Mr. Nor- 
ton's family. 

John and Ebenezer Oakes, step-sons of Jonathan Knowlton, 
commenced a clearing on his section of the Gore, just west of 
the road leading to the Wesley N. Luce farm, in 1792. These 
gentlemen built a convenient log-house, and, as both were un- 
married, spent the following winter there in single blessedness. 
About the same time, one hundred and twenty-five acres from 
the northeast corner of Mr. Knowlton's section was sold to 
Elisha Lombart.* This lot he afterward exchanged for one on 
the western part of Mr. Knowlton's section. A stream of suffi- 

*This name is also spelled Lumbert, Lumber, etc., and is supposed to have 
originally been identical with the name now spelled Lambert. 

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cient size to run a mill flowed through Mr. Lombart's last men- 
tioned lot, and on this he built a grist and saw-mill. In 1794, 
Ansel Norton bought Jonathan Knowlton's possession of John 
Oakes, and lived there until his death, which occurred in 1810. 
In 1795, Capt. David Davis became a permanent settler on 
the southwest section of the Gore, on the farm owned by the 
late Alexander Hillman. He lived in a log-house until 1803, 
when he built a large convenient two-story house which, for more 
than three-fourths of a century, stood on the place.* He was 
a successful farmer, bore an excellent reputation and possessed 
considerable property. In 1803 he paid a money tax of 
$10.36, it being the highest tax paid by any individual on the 
Gore. In personal appearance Capt. Davis was of command- 
ing carriage, and extremely corpulent in his old age. It is 
claimed that he weighed nearly or quite 350 pounds. He died 
Aug. 27, 1837, aged 78 years. 


This tract of land in Industry was a portion of the grant 
from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (see p. 28), and had 
fallen by heirship or otherwise to Francis Cabot Lowell, a mer- 
chant residing in Boston. It extended the whole length of the 
township from east to west, and was a mile and a half wide. 
Like the lands of the Patent, it was settled without any pre- 
liminary survey. In 1802, nearly seven years after the first 
settlement, Esquire Cornelius Norton, Jr., made the survey, 
and numbered the lots from one to twenty-nine inclusive. 
Lots No. I, 2 and 29 being in Stark and comprising that por- 
tion of the town set off and annexed to Industry in 1822 (see 

As nearly as the writer can learn, Jabez Norton, Sr., was the 
first settler on the Lowell Strip. He settled in town in 1795, 
on the farm recently owned and occupied by Abel W. Spauld- 
ing. His lot was originally the north half of No. 21, but the 
farm has since been greatly enlarged by purchasing portions of 

*This house was destroyed by fire on Wednesday p. M., April 18, 1888. 

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adjoining lots. His son, Sprowel Norton, settled to the west 
of him on the north half of lot No. 20. 

Abraham Page, from Farmington, commenced a clearing on 
the Lowell Strip at the head of Clear Water Pond, probably 
about the same time as Mr. Norton. Though capable of per- 
forming a great deal of labor, he was of a roving disposition 
and remained on his land but a short time. 

In the fall of 1795, Tristram Daggett, having sold his lot 
and improvements to Esq. Herbert Boardman, bought Page's 
improvements on lot No. 1 1 , on the Lowell Strip, now known 
as "the Collins Luce farm.*' On the first day of January, 1796, 
Mr. Daggett obtained a deed from Calvin Bbyd,* of Farming- 
ton, purporting to convey one hundred and fifty acres of land 
to include the above-mentioned improvements of Page, the 
consideration being thirty-two dollars. He built a log-cabin on 
his lot, in which he and his family lived for many years. This 
house stood on the west side of the sucker brook and nearer 
the pond than the present one on the farm. He sold to David 
M. Luce, of New Vineyard, and removed to an adjoining lot 
which he subsequently sold to James Bailey, who in turn sold 
to Benjamin R. Rackliff, of Georgetown. t 

Daniel Luce, Sr., settled on lot No. 17, about 1796, and 
several of his sons and one son-in-law settled near him. Tru- 
man settled on lot No. 18, joining his father's lot on the east; 
Rowland on No. 19, still further to the east, on the farm now 
owned by James T. True. Daniel, Jr., married and settled on 
the western part of his father's lot, which is now (1892) owned 
by James Edgecomb, the eastern portion belonging to the heirs 
of Amos Stetson, Jr. Deacon Benjamin Cottle, a son-in-law of 
Mr. Luce, settled on lot No. 13, adjoining the New Vineyard 
Gore, where he lived until, in his old age, he went to live with 
his daughter, Mrs. David M. Luce. 

Captain Peter West took possession of lot No. 28, embrac- 

*The courts subsequently decided that the title of Mr. Boyd and others was 
illegal and that Francis Cabot Lowell was the legal owner. 

t Throughout this work where no State is mentioned, the Slate of Maine is gen- 
erally to be understood. 

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ing the site of the village of West's Mills, which was named in 
honor of him. Capt. William Allen and Benjamin Manter 
commenced a clearing for him in 1797, and felled two acres of 
trees. He subsequently built a log-house and moved his fam- 
ily to Industry in 1798. He did not, however, obtain a deed of 
his land, as we learn from Allen's History (see p, 6), until 1803. 

Peter Daggett was an early settler on lot No. 16, now owned 
by George Luce, but there is no means of learning the exact 
date of his settlement in town. Mr. Daggett purchased land in 
New Vineyard as early as 1793, and probably came to the 
District of Maine about that time. 

Asa Conant settled on lot No. 15 and built his log-house 
on the top of the hill between George Luce's and Oliver D. 
Norton's. The exact date of his settlement is veiled in ob- 
scurity, but both his name and that of Mr. Daggett appear in 
the list of voters for 1803. 

James Eveleth, Sr., came to Industry in 1800 or perhaps a 
year earlier, and settled on the Lowell Strip, on land now com- 
prising* a portion of the farm owned and occupied by Davis 
Look. Some of the rose-bushes which grew near his log-house 
may still be seen. 

John Marshall and sons came from Lewiston, in 1800, and 
probably settled on land now comprising a part of the Davis 
Look farm, formerly owned by Samuel Frost for many years. 
Mr. Marshall was a carpenter by trade, and in indigent cir- 
cumstances. After living in town a few years, they all 
moved away. 

Ammiel Robbins also settled on the Lowell Strip, on lot 
No. 12, at the head of Clear Water Pond, and one of his sons 
on a part of the same lot. The orchards near their respective 
dwellings can still be seen, though the houses have long since 
gone to decay. Simeon Butler settled on a small tract of 
land lying to the south of lot No. 12, which afterwards, in 1824, 
passed into the hands of Sanders Luce. Mr. Luce moved a 
house on to his land from the Fish place, situated in the edge 
of Farmington, in which he lived for ten years. Peter Tilton 
and Francis S. Rogers each lived in the house after Mr. Luce 

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left, and it was finally bought by Joseph Collins, Sr., and 
moved to "Federal Row." 


This part of the town was first settled as a portion of New 
Vineyard, and was set off from that town and annexed to In- 
dustry in 1844 (^^^ P' ^4)' The first settler in this portion of 
the town was Tristram Daggett, who commenced a clearing on 
the west half of lot No. 7, in 1791.* This land now comprises 
a portion of the farm owned and occupied by Asa Q. and Calvin 
B. Fish, additions having been made to it by Esquire Herbert 
Boardman, to whom Mr. Daggett sold his possession. 

Capt. Jeruel Butler came from Martha's Vineyard to Farm- 
ington, July 26, 1793. The following year he purchased lot 
No. 9, in the first range of lots adjoining the Lowell Strip, and 
recently owned by the late John O. Rackliff. The same year 
he felled trees, made a clearing and built a log-house. After 
its completion, he removed his furniture and provisions to his 
new home and made everything ready for occupancy. Un- 
fortunately the house and its contents were destroyed by fire 
before Mrs. Butler ever saw it. A second dwelling was immedi- 
ately erected, by the assistance of his neighbors, on the site of 
the one burned, in which he and his family spent the winter of 
1794-5. About the same time that Captain Butler commenced 
his clearing, Henry Norton, of Edgartown, Mass., obtained a title 
to 200 acres of land, it being a part of lot No. 3 in the first 
range, and is now owned by Eli N. Oliver. Here Mr. Norton 
made a clearing and built a grist-mill, which never proved of 
any service, owing to its faulty construction. 

Ephraim Gould Butler, son of Benjamin and Sarah (Gould) 
Butler, of Martha's Vineyard, came with his family to the 
District of Maine in April, 1792. His family made a year's 

♦ Wm. Allen says (History of Industry, p. 12) that Mr. Daggett settled on lot 
No. 6, which he afterward sold to Charles Luce. This is erroneous. He settled on 
the west half of lot No. 7, and sold to Esq. Herbert Boardman, Sept. 5, 1795. Mr. 
Luce bought his land of John Oakes, July 1 7, 1 795, as shown by a deed recorded in 
the Lincoln County Registry. 

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sojourn in Sandy River township (Farmington), during which 
time he was probably engaged in making a clearing and erect- 
ing a log-cabin on his lot in New Vineyard township. This 
lot, to which he moved his family in the spring of 1793, was 
No. I in the first range, more recently known as the Henry 
Manter farm. It is now (1892) owned by the widow of the 
late William Lewis. Mr. Butler resided here till 1801, when 
he removed to another part of New Vineyard. 

Charles Luce commenced a clearing on the east half of lot 
No. 7, subsequently known as the Jeremy Bean farm, in 1795. 
Here he made a good farm, on which he spent the remainder of 
his life and brought up a large family. James Manter settled 
on lot No. 5, where James D. Badger now lives, about the same 
time as Mr. Luce, and died of "cold fever" early in the follow- 
ing winter. His sons, with the aid and advice of their mother, 
conducted the farm for many years after the father's death. 

Joseph Smith and sons settled on lot No. 3 in the second 
range, in 1795. He died in the following year, and the farm 
passed into the possession of his son, Joseph Warren Smith. 
There are no buildings standing on the place now, and the land 
is owned by Eli N. Oliver. 

Asa Merry was an early settler on lot No. i in the second 
range of lots. Here he made an excellent farm, kept a large 
stock, especially of cows, and became in later years a noted 
cheese-maker. This farm is now owned by Charles F. Oliver. 

Esquire Herbert Boardman, as has been previously stated, 
bought out Tristram Daggett, in September, 1795, and moved 
his household effects to his new home on an ox-sled in the 
month of December following. He was a man of some means, 
and greatly enlarged his farm by the purchase of adjacent 
lands. He lost heavily by the burning of his buildings and 
their contents on the night of January 22, 1824. The house 
was rebuilt, and he continued to live on the farm up to the 
time of his death, which occurred in 1838. 

John Daggett, Sr., came from Edgartown, Dukes County, 
Mass., and settled on lot No. 2 in the second range, about 
1793-4- The deed of his lot, recorded in the Lincoln County 

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Registry, bears the date of Feb. ii, 1793. He died a few 
years after coming to the District of Maine, and his land was 
divided among his heirs. Mr. Daggett was a miller by occupa- 
tion, and tradition says, operated a wind-mill on the Vineyard. 
Being unused to the hardships of pioneer life, he was not able 
to withstand the exposure incident to his home on the very 
borders of civilization, hence his untimely death. 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 

Condition of the Settlers. — Plantation Organized. — ^Town Incorporated. — Roads. — 
Early Town Officers. — The Embargo Act. — The Town becomes a part of 
Somerset County, Etc., Etc. 

At the beginning of the nineteenth century a bird's-eye- 
view of what now comprises the town of Industry would have 
revealed a vast expanse of forest dotted here and there with 
"openings" made by the axe of the settler. In each of these 
might be seen an unpretentious log-cabin with the smoke curl- 
ing upward from its rude chimney — the home of the settler 
and his family. A rude hovel or cow-house would also be 
seen, provided the occupant of the cabin was not too poor to 
own a cow, which was not unfrequently the case. A closer 
acquaintance with these cabin homes and the families that oc- 
cupied them would have told a story of toil and want, of which 
but few have any conception. Clothing of the poorest quality 
and insufficient in quantity, children clothed in rags and bare- 
footed even in the coldest weather, food of the coarsest kind 
and sometimes none at all, were a few of the many privations 
and hardships incident to the pioneer life of the early settler 
and his family in Industry. 

In 1800 and for several years thereafter, the population of 
the town increased very rapidly by reason of immigration. 
Among many others who moved into town in 1800, was Benja- 
min Jewett and family, who came from Shapleigh, York County, 
Maine, in March of that year, and settled on lot No. 42 adjoin- 
ing Alvin Howes's lot on the east. His family and goods were 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 57 

drawn by a four-ox team, which crossed the Androscoggin 
River on the ice below Lewiston Falls. The only building in 
the cities of Lewiston and Auburn at that time, was a small 
mill on the Auburn side of the river. There were in fact no 
large settlements in the District of Maine at that time, save on 
the sea-coast. 

James Winslow, from Farmington, formerly of Gardiner, 
now Pittston, was another settler who came the same year as 
Mr. Jewett.* He took up lot Nou 45, containing one hundred 
acres, and here he spent the whole of his life. The excellent 
farm which he cleared was set off in part to New Sharon in 
1852, and is now owned and occupied by his granddaughter, 
Mrs. Betsey W. Stone, relict of the late Franklin Stone of that 

Zephaniah Luce, from Martha's Vineyard, settled on lot No. 
31, in 1 80 1, but being in indigent circumstances, did not gain 
a title to the land. He removed to Farmington, prior to the 
incorporation of the town, and resided for some years on the 
" Fish place " near Industry line. The lot on which he first 
settled is now owned by Charles S. Rackliff. 

Lemuel Collins, Jr., married in December, 1800, and the 
following year took up lot No. 49, adjoining his father on the 
south. This land is now owned and occupied by William H. 
Manter of New Sharon, it having been included in Industry's 
cession to that town in 1852. 

Nathaniel Chapman, whom Esq. William Allen calls one of 
the earliest settlers in town, settled on a part of Joseph Taylor's 
lot. No. 68. in 1801. He was a Revolutionary soldier, and was 
granted a pension by the government. He died in Kingfield, 
to which town he removed after Industry was incorporated. 

In 1802, David Maxwell, from Wells, Me., settled on lot 
No. 3, a near neighbor of Nathaniel Willard, Jonathan Bunker, 
James Thompson and others in that vicinity. Jacob Matthews, 
from Mt. Vernon, who settled on lot No. 9, adjoining Zoe 

♦ Wm. Allen, Est]., (Hist, of Industry, p. ly) gives the date of Mr. Winslow's 
settlement as 1 799. The date here given is from the official report of the Appraising 

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Withee on the east, also came in 1802. The following year he 
married a daughter of Mr. Withee, and in 1807 sold his pos- 
session to Moses Tolman, who came to Industry from New 
Sharon. This lot comprises the south part of the farm occu- 
pied by the late John Tolman. Benjamin Stevens was another 
settler who came in 1802, and took up lot No. 10, which he 
sold to Moses Tolman in 1807, but whither he went or whence 
he came the writer has been unable to learn. 

Ebenezer Stevens was Benjamin's nearest neighbor on the 
north. He also came in 1802, and settled on lot No. 11. It is 
supposed that these two gentlemen were in some way related, 
as well as John B. Stevens, whose lot joined theirs on the east. 
Samuel Stevens, a cooper by trade, settled on lot No. 12, 
prior to the incorporation of the town. Like many of the 
early settlers, he had served in the Continental Army and was 
in straitened pecuniary circumstances. Being unable to pay for 
his land, he removed to lot R, by New Sharon line, and after- 
ward left town. 

DeHave Norton, from Farmington, settled on lot No. 40, in 

1802, lying south and west of Withee's Corner. He was a 
young man, the son of Zachariah and Hannah (Smith) Norton 
of Farmington, and although his name appears among the 
petitioners for incorporation of the town of Industry early in 

1803, nothing further is known concerning his residence in 

Aside from the arrival of new settlers, but little of impor- 
tance occurred in the history of the settlement until 1802, when 
a State tax of forty-four dollars, and a county tax of nearly an 
equal amount, Was assessed on the inhabitants. The sheriff 
was directed \o serve the warrants on some principal inhabitant 
who was able to pay the amount if he did not cause the tax to 
be duly assessed. After passing through both parts of the set- 
tlement and failing to find any such principal inhabitant, he 
decided to leave the warrants with William Allen, Jr., who had 
just attained his majority. Mr. Allen procured a warrant from 
a Justice of the Peace, for calling a plantation meeting, and a 
legal organization was thus secured. In extent, the plantation 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 59 

embraced all the lands comprising the towns of Industry and 
Mercer as subsequently incorporated, together with a part of 
the town of Smithfield, and to the whole was given the name 
of Industry Plantation. The manner in which the plantation 
received its name, notwithstanding every effort of the author to 
settle the fact, is still a mooted question. William Allen states in 
his history of the town (see p. ij), that ** At a meeting for the 
choice of these [militia] officers [in the winter of 1799], my 
father proposed the name of Industry for the military territory, 
which was adopted by the company, and when the westerly 
portion of the territory was incorporated retained the name." 
There is also a tradition among the Winslows (see Hanson's 
History of Gardiner and Pittston, p. 66) that the plantation 
received its name from the wife of Capt. John Thompson, 
whose maiden name was Betsey Winslow. This tradition runs 
as follows : " When the town* was about being incorporated, 
Mr. Thompson said to his wife as he was leaving home, • What 
shall we call the new town?' *Name it for the character of the 
people,' she replied, ' call it Industry.' He proposed the name 
and it was accepted." 

The inhabitants were warned to meet at the dwelling-house 
of Lieut. Ambrose Arnold, who lived in that part of the planta- 
tion subsequently incorporated as the town of Mercer. The 
organization was perfected by the election of the following 
officers : Clerk, Nahum Baldwin ; Assessors, Nahum Baldwin, 
Luther Burr and William Allen, Jr. All these with the excep- 
tion of Mr. Allen were chosen from the Mercer portion of the 
settlement, but the following year the voters from the back 
settlement, as the present town of Industry was then called, 
outnumbered the others, and consequently chose all the offi- 
cers from their own locality. The plantation also voted to raise 
a certain sum of money to buy powder for muster and to defray 

* The writer is of the opinion that it was on the organization of the plantation, 
instead of the incorporation of the town, that is here meant. Osgood Carlton's Map 
of Maine, published prior to the incorporation of the town, gives this territory the 
name of Industry PlantaHon, hence Mr. Hanson must have been slightly in error as 
to time. 

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Other necessary expenses; and Samuel Hinkley was chosen 

The next event of importance in the history of the settle- 
ment was the survey of the township (see p. jj) in the month 
of September, 1802. No little excitement and anxiety prevailed 
among the settlers regarding this survey and the subsequent 
arbitration to which it was a preliminary measure. At that 
time, no person residing on the lands of the Plymouth Com- 
pany had any title to his land, and the usage they would receive 
at the hands of the Commission (see p. J2) promised to be 
anything but favorable. When the commissioners met at 
Augusta, in October, after the completion of the survey, the 
worst fears of the settlers became a reality. Exorbitant prices 
were afRxed to the lots of the settlers, which those who re- 
mained were compelled to pay, while many of the poorer class 
were forced to abandon their homes and improvements for 
want of the necessary funds to purchase.* 

But little is known concerning the doings of the plantation 
at its second annual meeting, aside from the fact that all the 
officers were chosen from the back settlement, as has already 
been stated, and that James Thompson, Esq., was elected clerk. 
Probably William Allen, Jr., was re-elected as one of the asses- 
sors, but as the plantation records are not to be found, the fact 
cannot be established with absolute certainty. 

Esquire Allen says: **At the plantation meeting on the 
first Monday of April, 1803, the inhabitants for the first time 
gave in their votes for governor, all for Caleb Strong, except 
three, who voted for Gerry (these voters not knowing the 
christian name of the candidate), and were returned accord- 
ingly. The next year our Republicans, as the supporters of Mr. 
Gerry were called, were seasonably furnished with the Argjts, 
which had then been established as a Republican paper, and 

I* The appraisal of the forty-eight lots in Industry was a surprise to all. But 
twelve lots out of this number were valued at less than one dollar per acre; the re- 
maining thirty-six ranging in price from one dollar to two dollars and twenty cents 
per acre. 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 6 1 

were then, as ever after, prepared to give in their votes accord- 
ing to order." 


Early in the year 1803, an effort was made to incorporate 
that portion of the Industry Plantation lying west of Stark and 
commonly known as the back settlement, to distinguish it from 
the other portion of the plantation, which was called the river 
settlement. By a careful enumeration it was found that the 
back settlement contained more than fifty ratable polls, and that 
its valuation when compared with the river settlement was as 
twenty-four is to twenty, or six-elevenths of the entire planta- 
tion according to the valuation of 1800. At the earnest re- 
quest of James Thompson, the plantation clerk, and others, 
William Allen, Jr., prepared the following petition to the Gen- 
eral Court [Legislature] of Massachusetts, then in session at 
Boston : 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives , of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in General Court assembled in fan'y, 

The petition of the subscribers, inhabitants of the north part of the 
Plantation of Industry y in the County of Kennebec, respectfully sheweth 
that they are debarred from many priviledges which they would enjoy if 
they were incorporated into a town, such as the want of schools, high- 
ways, etc. 

That the said Plantation is in two distinct settlements which are in 
no way connected by roads and are not situated so as to form a town to 
commode the inhabitants as will appear by examining the map of the 
District of Maine, it being formed by two triangles, one to the west and 
the other to the south of the town of Starks. 

That on account of their peculiar situation they are in a great 
measure detached from and suffer great inconveniences by being con- 
nected with the south part in attending Plantation meetings which are 
holden sometimes nine miles from some of your petitioners. That the 
north part of said Plantation bounded as follows : Beginning at the S. 
W. Cor. of Starks running south 1-2 mile to New Sharon, thence N. W. 
by said New Sharon 5 miles, thence N. 3 miles to the New Vineyard, 
thence E. by said New Vineyard 4 miles to the N. W. Cor. of Starks, 


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thence south by the west line of Starks 6 miles to the first mentioned 
boundary, containing about 50 ratable polls whose inconveniences would 
be alleviated by being set off from the rest of the Plantation. And 
therefore your petitioners earnestly solicit the Hon. Legislature to take 
the premises into their wise consideration and by setting off the afore- 
said tract from the rest of the Plantation of Industry, incorporate the 
same into a town by the name of Industry vested with those legal rights 
and priviledges which are allowed to other towns in the Commonwealth. 
And as in duty bound will ever pray. [Signed.] 

Levi Greenleaf. 
John Thompson. 
DeHave Norton. 
Trueman Allen. 
Atkins Ellis. 
Thomas Johnson. 
Benj'n Burgess. 
Daniel Luce. 
Lemuel Collins. 
James Heard. 
I>emuel Coslins. 
Jeremiah Bean. 
Ebraim Page. 
Benjamin Cottel. 
Rolin Luce. 
Jabez Norton. 
Jabez Norton, Jr. 
Rowlon Luce.* 
Benjamin Cottle.* 
Trustom Dogit.* 
Abraham Page.* 
Archelaus Luce. 
Samuel Willard. 

James Thompson. 
William Allen, Jr. 
Zoe Withee. 
Jacob Mathews. • 
John Thompson.* 
Levi Willard. 
John B. Stevens. 
Eben'r Stevens. 
Bartlett Allen. 
Benjamin Stevens. 
David Maxwell. 
Sam'l Brown. 
William Ladd. 
Nathaniel Willard. 
John Thompson, Jr. 
Shubael Crowel. 
James Johnson. 
Joseph Moody. 
Ephraim Moody. 
Daniel Moody. 
Wiirm Allen. 
James Winslow. 
John Webber. 

This petition having been duly presented, passed the House 
of Representatives on the i8th day of June, 1803, and on the 
20th, having passed the Senate and received the signature of 
the governor, Caleb Strong, the town of Industry was declared 
legally incorporated. 

♦ These, and perhaps other names, were added apparently to swell the petition. 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 63 

When it was definitely known that the inhabitants of Indus- 
try Plantation were to petition the General Court for incorpora- 
tion, the settlers living in the northern part of New Sharon also 
prepared and forwarded a petition asking that the north part of 
that town be set off and incorporated as a part of the new 
town of Industry. This petition, which is still preserved in the 
archives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, reads as 
follows : 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the General 
Court to be holden at Boston, January, 1803, 

We, your Petitioners, Inhabitants of the north part of the Town of 
New Sharon, in the County of Kennebec, humbly show : 

That, whereas the remote situation of our habitations from the centre 
of sd. town, the unimproved state of a large tract of land lying between 
us and Sandy River, the badness of the road through sd. tract, in which 
we have to pass, and the intervention of sd. River, which we have to 
cross, to get to sd. centre render it inconvenient for us to remain in our 
present state, attached to sd. Town in respect to corporation. 

And whereas the Inhabitants of the northwest part of a Plantation 
called Industry, situate in the northwest extremity of the Plymouth 
claim, and bounded eastward by Starks and the northward by New Vine- 
yard have petitioned the General Court that sd. northwest part of sd. 
Plantation be incorporated into a Town. 

We therefore pray your Honors to detach from New Sharon sd. 
North part, bounded as follows, viz : Beginning at the southmost corner 
of Lot No. 65 in New Sharon aforesaid, on the line between sd. Town 
and Farmington. Thence north by sd. line about 4 miles and 64 rods, 
to Clear Water Pond. Thence southward and eastward by sd. Pond to 
the line between New Sharon and the Plymouth Claim. Thence south 
45 degrees East by sd. line about 4 miles, 284 rods to the north most 
comer of lot No. 1 7 in New Sharon being near the southmost point of 
that part of Industry before mentioned, which the inhabitants thereof 
have petitioned to be incorporated. Thence south 45 degrees, west 
between lots No. 17 and 25, 100 rods. Thence north 45 degrees, west 
between lots No. 24 and 25, 163 rods. Thence south 45 degrees, west 
between lots No. 24 and 23, 100 rods. Thence north 45 degrees, west 
163 rods to the westmost corner of lot No. 32. Thence south 45 
degrees, west 200 rods to the southmost corner of lot No. 40. Thence 
north 45 degrees, west 164 rods to the eastmost corner of lot No. 50. 

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Thence south 45 degrees, west 200 rods to the southmost corner of lot 
No. 49. Thence north 45 degrees, west 163 rods to the southmost 
comer of lot No. 59. Thence south 45 degrees, west 200 rods to the 
southmost comer of lot No. 57. Thence north 45 degrees, west 163 
rods to the line of lot No. 65. Thence south 45 degrees, west 100 rods 
to the bounds first mentioned, being nearly in a west direction from the 
southmost point of the northwest part of Industry above mentioned 
which is about 112 rods south of the southwest corner of St arks. And 
annex to and incorporate sd. north part of New Sharon with the inhabi- 
tants thereon with sd. northwest part of Industry into one Town. 
We your humble Petitioners as in duty bound ever pray. 

Joshua BuUen. Oliver Willard. 

Joseph Willard. John Goar. 

Daniel Gould. Elijah Peeas. 

John Rawlings. Jephah Cobum. 

Ebenezer Weeks. John Winslow. 

An attested excerpt from the plantation records accom- 
panied the petition, showing that the inhabitants of the pro- 
posed new town of Industry favored the measure. The 
petition was, as one would naturally infer, strongly opposed by 
the inhabitants of New Sharon not directly interested in the 
movement, consequently the legislative action was unfavorable 
for the petitioners. 

The act of incorporation designated Samuel Prescott, Esq., 
of New Sharon, as the justice to issue the warrant for calling 
the first meeting of the inhabitants. This instrument bore the 
date of September 24, 1803, and was directed to James Thomp- 
son, formerly plantation clerk. The inhabitants met agreeably 
to the call, at the dwelling-house of Capt. William Allen, on the 
20th day of October, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, and pro- 
ceeded to perfect their organization by the choice of the follow- 
ing officers : Moderator, James Thompson ; Clerk, William 
Allen, Sr. ; Selectmen, Assessors and Overseers of the Poor, 
William Allen, Jr., Peter West and Daniel Luce; Treasurer, 
James Thompson ; Constable and Collector, Sprowel Norton. 
Five highway surveyors were elected, who were also constituted 
a school committee. Among other oflScers elected were two 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 1810. 


tithing-men, five hog-reeves, two field-drivers, pound-keeper, 
etc. After the election of officers, the meeting adjourned until 
November 14th, to meet at the dwelling-house of Joseph 
Moody. The following is the official list of voters for 1803, as 
prepared by the municipal officers of the town of Industry : 

Allen, Bartlett. 
Allen, William. 
Allen, William, Jr. 
Bradbury, Paul. 
Brown, Joseph. 
Brown, Samuel. 
Bunker, Jonathan. 
Burgess, Benjamin. 
Chapman, Nathaniel. 
Coffin, John. 
Conant, Asa. 
Collins, Lemuel. 
Collins, Lemuel, Jr, 
Cottle, Benjamin. 
Crompton, Samuel. 
Daggett, Peter. 
Daggett, Tristram. 
Ellis, Atkins. 
Eveleth, James. 
Greenleaf, Levi. 
Howes, Alvin. 
Huston, John. 
Jewett, Benjamin. 
Johnson, Abraham. 
Johnson, James. 
Johnson, Thomas. 
Knowlton, Jonathan. 
Ladd, William. 
Luce, Daniel. 
Luce, Daniel, Jr. 
Luce, Rowland. 

Luce, Truman. 
Moody, Ephraim. 
Moody, Joseph. 
Marshall, John. 
Mathews, Joseph. 
Norton, Jabez. 
Norton, Jabez, Jr. 
Norton, Sprowel. 
Page, Abraham. 
Pike, Joshua. 
Robbins, Ammiel. 
Robbins, Ammiel, Jr. 
Robbins, Elijah. 
Stevens, Ebenezer. 
Stevens, John. 
Stevens, Samuel. 
Thompson, James. 
Thompson, John. 
Thompson, John, 2d. 
Webber, John. 
West, Peter. 
West, Peter, Jr. 
Willard, Levi. 
Willard, Nathaniel. 
Willard, Samuel. 
Williamson, Ebenezer. 
Williamson, Jonathan. 
Withee, Zoe. 
Witham, Peter. 
Winslow, James. 

[Total 61]. 

In 1802 William Read and others laid out a county road 
from Waterville through the centre of Stark to Withee's Corner 

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in Industry ; thence by Weeks's Mills to Farmington. A year 
later a branch road was laid out by them from Withee*s Corner 
over the Allen hill and by Allen's Mills, to intersect the road 
from the New Vineyard Gore at the Rufus Allen place, now 
(1892) owned by John Furbush. Immediately after the in- 
corporation of the town, in 1803, the selectmen proceeded to 
lay out roads as follows: One from the corner to the west, 
from where Asa Q. and Calvin B. Fish now live, to Goodridge*s 
Corner. One from the New Vineyard line southerly by West's 
Mills to Withee's Corner; and a third from Thompson's Cor- 
ner westerly four hundred rods over Bannock Hill to intersect 
the road leading to Goodridge's Corner, near where Thomas F. 
Norton formerly lived. Also from the forementioned corner 
near Asa Q. and Calvin B. Fish's in a southwesterly direction 
over a wing of the mountain to the Collins place, now owned 
and occupied by John Vehue. 

On the loth day of June, 1804, a road or town-way was 
laid out by the selectmen, commencing near where William L. 
Rackliflf now lives and running northerly by the residence of 
William D. Norton, to intersect the town road near **the Deacon 
Cottle Burying-Ground." 

On the 30th day of March, 1805, a committee, consisting of 
William Allen, Jr., and Capt. John Thompson, laid out a road 
from the county road near Japies Winslow's and Samuel Cromp- 
ton's, in a northerly direction over Howes Hill, to intersect the 
branch county road near what is known as Goodridge's Corner. 

In 1808, a road was laid out from the east line of the farm 
now owned by the heirs of Amos Stetson, Jr., southerly until it 
struck the town road at the burying-ground near the late resi- 
dence of Andrew Tibbetts. This, as well as the road over Ban- 
nock Hill, was extensively traveled for many years, but in the 
course of time the tide of travel changed to other roads and 
both have since been discontinued.* 

* The southern portion of this road was discontinued by a vote of the town March 
2, 1868. At which time a private way previously laid out for the accommodation of 
G. Frank Woodcock, the only resident on the road at that time, was accepted. The 
remaining northern portion was discontinued March 5, 1877. 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 18 10. t^ 

There was also laid out, during the same year, a road be- 
ginning at the county road leading from Waterville to Farm- 
ington and running northerly parallel with Stark line to the 
residence of Capt. John Thompson ; thence in such a direction 
as to strike the town road from West's Mills to Withee*s Corner 
at a point where the Hayes Hill road intersects it, just south 
from where George W. Johnson now lives. That portion of 
the road lying between the dwelling of Captain Thompson and 
the Hayes Hill road was after some years discontinued.* An- 
other road was laid out the same year running easterly and 
southerly from James Thompson's corner to intersect the above 
mentioned road near the residence of Capt. John Thompson. 

After the roads laid out by the selectmen in 1803 had been 
accepted, the town was divided into five highway districts, and 
William Allen, Sr., Benjamin Cottle, John Thompson, Abraham 
Johnson and Levi Greenleaf were elected surveyors. The 
selectmen were instructed by the town to petition the General 
Court to be allowed the privilege of appropriating the sum 
assessed on the town by the State, for the opening of these 
roads. At their annual meeting in 1804, the inhabitants voted 
to raise $800 for the opening and repair of these roads, and 
fixed the compensation of men and oxen at twelve and one- 
half cents per hour. A highway tax equal in amount to that 
of 1804, was raised the succeeding year. 

The early settlers upon whom devolved the duties of trans- 
acting the business of the town, though not having had the 
educational advantages which are now enjoyed, were neverthe- 
less men whose names were the very synonyms of honesty and 
integrity. To these sterling qualities was largely due the 
eminently satisfactory and prudent manner in which the early 
affairs of the town were conducted. Plain and simple in their 
habits of life, their modes of expression were often novel and 

♦ Although trees and bushes have long since obliterated the discontinued road, 
the bridge abutments on Thompson brook still remain. Many regard this stone- 
work as a part of the dam built by Capt. John Thompson, early in the present century, 
to augment the water supply of his mill. A careful inspection of the structure by any- 
one conversant with dam and bridge-building will convince at once of the incorrect- 
ness of the prevailing opinion. 

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unique. The following entry appears among the early records 
of the doings of the town : " Voted, that those who prayed 
for an abatement of tax, by Peter Daggett, be indulged a while 
longer." This would seem rather an unusual manner of abat- 
ing a tax to the average voter of to-day, and one which gave the 
residents of Mr. Daggett's district considerable liberty, yet the 
writer has sufficient reasons for believing that this liberty was 
not abused. The town, according to the records, voted "to 
"except" as well as accept roads laid out by the selectmen, and 
in one instance the clerk, in mentioning the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, makes the entry " the Commonwealth of Massa- 

At the annual meeting in 1804, held at the house of John 
Patterson, William Allen, Jr., was re-elected chairman of the 
board of selectmen, but Captain West and Daniel Luce were 
dropped. Captain West, however, was elected treasurer, as a 
successor to James Thompson, and held the office for one year, 
and in 1806 he was elected chairman of the board. Rowland 
Luce was chosen constable and collector, and his compensation 
was fixed at nine cents on a dollar for collecting. The law 
specified that a settler, to be a legal voter for governor, must 
be ** a freeholder or inhabitant of the town for the space of one 
year next preceding, having a freehold estate within said town 
of the annual income of ten dollars or any estate of the value 
of two hundred dollars." 

Prior to 1 808 the town meetings were held at the houses of 
divers inhabitants, but during the summer of 1807, a school- 
house having been erected near Goodridge's Corner, the inhabi- 
tants were warned to meet at that place on the 4th day of 
April, 1808, to give in their votes for governor, lieutenant- 
governor, senator, etc. 

About this time the evil effects of the embargo,* which 

♦ ITiis was a retaliatory measure adopted by President Jefferson in December, 
1807. The immediate efTect of this measure was to throw a large number of sailors 
out of employment. Skillful navigators were glad to labor in the haytield for the small 
sum of $12 per month. Merchandise of all kinds became very dear, and none felt 
the effects more keenly than did those living on the borders of civilization. The act 
was repealed in February, 1809. 

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EVENTS FROM 1800 TO 18 10. 69 

completely suspended all commercial intercourse, begun to be 
heavily felt, even in Industry, and a special town meeting was 
called " to consider the expediency of petitioning the President 
of the United States to remove the embargo." The people 
met on the 5th day of August, 1808, and after due deliberation, 
the proposition was deemed inexpedient. 

Up to Feb. 20, 1799, the lands of Industry comprised a 
part of Lincoln County, but on that date it was included in the 
concession of Lincoln to form the new County of Kennebec. 
Later, when an effort was being made to establish the County 
of Somerset, the inhabitants were generally opposed to the 
measure, and the selectmen were instructed to petition the 
General Court, asking that Industry be allowed to remain in 
Kennebec County. Notwithstanding this, the town became a 
part of Somerset County, on its incorporation, March i, 1809. 

So much difference existed between the prices of various 
articles of household use and convenience in 1808 and at the 
present time [1892], that the author takes the liberty to pre- 
sent herewith a comparative price-current, which renders these 
differences apparent at a glance. The prices in the left-hand 
column were copied from an old day-book kept in 1808, and in 
nearly every instance the sales were made to parties residing in 
Industry. The sleeve links, of which but one pair were sold on 
credit during the year, were sold to Esquire Cornelius Norton, 
and it is doubtful if any one but a country squire could afford 
such ornaments in those early times. The calico was purchased 
by Joseph Collins who, as well as Squire Norton, lived on " the 
Gore." Among other purchasers were Samuel Mason, Abner 
Norton, Abner C. Ames, Isaac Norton, Zebulon Manter, etc. : 

Molasses, per gallon. 
Salt, per bushel. 
Tobacco, per lb., 
Souchong Tea, per lb., 
Sugar, brown, per lb., 

1808. 1892. 


Jo. 75 






1. 16 








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Honey, per lb., 



Nails, wrought, " 



" cut, 



Allspice, " 



Copperas, " 



Butter- tubs, each. 



Eggs, per dozen. 



Vinegar, per gallon. 



Wool, per lb., 



Steelyards, per pair. 


1. 00 

Wheat, per bushel, 

1. 00 








Yarn, per skein. 



Thread, per skein, 


.00 J 

Pins, per paper. 



Knitting Pins, set, 



Buttons, pearl, per dozen, 



Combs, each, 



Toweling, per yard, 

.37 J 


Muslin, ** 






Gingham, " 






Cambric, " 



Sleeve Links, per pair, 



Gloves, cotton, per pair, 






Padlocks, each, 



Shoes, ladies'. 



New-England rum appeared to be a staple article with every 
merchant, at one dollar per gallon, and the large quantities sold 
seem to indicate its extensive use among the early settlers. 

The first decade of the nineteenth century closed with 
promising prospects for the town and its inhabitants. In popu- 
lation the town was growing very rapidly. By industrious and 
frugal habits the settlers had begun to emerge from their 
poverty, and some were able to substitute comfortable frame- 
houses for their log-cabins. The soil had been brought under 

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EVENTS EROAf 1800 TO 1810. 7 1 

a better state of cultivation, thereby rendering it more produc- 
tive. Roads had been laid out and opened, affording the 
settlers better facilities for marketing their produce. Schools 
had been established, and education had already begun to 
exert a salutary influence in the community. 

According to the census of 1802, there were one hundred and 
seventy inhabitants in the town of Industry, and in 1810 the 
number had increased to five hundred and sixty-two, being on 
an average a gain of forty-nine inhabitants per year. 

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Being a Full Account of the Emigration of his Father, Capt. William Allen, from 
Martha's Vineyard to the District of Maine, together with an Interesting 
Description of their Pioneer Life. 

Through the kindness of his son, Charles F. Allen, D. D., 
of Brunswick, Me., the writer has been permitted to publish 
that portion of William Allen's journal relating to the emigration 
of his father, Capt. William Allen, and family, from Martha's 
Vineyard to the District of Maine, together with an interesting 
account of the privations and hardships of their pioneer life 
in the early settlements of Farmington and Industry. 

My father returned to Martha's Vineyard from Down East, August, 
1792, and commenced preparations for removing. Reengaged Capt. 
Warren Rowland to be at Lambert's Cove the first of September with 
his vessel, the Speedwell, to take his family and effects on board. Ris 
family then consisted of himself and my mother, each of them in the 
37th year of their age; WiUiam [the writer of this journal], aged 12 ; 
Bardett, 1 1 ; Truman, 9 ; Deborah, 7 ; Jane, 5 ; Love, 2 ; Rarrison, a 
babe of four months ; an Indian apprentice, John Coombs, aged 1 7 j 
and Rachel, his mother, an Indian woman, an assistant of my mother. 
From much sympathy, my grand parents, on account of the largeness 
of the family, proposed to take Bartlett and keep him until he was 14, 
and Jane till she was 18, which was agreed to. We then numbered but 
nine, all told. Our stock consisted of a horse, a cow, a two-years-old 
heifer, a hog and six sheep, all of which were driven down to the harbor 
the first week in September, till the nth day of the month, when the 
Speedwell hove in sight ; and the next day, all on board, we took our 
departure from the old Vineyard for the land of promise — Down East. 

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Other passengers were taken on board, making in all with the captain 
and crew, eighteen, to be quartered in a small sloop of forty tons. 
September 13th, we made sail and proceeded as far as the shoals, when 
the wind came round to the northeast directly ahead. The women 
and children were all sea-sick, occasioned by the rough head wind. As 
no progress could be made, and it not being safe to anchor on the 
shoals, we went back to Nantucket. On Friday, Sept. 14th, the wind 
being fair and the weather being moderate, in the afternoon we started 
again and got over the shoals before dark, but in the night the wind was 
again ahead. 

Saturday, Sept. 15 th, was stormy, and the wind so near ahead that 
we made little progress that day or the night following. On Sunday 
morning, Sept. i6th, we made Seguin direcdy in the wind's eye, and 
could make our course no nearer than Harpswell. We therefore run 
into Harpswell Bay before noon and commenced beating along the 
shore for the Kennebec River till dark, when a violent northeast storm 
set in, — the line gale. When we reached within a mile of the river, we 
anchored in a dangerous place near the shore of Cape Small Point, 
where the swell of the sea was frightful. An anchor watch was set, with 
directions if the cable parted to make sail and keep off the rocks if 
possible. The anchor held fast, and the violence of the storm abating 
as the daylight appeared, we joyfully made sail, entered the river and 
proceeded up as far as' Jones's Eddy on Monday. The wind being 
ahead, we could go no farther that day. Some of us went on shore and 
visited the old fort at Arrowsick. We saw round the windows the 
marks of the bullets shot at the fort by the Indians in old times, and 
examined the ancient inscriptions on the grave stones in the cemetery. 
We spent the night at Jones's Eddy, thankful that our sloop had escaped 
the dangers of the sea and that we could rest securely. 

Tuesday, Sept. i8th, wind still ahead, but when the tide favored, by 
beating and towing with the boat, we reached Bath before noon. I 
went up into the town and saw a company of boys in uniform go through 
a military drill, which was new sport to me. My father went to Col. 
Dummer Sewall's, bought a hundred pounds of hay for our stock, and 
bargained for land. 

Wednesday, Sept. 1 9, beat up to Lovejoy's Narrows, and then landed 
our horse, on a projecting rock, when my mother, with me for an escort, 
took her child in her arms and started for Doctor Tupper's in Dresden, 
fvv^ miles further up the river, Mrs. Tupper being a relative and early 
friend of my mother. We had proceeded but a short distance, when 
the horse stepped out of the path in quest of water, sank into the mire 

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and threw us all headlong into the mud. The child was covered with 
mire and almost suffocated ; but no bones were broken, so I succeeded 
in getting the horse into the road. We all remounted, and arrived at 
the Doctor's about dark, where we were kindly received by Mrs. Tup- 
per. The Doctor was in Boston fitting out his famous timber ship, or 
raft, for P^ngland, which proved unmanageable and was abandoned, near 
Nova Scotia, a total loss. We remained in Dresden five days ; during 
that time the Speedwell passed by and arrived at Hallowell. 

Monday, Sept. 24th, we rode in a poor blind road to Hallowell. 
The horse refused to go into the ferry boat, and they had to plunge him 
into the river by main force and tow him across. After a long time we 
all arrived safe at Hallowell. There were then two or three stores and 
as many houses in the village of Hallowell. Tuesday, the 25th, we 
remained at Hallowell, packing up and waiting for a team. 

Wednesday, the 26th, all being in readiness, Seth Luce, of Read- 
field, was on hand with a cart and oxen to take a ton of furniture to 
Sandy River, our place of destination, fifty miles, on contract for twenty 
dollars. He had also procured a horse and saddle for our accommoda- 
tion. The cart was loaded and started in advance, then came our 
caravan, — the cow, heifer and sheep were driven by me, and the hog by 
Indian John. After we had passed out of the village, the hog refused 
to go, and escaped into the woods on a straight course for Martha's 
Vineyard. After a long chase, he was run down, conquered and sub- 
mitted to be led by John with a halter. The Indian made peace with 
him by obtaining a few ears of corn from a settler who was husking by 
the road, which he dealt out sparingly, and the hog followed quiedy 
the whole distance, even wading the Sandy River. After the team and 
stock, my father came on horseback, with a bed m a sack across the 
saddle, a bundle of blankets behind him and a child two years old in 
his arms. Then my mother with a bed on the saddle, a daughter of 
^\t years behind her and an infant in her arms, — all making a train 
extending sometimes for the distance of a mile, moving at a slow pace, 
sometimes waiting for the team to get out of a tight place where we 
could not pass. It was past noon when we arrived at Evans's in Read- 
field, eight miles, where we obtained some refreshment and some clover 
hay for the stock. I had never seen anything of the kind before ; did 
not know what it was, but thought it was a kind of pea-vine. Our horse, 
being used only to fine hay, would not eat it. After resting an hour, 
we drove on two miles further and put up for the night with Beniah 
Luce, where the railroad depot now is. 

Thursday, the 27th, we went over Kent's Hill, where three families 

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Jived, Benjamin and Reuben Kent, in framed houses, and Nathaniel 
Thomas in a log-house. In going up the hill I saw a red squirrel for 
the first time. I1ie road parted on the hill, one branch going to Liver- 
more, the other to our place of destination, which we found much 
worse than the other part, and some of our furniture was broken going 
down the hill. We arrived at Robert Blake's to a late dinner. Stopped 
an hour or more to rest. Father and mother rode on ahead to make 
some provision for us at the stopping place at Wyman's Plantation 
[Vienna], six miles distant. In the last five miles there was no house 
to be seen, and my sister, Deborah, tired of riding, chose to walk with 
me and the Indian woman, Rachel. A dreary long walk we found it, 
in a misty rafn, but we all arrived at Judkins's Camp before dark. We 
there met two men from Sandy River, who brought an evil report that 
all the corn on the intervales was destroyed by frost in August. Mr. 
Judkins was not provided with bread or accommodations for so great a 
multitude, there bemg ten of us. The house had two rooms, with a 
stone chimney, and oven between the rooms. The family lived in one 
room, and the other in which the oven was, was packed with unthreshed 
wheat. The old man told his boys to move back the wheat and blast 
the oven, as he had no bread for the travelers. The oven was blasted, 
and by ten o'clock, bread was baked sufficient for our supper and 
breakfast. The men found lodgings on the hay in the hovel. Father 
and mother spread their bed on the floor, some found room in the aitic 
and all fared as well as they could. 

Friday, Sept. 28th. We had now twelve miles to Sandy River and 
six more to our own camp. We started early, in the cold rain, by the 
way of the long ridge, six miles, — a better road than the day before, 
and stopped for dinner at Dummer Sewall, Jr.'s, in Chester [now Ches- 
terville]. We found Mrs. Sewall a kind-hearted woman, who had much 
sympathy for my mother, knowing the hardships and privations she 
would be exposed to in the desolate place where we were going in the 
outposts of the settlements on Sandy River, We had got so near our 
journey's end that we started off with good courage after dinner, arrived 
at Thomas Hiscock's before night, took a by-path across the river, and 
reached Solomon Adams's as the sun was setting. Here our company 
separated. Father, mother and the three children went down the river 
a mile to Esquire Titcomh's, where the family had an invitation to stop 
till the log-house was made habitable. We drove our stock about a 
mile up the river, where provision had been made at Kscjuire Norton's 
for keeping them. Mr. Luce went with the furniture another route, on 

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the west side of the river a mile further on, and put up at Zaccheus 
Mayhew's. Our journey was now considered substantially at an end. 

We were all alive and well, except the fatigue, having had a con- 
tinued series of difficulties during the autumnal equinox and the line 
gales for sixteen days. I have since, on two occasions, accomplished 
the distance by the aid of a team in twenty-seven hours. Mr. Luce, by 
depositing the most valuable portion of his load at the river, made out 
to get the rest to the camp on Saturday, driving through the woods in a 
road over which no cart had ever been before. There was constant 
danger of upsetting and destroying his load. He succeeded, however, 
and returned the same day to the river on his way home. 

Saturday, Sept. 29TH, 1792. We boys, with Indian John to pilot 
us, went to see our new habitation in the woods, two miles beyond any 
other house or encampment.* We found it in a rude, forbidding, deso- 
late looking place. The trees about the house and opening were 
mostly spruce and hemlock. They had been cut down on- about five 
acres, a strip forty rods long and about twenty wide, on the first of July, 
and burned over. The whole surface was as black as a coal, the trees 
on the north side of the opening were burned to their tops, and the 
liml)er on the ground was burned black. A small bed of English tur- 
nips on a mellow knoll, sown soon after the fire, was the only green 
thing visible on the premises. A log-house forty feet long and twenty 
wide had been laid on the bank of a small brook. The building was 
formed of straight spruce logs about a foot in diameter, hewed a little 
on the inside. It was laid up seven feet high with hewed beams and a 
framed roof, covered with large sheets of spruce bark secured by long 
poles withed down. The gable ends were also rudely covered with 
bark. The house stood near the felled trees, there was neither door 
nor window, chimney nor floor, but a space had been cut out near the 
centre of the front side for a door. The building stood on uneven 
ground. The corner farthest from the brook was laid on a large log to 
bring the bottom logs to a level, leaving a space along that end nearly 
two feet from the ground. We thought it not a .safe place to lodge in, 
as a bear or wolf could easily crawl in. We found our furniture in a 
pile on the ground. After viewing the premises, we returned to our 
lodgings at Esquire Norton's with no pleasant feelings in regard to our 
lonely dwelling-place and future prospects. 

OcroKKR 1ST. We obtained a bushel of corn of P2squire Titcomb, 
which I carried on horseback to the Falls [Earmington], to mill; and 

♦This lot now (1892) comprises the farm of Obed N. Collins in the northern part 
of Farmington. — W. C. //. 

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then I went by a blind path over bad sloughs to Harlock Smith's, in 
New Sharon, to get a box of maple sugar which had been bought of 
him. I found part of the way obstructed with fallen trees lying in all 
directions, over which I made the horse jump, and succeeded in getting 
home safe with my meal and sugar. Being provided with bread and 
other necessary articles, a carpenter was engaged, and the next day we 
took formal possession of the camp. The carpenter prepared plank by 
splitting basswood logs for the floor of one room and the entry ; a half 
a thousand feet of boards were procured for doors and partitions ; one 
wide board was laid for a floor in front of the hearth to sit on while 
they rocked the baby, and a few boards were laid as a chamber floor 
for the boys to spread their beds on. The rest of the chamber floor 
was made of poles covered with basswood bark, on which the com was 
spread to dry. Stones were collected by the boys on a hand-barrow 
for the jambs of a chimney and the foundation of an oven. In the 
course of the week the floor was laid, the doors were hung, the jambs 
of the chimney laid up, a hole was made in the roof for the smoke to 
escape, a rude entry partition was put up and six squares of glass in a 
sash were inserted in an opening for a window. Other spaces, opened 
to let in the light, could be closed with boards when necessary. In this 
condition, on the eighth of October, my mother, with the children, 
moved in, — not to enjoy the comforts of life, but to suffer all the hard- 
ships that pioneers must undergo in a hard battle with poverty, for more 
than five years, in that desolate place, without friends or neighbors. 

Our first business was to harvest our frost-bitten com, about fifty 
bushels, which grew in two places, six or seven miles distant. It was 
brought home in a large sack that would hold six bushels of ears, laid 
upon the horse's back, over mud and mire, to the annoyance of the 
driver, Indian John, who had often to go a mile to get help to reload 
his corn, when the horse was mired, laid down and threw off" his load. 
After the snow came, a sled was used with better success. The corn 
being harvested, we proceeded to prepare our log-house for winter. 
The boys collected stones, an oven was built and the chimney carried 
up to the ridgepole with stones and topped out with sticks laid in clay. 
The cracks between the logs were caulked up with moss on the inside 
and plastered with clay on the outside. A hovel was built for the animals 
which was covered with boughs. The first snow fell in October, and it 
snowed every week till the first of January, without wind. After that 
time the snow was badly drifted, so there was but little traveling. 

We explored the neighboring forests with our gun and found plenty 
of game, when the snow was not too deep. John, the Indian, was a 

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good sportsman. We kept account of the partridges killed, and found 
the number to be sixty-five killed during the first fall and the next 
spring. They disappeared when the snow was deep, and then we could 
sometimes kill a harmless rabbit. We had hard times during the win- 
ter, 1792-3, but suffered more intensely the next summer, under our 
severe tasks and privations, and from the torment of black flies and 
mosquitoes. Our camp was near a large swamp that swarmed with 
these pests, which tormented us day and night. We could scarcely 
see, our eyes were so swollen. Sometimes the boys had their necks 
bitten till ther^ were raw sores with flies imbedded in them. Our fare 
was coarse and scanty and our work hard. The land was hard to clear 
and unproductive when cleared, not one-eighth of it being fit for culti- 
vation, and that a mile from the house. Our clothes were worn out 
and torn to pieces going through the bushes ; our bare feet and ankles 
scratched, and our necks bleeding from the bites of flies and mosqui- 
toes. When we cleared the land and planted corn on the further end 
of our lot, the bears ate it up, and we seemed to be doomed to suffer- 
ing and poverty. When fourteen years old, I once carried com on my 
back ten miles to mill, and often carried it five miles, for we were 
obliged to sell our horse the first year of our sojourn in the forest, and 
we carried our corn on our backs to mill, or went three or four miles 
to get a Rorse, often a poor, lame, stumbling beast — taking a whole day 
to go to mill — and then two days' work of a boy or one of a man to 
pay the hire. The longer we lived in that wretched place the harder 
we fared. 

June 28TH, 1 793, we were visited with a most destructive hailstorm, 
accompanied with thunder and lightning. The hailstones — as large as 
hen's eggs — came through the bark roof of our camp by scores. My 
little sister was stunned by a hailstone that came through the roof and 
struck her on the forehead, causing the blood to flow freely. The 
storm was accompanied with such torrents of rain, beyond all concep- 
tion, with crashing peals of thunder and flashes of lightning, that it 
seemed to me that the end of the world had come. I grasped the 
Bible, but not a word could be read, for the water had drenched every- 
thing in the house. The torrents lasted not more than two or three 
minutes and ceased abruptly' 

My father moved into his new log- house on land belonging to the 
Plymouth Company [some four miles from his first abode, on a hill 
to the east of Allen's Mills], the last day of April, 1798. The house 
was twenty-four by twenty feet, built of logs. The roof was boarded 
and shingled ; there was a good floor, with bed-room, kitchen and 

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buttery partitioned off; a ladder leading to the attic which had two 
sleeeping rooms for the children. We lived in this house till Decem- 
ber, 1802, making in all ten years of residence in log-houses. Eight 
acres of trees had been felled the year before and not burned. The 
ground had been cleared but a little about the house, and when the 
cut-down was burned there was great danger of the house ; we wet the 
house and the ground around, but, in spite of all our precaution, the 
house took fire ; we succeeded, however, in extinguishing the flames, 
not without danger of suffocation, before much damage was done. We 
raised a good crop of corn that year, about 200 bushels, and in the 
following years good crops of corn, wheat and rye were uniformly 
secured. ' 

Still we suffered for many comforts of life, with no stock at first, 
but one hired cow which ran in the woods in the summer to pick up a 
living. We bought calves that year and soon raised up a good stock. 
Our prospects in our new establishment were quite encouraging com- 
pared with those in the forbidding and barren spot where we suffered so 
much for six years in first coming into the wilderness. Now we could 
look forward with good hope of better times from year to year. We had a 
good sugar-orchard on the lot, and the first year on our new farm I made 
nine hundred pounds of sugar with no assistance after the trees were 
tapped, except one day's work cutting wood, Bartlett my next younger 
brother being sick, and Truman had left the place to go to sea. 

My father having raised a good crop of corn the first year that he 
lived in town [Industry], prepared a load of forty-five bushels for mar- 
ket to pay for leather for shoes and to procure necessaries, having bought 
one yoke of oxen, he procured another yoke on condition that he would 
pay at Winthrop, fifteen shillings in grain for the hire of them ; got all 
things in readiness on Saturday in January, 1 799, for an early start on 
Monday morning for a week's jaunt, and I was designated teamster.* 

The boys were called up early and one sent two miles for the hired 
oxen, and before daylight appeared I started with my load. The roads 
being rough and the track narrow, my father went with me four miles to 
Col. Fairbanks's, near the Titcomb place in Farmington, to pry up the 
sled when it run off the track. We arrived at Col. Fairbanks's before 
sunrise, let the oxen rest and eat half an hour, re-laid the load on the 
sled and 'squared up and made all secure, I then proceeded alone ; the 
road being better, crossed the river opposite Farmington village f and 

♦ Young Allen was then in his nineteenth year. — W. C. H. 

t Probably Farmington Falls is the village to which reference is here made. — W. 

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arrived at Loweirs in Chesterville soon after noon, fed my oxen, eat my 
cold dinner, with a tumbler of cider to wash it down ; stopped an hour 
and started again, got to Perry's at sunset and put up, having driven 
nineteen miles. Bought a pint of milk and ate bread and milk for sup- 
per. Got a warm breakfast and started again at sunrise, drove seventeen 
miles to Winthrop where I discharged ten bushels off from my load 
to pay the tanner for our winter stock of leather, tried to sell my load 
but no one would buy, and had to go three miles further to leave another 
portion of my load for ox-hire. On a cross road I was directed wrong 
and found myself at the end of a wood road in the dark. Could find no 
suitable place to turn, but with much trouble I got my sled turned by 
taking my forward oxen, with the chain, to one corner of the sled and 
starting the sled off and then starting the pxen on the tongue, then first 
one yoke then the other a little at a time till I got turned ; after half an 
hour thus spent, I at length got on the right track and having traveled 
twenty miles arrived at Fairbanks, my place of deposit, stopped over 
night and as my team was beat out I accepted an invitation to stop a 
day to rest. On the fourth day I started early and drove to Hallowell 
by noon, carried hay and baited my oxen in the street, sold my corn for 
four shillings per bushel, got ten dollars in money and the rest in goods ; 
and started for home without entering any building in the place except 
the stores. I drove to Carlton's by daylight, a distance of eight miles ; 
the next day to Lowell's twenty-two miles, and on the sixth day, in the 
afternoon, got home tired and hungry with about four dollars in money 
after paying expenses and ten dollars in necessary family stores, salt, etc., 
the proceeds of my load of corn after paying the tanner. 

At a meeting for the organization of the militia, January, 1 799, on 
what was then called the Plymouth Patent, my father proposed as a 
name for the place, Industry, which was adopted by vote and the name 
is still retained.* On the incorporation of the town he was chosen town 
clerk and held that office two years. On clearing up the land in Indus- 
try it was found productive. It was stony but bore good crops ; and we 
had bread enough and to spare. In 1 799 a beginning was made on my 
lot t by cutting down fvv^ acres of trees, and three acres more the next 
year. So I had eight acres ready to be cleared when I arrived of age. 
I owned a good axe and had possession of a hundred acres of wild land, 
without a title ; but I had no whole suit of decent clothes. We all 
could make shingles, baskets and brooms to sell, and I made shoes for 

* See page 59. 

fThis was lot No. 28 of Lemuel Perham's survey and is now known as the Dea- 
con Ira Emery farm. — W. C. H. 

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the family and some for others when T could find no better employment. 
In the winter of 1 799 I was employed to teach a primary school for two 
months in Farmington for eight dollars a month. The next winter I 
worked with F2nos Field, at North Yarmouth, making shoes at nine 
dollars a month. The next winter I had ten dollars a month for teach- 
ing in New Sharon, and in 1802 I had twelve dollars in a town school in 
Farmington ; but I was not qualified to teach English grammar. In the 
fall of that year I was persuaded by my friend, Joseph Titcomb, who 
had been one term at the Hallowell Academy, to join him and go for 
six weeks. Entering the Academy I was embarrassed with my defic- 
iencies and during the first week was thoroughly homesick. Preceptor 
Moody took pity on me — said that he was grieved that I was sick. 
With the encouragement of this judicious teacher I soon began to make 
progress in my studies in grammar, geometry and trigonometry. Han- 
nibal Shepard, one of the students, lent me books. 

The preceptor employed me in his garden and charged nothing for 
tuition ; and at the end of six weeks, without solicitation, gave me a 
first-class certificate that I was well qualified to teach all the branches 
of study usually taught in public schools. My clothes were shabby 
when I left the Academy, November 5th, and started for home on foot ; 
but before I reached home I had, ragged as I was, two applications to 
teach in the best schools in the county. The attendance at the Acad- 
emy was the foundation of my success in business in after life. Mr. 
Moody was a kind friend as long as he lived. 

When he left the Academy he procured my appointment as assistant 
to his successor for two years. On my journey to Farmington I went 
out of my way to deliver a letter and message from Charles Vaughan, a 
land agent, to Captain [Lemuel] Perham, the surveyor, and was em- 
ployed by him two days in making plans, for which I received two 
dollars in money and more than ten dollars' worth of instruction in plot- 
ting lots of a given quantity, in various forms, bounded by a crooked 
river. I reached home with money in my pocket. 

April i6th, 1801. I left work for my father, who had then nearly 
completed his spring's work, and went to work for myself in good 

My lot was a mile from my father's and I made a contract to board 
at home, my mother kindly consenting to do my cooking and other 
work, on my furnishing provisions. I soon found means to pay for a 
good cow, so the family were no longer stinted to a tea-cupful of milk 
at a meal. 

I worked early and late burning off the logs ; and by roiling the logs 

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two or three in a place I cleared by hand, without assistance, except 
one or two hours' work, three acres ready for sowing. I sowed two acres 
of wheat and one acre of rye. Had a yoke of oxen one day to harrow 
in the crop and had the seed in the ground within a month from the 
time I began burning off the log. I spent a full day with a hoe cover- 
ing the grain around the stumps and other places where the harrow had 
not covered it. When it had grown I never saw a field of wheat that 
looked so well, — not a weed, bush or stump was to be seen, as the 
wheat was higher than the stumps, the heads large and hanging down 
with the weight of the grain. 

I had forty-two bushels of choice wheat from the two bushels sown 
worth an extra price ; much of it was sold for seed. The rye was also 
very good. I estimated that there were thirty-three bushels from one 
sown. I burnt the limbs on the other five acres which yielded me one 
hundred and twenty-eight bushels of corn besides what the birds and 
squirrels carried off. The whole was a satisfactory result. The pro- 
ceeds of the year's work, including improvement on the farm, was more 
than two hundred dollars. Always after, when I cultivated land per- 
sonally, I had good crops. 

In 1 799 the inhabitants of the plantation, extending from New Vine- 
yard through Starks, Oak Hill and Mercer to Norridgewock, — a district 
reaching more than twenty miles from one extreme to the other, — were 
organized into a military company. The Captain [John Thompson] 
and Ensign [Jabez Norton, Jr.] were Methodists, and the Lieutenant 
[.Ambrose Arnold] was a Baptist. I was chosen clerk and it became 
my duty to see that the men were all warned for training four times a 
year, to meet with them at trainings and general muster and to note 
their deficiencies. In May, 1799, there was no road direct from the 
north part of the district to the south part ; and the snow was then so 
deep in the woods that we could not pass thro' the forest. I was first 
required to go three miles to see the captain and get his orders ; 
then to travel through Farminglon Village at the Falls, along the border 
of Chesterville to Ca|)e Cod Hill, in New Sharon, to reach Lieutenant 
Arnolds's in what is now called Mercer, and receive the orders from 
him. The river could not be crossed in safety with a horse in a more 
direct course. 

TuKSDAV, May 5TH, 1 799, was the day designated [by law] for the 
training. The snow was so deep as to be impassable where there was 
no track except on snowshoes. Some went to the training on snow- 
shoes ; I followed the only track to get from home to the place of train- 
ing near VVithee's Corner, by going north to Hinkley's Corner [near the 

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Thomas F. Norton farm], then east to Thompson's Corner [near the 
old Thomas M. Oliver farm], and then south to the Withee's Corner, 
being four times the distance in a direct line, where there was no path. 
It is therefore not strange that I was soon tired of military honor, and 
escaped from it, as I could be excused. I did not aspire to any pro- 
motion in the service, and in due time resigned, having no wish for any 
office of more honor than profit. That spring of 1 799 was more back- 
ward than any I had ever known. The snow was more than a foot deep 
in the woods, and the Kennebec was passable on the ice at Norridge- 
wock, till the tenth of May. 

In the spring of 1802 while I was at work on the farm, I was sur- 
prised by a visit from a deputy sheriff, who served a warrant on me 
requiring a State tax of forty- four dollars, which was to be assessed on 
the inhabitants of the plantation. 

His directions required him to serve it on some "principal in- 
habitant, who would be able to pay the tax if he did not cause the same 
to be lawfully assessed. The deputy said he had been through the 
settlement and could not find any such person ; but that I had received 
enough money keepmg school the previous winter to answer the purpose, 
and he therefore left the warrant with me. After enquiry and receiving 
directions how to avoid the penalty of neglect, I procured a warrant 
from Charles Vaughan, Esq., of Hallowell, for calling a meeting and the 
plantation was duly organized I was chosen one of the assessors and 
the tax was assessed and paid. A similar tax was assessed the next 
year. In the month of June, 1803, the west portion of the plantation 
was incorporated into a town by the name of Industry, and I was chosen 
one of the selectmen, with Capt. Peter West and Daniel Luce, Senior, 
for associates. 

My new farm did not require all my lime for several years. I had 
time to make shingles and build a grain barn the first summer, I also 
worked out in haying. In the fall I made shoes, and kept school in the 
winter, with increased compensation, for twelve years. I did not have 
to go from home to look up a school, but my success and with the 
recommendation of my worthy friend. Preceptor Moody, my name was 
favorably known in the community, it may be, beyond my deserts. I 
taught town school ten winters, and was an assistant in Hallowell Acad- 
emy nearly two years. I quit teaching on account of my health, and to 
cultivate my farm which needed my exclusive attention. 

Tumultuous meetings were held in various places on the Plymouth 
Company's lands in Maine prior to 1802 by reason of the decisions of 
court which established the proprietors* title to large tracts of land on 

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the Kennebec, to which many believed they had no right; and on 
which the settlers had entered with the expectation that they would be 
protected by the State \ and would have the land for a small price. 
When the Plymouth proprietors obtained judgment in their favor, and 
demanded hard terms, many of the settlers resisted payment, and great 
commotions leading to bloodshed in some places arose. The Legisla- 
ture interposed by appointing Peleg Coffin, Treasurer of State ; Hon. 
Elijah Brigham, Judge of the Court, and Colonel Thomas Dwight, all 
high-toned Federalists, who had no sympathy for men who, as they 
believed, were trespassers on the lands ; a committee to come and view 
the land and appraise for each settler a lot of one hundred acres, — a 
very unfortunate committee for the poor settlers. The committee came 
to Augusta in October, 1802, put up at Thomas's Tavern on the east side, 
where they fared sumptuously, and notified the settlers on the lands in 
dispute, to appear and enter into a submission to abide the decision the 
committee should make as to the conditions of holding the lands. The 
settlers came from all directions, some from a distance of forty miles. 
Being at school at Hallowell I waited a week for the crowd to subside, 
and then I found a schoolboy to ferry me over the river for nothing, and 
to watch for me when I came back, with his canoe. I went up to 
Augusta on the east side of the river, more than twice the distance of 
the road on the west side, to avoid paying toll over the bridge, not 
having money to pay the toll. 

When I came to the tavern, I was obliged to wait some time for my 
turn, before I was admitted. Here I was confronted by Charles Vaughan, 
Esq., the agent of the proprietors, who was there with two attorneys. 
They disputed my claim to be heard, as I had not been of age a year, 
when the resolve was passed providing only for settlers who had been on 
the land a year ; though I had been in possession more than a year and 
had built a barn on the lot. After a full hearing the committee decided 
that I had a right to be heard, I signed the submission, and my lime 
being exhausted, I had to leave without making any explanation of my 
case, and without any attorney to do it for me, while the proprietors had 
an efficient agent and the best lawyers in Augusta to manage for them.* 
I saw roast beef on the table, but could not eat of it, for I had no money 
to buy a dinner. I bought a good-sized cracker for a cent, and made a 
dinner of this, and walked back to Hallowell the same way that I came. 
The result of the appraisal was contrary to our expectations. Insteacs I 
of adopting the price of lands made by the State, they doomed u« Iko 
A tr? 

♦ See note, p. 36. [near 

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pay more than double. The State price had been from twenty-five to 
fifty cents an acre, and the committee appraised the lots in Industry, 
from one to two dollars and a quarter an acre. My lot was put at one 
dollar and ninety cents an acre, with thirteen months' interest, two 
dollars for a deed, twenty-five cents for the award and seventeen cents 
for the acknowledgement of the deed, all to be paid in specie, in Boston, 
before the first day of June, 1804. By great exertion, selling my oxen 
and all the grain and corn I had, and borrowing of a friend in Winthrop 
ten dollars, I made the payment. I was obliged to pay two dollars to 
send the money to Boston. Thus my lot cost me two hundred and 
seven dollars, instead of fifty dollars which I expected to pay. 

There were thirty settlers who entered into submission to have their 
lands appraised ; ten only could raise the money by their own resources ; 
ten others obtained assistance from friends who advanced the money 
and held the land for security ; and the other ten gave all up and aban- 
doned their possessions. These commissioners did not go to view any 
of our land as it was expected they would do. 

They saw some fertile gardens near the beautiful Kennebec, received 
glowing descriptions of the settlers' lands from the proprietors' agents, 
and made up their prices accordingly. If they had come as far as In- 
dustry, and seen for themselves the land covered with stones, and roads 
so rude that no wheeled carriage could pass a mile in any place in town, 
and if they had seen the evidence of our poverty ever3rwhere apparent, 
I am sure they would not have set the price of our land half as high as 
they did. 

Being in Boston the summer of 1804 on business I saw Thomas L. 
Winthrop, Esq., and tried to negotiate with him for the land on which 
my -father lived. He treated me kindly, invited me to his house, paid a 
bill for taxes which I had against the proprietors ; but I could make no 
bargain about the land. I had paid him a high price for my own lot, 
twice as much as it was worth, but could get no redress. 


When we arrived at Sandy River in the autumn of 1791 a powerful 
revival of religion was in progress on the west side of the river under 
the labors of Elder Benjamin Randall, the founder of the Free Will 
Baptist Society, assisted by Elder Edward Locke. I attended their 
meetings in the' winter at the house of David Wentworth, five miles 
from home. The meeting was not conducted with much order. Some 
individuals were boisterous and there was much confusion. Elder 
Randall was a worthy christian minister and enjoyed the confidence of 

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the community. He did not remain long in the place ; but exercised a 
good influence, and laid the foundation of a flourishing society. 

Mr. Locke was regarded from the first by the outsiders as an immoral 
man. He attempted to establish a community of goods for christians 
to have all things in common, when it was discovered that he was 
managing to get control of all the property. The church members 
left him, and he gave up preaching and abandoned his profession of piety. 
Notwithstanding the apostacy of one who had taken such a prominent 
part, a Free Will Baptist church was established containing a number of 
excellent persons, who sustained a good reputation for piety through 
life. Fi*ancis Tufts became the leader of the society, and having lived 
to a great age died in Ohio. 

In the autumn of 1 793 the interest had mostly subsided ; and in 
October, Rev. Jesse Lee, the first Methodist preacher in Maine, visited 
this place in his first tour through the State. He had no one to intro- 
duce him or to give notice of his approach. 

After a hard day's ride over bad roads, arriving near night at Star- 
ling's Tavern, at Sandy River, he made known his errand as a preacher, 
had notice given to the few who lived near, and preached in the evening 
at the tavern. A few hearers were present, and among the rest, Mrs. 
Eaton,* a worthy widow who perceived the speaker was a gentleman and 
an extraordinary preacher, and she thought he was entitled to better 
accommodations than the country tavern could afford, where he might 
be annoyed by noisy company, and took the preacher home with her 
and volunteered to find a better place of entertainment. The next 
morning she conducted him to Stephen Titcomb, Esq.'s, the best place 
in town, where Mr. Lee was kindly received and treated with hospitality. 
The family were much interested in the preacher and his doctrines. 
A daughter of thirteen years experienced religion under his instructions, 
and they would gladly have persuaded him to remain longer ; but his 
arrangements were made to travel through the interior of the State, and 
to return to Boston and Lynn before winter. He could therefore con- 
sent only to stop a single day in a place. Ks(|uire Titcomb gave him 
directions as to the most suitable houses to visit on his route, where he 
would be well received, and cordially invited him to come again. Mr. 
Lee then left for Esquire Read's, ten miles up the river. Escjuire Read 
was a magistrate, respected for his integrity and hospitality, afterwards 
the proprietor of the township of Strong, Chief Justice of the Court of 

* This was unduubtedly Kli/abelh (Thorn) Katon, relict of Jacob Eaton, 
early pioneer to the present town of Karmington. — \V. C. //. 


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Sessions, Senator from the county, a worthy citizen, benevolent, pleasant 
and kind.* He received Mr. Lee joyfully, and became a leader of the 
Methodists in the town. The families of Mr. Read and of Mr. Tit- 
comb united subsequently with the Methodist Church. 

Mr. Lee pursued his journey to New Vineyard, Anson, and so 
on to the eastern part of the State, attracting the attention of all 
classes wherever he went, by his personal appearance, social habits 
and gentlemanly christian deportment. He had traveled extensively 
from Virginia to Maine, and was well qualified to instruct and edify 
his hearers. 

In June, 1 794, he made a second visit to Sandy River, now incor- 
porated as Farmington. Notice was given that he would preach at 
Mr. Tufts'sf barn. This was eight miles from where we lived. I re- 
ceived notice, and made my way to the meeting Sunday, but did not 
arrive till near the close of the forenoon services. T found a large 
assembly present. When the preacher took the stand in the afternoon, 
I listened attentively. I had never heard such preaching, and under 
his fervent appeals deep impressions *were made on my mind, which 
were never lost. The swallows chirped in the barn, but nothing dis- 
turbed the preacher or diverted the attention of his hearers. Several 
who lived in the upper part of the town were converted at this visit of 
Mr. Lee, and were united in a class with William Gay as leader. An- 
other class was formed at the Falls. After meeting I was invited by 
Joseph Titcomb to go home with him to his father*s to supper, as the 
preacher would be there. I went with him and was pleased with the 
preacher's conversation with the children. 


I married Hannah Titcomb, daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth 
Titcomb, born at Topsham, Nov. 15, 1780. She was of good parent- 
age, and her personal appearance, good sense, domestic qualifications 
and sincere piety were not excelled by any one within the range of my 
acquaintance. Though I had been acquainted with her for fifteen 
years, I did not dare to make proposals to her until I had acquired 
some reputation for industry and prudence, after I became of age. 
After our marriage, on the 28th of October, 1807, we moved into our 

♦ The gentleman here referred to was William Read, of Strong. — W. C. H. 
fThia was Francis Tufts, one of the wealthiest among the early settlers in 
Farmington.— W, C. H. 

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new unfinished house at Industry.* I had exhausted my funds in 
building too high and large, and could not finish it. I reserved a small 
sum of fifty dollars for winter stores and ne.cessary articles to begin 
house-keeping, which was all spent in one month. I abhorred running 
in debt, and chose rather to leave home and teach school to raise 
funds. I took a school for three months, seven miles from home, at 
%20 per month, the highest wages then given, and board around. I 
hired my wife's brother to take care of the barn, get up wood and 
cedar for fences. The whole bill of cash expenses for support the first 
year was $128, besides the products of the farm and dairy consumed at 
home. We had four cows and six sheep. We made butter and cheese. 
My farm was productive, so that we ever after had bread and butter 
enough and to spare. We suffered some the first year from the cold 
house, and for want of some things. I had to work hard to subdue 
bushes and weeds, but succeeded, so that it was easier next year and 
ever aftenvards, while my health was better than before. The people 
of the town were kind and attentive to us, and Divine Providence raised 
us up many friends. 

At the annual meeting in 1 808 I was chosen chairman of the board 
of selectmen with good associates. I was continued in office till my 
removal to Norridgewock. On the 2d of September, 1808, our first 
son, William, was born, who grew up and became our idol. He gradu- 
ated at Bowdoin College, was distinguished for literary attainments, 
and died in early manhood. 

In 1 809 I was appointed special Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, and officiated one term. I did more business as Justice of the 
Peace than any other man in the county. 

The farm was more productive from year to year. I employed one 
hand during haying, and did the most of the farm work myself. Our 
second son, Stephen, was born March 10, 18 10. 

I taught school in Farmington in 1809, eight miles from home, 
walking home Saturdays and returning the following Monday morning. 
In 1810 I taught the winter school in our own district, and in 181 1 at 
Norridgewock, having a horse to ride home on Saturdays and return on 
Monday, without price. I had to get up and start before day to go 
fifteen miles before school time, — which I did not fail to do for three 

In November, 18 12, Mr. Jones, the Clerk of Courts, being sick. 

♦ This house was a roomy two-story edifice, and the same subsequently occupied 
by Deacon Ira Emery for many years. It was destroyed by Bre, during a severe gale, 
on the evening of Feb. 25, 1887.— ^. C. H. 

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sent for rae to help him. When I arrived he was confined to his bed. 
I was appointed by the Judge, Clerk pro tempore, I was entirely un- 
acquainted with the forms of procedure, but, with much embarrass- 
ment, and by the kind assistance of the Court, I succeeded quite well 
in the performance of my several duties. 

George Jones* died January, 18 13, and I was duly appointed his 
successor. On the first of April, we removed to Norridgewock, leaving 
the farm at Industry in the care of my brother Harrison and my sister 

♦The author is of the opinion that this is erroneous. Hanson's History of 
Norridgewock (see p. 347), says that IVilliam Jones was Clerk of Courts in 181 2, 
and that William Allen was appointed his successor. 

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First School. — Incompetence of Early Teachers. — The Log School- House on the 
Gore. — Other School -Houses. — High Schools. — Free High Schools. — Wade*8 
Graduating System. — Text- Books. — Statistical. 

. 'Tis education forins the common mind.— /*^/r. 

Says William Allen in his History of Industry (see p. 2j), 
*• There were no schools of any note before the incorporation of 
the town. An old maiden lady* was employed occasionally, a 
short time, to teach children their letters and to spell out words. 
Her school was kept one month in my barn. She did what she 
could * to teach the young idea how to shoot,' but was quite 
incompetent. I visited her school on one occasion and she 
had a small class advanced to words of three syllables in the 
spelling-book, and when they came to the word * anecdote ' she 
called it * a-neck-dote,' and defined it to be * fooc| eaten between 

** When the first town school was put in operation, the 
master was quite deficient in every way. When a boy hesi- 
tated at the word * biscuit,' the master prompted him rashly — 
' bee squit, you rascal.* But during the second year, a portion 
of the town united with a district in Farmington which extended 

* Campmeeting John Allen, a younger brother of the historian, wrote the author 
some years prior to his death, as follows: "This was Miss Dependence Luce, 
daughter of Robert Luce, an early settler in Industry. She subsequently married 
Benjamin Burgess." The Industry town records show Dependence to have been 
born Nov. 25, 1764. Robert Luce died in New Portland, in November, 1857, aged 
92 years, hence he could hardly be counted as the father of Dependence, although 
he may have been her brother. 

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from the [New] Vineyard Gore to the Titcomb place, more 
than four miles. The school was kept in a log school-house, 
near where [William] Mosher lives, by Samuel Belcher, a com- 
petent teacher, and our boys made good progress. The master 
boarded with us a part of the time, two miles from the school- 
house. When the road was not broken out they had to get 
breakfast by candle-light, in order to be at school in season." 

Probably the first school-house erected within the present 
limits of the town was one built on the New Vineyard Gore. 
The date of its erection is not known. This house, which was 
built of logs, stood on the south side of the brook running 
from the "Little Pond" and on the east side of the road, nearly 
opposite from where the Presson house used to stand, the site 
of which is. still marked by a large English poplar. This house 
was burned, at an early date, and another built on the opposite 
side of the brook on the west side of the road. In the course 
of time this house, which was a framed one, was thoroughly 
remodeled and greatly improved. 

One of the first teachers who taught school on the Gore 
was a Scotchman named Martin. For many years the school 
in this district was one of the largest in town, and its pupils 
ranked high for excellence in scholarship. Eventually the 
attendance grew less and less, until the school -house fell into 
disuse and was torn down and moved away about 1863. 

The second school-house in town was built near Davis Cor- 
ner in 1807. It was located about one hundred rods north of 
the present school-house at Goodridge's Corner, near a large 
granite boulder by the side of the road. Among those who 
taught here were William Allen, Jr., with several of his brothers 
and sisters, also Levi Young for three winter terms. Five years 
later a second house was erected at the corner on the site now 
(1892) occupied by the factory of the Enterprise Cheese Com- 
pany, and in 1818 the old one was torn down.* The second 

* At the annual meeting, March 12, 1832, the town voted to set the inhabitants 
of Allen's Mills off from the Centre District, to form a new school district. The 
brick school-house now standing in the village was built in the summer of 1839, or 
possibly a year later. 

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school-house was larger than the first, and had the then pre- 
vailing style of hip roof.* The principal text-book in those 
early times was Noah Webster's Spelling-Book, which served 
the three-fold purpose of primer, elementary reader and spell- 
ing-book. Pupils more advanced used the American Preceptor, 
and later the Columbian Orator. The first mentioned reader 
was a great favorite with the scholars, as was also Lindley 
Murray's English Reader, the second Hallowell edition of which 
appeared in 1817. This Reader was used for a time con- 
temporaneously with the American Preceptor and Columbian 
Orator, t 

Murray's Grammar, published in 1795, was for many years 
a standard work and the principal text-book in all schools 
where the science was taught.J These, with Kinnie's Arith- 
metic and Morse's Geography, completed the curriculum of 
study in the best town schools. 

A school-house was built near Butler's Corner, in Industry, 
about the same time as the one at Davis Corner. This house 
was used jointly by residents of Industry and New Vineyard. 
It was subsequently removed to near where the town pound 
was afterwards located. The exact date of its removal is not 
known, but it was standing on the last mentioned site as early 
as 1824. When it again became necessary to change the limits 
of the district the building was sold, and a new one, known as 
the Union school-house, erected.§ This building was destroyed 
by fire, near the close of December, 1861, while a term of 

♦ The present school-building in this district was erected in 1868, at a cost of 

t A book called the Art of Reading, was also used in town previous to or 
simultaneously with the Preceptor and Orator. 

X Grammar was studied but little in the early town schools, so far as the writer 
has been able to ascertain. As a rule the pupils' parents were bitterly opposed to 
such an innovaiion, sedulously maintaining that the studies embraced in the allitera- 
tive trio, " reading, 'riling and 'rithmetic," were all their children required to fit them 
for an intelligent discharge of the high duties of American citizenship. 

§ This appellation was conferred upon the district in derision, not from the fact 
that several parts of districts were united in its formation, as many suppose. So 
many different opinions existed as to the most desirable location for the house, that 
outsiders applied the epithet " Union " to the district, in a spirit of levity. 

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school was in progress. After this the schools were kept in 
private houses, and one term, at least, in Benjamin Tibbetts's 
shoe-shop. The house was rebuilt in 1864, by Mr. Tibbetts, 
on contract, at a cost of $359.77. 

Ira Wilson taught a short term of school in a vacant log- 
house on the land of Moses Tolman, near Withee's Corner, in 
the winter of 1808-9. He was a competent teacher, and the 
scholars made good progress. The next summer the district 
built a school-house, and the following winter they had nearly 
two months of school. The teacher boarded around, and wood 
was furnished by private subscription. Respecting the early 
schools in this district, which is known as the Withee's Corner 
district, Phineas Tolman writes: "They were usually taught 
by such teachers as could be hired for ten dollars per month, 
and were commonly those without any experience." 

Among other schools in private houses, was an occasional 
term kept at the head of Clear Water Pond at the house of 
Ammiel Robbins, who lived on lot No. 12 on the Lowell Strip. 
The term of 181 3 was taught by Eleazer Robbins, a son of 
Ammiel, Sr. 

A school-house was built near Daniel Luce's on the farm 
now owned by James Edgecomb, in 1812. This house had an 
open fire-place and a stone chimney, which was afterward re- 
placed by a brick one. It was moved to the farm now owned 
by the heirs of Amos Stetson. Jr., in 1828, to better accommo- 
date the inhabitants of the district. Here, as well as on the 
Gore, a large number of scholars attended school, there being 
as many as 75 or 80 scholars in the district in its palmiest days. 
Some fifteen years later a number of the inhabitants, feeling 
that their accommodations were not the best, asked for a 
change in the boundaries of the district. For several years the 
town took no notice of their request, invariably voting •* to pass 
by the article;" but at the annual meeting in 1847, it was voted 
to make the required changes. The following year the school- 
house was torn down, moved and erected on its present site 
near the residence of William D. Norton. It is much smaller 
now than when first built, having been cut down when last 

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moved. Formerly nearly sixty scholars attended school in this 
district, but for the year ending March i, 1 891, the average 
attendance was only five and one-half. 

The first school-house erected for the accommodation of 
those living in the vicinity of West's Mills, stood about half or 
two-thirds of the way up the hill toward Esq. Daniel Shaw's.* 
The date of its erection is not known, but is thought to be 
1 8 12. About the year 1818, Sophronia Mason, a daughter of 
Samuel Mason, came to Industry, and making her home in the 
family of Esquire Shaw, taught three terms of school in this 
house.f Her pupils were from the families of Esquire Shaw, 
Deacon Ira Emery, William Cornforth, Esquire Peter West, Gil- 
man Hilton, Samuel Pinkham, and occasionally the children of 
Jacob Hayes. This school was a large one, frequently number- 
ing seventy scholars during the winter terms. 

On the 8th day of September, 1823, the town voted to 
divide this district, and the inhabitants of the village of West's 
Mills and as far south as Deacon Emery's south line, was con- 
stituted a new district. A wooden building was erected for a 
school-house on the southeast part of land now known as the 
old meeting-house lot. This house was burned in the winter 
of 1832—3, while Joshua S. Thompson was teaching the winter 
term. The succeeding fall the present brick edifice was built. 
The work was done on contract, by Christopher Sanborn Luce, 
who hired Elias L. Magoon, a Waterville College student, to do 
the mason work. When the house was finished the building 
committee refused to accept it, for the reason, as they claimed, 
that the foundation was not laid in a workmanlike manner. 
Matters were at last amicably settled by a board of referees, 
and after fifty-eight years the walls still stand, a substantial 
monument to the honesty and integrity of their builder.J 

♦This farm is now owned and occupied by Joseph H. Sayer. 

t It was in this school-house that the first Sunday-School organized in town was 
wont to meet. 

X The sum Mr. Luce received for this work is not known, but as a special tax 
of ^367.11 was levied on the inhabitants of the district that year, it is supposed his 
compensation did not exceed this amount. 

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During the time intervening between the burning of the old 
and the completion of the new school-house, the school was 
kept in Wm. Cornforth's shed chamber. There were two rooms 
in the new brick building, one for pupils under twelve years of 
age, the other for those above that age. After five or six years 
the partition was removed and the two departments of the 
school consolidated. Among the early teachers of note in this 
district were : Abraham Wendell,* of Farmington, Howard B. 
Abbott, who taught in the brick school-house in 1835, and 
Phineas Tolman, of Industry. The latter was a strict disci- 
plinarian, and woe to the luckless wight who disobeyed his 
rules. It is said that he sometimes whipped disobedient pupils 
unmercifully.! Henry Cushman, of Farmington, was an ex- 
cellent teacher, and very generally liked. He frequently taught 
in Industry, and many of the older citizens remember him 

There was a school-house in the south part of the town 
near Esquire John Gower's. This school was largely attended 
for many years, and included some of the finest scholars in 
town. ' The school-house and most of the district were set off 
to New Sharon in 1852. 

After West's Mills was set off from the Esquire Shaw dis- 
trict, the school-house was moved to the south of the Esquire 
Daniel Shaw farm. At length, after many years' service, this 
building became so dilapidated that for some time prior to 
1887, the schools were kept in a private house. In that year 
the district voted to move and repair the building, and chose 
Joseph H. Sayer, Nathan W. Johnson and David M. Foss, a 

♦ Mr. Wendell boarded at Deacon Ira Emery's while teaching, and studied 
medicine with Doctor John A. Barnard, who also boarded at the Deacon's. He 
eventually went to South America, and became one of the most skillful physicians 
and surgeons of that country. He died in New York City, Sept. 16, 1872. 

t A predominant idea with many of the early teachers seems to have been that 
a great amount of physical force was required to successfully govern a district school, 
and some were harsh and even cruel. Elihu Norton once taught school at West's 
Mills, and on one occasion pulled quite a large lock of hair from a pupil's head in 
correcting him. A female teacher in the same school once whipped a pupil till the 
blood ran down his back. 

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committee to superintend the removal and repairs. As soon 
as the haying season was over the house was hauled to its 
present site, known as Thompson's Corner in early times, and 
repairs immediately begun. The roof was raised and the whole 
structure thoroughly remodeled and transformed into one of 
the most attractive and pleasant school-houses in town. These 
repairs necessitated the expenditure of over four hundred dol- 
lars, which was raised by a special tax. Among the early 
teachers in that school may be mentioned, Hezekiah Merrick, 
of Pittsfield, George W. Luce and Daniel S. Johnson, of In- 


The first term of high school in town was opened at 
West's Mills, in the month of September, 1832, as nearly as 
the writer can learn. It was established mainly through the 
instrumentality of Deacon Ira Emery, a gentleman who had 
always manifested a deep interest in educational matters. The 
school was taught by Carlton Parker, a VVaterville College stu- 
dent, and proved a decided success. Among those who gave 
it their support were the families of Esquire Peter West, Wil- 
liam Cornforth, Thomas Cutts, David. Daniel and Rowland 
Luce, David M. Luce, Esquire James Stanley, Esquire Daniel 
Shaw, Rev. Datus T. Allen, Jacob Hayes, James Eveleth, Jr., 
Obed Norton, the four Manter families. Esquire Samuel Shaw 
and others. Says Rev. Ira Emery: **That high school was one 
of the best ever taught, and I firmly believe it gave an impetus 
to the educational interests of the town that has not yet died 
out." Mr. Parker also preached for the Baptists occasionally 
while here. Two years later (1834) Hezekiah Merrick, of 
Pittsfield, opened a high school in the new brick school-house 
at West's Mills. Mr. Merrick was an excellent scholar and 
could teach algebra, but was not very successful as a teacher. 
The same year there was a term of high school at Goodridge's 
Corner, taught by Sylvanus Sargent, also a Waterville College 
student. He afterwards became a successful minister of the 
Baptist Church in this State, and in 1883 resided in Augusta, 

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Maine. Mr. Sargent also taught a term of district school at 
the same place in 1836. 

Moses J. Kelley, of New Sharon, another Watervilie College 
student, taught a term of high school at Goodridge's Corner 
about 1838. Others were taught in after years by Joshua S. and 
William Thompson, sons of James Thompson of Stark, who were 
likewise students at Watervilie. John Dinsniore,* of Anson, a 
very excellent teacher, taught a term of high school at West's 
Mills, in the fall of 1844, and was so well liked that the district 
employed him for the succeeding winter and summer terms. 

John W. Colcord, a student at Watervilie College, from New 
Hampshire, taught a term of high school in Esquire Daniel 
Shaw's district in the fall of 1 840. The term was a very pleas- 
ant and fairly profitable one, and the attendance large. Among 
other teachers of high schools in Industry^ may be mentioned 
J. S. Houghton, J. Milford Merchant, of Belgrade, George 
Nickerson, son of Rev. Heman Nickerson, M. A. Cochrane, of 
Litchfield, Llewellyn Luce, of Readfield, and Charles Lawrence. 
David Church, afterward for seventeen years a successful minis- 
ter of the Methodist Conference, taught an eminently profitable 
term of high school at West's Mills, in the fall of 1853. A. 
FitzRoy Chase also taught a term of high school at the same 
place in the spring of 1865. Mr. Chase was an excellent 
teacher, and afterward became a professor in the Maine Wes- 
leyan Seminary and Female College at Kent's Hill, Maine. A 
term was taught in the fall of 1866, by Bradford F. Lancaster, 
of Anson. There was a large attendance, and the school 
proved fairly successful. 


The Free High School law having been enacted February 
24, 1873, the town, at its annual meeting in 1875, voted to ap- 
propriate the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars for the sup- 

♦ Mr. Dinsmore, while connected with the village school, effected several im- 
portant changes. In the summer of 1847, the interior of the school-house was 
entirely reBnished and much improved. Mr. Dinsmore also set out trees about the 
grounds, and strove in every way to render the house and its surroundings pleasant 
and attractive. 

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port of such schools. The location of these schools was to be 
left with the selectmen and supervisor, who decided that one 
should be established at Goodridge's Corner and the other at 
West's Mills. Freelan O. Stanley, of Kingfield, was employed 
to teach the Goodridge Corner school, and Frank F. Whittier, 
of Farmington Falls, for the one at West's Mills, and both opened 
simultaneously. These schools closed about the middle of 
November, and were in every respect a success. The following 
year the town voted to " pass by the article " relative to raising 
money for the support of free high schools, and in 1877, 
voted to appropriate the unexpended money of 1875 ** to the 
use of the town." No term of free high school was main- 
tained in town during the year 1878. The State legislature of 
1879 suspended the law by which they were established, for 
one year, consequeHtly no term was held in Industry until the 
fall of 1880. On the sixth day of September, Adelbert O. 
Frederic, of Stark, who had taught the village school the 
previous winter, opened a free high school at West's Mills.* 
Mr. Frederic was an earnest thorough-going teacher, and the 
work done in the schoolroom was highly satisfactory to all 

Holmes H. Bailey, of Industry, a graduate of the regular 
and advanced course of the Farmington State Normal School, 
and a teacher of wide experience, made an effort to establish a 
free high school at West's Mills, in the fall of 1881. Having 
received assurance of abundant pecuniary aid from those inter- 
ested, he opened the school before the district had formally 
ratified the measure by a vote. When the district meeting was 
called to legalize the school, a certain dissatisfied clique, not in 
the least interested in the matter of education, defeated the 
measure, and Mr. Bailey was compelled to close his school. 
The next fall an adjoining district established a school, and 

♦ The catalogue of this school shows a total attendance of forty pupils, an aver- 
age attendance of thirty-two and forty-one fiftieths. The average rank in deportment 
was ninety-eight and seven-eighths. The studies taught in addition to reading, spell- 
ing and writing, were arithmetic, algebra, grammar, geography, book-keeping, physi- 
ology and natural philosophy. 

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engaged Mr. Bailey as teacher. The term proved both pleas- 
ant and profitable. 

In the spring of 1883, a free high school was established 
at Goodridge's Corner, and Sylvester S. Wright was employed 
as principal. Mr. Wright was an indefatigable worker in the 
school-room and inspired his pupils with his own enthusiasm 
and love of learning, thus rendering the term one of impor- 
tance and worth. In the autumn of the same year he taught 
a term at West's Mills. This school was also well attended and 
fairly prosperous. 

The greatest revolution known in the educational annals of 
Industry was effected in the fall of 1882, when School Super- 
visor Sylvester S. Wright adopted " Wade's Graduating Sys- 
tem for town schools." Hitherto the pupils in the schools of 
Industry had plodded along term after term and year after year 
without any really definite object in view. Neither had they 
much knowledge of their attainments at the close of a term 
aside from the fact that they had conned the lessons in such a 
portion of their text-books. 

It is an undeniable fact that to attain the best results from 
a course of study, the pupil should have some definite object 
in view, some goal for which to strive. This incentive to study 
the graduating system supplied, in the form of a diploma, 
signed by the supervisor, certifying that the holder had com- 
pleted the prescribed course of study and passed a satisfactory 
examination in the required branches. Furthermore, the exact 
standing of the pupil during the course was also known, for at 
the close of each term his thoroughness and proficiency were 
carefully ascertained by a series of tests, and the pupil ranked 
accordingly. The course embraced four years' study, and 
could be begun by any scholar '• who could read well in Mon- 
roe's Third Reader or its equivalent, were familiar with the four 
fundamental principles of arithmetic, and equally as far ad- 
vanced in writing and spelling." 

The course of study included arithmetic, geography, gram- 
mar. United States history, book-keeping, physiology, civil 
government, reading, writing and spelling. The completion of 

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the course qualified the pupil to teach in ordinary town schools. 
The first class of ten graduated under this system April 13, 
1883, at the close 'of the term of free high school at Good- 
ridge's Corner, with the most satisfactory results. 

The examination questions* were of the most thorough 
and searching character, and the average rank of the class was 
a fraction over eighty-five ; an average of sixty-five per cent, 
being required to graduate. The class color was cardinal red, 
and its motto, " No excellence can be attained without labor." 
The final exercises occurred in the evening, and the roomy 
school-house was well filled on that occasion. The following 
interesting programme was carried out to the credit of the class 
and to the entire satisfaction of teacher and friends : 



Recitation.— Drafted. 

Lena M. Swift. 


Declamation. — Northern laborers. 


Frank li. Bailey. 


Select Reading. — How he Saved St. Michael's. 

Altina R. Brainard 


Declamation. — Danger of the Spirit of Conquest. 


Charles R. Fish 


Reading. — Face against the Pane. 

Nellie Swift 


Declamation. — Patriotism. 


David M.Norton 


Reading.— The Wreck of the Pocahontas. 

Clara A. Johnson. 




Nathan W. Johnson. 


Declamation. — Progress of Civilization. 

Lucian W. Goodridge 


Class Prophecy. 

Bertha E. Johnson 


Singing. — Class Song. 



Conferring of Diplomas. 

Supervisor S. S. Wright 

Nearly every member of this class has been engaged in 
teaching more or less since graduating, and so far as is known, 
their labors have been attended with a good degree of success. 

The second class of nine, graduated August 30, 1884. The 
following report of the exercises was written by the author, and 
appeared in the Farviington Chronicle of Sept. 4, 1884: 

** Saturday, August 30, was a red-letter day in the educa- 
tional annals of the town of Industry. On that occasion the 

♦ For a list of the questions used, see Chapter XX. of this work. 

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second class graduated from the public schools of the town, 
with honor to themselves and credit to their instructors. 
Nearly two years ago a plan of study known as Wade's Gradu- 
ating System was adopted by our school supervisor, and in the 
spring of 1883 the first class of ten pupils completed the 
course of study recommended by this system. It was expected 
that a second class would graduate in the spring of 1884, but 
for various reasons it was deemed advisable to postpone the 
final exercises until the evening of August 30, when they oc- 
curred at the Centre Meeting-House in this town. The house 
was tastefully decorated with flowers for the occasion, and the 
programme was varied and interesting. Had not the early part 
of the day been rainy and the weather at sunset unpropitious, 
we believe that a full house would have honored the graduat- 
ing class. Notwithstanding these unfavorable circumstances a 
goodly number were present, among whom were Prof. William 
Harper and Rev. Charles H. Pope of Farmington ; also Miss 
Viola A. Johnson, of Industry, principal of the primary depart- 
ment of the Farmington State Normal School, and a num- 
ber of Industry's most successful teachers. The graduating 
class, numbering nine, was divided as follows : Regular course, 
May J. Daggett, Capitola Daggett, Annie M. Luce, Sadie R. 
Oliver, Ella Odell and James Bailey. Advanced course, Lucien 
W. Goodridge, David M. Norton and Frank H. Bailey. The 
programme : 




Prof. William Harper. 


Reading. — Young Ambition. 

Sadie R. Oliver. 


Recitation. — My Psalm. 


Capitola Daggett. 


Declamation. — ^The Freeman. 

Lucien W. Goodridge. 


Select Reading. — Youth. 

Ella Odell. 


Reading. — St. Augustine's ladder. 


May J. Daggett. 


Extract. — Events of Jefferson's Administration. 

James Bailey. 


Recitation.— Little by Little. 

Annie M. Luce. 


Declamation. — Dangers to our Republic. 

David M. Norton. 


Song. — All Things are Beautiful. 




Prof. William Harper. 

12. Conferring of Diplomas. Supervisor Holmes H. Bailey. 


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" In his remarks, Prof. Harper spoke in eminently compli- 
mentary terms of the graduating class, and expressed a hope 
that they would continue their labors in the pursuit of knowl- 
edge. He also explained in a brief but lucid manner the 
resulting benefits of the graduating system for town schools. 
Supervisor Bailey earnestly requested the support of his towns- 
men in behalf of this newly adopted system. He also spoke, 
from a personal knowledge of the honesty and integrity of the 
members of the class, to whom he was about to award diplomas. 
He further stated that the average rank of this class in their 
final examination was but a fraction short of ninety per cent. 
The singing of that good old tune, America, followed the 
awarding of the diplomas, in which the audience were invited 
to join. Rev. Charles H. Pope then held the close attention of 
the assembly for nearly half an hour, in a lecture on the * Centre 
of the Earth.' The lecture, though delivered extemporaneously, 
abounded in choice gems of thought and witty allusions. As 
a whole, it was an effort of much ability, and would have done 
honor to any public speaker. A vote of thanks was tendered 
Messrs. Pope and Harper for their generous aid, and all de- 
parted well pleased with the entertainment and instruction 
that the evening had afforded. 

** Industry, which has heretofore borne an excellent reputation 
for its many fine scholars, has good reason to feel proud of its 
class of 1884, for whom we predict a brilliant future. Good 
music added much to the enjoyment of the occasion, and the 
untiring efforts of Supervisor Bailey are deserving of great 
credit, as we believe upon them, in a large measure, depended 
the success of the whole affair." 

The third class, numbering ten pupils, graduated June 20, 
1885, the final exercises occurring at the Centre Meeting- 
House on the evening of that day. This class, composed 
wholly of young ladies, it is believed, will fully sustain the 
good reputation which former classes have gained for the 
graduating system in Industry. The floral decorations of the 
church were very beautiful, and excellent v^ocal and instru- 

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mental music added much to the pleasure and interest of the 
exercises. The following is a list of the graduates from the 
adoption of the system up to June I, 1892:* 

Bailey, Frank H., 
Bailey, James A., 
Brainerd, Altina R., 
Daggett, Capitola, 
Daggett, Mary J., 
Fish, Charles R., 
X Goodridge, Lucien W., 
Johnson, Bertha E., 
Johnson, Clara A., 
Johnson, Georgia F., 
Johnson, Nathan W., 
Keith, Almeda, 
Keith, Annie L., 
Kyes, Alberta M., 
Luce, Annie M., 
Norton, l')avid M., 
Odell, Ella M., 
Oliver, Minnie E., 
Oliver, Sadie R., 
Rackliff, Fannie I., 
Rackliff, Lilian M., 
Swift, Lena M., 
Swift, Nellie, 
Swift, Olive A., 
True, Carrie M., 
True, Nellie M., 






















































The old English Reader, which had served so long and 
faithfully as a text-book for the higher classes in reading, was 
superseded by the National series, compiled by Rev. John 

* Though no action has been taken to repeal the graduating system since its 
adoption in 1882, it is a matter of regret that no class has graduated since 1885. 
Whether this is due to a want of interest on the part of school officers, or whether 
the fault lies wholly with the pupils, the writer will iiot attempt to determine. 

t Also a graduate in the advanced course in 1884. 

JDied March 5, 1886. 

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Pierpont, the poet-preacher. This series consisted of the 
"Young Reader," *antroductory Reader," "National Reader" 
and "American First Class Book." These books were first 
introduced by Carleton Parker, while teaching a term of high 
school at West's Mills, in the fall of 1832. At that time the 
importance of uniformity in text-books was not well understood, 
hence some years elapsed before it came into general use, and 
when other readers began to take its place, the National series 
was used contemporaneously with its new rival for a long time. 
The Young Reader was supplanted by the " Primary Class- . 
Book," which contained an excellent collection of prose and 
poetry. This book was a great favorite, and was used in town 
for many years. 

John Dinsmore, when he first taught in Industry, introduced . 
into his school at West's Mills, "The Rhetorical Reader," a 
collection of prose and poetry compiled and arranged by 
Ebenezer Porter, D. D. This reader, it is believed, never came 
into general use. There was no effort made to secure a uni- 
formity in text-books until the introduction of Dr. Salem Town's 
series of readers and spellers.* Dr. Town's readers proved 
very popular, and as Rev. Ira Emery says, " were the standard 
series for many years." About 1859, this series began to give 
way to the Progressive series, by the same author. These books 
soon came into general use, and, like their predecessors, were 
much liked. The Progressive Readers continued in use until 
the winter of 1869-70, when David M. Norton, chairman of 
the board of superintending school committee, visited the 
schools of the town and introduced books of the Union series, 
exchanging even-handed for the old books. The compiler of 
this series was Charles W. Sanders, A. M. The selections in 
the Fifth or higher reader were not of that character calculated to 
interest pupils, though in the other numbers they were very 
good. The spelling-book contained the largest collection of 

♦ The present multiplicity of school text-books was a thing wholly unknown to 
pupils in the early town schools. The English Reader, Webster's Spelling-Book, etc., 
had but few if any rivals, consequently teachers and school officers experienced no 
great inconvenience from want of uniformity in text-books. 

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unintelligible words ever grouped together for the use of 
schools. These readers continued in use until 1873. At this 
time, Joseph L. Coughlin, supervisor of schools, introduced the 
Franklin Readers, by George S. Hillard, to a limited extent. 
In 1879, the writer, having been chosen supervisor, found such 
a diversity of reading-books in use in the schools of the town, 
that he deemed a change of books an imperative necessity. 
There were found to be the books of no less than eight differ- 
ent authors in use, and one little fellow was found learning to 
. read from an old copy of Webster's Spelling-Book. 

Prof. Lewis Monroe's series of readers and spellers were 
selected as best adapted to the wants of the schools, and a 
thorough exchange made by which a uniformity of books, in 
two important branches — reading and spelling — was secured. 
The spellers, two in number, were made up of exercises con- 
taining practical words in every-day use. 

Notwithstanding its euphonious name, Webster's " New 
Pleasing Spelling-feook " was anything but pleasing to the 
pupils who were obliged to con its difficult lessons. Rev. Ira 
Emery, who studied this book under the tuition of Elihu Nor- 
ton, thus writes of his recollections : *' I remember the spell- 
ing-book very well, for our lessons were hard to learn, and old 
Elihu would put it on to us if we did not * say them well.' Its 
hard words were anything but pleasing to us." Later, Web- 
ster's New Elementary Spelling-Book was published, and in 
time displaced its famous predecessor. The Elementary was a 
decided improvement over the Pleasing, and Dr. Salem Town's 
Speller an improvement over both. The words were more 
practical in Town's Speller, and many of them were defined by 
one or more synonyms. 

Kinnie's Arithmetic, by William Kinnie, A. M., was much 
used in the early town schools of Industry. This work was 
published by Goodale, Glazier & Co., of Hallowell, and was 
several times revised by Daniel Robinson, for many years editor 
of the Maine Farmer's Almanac. This arithmetic contained 
many knotty questions, and was in its day the standard by 
which the mathematical acquirements of the pupil were gauged. 

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The writer has frequently heard in his younger days some of 
the older people boast of their ability to solve ** the grindstone 
question/' which was considered one of the most difficult in the 
book. At the high school taught by Carlton Parker, in 1832, 
Nelson C. Luce used Colburn's Mental Arithmetic, which was 
regarded as a great curiosity, and was probably the only one of 
the kind in town at that time. As a successor to Kinnie*s 
Arithmetic, came a ** Practical and Mental Arithmetic" by Ros- 
well C. Smith. The latter was less difficult than the former, 
and for some years the pupils were about equally divided in 
their preferences. 

About the time of the appearance of Smith's Arithmetic, 
Glazier, Masters & Co., of Hallowell, published the "North 
American Arithmetic," by Frederick Emerson. This work was 
used to a very limited extent in the schools of Industry. Smith's 
New Arithmetic was superior to any of its predecessors, yet it 
did not come into general use in the town. There was 
really no uniformity in mathematical text-books until Benjamin 
Grecnleaf's series was adopted. At first this series consisted 
of the Common School and National Arithmetics, and after- 
wards of an elementary book for beginners. This excellent 
series was for a long time a favorite, and until very recently 
Greenleaf's Practical Arithmetic, which superseded The Com- 
mon School, was largely used. Fish & Robinson's Arithmetic 
was also used to some extent as the successor of the Practical. 

The only text-books in algebra were Colburn's and Benja- 
min Greenleaf's. These were used only to a limited extent in 
the high schools of the town. 

To aid beginners in the study of English grammar, Ezekiel 
Goodale, of Hallowell, conceived the idea of publishing an 
abridgement of Murray's English Grammar. This work was 
copyrighted in 18 12, and was printed at Hallowell by a firm of 
which Mr. Goodale was a member. This book, a small i6-mo 
volume of 68 pages, in connection with Murray's work, was 
used in town for many years. The next text-book in grammar 
which came into use in Industry was ** Murray's English 
Grammar simplified," by Allen Fisk and published by Glazier, 

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Masters & Company. ** Green's Grammar," by Roscoe Green, 
was much used in after years, but did not entirely supersede the 
text-book of Fisk. About the time of the introduction of 
Town's readers, "Weld's Grammar" made its appearance and 
was soon in general use throughout the town. Up to this time 
the exercises for parsing had usually been selected from the 
pupil's reading-book, or perhaps from " Pope's Essay on Man ;" 
but after Weld's Grammar had gained considerable popularity, 
"Weld's Parsing-Book," a collection of prose and poetry, was 
given to the public. 

In 1859, Ira Emery, Jr., supervisor of schools, made a 
thorough canvass of the town and introduced Gould Brown's 
series of grammars. After a year or two, Weld's Grammar, 
revised by George P. Quackenbos, was again introduced into 
the schools. This text-book continued in use nearly ten years, 
although in a few of the larger schools " Quackenbos's English 
Grammar" gained considerable popularity. 

About 1869 or 1870, Simon Kerl's English Grammar began 
to find place in some schools, and so popular did it prove with 
both pupil and teacher that in the course of a few years it 
came into general use throughout the town. 

In 1881, Holmes H. Bailey, supervisor, adopted, for the 
term of five years, William Swinton's "Language Lessons" and 
" School Composition " as the legal text-books in grammar. 

Not until about i860, or a little later, was United States 
history introduced into the schools of the town as a study, and 
then only to a very limited extent. As late as 1877, according 
to the school-registers there was but one pupil in town who 
studied history. In 1883 there were forty-five pupils in this 
study, and for the year ending March i, 1891, the number was 
forty-two. The earliest text-book used was one by George 
Payn Quackenbos. In 1879 a few copies of Higginson's • 
"School History of the United States" were introduced into 
one or two schools. The following year a superintending 
school committee of three was elected. While in office this 
committee adopted "Barnes's School History," a very excellent 
work, for the term of five years as prescribed by law. 

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Probably the first pupils in book-keeping in this town were 
a small class organized at West's Mills in the winter of 1866-7, 
while F. Ronello Fassett was teaching the winter term of the 
village school. As this study was not included in the regular 
course, Mr. Fassett kindly met with the class, of which the 
writer was a member, in the evening. Among the members of 
this class were Albert Willis, Albanus D. Quint, Alanson 
C. Bruce, Hiram L. Manter and Malon Patterson, all of 
whom are now successful business men. More recently this 
study has been included in the common-school course of our 
State, and is now considered an important branch of popular 

"A New System of Geography, Ancient and Modern, 
by Jedidiah Morse," published in 1784 in New Haven, 
Connecticut, was the first work of the kind issued in America. 
This work was frequently revised in passing through its 
various editions and, as previously stated, was the only text- 
book used in town. None of the early editions of this work 
were illustrated. 

"An Introductory Geography, by Roswell C. Smith, A.M.," 
published in New York City in 1851, was an excellent work 
and contained a profusion of very good wood-engravings. 
About the same time appeared " Parley's First Book of History 
Combined with Geography," by the Author of Peter Parley's 
Tales. This was a most excellent work and could hardly have 
failed to interest even the youngest pupils. 

"Colton and Fitch's Geography" came into use about i860 
and was in many respects a superior work. It was profusely 
illustrated and had many fine colored maps. This book 
was afterwards supplemented by an elementary work, and to- 
gether they were the standard in this important study for ten 
or twelve years. Ere long, however, other works were issued, 
and at length Warren's geographies were substituted for Colton 
and Fitch's. About 1881 the school supervisor adopted Swin- 
ton's series of geographies, and Warren's text-books soon 
disappeared from the schools. 

The greatest innovation ever made upon the established 

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educational methods of Industry, was effected in the enactment 
of the free text-book law by the Maine Legislature in 1889. 
This act provided that on and after August i, 1890, each town 
should furnish free school-books to all pupils attending its 
schools. As the conditions under which they would be sup- 
plied were not well understood, the subject was for a time much 
discussed and the new law regarded with but little favor by the 
tax-payers in town. By some it was claimed that the new 
system would engender in pupils a wanton destruction of books, 
thus rendering it more expensive than the old, and many simi- 
lar objections were urged against the new law. But a practical 
test of nearly two years goes far to prove that its advantages 
far outweigh the disadvantages. At its annual meeting, March 
3, 1890, the town voted to raise the sum of two hundred dol- 
lars for the purchase of school-books, in conformity with the 
action of the Legislature by which the law was established. 
In the summer of 1890, Charles F. Oliver, the school super- 
visor, after some correspondence and a critical examination of 
the series of several publishers, selected as best adapted to the 
wants of pupils in Industry Harper & Bros.' Readers, a very ex- 
cellent series of five numbers ; also the arithmetical and geo- 
graphical series of the same publishers. These, with Eggle- 
ston*s United States History and Metcalf's Spellers, were 
adopted for the term of five years, and a contract between the 
publishers and Mr. Oliver, in behalf of the town, was closed. 
These books are all of a practical character, and cannot fail to 
prove satisfactory alike to pupil and teacher. 


The earliest statistical knowledge which the author has been 
able to obtain relative to the schools of Industry, shows that in 
1835 there were 444 scholars in town. The second report of 
the State Board of Education, issued in 1848, gives no statisti- 
cal information respecting the various schools, but in 1852, as 
is learned from their report, there were 447 scholars and twelve 
school-houses in town. One of these was built during the 


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year at a cost of $140.* The school money raised in excess 
of the amount required by law was $83.60, and the whole 
amount expended for private schools was $105. To show the 
changes which thirty years have effected, and also the present 
status of the educational interests in town, the writer presents 
herewith a comparative table, compiled from the State reports 
of 185s, 1885 and 1890: 

1855. 1885. 1890. 

Number of Districts in town, 

" parts of Districts in town, 

" good school-houses in town, 

" poor school-houses in town, 

Whole number of scholars in town, 

" " registered in summer schools, 

Average number attending summer schools. 
Whole number attending winter schools, 
Average " 

Number of male teachers employed, 
Average wages per month, 
Number of female teachers employed, 
Average wages per week. 
Amount of money raised per scholar, 

A careful examination of the foregoing statistics reveals 
many important facts. The number of good school-houses in 
town in 1890 is double that of 1855, while the poor ones have 
decreased in the same ratio. This shows great advancement 
toward improving the school system in the town. During this 
period the decrease in whole number of pupils in town has 
been 54.7 per cent., yet there has been a gain of more than 30 
per cent, in average attendance in the summer schools, and a 
loss of only 8 per cent, in the average attendance in winter 
schools. The increase in compensation of teachers bespeaks 
















>ls, 175 



», 130 
























♦ The house here referred to was the one at Withee's Corner, built immediately 
after the south point of the town was set otT to New Sharon. It is supposed that the 
cost as here given represents only the cash expended for material, as in such in- 
stances the labor was often largely contributed by interested parties. 

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SCHOOLS, 1 1 1 

the employment of those possessing wider experience and more 
varied attainments. Taken all in all, the school system of In- 
dustry was never in so good a condition as at the present time. 


At the first town meeting for the election of officers after 
the incorporation of the town, it was voted that the five high- 
way surveyors be a school committee. It is presumable that 
these gentlemen also acted as agents for their respective dis- 
tricts. The highway surveyors, with the exception of one or 
two years, continued to serve in this capacity up to 1812, when 
a committee of three were elected from each district for four 
of the seven districts in town. In 1815, the nine highway sur- 
veyors, with the addition of six other persons, constituted the 
superintending school committee. This was undoubtedly the 
largest committee, numerically, that ever exercised jurisdiction 
over the schools of Industry. School agents were first elected 
for the several districts in 1822, when it was voted that James 
Allen, Supply B. Norton and Moses Tolman, Jr., ** should be a 
committee to inspect schools." From this date a greater de- 
gree of interest was manifested in relation to schools, and at 
the annual meeting in 1828, the committee were requested to 
visit the several schools in town and report their condition at 
the next annual meeting. The people now exercised more 
judgment in the election of their school committees and usually 
selected men of good education, many of whom had been suc- 
cessful teachers. Among others who served on the board may 
be mentioned : Dr. John A. Barnard, Dr. John Cook, Dr. Jo- 
phanus Henderson, Carpenter Winslow, Zachariah Withee, 
Phineas Tolman, Elias B. Collins and Ira Emery, Jr. The last 
mentioned gentleman served on the board for many years, and 
was largely instrumental in improving the schools under his 
care. By a vote of the town, districts were first allowed to 
choose agents in 185 1.* The town voted to elect a supervisor 

* As early as 1 829, the inhabitants of the Centre district were allowed to elect 
their agent, but this was an exceptional case. 

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instead of a committee, in 1858, and Elijah Manter, Jr., was 
chosen to that office. After trying the supervisor system for 
two years, they again elected a committee of three, and the 
schools were under this form of supervision until 1872; since 
that time, with the exception of one year, the office has been 
filled by a supervisor. Among those who have served in the 
latter capacity may be mentioned: John Willis, Joseph L. 
Coughlin, Holmes H. Bailey, Sylvester S. Wright, Charles F. 
Oliver and Frank H. Bailey. Andrew S. Emery is the present 
incumbent in the office, having been elected at the annual 
town meeting March 7, 1892. 

A noteworthy feature of the schools in Industry, is the ex- 
cellence of their rank in attendance. This, for the year ending 
March i, 1885, was eight per cent, above the State average, and 
in some former years the difference has been even greater. 

The people of Industry have ever manifested a commenda- 
ble interest in educational matters, and many have sought the 
advantages of the State Normal and other schools of a similar 
grade. For the year ending March i, 1885, pupils from this 
town had attended other schools to the extent of one hundred 
and fifty weeks. For the same year, the number perfect in 
attendance, which always had been much larger than the State 
avetage, was considerably increased. This result was mainly 
secured through the efforts of Supervisor Holmes H. Bailey, 
who offered neatly printed certificates to all perfect in attend- 
ance. Although the writer has been unable to learn the exact 
number perfect in attendance, it is believed that fully ninety 
certificates were awarded. The stimulus of Mr. Bailey's efforts 
has been steadily felt down to the present time, and the num- 
ber perfect in attendance for the year ending March i, 1891, 
was eighty-six. The schools of Industry since the incorpora- 
tion of the town have made steady improvement, and this is 
more emphatically true of the past forty years, ranking well 
in this respect with her sister towns in the State. As a rule, 
the teachers employed in the town schools have been those 
standing well in their profession, some of whom have since 
risen to distinction, filling important positions in educational. 

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SCHOOLS. 1 1 3 

social and political life. Among the early teachers in town 
may be mentioned: Jotham S. Gould, Charles G. Norton, 
Allen H. Brainerd, George A. Sargent, in 1833; Supply B. 
Norton, Carpenter Winslow and Clifford B. Norton, in 1834; 
William E. Folsom of Stark, with John Gower, Jr., and Stephen 
H. Hayes of Industry, in 1836. Also Abel H. Weeks, Farm- 
ington, and Elias B. Collins, of Industry, in 1839. Other 
teachers, without regard to their chronological order, were: 
Thomas H. McLain, Farmington; Elijah Manter, Jr., Truman 
A. Merrill, James S. Emery, William A. Merrill, William W. 
Crompton, Daniel S. Johnson, George H. Boardman, Edmund 
Hayes, Ira Emery, Jr., and Charles C. Cutts, all of Industry. 
John W. Perkins, John G. Brown and William F. Williamson, 
of Stark; also Wm. S. Pattee, John Gower, George E. Gay, 
Austin J. Collins, George F. Palmer, and Charles A. Alexander, 
who subsequently became a successful physician, and others. 

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The Baptist Society. — ^The Methodists. — ^The Congregational Society. — ^The Free 
Will Baptists.— ProtesUnt Methodists, Etc. 

Says Esq. Wm. Allen,* '* Religious meetings were first 
holden on the Gore at Deacon Norton's by members of the 
Baptist order," and further, that " Rev. Sylvanus Boardman 
visited the Deacon and preached the first sermon that was 
delivered in town in December, 1 794." Though this is undoubt- 
edly correct, the Baptist Church records, which date back as far 
as the summer of 1795, make no mention of Elder Boardman 
until the year 1818, therefore it is probable that during early 
years of its existence the church received only occasional visits 
from him. , 

Deacon Nortonf and a few others among the first settlers 
were members of the Baptist denomination, and these formed 
the germ of the first religious society organized in the town of 
Industry. On the 12th day of August, 1795, Elders Eliphalet 
Smith and Isaac CaseJ visited the settlement on the Gore for 

* History of Industry^ p. 26. 

t Stephen Allen ( See Methodism in Maine^ p. 16) says that Deacon Norton was 
a Congregationalist. The writer is of the opinion that Dr. .Allen's information was 

J Elder Isaac Case was born in Rehoboth, Mass., Feb. 25, 1761. He was or- 
dained Sept. 10, 1783, and at once made his way into those parts of Maine into 
which settlers were at that time pressing. Ten years after his arrival in the district 
he assisted in the organization of the Bowdoinham Association, with three churches and 
one hundred and eighty-three members. He performed extensive missionary labors 

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the purpose of organizing a church. Elder Smith preached a 
forcible sermon from Isaiah V,, ^, after which three persons 
were baptized by Elder Case. A society was then organized, 
consisting of nine members, and styled Church No. 91 of the 
Bowdoinham Association.* It was voted that Deacon Corne- 
lius Norton should act as deacon, and Ebenezer Norton was 
chosen clerk. Although there is no conclusive evidence of the 
fact, it is probable that Rowland Luce was one of the original 
members of this church. 

The next time that the Society was favored with preaching, 
was in February, 1796, when Elder Case visited them and 
preached at Benjamin Cottle's. During this year John Spencer 
and wife were admitted as members of the church, and Eben- 
ezer Norton was sent as a delegate to the meeting of the Asso- 
ciation. Elder Tripp was the next minister to visit the newly 
formed church on the Gore in 1798. In the latter part of this 
year Benjamin Cottle united with the church, and both he and 
Mrs. Cottle, who afterwards joined, remained conscientious and 
influential members up to the time of their death. Rev. Oliver 
Billings, of Fayette, was employed to preach in Industry a por- 
tion of the time prior to the year 1 800. 

John Spencer was chosen a deacon of the church in 1800, 
and four years later was licensed as a preacher. Both Elders 
Cain and Smith visited the church and preached in Industry 
during this year. About the same time Daniel Luce, Jr., hav- 
ing made a profession of religion, united with the church, with 
which he remained for many years. He eventually left the 
society, however, and joined the Congregationalists. 

in newly settled places, and laid the foundation of many of the earlier Baptist 
churches. One of these was a church in Readfield, which he organized in 1792, 
and of which he was pastor from its organization up to 1800. In seventeen years the 
Bowdoinham Association had grown from three churches and one hundred and 
eighty-three members to forty-eight churches and two thousand one hundred and 
twenty-one members. He continued his missionary labors in various parts of the 
Slate till the infirmities of age rendered him incapable of further work. He died 
at Readfield, Me., Nov. 3, 1852. 

♦This Society styled itself " The Particular Baptist Church in Industry," as we 
learn from the title page of its book of records. 

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Rev. Oliver Billings,* of Fayette, visited town in June, 1802, 
where he preached, baptized several converts and administered 
the Lord's Supper. Among those baptized were Tristram 
Norton and wife, James Davis, Sr., and wife, also Josiah Butler. 

Levi Young removed from New Vineyard, early in the 
present century, and settled in Industry. He received a license 
**to speak and exhort in public" in 1805, and on the second 
day of September, 1809, he was licensed to preach. f 

Deacon John Spencer having been expelled from the church 
in the winter of 1808, Benjamin Cottle was chosen deacon, in 
April, 1809, to fill the vacancy, and both he and Deacon Cor- 
nelius Norton held their offices as long as they lived. During 
the year 1808, Elders Ricker and Kendall preached in Indus- 
try, occasionally, and baptized a few converts. Elder Jason 
Livermore, of Hallowell, spent two months in town, during the 
progress of an extensive revival in the fall of this year. As a 
result of his labors he baptized some twenty converts, nearly all 
of whom united with the Baptist Church. He returned in the 
fall of 1809 and spent a short time with the society. 

The church now took measures to have preaching more 
frequently, and Rev. Oliver Peabody was employed a portion 
of the time for one or two years. Also, occasionally. Elder 
Hooper of Paris, and Elder Cain, of Clinton. Abner C. Ames 
was received as a member of the church in 1 808, and in the 
month of June, 1809, David Davis and wife, with their daughter 
Olive and a few others, were baptized and received into the 
church by Elder Ricker. 

Elder Joseph Adams, of Jay, was invited by the church to 
preach and administer the ordinance of baptism to several con- 

* lie experienced religion under the preaching of Elder Eliphalet Smith, as early 
as 1 792, and became an able and efficient minister of the gospel. 

t There is some doubt in the writer's mind as to the identity of the person 
licensed to exhort in 1805, the one licensed to preach and the one subsequently or- 
dained an evangelist in 1 814. The church records are not clear, and only in the last 
named instance is there anything to show whether the senior or junior Mr. Young 
is meant. Accepting Esq. Allen's statement {History of Industry^ p. 27) as correct, 
the author assumes that it was the junior Mr. Young to whom both licenses men- 
tioned above were granted. 

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verts in the fall of 1 809. Accordingly, near the close of Sep- 
tember he came, and after services, baptized Elijah Robbins 
and wife, Elisha Robbins, Henry Davis and Mrs. Abraham 
Page, and received them as members of the church. 

' Tristram Daggett, an early pioneer, having experienced 
religion, was baptized on the 9th of October, 1809, and like- 
wise received as a member of the church. Among other mem- 
bers admitted during this year were Peter Norton, Deborah and 
Love Allen, daughters of Capt. Wm. Allen. Also about the 
same time Robert Norton, son of Elijah and Margaret (Gower) 
Norton, of Farmington. 

The first money raised for church purposes was near the 
close of the year 18 10, when the conference voted to raise four 
dollars, and Deacon Cottle was chosen custodian of the 
church funds. 

Elisha Robbins, son of Ammiel Robbins, a young man of 
exemplary piety, was ordained to the ministry by an ecclesiasti- 
cal council, which assembled at the dwelling-house of Deacon 
Benjamin Cottle, on the 4th of October, 18 10.* Among the 
ministers present and participating in the exercises were Rev. 
Robert Lowe, of Readfield, Rev. Oliver Billings, of Fayette, 
Rev. Thomas Frances, of Leeds, and Rev. Samuel Sweat, of 
Farmington. The ordination sermon was preached by Elder 
Lowe, prayer by Elder Billings, charge to the candidate by 
Elder Frances, and the right hand of fellowship was extended 
to the candidate by Elder Sweat. 

Elder Robbins lived but a few days over six months after 
his ordination and died April 26, 181 1, at the age of twenty-six 
years, loved and respected by all. 

Elder Thomas Wyman labored in town for a short time in 
1 81 2, and during this year Dr. Jonathan Ambrose and wife 
were received as members of the church. 

Thomas Merrill came to Industry in 18 10, in the double 
capacity of school teacher and preacher. On the 13th of 

♦ William Allen says (History of Industry^ p. 2y) that he was licensed to 
preach, and died in 1809. This is obviously erroneous. See Robbins genealogy in 
Part Second of this work. 

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October, 1812, after having preached in this town and New 
Vineyard for upwards of two years, he was ordained pastor of 
the Industry Baptist Church by an ecclesiastical council which 
met at the house of Daniel Luce, Jr., in Industry. The church 
fixed Elder Merrill's salary at $50 for six months, with board 
for himself and horse. After the expiration of the six months 
he was employed for an additional period. In October, 18 13, 
at his own request, he was dismissed, and supplied the church 
at Farmington for a time, but subsequently became pastor of 
the Baptist Church at Fayette. Elder Joseph Palmer supplied 
preaching in town for a short time in 18 14, but with what suc- 
cess is not known. 

Levi Young, Jr., was ordained an evangelist, at the school- 
house near Daniel Luce's, on " Federal Row,"* September 7, 
1 814. Elder Elias Taylor, of Belgrade, preached the ordina- 
tion sermon; prayer, at the laying on of hands, by Elder 
Joshua Macomber ; charge to the candidate, by Elder Thomas 
Merrill, of Farmington ; right hand of fellowship, by Elder 
Joseph Palmer, of Industry. Almost the first duty of Elder 
Young was to solemnize the marriage of Elder Thomas Merrill 
and Deborah Allen. Not having the benefits of an early 
education, and being conscious of the fact, greatly impaired 
the effectiveness of Elder Young's labors, and caused him after 
a time to relinquish his position. 

Robert Lambert was ordained by an ecclesiastical council, 
Jan. I, 1 8 19, and on the fourth day of the following April, the 
society voted to dismiss and recommend him, but to what 
church the writer is unable to learn. 

*The farm on which this house was located is now (1892) owned and occupied 
by James Edgecomb, but the school-house was moved away many years ago. The 
road on which Mr. Edgecomb resides acquired the name of " Federal Row "in the 
following manner: Soon after the close of the Revolutionary War the people be- 
came divided in opinion into two parties. The one was in favor of a strong central 
or constitutional form of government, a protective tariff and a national bank. The 
other was opposed to these measures and committed to the doctrine of State sovcr* 
eignty. The former was called Federalists, the latter Ami -Federalists or Republicans. 
The people living on the road from Tibbells's Corner westward to the town line of 
Farmington, were all Federalists. Hence the name. 

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Ei.,graved by Geo. E. Johnson, Boston. 
From a photograp ^ i„mje about 1865 by Merrill of Farmington, Me. 

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Ira Emery, Sr., was appointed a deacon of the church 
April 4, 1 819, probably to fill the vacancy caused by the 
death of Deacon Cornelius Norton. Both Deacon Emery and 
his wife were people of eminent piety, and their lives were 
adorned by the practice of many christian virtues. They were 
respected by all and died, as they had lived, with a strong 
hope of a blessed immortality beyond the grave. 

Seven members were relinquished in January, 1820, by the 
Industry church, to unite with a society which had just been 
organized in Anson. 

Rev. Sylvanus Boardman, of New Sharon, was employed to 
preach once in four weeks in 182 1-2, either at Rowland Luce's 
or at some other private house or school-house, in different 
parts of the town. 

Christopher Sanborn Luce experienced religion in his 
youth, and was received into the church in June, 1825. The 
following interesting item concerning him, was clipped from 
Zion*s Advocate: "Rev. C. S. Luce, of Poway, San Diego 
County, California, arrived at Allen's Mills, Industry, his native 
town. May 22d, [1882]. It is fifty-three years since he first 
left town and twenty-five since he visited this locality. The 
elder is seventy-four years old, and remarkably smart and active. 
In early boyhood he was converted, and baptized in Clear 
Water Pond, in Industry, by Rev. Sylvanus Boardman, the 
father of George Dana Boardman, the missionary to Burmah. 
He finds but one or two families of his early acquaintances, 
and but five persons whom he recognized. He is collecting 
the names of his relatives, which number over 150 souls. He 
has visited the graves of his parents, brothers and sisters, and 
the old farm where he once lived, recalling many pleasant 
memories with the many sad ones. Elder Luce has been hold- 
ing a series of meetings, which were of much interest and gave 
general satisfaction. He has preached in the old meeting-house 
which he helped to build fifty years ago ; also gave liberally for 
its repair this year. Here his grandparents,* parents, brothers 

*This statement is not compatible with the facts in the case. Both of Rev. Mr. 
Luce*s grandparents died prior to the erection of this house of worship. — IV, C. H, 

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and sisters, uncles and aunts, have worshipped, but now are 
passed away. He finds but one brother and a half-sister now 
living, eight having passed over the river. He attended the 
reunion of his brother's family, where there were four genera- 
tions present. Elder Luce has been an arduous worker in his 
Master's vineyard, and been the means of much good." He 
has baptized during his ministry over 1,300 persons. 

Datus T. Allen was received into the church by letter. May 
14, 1827, and on the 21st of February, 1828, was ordained 
and installed pastor of the society; the ecclesiastical council 
assembling at the house of Deacon Cottle on the day previous, 
for the purpose of examining the candidate and making other 
preliminary arrangements for the occasion. Among those pres- 
ent were Elder Sylvanus Boardman from the church of New 
Sharon, Elder John Butler from Winthrop, and Elder Joseph 
Torrey from Strong. Elder Torrey preached the ordination 
sermon, and Elder Boardman made the ordination prayer, gave 
the charge and extended the right hand of fellowship to the 
candidate, while to Elder Butler was assigned the duty of mak- 
ing the closing prayer. 

Jared F. Eveleth made a profession of religion at the age 
of fourteen years, and in June, 1828, was baptized and united 
with the church in his native town. He began to preach in 
1858, and has filled many important positions. He is at pres- 
ent (1892) living in the town of Bluehill, Me., having retired 
from the more active duties of his calling in consequence of his 
advanced years. 

Hebron Luce was received into the church in 1828, and in 
1 83 1, James Davis, Jr., and wife, also Benj. Franklin Norton. 

By the acquisition of wealthy and influential members, the 
Industry Baptist Church had become an organization of con- 
siderable importance, and its prospects were decidedly en- 
couraging.* For the most part the members were people of 
sterling character, and included some of the most worthy 

*The Kennebec Baptist Association was organized in 1830, and held its first 
meeting with the Industry church, at the Centre Meeting-House. 

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residents of the town. In 1832 the church raised by subscrip- 
tion a sum sufficient to purchase a communion service. 

There is no means of learning just how much of the time 
Elder Datus Allen preached in Industry prior to 1832, but in 
the month of September of that year the society voted to hire 
him one-fourth of the time for six months, fixing his salary at 
$65, or at the rate of $520 per year. Carlton Parker, a 
licentiate from Waterville College, was also engaged to occupy 
the pulpit a short time in connection with Elder Allen. 

A church was organized in Stark on the 26th day of June, 
1833, consisting of about fifteen members, a number of mem- 
bers from the Industry church having been previously dismissed 
to join this newly organized society.* Elder Allen was en- 
gaged as their pastor and preached to them a portion of the 
time. He was subsequently dismissed to that church March 3, 
1838. He died at his former residence in Industry, May 30, 
1862, aged 73 years. 

During the, autumn of 1833 we find Elder William Wyman, 
of Livermore, visiting the church at Industry, where he also 
preached. On the ninth of November the church voted to 
hire him, but for how long a time is not known. He preached 
one-fourth of the time at the Centre Meeting-House, and 
probably about as often at West's Mills. In the fall of 1836 
the society chose a committee to settle with him, consequently 
one might infer that his labors extended up to that date. 
Elder Allen was also invited to preach during this time ** as 
opportunity offered." 

The church invited William Smith to preach at the Centre 
Meeting-House on March 6, 1836, and were so well pleased 
with his effort that they voted to license him as a preacher. 
Shortly after this he moved to Belgrade, where he was ordained 
a minister of the Baptist Church. 

* In 1856 this society erected a small house of worship in Stark, near the In- 
dustry line. This house was not completed until the following year, and was dedi- 
cated in the fall. It was commonly known as " The Union Street Church," and 
after some years fell into disuse. At length it was sold, torn down and moved away 
in the fall of 1882. 

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Elder William Cross was employed to preach in town for 
a short time in 1836. 

In 1837 ^^ church voted to raise fifty-four dollars to be 
expended in preaching. Elder Haynes, it appears, preached 
in town occasionally in 1838, and Elder Leach the following 

As the result of an extensive revival in 1840, under the 
labors of Elder John Butler, of Winthrop, assisted by Rev. 
John Perham, of Industry, a large number were added both to 
the Baptist and Congregational churches. 

A gentleman by the name of Pearson, probably a licentiate, 
preached to the society by invitation, for three months in 1842. 
James S. Emery, a son of Deacon Ira Emery, was received 
into the church during this year. He removed to Lawrence, 
Kansas, about 1854, where he still resides, an influential and 
highly respected citizen. 

Eben G. Trask, a young man of considerable ability, was 
licensed to preach April i, 1843. ^^ the month of September 
following, he was engaged to preach in town for the term of 
one year. On the 5th of December, 1844, after the expiration 
of the term of his engagement, he was ordained a minister of 
the Baptist Church, the services being held at West's Mills. In 
the month of May, 1845, ^^ society engaged him to preach 
one-half of the time for one year. From this date up to 1849, 
a break occurs in the records of the church, and consequently 
but little is known concerning the affairs of the society during 
this period. During the last mentioned year we find Rev. J. 
M. Follett acted as pastor of the society, and in the following 
year the pulpit was supplied by Elder Miller. 

Elder T. Brownson, an Englishman by birth, was employed 
as pastor in 1852 or 1853. In 1854 the society numbered fifty- 
six members. 

Ira Emery, Jr., a young man of eminent piety, was licensed 
to preach Dec. 22, 1866, and after laboring with the society a 
little more than a year he was dismissed, at his own request, 
and joined the Free Will Baptist Church. 

Rev. A. C. Hussey was employed in April, 1867, to preach 

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in Industry once in four weeks. During this year Thomas 
Stevens and wife moved into town, and were received by letter 
from the Anson church. 

In 1873 and 1874, Elder Heath preached occasionally in 
town. At this time there were only seven resident members. 
The membership having been reduced to four in 1885, the 
church was disbanded, and the members, viz. : Thomas Stevens, 
Sarah Stevens, Jesse Luce and Sophronia Norton, were received 
into the Farmington church.* Afterward, Rev. Edward A. 
Mason, of the Farmington church, preached in Industry occa- 
sionally until his removal to another field of labor in 1886. 

Prior to its annexation to the Farmington, and when it was 
a large and flourishing society, preaching was also supplied 
by such ministers as Revs. Arthur Drinkwater, John Haines, 
Squire Sherburne Brownson, and William E. Morse, who 
labored with the church a part of the time in 1859. 


In August, 1793, some six years after the first settlement of 
the town. Rev. Jesse Lee, a noted Methodist preacher, was sent 
to the District of Maine, by the New England Conference, and 
came as far north as the settlement at Farmington. After 
traveling extensively in his new field he returned to Lynn, 

♦ Mr. Luce is now (1892) the only surviving resident member. 

t The author completed this sketch about the time Dr. Stephen Allen began 
preparing hi* elaborate work, " Methodism in Maine." On receiving Dr. Allen's 
circular of inquiry, the pastor on Industry circuit being unable to gather much of 
importance from members of the society, applied to the author for assistance. Wish- 
ing to oblige, the manuscript was placed in his hands and permission given to copy 
such parts as he might deem of value to Dr. Allen. The copy was made in extenso, 
and forwarded without the least hint as to the source of his information. Dr. 
Allen, on learning of this some years later, employed every means at his command 
to correct the error into which he had unintentionally fallen. A short lime before his 
death he wrote for the Farmington (Me.) Chronicle a very flattering notice of the 
History of Industry, from which we take the liberty to make the following extract : 
"The sketch of the Methodist Society in Industry, as given in the history of* Metho- 
dism in Maine,' was prepared by Dr. Hatch, though from no fault of the under- 
signed, credited to another person." * ♦ * [Signed] S. Allen. This explanation 
is made by the author, that his readers may not adjudge him guilty of plagiarism. 

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Mass., near the close of October, 1793, and remained in the 
vicinity of that place till January, 1794, when he started on a 
second visit to the District of Maine. According to his Jour- 
nal* he visited New Vineyard and preached there, June 2, 
1 794. He subsequently (see /. 8y) preached to a large con- 
gregation at Farmington Falls, in Deacon Francis Tufts's barn. 
Neither Lee in his Journal, nor Butler in his History of Farm- 
ington, mentions this second visit to that town. Lee planned 
a circuit for succeeding ministers, and at the conference, July 
25, 1794, Philip Wager and Thomas Coopf were appointed to 
take charge of a circuit which embraced the whole of the 
District of Maine, and Rev. Mr. Lee was made presiding elder. 
Lee came to Maine in November, 1 794, and near the close of 
that month started over a lonely way to visit the settlements on 
Sandy River. He preached in Middletown (Strong), Novem- 
ber 27th, and immediately returned to Farmington. On Mon- 
day, Dec. I, 1794, having procured a guide, J Rev. Mr. Lee set 
out to visit the settlements at Industry, New Vineyard, Anson 
and Stark. He visited the settlement on the Gore with the 
intention of preaching at Deacon Cornelius Norton's, but owing 
to sickness in the Deacon's family, the plan was deemed infeasi- 
ble and he went on to Daniel Luce's in New Vineyard, where 
he spent the night and preached on the following morning.§ 

♦ Methodism in Maine^ p. /^, by Stephen Allen, D. D. 

t Stephen Allen, D. D., in his " Methodism in Maine," makes no mention of this 
gentleman or his labors, but writes the author under the date of March 17, 1888: " I 
notice your mention of Rev. Thomas Coop with Rev. Philip Wager, as preachers, in 
1794. You are undoubtedly correct. In my account of Industry circuit I do not 
mention Thomas Coop. His name is entirely omitted by Dr. Abel Stevens in his 
History, and I was led to omit his name by taking my sketch mainly from Sievens. 
Mr. Coop was on what was called the Readfield circuit, but a short time, so far as I 
can learn, and his name does not appear on the early records of Readfield circuit. 
According to Bangs's History he was soon after 1 794 expelled, and no account is 
given of him in any Methodist history that I have seen. So our historians have 
passed over his name in silence." 

X The guide who accompanied Mr. Lee, according to Rev. John Perrin, was 
Capt. John Thompson, of Industry. 

§ Allen's History of Industry (see p. 28) gives the date as December 1st, as 
does also Dr. Stephen Allen's " Methodism in Maine " (see p. j/i ), but in a more de- 

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The writer is unable to learn anything regarding the labors 
of Wager and Coop, and is uncertain whether they visited the 
Gore settlement or not. In 1 795 Rev. Enoch Mudge and Elias 
Hull were appointed as successors of Wager and Coop. They 
visited the settlement on the Gore and preached occasionally 
at Abner Norton's. During their labors here, Mr. Norton and 
his wife, with several of their children, made a profession of 
religion, as did also Daniel Collins and several others. These 
converts were organized into a society and a class was formed. 
The class gained numbers rapidly and Methodist preaching was 
furnished once in four weeks, either at Mr. Norton's or Mr. 
Collins's, for many years. 

The author recalls an anecdote related to him by one of 
the early members, illustrating the inconveniences of pioneer 
life : *' On one occasion the quarterly meeting was held at 
Abner Norton's, and as was the usual custom, the person at 
whose house the meeting was held furnished refreshments for 
those in attendance. In those days the settlers' china closets 
did not contain a superabundance of table ware, and in this in- 
stance the demand was far in excess of the supply. To remedy 
this deficiency, a quantity of nice large maple chips were pro- 
cured, from which the food was eaten, in lieu of plates." 

Elders Mudge and Hull were succeeded in the pastorate in 
1 796, by Rev. John Broadhead. About this time a second class 
was formed at the house of Esquire Herbert Boardman, who 
settled on the farm now owned by Asa Q. and Calvin B. F'ish, in 
the fall of 1795. Both Esquire Boardman and his wife were 
consistent members of the Methodist Church for many years. 

Capt. John Thompson, afterwards a licensed local preacher, 
succeeded in forming a class in hi^ neighborhood in 1798. 
Capt. Thompson was an assiduous laborer in his Master's vine- 
yard, and through the instrumentality of his preaching much 
good was accomplished. 

tailed account of Mr. Lee's labors (see p. /6)y Dr. Allen gives as staled I)y the 
author. Esq. William Allen declares this to have been the first sermon preached in 
New Vineyard, which, according to Lee's journal, is incorrect. Rev. Mr. Lee 
preached his first as well as ihe first scrnnon in New Vineyard June 2, 1794. 


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In 1802 Esquire John Gower, also a licensed local preacher, 
moved from Farmington and settled in the south part of the 
town. Here he formed a class and preached as opportunity 
offered for many years, until that insidious disease, consump- 
tion, made such inroads upon his health as to entirely incapaci- 
tate him for further labor. Esq. William Allen says of him : 
** He was a man of much firmness and decision, of a benevolent 
disposition, of strong mind and of strict integrity, a useful 
citizen, highly respected by all who knew him." The exem- 
plary christian lives of such men as Capt. Thompson and 
Esquire Gower were powerful auxiliaries in behalf of early 
Methodism in Industry, and at the same time exercised a 
salutary restraining influence over the more turbulent portion 
of the populace. At all times these good men were ready 
and willing to acknowledge the power and goodness of God, 
and by earnest appeals urged others to avail themselves of 
His precious promises. 

Prior to 1809, Industry was not a separate circuit, but was 
an appointment on the Norridgewock circuit. But in this year 
we find it mentioned as a circuit, and Rev. Isaiah Emerson 
stationed here as preacher in charge. 

Rev. Howard Winslow, a local Methodist preacher of note, 
everywhere known as Father Winslow, often preached in In- 
dustry during a period dating from his earliest efforts in 1812, 
up to near the time of his death, which occurred in June, 1858. 
Although Father Winslow's educational advantages were limited, 
he was in the fullest sense of the term one of Nature's noble- 
men. Simple and unostentatious in his habits of life, meek and 
inoffensive in his disposition, he won a strong position in the 
affections of the people of Industry, and many were gathered 
into the fold through the influence of his teachings. Anec- 
dotes showing the truly wonderful power of his preaching, in 
this town, are related in his biography. 

Daniel Collins, Jr., made a profession of religion in early 
life, joined the class, and was a licensed local preacher, in which 
capacity he labored with considerable acceptance for several 
years. From the earliest Methodist preaching up to 1825, no 

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statistical knowledge of the Industry church is attainable. Up 
to 1825 Maine had no conference, but was under the jurisdic- 
tion of the New England Conference. The first session of the 
Maine Conference was held by the clergy at Gardiner, com- 
mencing July 7, 1825. This separation established a new era 
in the history of Methodism in Maine, for during this year we 
find the first attempt made to keep a record of proceedings 
and a list of members, by the church in Industry. At this 
time the circuit included Stark and New Vineyard, with por- 
tions of Anson, New Portland and Strong. At that time there 
were four classes in Industry, viz. : Class No. i having a mem- 
bership of twenty-one, with Robert Thompson, a licensed 
exhorter, as leader, and Lemuel Howes, Jr., assistant leader. 
In this class the female members were largely in the majority. 
Among the male members were Ichabod Johnson, Wesley 
Thompson and a few others. Class No. 2, with thirty-five 
members and Nehemiah Howes, leader. Among its more 
prominent members were Esq. John Gower, of whom mention 
has already been made, and Nahum Baldwin, Jr. Class No. 3, 
at the head of Clear Water Pond, Peter Daggett, leader, had 
twenty-one members. Among these were Daniel Collins, Sr., 
Obed Norton and Zepheniah Luce, together with their wives ; 
also Isaac Norton and B. Ashley Collins. Class No. 4, at 
West's Mills, was formed December 9th, 1824, with thirteen 
members and Matthew Benson for leader. Although having 
the smallest membership of any class in town, it contained 
some of the wealthiest and most influential members in the 
church. William Cornforth, a licensed exhorter of much abil- 
ity, was a member of this class, as was also Esq. Peter West 
and wife, Peter W. Willis and wife, Capt. Benjamin Manter, 
James Manter and James Stevens. John Gott and wife joined 
the class .April 19, 1825, and on the same day Mr. Gott was 
appointed leader. During the year the various classes added 
largely to their numbers by receiving into full connection many 
who had been taken on probation. David Davis and wife 
made a profession of religion in 1824, and, after the prescribed 
period of probation, were received as ** members in full con- 

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nection." Their son, Nathaniel M., experienced religion in 
1825, joined the class, and in due time was received as a mem- 
ber of the church. In after life he took an active part in 
prayer and social meetings, and was a class leader at the time 
of his death, October 19, 1843. 

In June, 1825, a camp-meeting was held in a grove near 
Capt. John Thompson's. There were a dozen or fifteen rude 
cloth tents erected on the ground with a stand made of poles 
and a few rough boards. The total expense to be paid by the 
encampment was only eleven dollars ! This amount was 
promptly raised by taking up a collection. Father Thompson, 
as he was often called, took an active part in the meetings. 
Among the converts was the late John Allen, who has since 
won the title of " Campmceting John " by his . fondness for 
attending those religious gatherings. Soon after his conversion 
he received an exhorter's license, and in 1828, that of a local 
preacher, which he held for seven years, frequently participat- 
ing in revival work. In 1835 he was admitted to the Maine 
Conference, where he labored with success, as a circuit minister, 
for many years. On twelve circuits, after joining the confer- 
ence, he baptized 648 converts, or an average of 54 for each 
circuit. In several instances the number exceeding one hun- 
dred on a single circuit. After traveling on circuits for twenty- 
two years, he became an evangelist, in which capacity he 
labored in various places in Maine and Massachusetts, and in 
nearly every instance his labors were blessed by a reformation. 
For the ten years or more that he thus labored he kept no 
account of the number converted, but left this to the preach- 
ers in charge. "But," says Elder Allen, *'I hesitate not to say 
that quite a number of hundred were converted during these 
years." He lived to the ripe age of nearly ninety-two and 
one-half years, and died August 31, 1887, while attending the 
East Livermore Camp-meeting. 

William Frederic, of Stark, who died March 19, 1892, and 
Samuel Patterson, of thjs town, also deceased, were converted 
at the same camp-meeting. A second meeting held at the 

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same place in September, 1826, was well attended, and nearly 
one hundred persons were converted during its continuation. 

In the fall of 1841* a camp-meeting was held in a grove on 
the farm of David Merry,t one mile north from West's Mills, 
and was known as John Allen's Camp-meeting, from the fact 
that he was the originator of the project. At this meeting 
Rev. Heman Nickerson presided, but was called away when the 
meeting was about half through. On leaving, Elder Nickerson 
put the management into Elder Allen's hands, who conducted 
it to a successful termination. Quite a number were con- 
verted during the week, and on the whole it was a very prosper- 
ous meeting. •* This," says the venerable Campmeeting John, 
**was the only time I acted as presiding elder at a camp- 
meeting." During the last days of the meeting a band of 
rowdies, from Anson, calling themselves ** Shad-eyes,"t made a 
great deal of disturbance about the encampment. They were 
joined by a few of the more dissolute young men from Indus- 
try and during the night, before the breaking up of the en- 
campment in the morning, their yells and bowlings became 
hideous in the extreme. They also boasted ** That they would 
carry Allen (meaning Campmeeting John) off before morning." 
How well they succeeded we will allow Elder John to relate in 
his own quaint yet forcible language : " On hearing their threat 
I felt somewhat alarmed, but called out a watch to go among them 
and if possible ascertain the names of the leaders. The men 
took lanterns and went up into the field where the desperadoes 

* Authority of Rev. John Allen. Mrs. Warren Cornforth, who possesses a remark- 
ably retentive memory, says this date is incorrect. She states that her father, Col. 
Benjamin Luce, who died July 14, 1S42, was ill and died during the progress or very 
soon after the close of this meeting. Elder Allen was the circuit minister and 
attended Col. Luce's funeral. The conference which appointed him to this pastorate 
convened at Skowhegan, July 21, 1841, and the following year he was sent to an- 
other Beld of labor. The author is inclined to believe Elder Allen's memory was 
slightly at fault in this instance, and to accept the date as given by Mrs. Cornforth. 

t This farm is now owned and occupied by Charles F. Oliver. 

^This band existed for some years and became the terror of all law-abiding 
citizens in the communities they were wont to infest. Their depredations became of 
such frequent occurrence that, among the inhabitants shad-eying and malicious mis- 
chief became synonymous terms. 

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were making great outcry. One of their number, from Indus- 
try, not wishing to be recognized, on seeing our men, ran and 
pitched over a fence in order to elude them. He was caught, 
however, and brought to the light, when it was discovered that 
it was a man by the name of Allen, — the son of a Baptist 
minister. He offered to go back and quell the racket and pay 
money if they would not reveal his name. The night wore 
away, and the next morning, as we were about packing up, I 
told the people, the last threat I heard from the rowdies was 
that ' Allen would be carried off before morning,' and so it was, 
but it did not prove to be mey 

In 1823* a meeting-house was built near Capt. John Thomp- 
son's. In erecting this house Capt. Thompson was largely 
instrumental, giving liberally in material and money. At his 
mill the necessary lumber was sawed, and the house was almost 
universally known as the Thompson Meeting-House. It was 
occasionally called the Red Meeting-House, from the fact that 
it was painted red on the outside. By the most strenuous 
efforts the frame was raised, boarded and finished outside 
the first season, but for some years the inside remained 
unfinished and the congregation were obliged to sit on rough 
plank seats. The pulpit first erected was a huge affair, access 
to which was gained by a flight of stairs on the back side. When 
standing, the parson's head and shoulders could just be seen 
above the top of the desk. Afterwards the inside was finished, 
and years later the pulpit was rebuilt in a more modern style. 
This was the first, and with one exception, the only Methodist 
meeting-house, strictly speaking, ever built in Industry. For 
years large congregations gathered here to worship, but in 
time other houses were built in contiguous localities, and 
the tide of church-goers turned in other directions. It was 
torn down in the winter of 1872-3, and moved to Goodridge's 

♦Dr. Allen's Methodism' in Maine gives the date as 1822 (see pp. ^12,^28). 
This date was drawn from the author's own manuscript (see note p. 2g2 >, but in the 
final revision the change was made in consequence of newly discovered evidence. 
Of the early days of this house Dr. Stephen Allen writes : " I sometimes attended 
meeting in the Thompson Meeting-House and heard lively singing and loud shout- 

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Corner, where it was rebuilt as a factory for the Enterprise 
Cheese Company. Thus was forever obliterated one of the 
most important mementos of early Methodism in Industry, and 
one with which the name of good old Father Thompson 
was inseparably connected. 

General prosperity attended the church from 1825 to 1830. 
In the month of June, 1830, the Industry circuit was divided, 
New Portland and New Vineyard being set off as a separate 
circuit. Houses of worship had been erected at the centre of 
the town and at West's Mills, by the united efforts of the sev- 
eral christian denominations of the town. , 

Many of the church members formed themselves into a 
missionary society in 1838. This society was auxiliary to the 
Maine Conference Missionary Society of the M. E. Church. 
The membership fee was twenty-five cents for males and twelve 
and one-half cents for females, to be paid annually. At the 
end of the second year this society numbered 1 39 members in 
the towns of Industry and Stark. 

From 1830 to 1835 many new converts were baptized and 
received into the church, and general prosperity attended the 
society. James Cutts experienced religion under the preaching 
of James Farrington in 1835, ^tnd two years afterwards was 
baptized by Father Winslow and joined the church, of which 
he was a leading and influential member for many years. He 
always contributed liberally for the support of the gospel, as 
well as for other worthy charitable objects. He was frequently 
called to fill important positions in the church, and held the 
office of district steward at the time of his removal to Farm- 
ington in 1868. 

In July, 1 841, "Campmeeting John Allen was appointed 
by the Conference as preacher on the Industry circuit. A 
series of revival meetings were started at West's Mills, in the 
month of March following, by Elder Allen, assisted by such of 
the laity as were willing to aid in the work. William Folsom, 
who is now (1892) a lawyer in Somerset County, was among 
the first fruits of this revival. Others followed in rapid suc- 
cession and a wonderful reformation was the ultimate result. 

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The good work thus begun spread rapidly, first to the Thomp- 
son neighborhood and from thence to the Goodridge neighbor- 
hood and the centre of the town, and from there to Stark. 
Within two months more than one hundred were converted, 
nearly all of whom Elder Allen baptized and received into the 
church on trial before leaving Industry. He had no ministerial 
assistance in this revival work save an occasional sermon from 
some brother minister. 

Some of the leading members of the church had opposed 
Elder Allen's appointment. There was a high school in the 
Thompson neighborhood, and they wanted a minister of greater 
learning. This placed Elder Allen at a disadvantage for a 
time, but on the breaking out of the reformation, nearly every 
pupil of the school was converted, together with the children 
of the steward who opposed his coming. This gentleman sub- 
sequently made a humble apology for his opposition, when 
Elder Allen retorted, **//'5 just good enough for you, sir, to 
have all of your children converted.'* It is doubtful if ever a 
minister left town, after a year's sojourn, more loved and re- 
spected than was Elder Allen at the close of his labors in 1842. 
Though half a century has elapsed since he bade adieu to the 
church of Industry, as its pastor, children and grandchildren 
of those converted under his teachings rise up to call him 

Zebulon Manter, Jr., having experienced religion, was re- 
ceived into the church, and for a time was one of its class 
leaders. Being a person of marked ability he was licensed as 
local preacher, at a quarterly conference held Aug. 29, 1840. 
A year later he joined the Maine Conference, and in 1844 was 
stationed on the Industry circuit. While stationed here he 
married Mary Manter, daughter of Capt. Elijah Manter, and 
soon after located. He took the order of deacon in 1846, upon 
the recommendation of the quarterly conference. Of a reflec- 
tive turn of mind, he became convinced that from death to the 
resurrection, man would remain in an unconscious state and 
that, at the final resurrection, the righteous would be made 
immortal and the wicked be destroyed and reduced to the ele- 

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ments from which they originated. By disseminating these 
views, which were at variance with the acknowledged doctrines 
of the church, he soon attracted attention of the authorities 
and was suspended by a council of local preachers on the 31st 
day of March, 1847. He was afterward expelled at the suc- 
ceeding quarterly conference, and though his only offense was 
a difference of religious opinion, he was dogmatically denied 
any participation in their subsequent religious meetings. He 
eventually joined a society known as the Christian Band, where 
he undoubtedly enjoyed greater freedom of thought and 

General Nathan Goodridge, a worthy and influential citizen 
of Industry, joined the Methodist class in his neighborhood 
soon after the great revival of 1842, and was immediately ap- 
pointed class leader. After the usual probation he was received 
into the church, of which he became a valued member. Uni- 
versally honored and respected, he wielded a powerful influence 
for the cause of religion and closed a blameless life Sept. 30, 

John Frost, an honest, upright man and a member of the 
M. E. Church, moved into town in 1835. He was for many 
years a class leader and a licensed exhorter. He lived in town 
more than a quarter of a century and then removed to Farm- 
ington. Me., where he died a few years since. 

Guy Gray came to Industry in 1833 and settled near 
Tibbetts's Corner, on what was afterwards known as the 
Leaver place. He was a member of the Free Will Baptist 
denomination, but, severing his connection with that church, 
he joined the Methodists. He was licensed as a local preacher 
in January, 1838, by the latter denomination, and subse- 
quently went to Dead River, where he continued his labors in 
the ministry. 

Prior to 1839 the Industry circuit had no parsonage for their 
pastor, but were obliged to hire a tenement for his use where- 
ever a suitable one could be found. But during this year a 
small house and stable were erected on a lot opposite the In- 
dustry North Meeting-House, at West's Mills, for the use of the 


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minister stationed on the circuit.* Notwithstanding the efforts 
made to raise funds to liquidate the indebtedness thus incurred, 
the debt hung heavily on their hands. Various expedients were 
resorted to, such as apportioning the amount to the various 
classes by the trustees, passing subscription papers, etc., but the 
debt still remained unpaid. Twice the trustees were instructed 
to sell the house and devote the proceeds to paying off the 
debt. But for want of a customer, or some other cause, the 
property was not sold. At the beginning of the year 1 844 the 
debt had been reduced to $190. By July 20, 1844, so suc- 
cessful had those engaged in soliciting subscriptions been that 
only forty dollars remained unpaid. For this sum eight be- 
nevolent members became equally responsible, viz. : James 
Thompson, Isaac Daggett, Ebenezer Swift, Nathan Goodridge, 
Robert Thompson, James Cutts, John West Manter and James 
G. Waugh. Thus within five years the society freed itself 
from the heavy debt which the building of a parsonage had 
incurred. A committee was appointed by the quarterly con- 
ference in May, 1852, previous to the appointment of Rev. 
Isaac Lord as pastor of the circuit, to examine the parsonage 
and make certain needed repairs. Although some work had 
been done, the house was still in an uninhabitable condition 
when the minister arrived. 

With the advice and consent of the brethren, Elder Lord 
built an addition of fourteen feet to the east end of the house 
and finished it throughout. He also moved and repaired the 
shed and stable. The total cost of these improvements, includ- 

*The parsonage lot was deeded to the society April 5, 1836, by Col. Samuel 
Daggett and James Thompson. The writer is unable to account for the discrepancy 
between this date and the one given in the text. The latter, gleaned from a careful 
examination of the church records for that period, was believed to be correct. But 
a discovery of the deed { Somerset Registry of Deeds, Book 42, p. 208) wherein the 
bounds are* described as follows, shows that the house must have been erected prior 
to 1836: "Beginning one foot north of the northwest corner of the parsonage 
house, thence south by the road four rods and three feet, thence east three rods and 
six feet to a stake and stone, thence north four rods and three feet to a stake and 
stone, thence west to the first mentioned bounds. Likewise to east line of Lot. No. 
28." The only explanation the writer can offer is that, although erected previously, 
it was not rendered habitable until the date named in the church records. 

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ing labor, was nearly $2CX). The cash portion, or the sum paid 
for material, etc., was promptly raised, by contribution, about 
the time or soon after the work was completed. Rev. Jonathan 
Fairbanks, when stationed on this circuit, in 1863, niade exten- 
sive repairs on the stable, and by enlarging added greatly to 
its capacity and convenience. 

In May, 1878, Rev. Silas F. Strout was appointed pastor of 
the church on Industry circuit. Soon after his arrival the 
church people, ably seconded by those outside, begun impor- 
tant repairs on the parsonage, the first step in this direction be- 
ing a substantial underpinning of split stone. The inside finish 
was torn out and the rooms more conveniently arranged, the 
chimney rebuilt, the roof shingled and a portion of the walls 
clapboarded, the final result of all these improvements being a 
house which would suffer no disparagement by comparison 
with the parsonage of any country village. Perhaps to no two 
men was due so large a share of credit for the success of this 
undertaking as to Richard Caswell and Hovey Thomas, the lat- 
ter planning the interior and superintending all the carpentry 
work. The total cost of these repairs was $319.50, of which 
sum the people of Stark contributed about forty dollars in 
labor and money. The following persons in Industry gave in 
labor, material and money to the amount of five dollars or 

Richard Caswell, J43.00. 

Hovey Thomas, 35 •97- 

Amos S. Hinkley, 41.50. 

Augustus H. Swift, 14.00 

Warren Comforth, 20.68. 

Philip A. Storer. 20.00. 

Benj'n W. Norton, 18.74. 

Elias H. Yeaton, 8.00. 

Asa H. Patterson and wife, 9.00. 

Franklin W. Patterson, 8.00. 

Alonzo Norton and wife, 7.00. 

David M. Norton and wife, 7.50. 

John W. Frederic, 8.25 

George W. Johnson, 5.00 

Rev. Silas F. Strout, 10.21 

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In addition to the above, thirty persons contributed sums 
varying from fifty cents to four dollars. 

When the work was nearly completed, it was found that 
unless some method was adopted to equalize the expense it 
would fall with unjust weight on Messrs. Caswell and Thomas. 
On the 14th of October seven of the wealthiest church mem- 
bers in town, including the two gentlemen just mentioned, drew 
up and signed an agreement to pay all expenses not otherwise 
provided for, incurred in making repairs on the parsonage, 
each one's proportion to be determined by the selectmen's 
valuation of the previous spring. Though some paid their assess- 
ment promptly, by the failure of others to comply with the 
terms of the agreement, Mr. Caswell and Mr. Thomas each lost 
a considerable sum. 

From 1842 to 1853 little of importance occurred in the 
history of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Industry. As 
a rule the meetings were well attended and the affairs of the 
society, both spiritually and financially, were in a prosperous 
condition. John Allen was succeeded in the pastorate by Abel 
Alton, who remained with the society but one year. He in turn 
was followed by Harry W. Latham. 

The church sustained a serious loss in 1854, by the death 
of Robert Thompson, Esq., an active and influential member 
who died on the 21st day of February, after a long and painful 
illness. He had been a licensed exhorter for many years, also 
a class leader, and his death was lamented by all. 

Occasional revivals occurred after the great revival in 1842 
up to 1865, but none of great extent. Heman Nickerson, a 
preacher of considerable ability, was stationed on the circuit in 
1849. He was succeeded the following year by Joseph Gerry, 
and Elder Gerry in turn, by James Farrington, in 1851. Elder 
Farrington was a man of eminent piety, of a mild disposition, 
and greatly loved and respected by his parishioners. He was 
again stationed upon the circuit for a year in 1857.* 

♦The church voted in 1857 to allow Elder James Farrington to preach at Madi- 
son Bridge once in four weeks. The following year the time was divided as follows : 
"At the Industry North Meeting-House, Centre and Thompson Meeting-Houses in 
Industry, and at the Union Meeting-House in Stark, once in four weeks." 

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James Stevens, a very benevolent and influential member of 
the church, died in 1858. He had been a member of the 
Industry church for nearly forty years, and during this time 
had done much for the support of the gospel besides con- 
tributing liberally for the missionary and Bible cause. 

Jonathan Fairbanks was stationed on the circuit during the 
years 1863 and 1864. During the last year of his stay, ten 
converts were received on probation. Elder Fairbanks was 
succeeded by Thomas J. True,* who also remained on the 
circuit for two years. During the second year of his pastorate 
he commenced a series of meetings at the Union school-house, 
on the 2 1st of October, 1866, which culminated in an exten- 
sive revival. On the nth of December following, the meetings 
were removed to West's Mills. During the continuation of 
these meetings a large number of persons were converted, 
among whom were James Norton and several members of his 
family, Daniel Hilton, Charles E. Woodcock, now a successful 
minister of the Free Will Baptist Church. While the meetings 
were being held at West's Mills, another revival was in progress 
at Withee's Corner, where the labors of Elder John P. Cole 
and others were producing a marked result. As the fruits of 
this extended reformation sixty-seven persons were received on 
probation by the Methodist Church, while a considerable num- 
ber joined other churches. 

George Manter, who had made a profession of religion in 
1837, became awakened under the preaching of Rev. Thomas 
J. True, during the progress of the revival in the winter of 
1866-7, 2ind joined the Methodist Church, of which he re- 
mained an active and useful member to the close of his life. 
He filled many responsible positions in the society, such as 

* Thomas Jefferson True was born Sept. i, 1808. He entered the minis- 
try at the age of twenty-eight, and was for thirty-five years a member of the Maine 
Conference of the M. E. Church. In consequence of poor heaUh, he was obliged to 
lay aside all ministerial work in 1879. He subsequently settled in Minot, Me., where 
he died, after a long and painful illness, Dec. 21, 1886. His parents, Zebulon and 
Martha (Kannady) True, were among the pioneer settlers to the town of Farmington. 
After a few years they removed to Temple, where their son Thomas J., the tenth of a 
family of twelve children, was born. 

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steward, class leader and superintendent of the Sunday-school. 
Benjamin Warren Norton, and also his wife, made a profession of 
religion during the 1866-7 revival. He immediately identified 
himself with the Methodist Society at West's Mills, and, like 
Mr. Manter, became a prominent member. He was highly 
esteemed for his sterling worth and exemplary christian life. 
His removal to the State of Iowa in the spring of 1886 was a 
great loss to the society. 

Warren Cornforth made a public profession of religion 
about the same time as did Mr. Norton and others. He has 
ever been a faithful, consistent christian and a worthy member 
of the church militant, giving liberally for the support of the 
gospel and other charitable objects. Both he and his wife 
were deeply interested in the erection of the new Methodist 
Church at West's Mills, and were instrumental in hastening its 

Amos S. Hinkley and several members of his family pro- 
fessed religion under the labors of David Pratt, Jr., and became 
members of the Industry church. Mr. Hinkley was a christian 
whose life abounded in works as well as words, being a gener- 
ous giver as well as an earnest advocate of the cause of Christ. 
His family were highly respected and wielded a powerful influ- 
ence in behalf of the christian religion. Their removal to 
Farmington in 1883 was a loss to both church and community. 

Philip A. Storer and wife, were also active members of the 
church until their removal from town in 1880. 

Calvin Bryant Fish and wife, are among the most efficient 
members of the church at the present time. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Fish have held the office of steward, and the former has 
been trustee of church property and superintendent of the 
Sunday-school at West's Mills for several years. 

Richard Caswell and wife, who came to Industry from 
Farmington in 1875, and subsequently settled at West's Mills, 
are also among those who support the gospel by generous 

Another convert of the great revival of 1866-7 was Elisha 
Fish, a man who had been a slave to strong drink for many 

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years. Through Divine grace he was enabled to break away 
from his habit, and although sometimes sorely tempted by 
former associates, he led, for a period of more than twenty 
years prior to his death, a temperate, christian life. 

James Edgecomb and wife, who came from Livermore, Me., 
in 1854, were admitted to the Industry church by letter soon after 
their arrival in town. Their kindly deeds of christian charity 
and interest in every good work, have won for them the friendly 
regard and high esteem of a wide circle of acquaintances. 

In the death of Hovey Thomas, Oct. 25, 1891, the society 
sustained a serious loss. Mr. Thomas came to town from New 
Vineyard, about 1870, and resided at Goodridge's Corner with 
his father-in-law, Mark Emery. He was ever ready to assist in 
every good work and a generous giver for the support of 
preaching. When the Centre Meeting-House was repaired the 
work was done after his plans and largely by himself, as was 
also the repairs on the Methodist parsonage at West's Mills. 
He likewise planned and framed the Methodist Church at the 
same place. 

Daniel Waterhouse was Rev. Mr. True's successor on the 
Industry and Stark circuit in the spring of 1867. During his 
pastorate he labored zealously for the interests of the society. 
Several were converted, quite a number baptized and many re- 
ceived into the church. He also did much toward building up 
a flourishing Sunday-school at West's Mills, where many new 
books were added to the library.* There was no unusual re- 
ligious interest in town after the departure of Rev. Mr. Water- 
house, until Rev. David Pratt, Jr., came to the circuit as pastor, 
in 1876—7. True, there had been occasional conversions, but 
nothing like a revival interest manifested. The second year of 
Elder Pratt's labors was marked by a deep interest and several 

* His pastoral labors during the last year (1868) of his sojourn on the Industry 
and Stark circuit, were of a decidedly onerous nature, beset with many embarrassing 
perplexities. The movement which culminated in the erection of a Methodist house 
of worship at Stark village had its origin, growth and fruition ere Elder Waterhouse 
left the circuit. 

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The Methodist Society, in common with other christian 
denominations in Industry, has lost heavily in membership dur- 
ing the past quarter of a century, by reason of deaths and re- 
movals, until at the present writing (1892) the society numbers 
not more than thirty-five resident members in good standing. 
The house of worship at West's Mills, built to replace the one 
burned in 1881, gave a new impetus, not only to the Sunday- 
school, but also to church attendance.* 

This house was built largely through the untiring labors of 
Rev. John R. Masterman, ably seconded by his parishioners, 
and is a worthy monument to his three years' pastorate on 
Industry circuit. 

Rev. George W. Barber was appointed pastor on Industry 
circuit in 1890, as successor to Elder Masterman, and is still 
serving. The circuit was enlarged in the spring of 1890 by 
the addition of New Vineyard, and Methodist preaching is had 
once in four weeks at New Vineyard Mills and Talcott's 

A List of the Ministers stationed on the Industry Circuit from 
i7g4 to i8g2. 


Philip Wager and Thomas Coop 


Elias Hull and Enoch Mudge. 


John Broadhead. 


Joshua Taylor. 


Oliver Beal. 


John Broadhead. 


Daniel Webb. 


Aaron Humphrey. 


Nathan Emery. 


Joseph Baker. 


5. Daniel Ricker. 


Luther Chamberlain. 


Eben Fairbank. 


Caleb Fogg. 


Isaiah Emerson. 

♦ For a full history of this church, its erection and dedication, see Chapter XIX. 
of this volume. 

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Enj^ravfd by the Lix Kncjka vi .n<. Co., llovton. 
Kroiii a pholojfraph matlc in iS«>j by hi^.ills \- Kiiowlloii, Fanninoloii, \\v. 

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Joshua Randall. 


Jonathan Worthen. 


Joseph Baker. 


Robert Hayes. 


Joshua Randall. 


Henry True. 


John Atwell. 


David Hutchinson. 


John S. Ayer. 


Benjamin Ayer. 


William McGrey. 


John Atwell. 


Philip Ayer. 


Daniel Wentworth. 


5. Ezekiel Robinson. 


Henry True and Elliott B. Fletcher. 


Elisha Streeter and Martin Ward. 


Peter Burgess. 


Peter Burgess and James Warren, ist. 


Elisha Streeter. 


John Perrin. 


Samuel P. Blake. 


Aaron Fuller. 


Asa Heath. 


James Farrington. 


To be supplied.* 


8. Thomas Smith. 

1839. Charles L. Browning. 

1840. Jesse Harriman. 

1 84 1. John Allen. 

1842. Abel Alton. 

* Although having an appointment on Palmyra circuit, it is believed Rev. Theo- 
dore Hill was one of the supplies in 1836. He held a series of revival meetings at 
the Union School-house during the autumnal months, and the author's mother was 
one of his converts. She was baptized the following year and in September, 1837, 
received as a member of the class in John Frost's neighborhood. 

Since the foregoing was put in type the writer has learned that when the census 
was taken, March i, 1837, preparatory to apportioning the surplus revenue (see 
Chap. XV.J, Rev. Mr. Hill was a resident of Industry. Therefore, if Dr. Allen is 
correct in stationing him on Palmyra circuit (Methodism in Maine ^ p. sgi)^ it is 
presumable that bis labors there occupied but a small portion of his time, and thjeit 
he was a non-resident pastor. 


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1843. Harry W. Latham. 
1844.* Zebulon Manter, Jr.f 

1845. Peter Burgess. 

1846. Marcus Wight. 
1847-8. Silas B. Brackett. 

1849. Heman Nickerson. 

1850. Joseph Gerry. 

1 85 1. James Farrington. 
1852-3. Isaac Lord. 
1854. James Armstrong. 
1855-6. Joseph Mooar 

1857. James Farrington. 

1858. Isaac Lord. 

1859. Phineas Libby. 

1 860-1. Simeon W. Pierce. 
1862. William H. Foster. 
1863-4. Jonathan Fairbanks. 
1865-6. Thomas J. True. 
1867-8. Daniel Waterhouse. 
1869-70. Henry D. Crockett. 
187 1-2. David Church. 
1873-4. Jeremiah Hayden. 
1875. Jonathan Fairbanks. 
1876-7. David Pratt, Jr. 
1878-9. Silas F. Strout. 
1 880-1. John W. Perry. 
1882-3. Luther P. French. 
1884. Benjamin F. Pease. J 
1885-6. John Robinson. 
1887-8-9. John R. Masterman. 
1 890-1-2. George W. Barber. 


** About the time of the first settlement in Industry," says 
William Allen, '* Judith Luce, daughter of Daniel Luce, of New 
Vineyard, went to live with Samuel Sewall, in Farmington, and 

*Two ministers to be supplied, f A preacher but not an elder. 
\ Resigned his pastorate in June on account of feeble health, and died in July, 
1884. Pulpit in Industry supplied by Rev. Peter E. Norton, of Stark. 

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while living in that excellent family she experienced religion 
and united with the Congregational Church." She subsequently 
married John Trask, a brother of Mrs. Sewall. In the mean- 
time her father had removed from New Vineyard to Industry, 
and soon after her marriage she and her husband went to live 
with him. A young man by the name of Jonathan Bunker, 
living near Mr. Sewall, experienced religion under the teachings 
of Mr. Sewall and Rev. Jotham Sewall, as did also Mr. Trask. 
They embraced fully the creed of their patrons and united with 
the Congregational Church at Farmington. About 1797 Mr. 
Bunker married and moved to Industry. These three persons 
formed the nucleus of the Congregational Church in this town. 
Probably the first sermon preached in town by a minister of 
this denomination was by Rev. Jotham Sewall, of Chesterville, 
about the middle of December in the year 1800.* Consid- 
erable snow lay on the ground at the time, and the roads were 
untrodden. Previous to the day appointed for the meeting a 
heavy rain had fallen ; the storm cleared off cold, forming a 
crust, and rendering riding extremely uncomfortable, if not 
decidedly infeasible. Consequently, on Saturday morning 
Father Sewall started on foot to travel the distance, some ten 
or twelve miles. Reaching Sandy River, he found it greatly 
swollen from the recent rain, insomuch that it had overflowed 
much of the adjoining interval land. By the aid of a friend 
with his canoe, and without getting much wet. he reached the 
opposite shore in safety. Continuing his weary way he did not 

* Jotham Sewall was born in York, District of Maine, Jan. i, 1760. He was a 
son of Henry and Abigail Sewall, the youngest of a family of five children. He was 
a mason by trade and worked at this business previous to entering the ministry. His 
personal appearance is thus described by Rev. George Shepard, D. D. : " He was tall, 
large and massy. Dignity, gravity and impressiveness were borne on his frame and 
featuries — one of those robust, compact, solidly-built men, whose very size and 
structure indicated the natively strong and great mind. ' What a wide man he is,' 
said a little girl as he left the room. A wide man he was, in the singular breadth of 
his frame, and in the reach of his christian heart, as well as in his labor for souls — 
broad in the field which under God he blessed — and bright his crown in heaven." 
He was remarkably simple in his habits of living and dress, and proverbially punctual 
to his appointments. He died at the advanced age of ninety years. 

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reach his destination until long after sundown.* Thus it will be 
seen that the labors of the pioneer ministers in Industry were 
attended by great and sometimes perplexing difficulties. 

On the 2 1 St day of January, 1802, a little more than a year 
after his first visit, Rev. Jotham Sewall, accompanied by his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Samuel Sewalljf a licentiate, visited Industry 
and held a meeting for the purpose of organizing a church. A 
society was formed, consisting, as we learn from Rev. Jotham 
Sewairs Memoirs, of eight members, among whom were William 
Allen, Sr., John Trask and wife, and Jonathan Bunker. 

At first the church was under the care of Samuel Sewall, of 
Farmington, as missionary. Prior to the organization of a 
church. Rev. Jotham Sewall, as has already been stated, occa- 
sionally preached in town, and scarcely more than three weeks 
had elapsed, after its organization, ere we find him back again 
laboring zealously for the cause of his Master in the new settle- 
ment. During his labors in this town, extending over a period 
of nearly fifty years, he preached two hundred and ten sermons. 
Through the influence of his daughter, Mrs. Trask, and her 
husband, Mr. Luce and three of his sons, namely, Daniel, 
Truman.J and David, having experienced religion, were induced 
to join this church. 

♦ It is related that on the way, being greatly fatigued he paused to rest. Almost 
disheartened by the difficulties of his journey, he kneeled on the snow and asked God 
to grant him the salvation of one soul as a reward for his labor. His prayer was 
heard and graciously answered; in after years a lady frequently declared that her 
conversion was due to his preaching on the occasion of this visit to Industry settle- 

t This Samuel Sewall was the one afterwards ordained and installed pastor of 
the Congregational Church in Edgecomb, and not as Mr. Greenleaf, in his Ecclesias- 
tical Sketches (see p. 214)^ says, in Sumner. The two Samuels were cousins, but the 
one settled in Sumner was not licensed until some years after the organization of the 
church in Industry. 

X This information, gleaned from Allen's History of Industry ^ must be erroneous, 
for according to the Christian Mirror Deacon Luce made a profession of religion 
in '795» 2ind was \^^ first deacon of the Industry church. Therefore it would seem 
that he was one of its original members. 

Although, in its early days, the church did not, as a body, advocate or practice 
infant baptism. Deacon Luce formed a worthy exception. Being a firm believer in 
the Abrahamic covenant, he gave up all his children in the ordinance of baptism. 
Later this custom was generally adopted by members of the Industry church. 

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No records of the church can be found prior to the date of 
its re-organization, July 5, 1808, at which time Samuel Mason 
was elected clerk. As near as the writer can learn, there were 
some fifteen members at that time, including Thomas Johnson, 
Samuel Mason, and William Remick, together with their wives. 

On the loth of February, 18 10, at a church conference held 
at his house in New Vineyard, Dr. Thomas Flint and wife 
related their christian experience and were received as members 
of the Industry church ; also, about the same time, Sylvanus 
Allen, probably by letter from the Congregational Church at 
Chilmark, Mass. 

Aside from the labors of the Sewalls, the first minister to 
preach in Industry was Rev. David P. Smith, sent here in 181 1 
by the Maine Missionary Society, one-third of the time for 
three months. After Rev. Mr. Smith closed his labors with the 
church, Rev. Jotham Sewall supplied them with preaching a 
portion of the time up to 1820. In 18 19 he speaks of a special 
religious interest being manifested in town. During the follow- 
ing year (1820) Rev. Maurice Carey supplied the society with 
preaching. Rev. Fifield Holt was employed for a short time 
in 1 82 1, and one-fourth of the time in 1825. In 1821 Rev. 
Jacob Hardy also preached in Industry one-half of the time 
for six months, and occasionally for several years thereafter. 
Rev. Seneca White occupied thfe position of pastor for a few 
months in 1823. From 1827 to 1830 Rev. Joseph Underwood 
labored with the society one-half of the time. Soon after this. 
Rev. Josiah Tucker preached in town at irregular intervals for 
a short. time. 

On the 1 6th day of September, 1832, the society extended 
an invitation to Alden Boynton,* a licentiate of liberal education, 
to assume the pastoral care of their church. The invitation 
was accepted, and consequently, on the 17th of October, 1832, 
he was ordained pastor at the Centre Meeting-House. Among 
the ministers who were present on the occasion and partici- 
pated in the exercises, were Josiah Peet, Seneca White, Jotham 

* Mr. Boynton was a graduate of Bowdoin College in the same class with the 
poet Longfellow and John S. C. Abbott. 

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Sewall, Josiah Tucker, and Isaac Rogers. The ordination 
sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. White, and the address to 
the church was delivered by Rev. Isaac Rogers. After his 
ordination, Rev. Mr. Boynton, being a single man, boarded in 
the family of David Luce a large portion of the time during 
his stay in town. 

Among other ministers who had occasionally preached in 
Industry up to this date were Rev. Josiah Peet,* of Norridge- 
wock, or " Parson Peet," as he was frequently called ; also. Rev. 
Isaac Rogers, of Farmington.f 

From the earliest preaching up to near the close of the 
year 1829, there were no conveniences for public worship, save 
at the school-houses or at the homes of the settlers. During 
this year, however, houses of worship were built at West's Mills 
and at the centre of the town, in which the members of this 
church owned an interest in common with other religious 
denominations of the town. The additional facilities which the 
erection of these houses afforded the society was a matter of 

♦ Rev. Josiah Peet, who for a period of nearly forty years was pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Norridgewock, was a man of noble and commanding 
presence, tall, dignified and erect, with a countenance indicative of frankness and 
benevolence. He was held in high esteem by his parishioners, and though his 
countenance invariably wore a look of melancholy sadness, he could appreciate a 
good joke even at his own expense. A correspondent in the Ltwiston Journal 
relates the following anecdote as illustrative of this characteristic : " We remember 
at the raising of a barn, Mr. Peet was present, and also a burly Scotchman named 
McDonald, but who was known in the vicinity as * Never-flinch.* On meeting Mc- 
Donald, Mr. Peet pleasantly made the remark: *l am told you never flinch.' 
' No,* said Sandy, * except when I hear you preach.' In the general laughter that 
followed, Mr. Peet contributed an audible smile. Mr. Peet was indeed a fine type of 
an old school Clergyman of the * Standing Order.' " 

t Rev. Isaac Rogers, son of William and Elizabeth (Lowe) Rogers, and grand- 
son of Rev. John Rogers of Gloucester, Essex Co., Mass., was born in that place 
July 13, 1795. He served an apprenticeship as a printer in Boston, and was em- 
ployed as a compositor in Newburyport; was a student at Phillips Academy, An - 
dover. He graduated from Dartmouth College, in 1822, and from the Andover 
Theological Seminary in 1825. March 9, 1826, he was ordained pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Farmington, Me., which position he filled for a period of 
thirty-two years. He married, July 7, 1826, Miss Eliza French, of Newburyport, 
Mass. He closed a well spent life at Farmington, Me., Feb. 15, 1872, having survived 
his wife nearly five years. 

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considerable importance, and unquestionably added greatly to 
the general prosperity of the church. 

The first statistical information which the writer has been 
able to obtain concerning the church was for the year 1833, at 
which time there were thirty-three members reported. They 
also had a Sunday-school in full operation, likewise a tract and 
foreign missionary society. Among the members received up 
to this time were Esq. Daniel Shaw and wife, by letter, from 
the Tamworth, N. H., church ; Esq. Cornelius Norton,* by let- 
ter, from the Congregational Church at Farmington; Supply 
B. Norton, Fisher Viles, Jacob Hayes, David M. Luce, Stephen 
H. Hayes, Pelatiah Shorey and wife, Asaph Boyden and 

The church sustained a serious loss in 1833 by the with- 
drawal of William Remick and wife, in consequence of their 
removal from town. Both were highly esteemed members of 
the church and Mr. Remick had served as a clerk of the society 
for a number of years. 

With very few exceptions, the early members of the Con- 
gregational church were people of the strictest integrity. This 
soon gained for the society a reputation for respectability which 
it has sedulously maintained down to the present time. 

Rev. Mr. Boynton, was much liked, and remained with the 
society until Jan. i, 1839, when he was dismissed at his own 
request, on account of poor health. He had not been able on 
this account to preach regularly for some time previous to his 
dismissal. He states that while here his labors were greatly 
encouraged by the deep interest manifested. He died at Wis- 
casset, Me., Dec. 25, 1858, aged fifty-three years. During the 
last years of Mr. Boynton's stay. Rev. Josiah Tucker, Jotham 
Sewall and others, kindly supplied his pulpit a portion of the 

An invitation was extended in August, 1838, to John Per- 
ham to become the pastor of the church at Industry. The 

* It was evidently this name which Dr. Stephen Allen confounds with that of 
Dea. Cornelius Norton (see foot note^ p. 1/4), Esq. Cornelius Norton was the 
Deacon's son. 

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"call" was accepted, and on the 2d of January, 1839, he was 
ordained at the Industry North Meeting-House, at West's Mills. 
Among the ministers present and assisting in the ordination 
were : Rev. Joseph Underwood, Daniel Sewall, Isaac Rogers, 
Samuel Talbot, Jotham Sewall,* Josiah Tucker, Parson Peet, etc. 
Elder Perham's labors proved very acceptable to the church 
and he was held in high esteem by all who knew him. 

In consequence of the organization of Franklin County, in 
1838, it became necessary to organize a new county conference. 
The meeting for this purpose was held at Strong, Jan. 14 and 
I5» 1839, and Rev. John Perham, Esq. Cornelius Norton, Levi 
Cutler and Newman T. Allen, were sent as delegates from the 
church at Industry. 

Supply Belcher Norton was elected a deacon of the church 
March 23, 1839, ^i^d continued to serve in that capacity until 
he removed from town in the spring of 1 844. 

At a conference meeting held at the Centre Meeting-House 
in September, 1839, the society voted to hire Elder Perham 
two-thirds of the time for the ensuing year, and fixed his sal- 
ary at $233.33. While stationed here, he labored a portion of 
the time at Flagstaff, where he formed a branch society of the 
Industry church. An unusual religious interest was manifested 
in town in 1 841, and between twenty and thirty conversions 
were reported. Elder Perham further states that "of the 
twenty-five members of the choir only one is without a hope in 


Another branch of the Industry church was formed at 
Lexington in May, 1842, with eleven members, to which five 
others were soon after added by letter. The branch church at 
Flagstaff also added largely to its membership during this 

Probably the first county conference ever held in town as- 

* On the evening before the ordination, a meeting was held in honor of Rev. 
Jotham Sewall, at which he was invited to preach, it being the 79th anniversary of 
his birth. 

t This was the choir at the Centre of the town, and the person referred to is 
said to have been Benjamin Allen. 

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sembled at the Industry North Meeting-House, at West's Mills, 
May 14 and 15, 1842. Jacob Hayes, Daniel Luce and Wil- 
liam H. Luce were elected delegates to this conference. 

So rapidly did the church increase in numbers that in 1843 
the membership was 143, more than four times as large as the 
membership of 1833. Among the members added during this 
decade were: William Henry Luce and wife, in 1838, and 
about the same time Esq. Peter West and wife, who had pre- 
viously left the Methodist Church. Hiram and Elijah Manter 
joined the church in 1840; also George W. and Luther Luce 
and Truman A. Merrill the following year. 

Rev. John Perham closed his labors with the church as 
pastor on Sunday, Nov. 27, 1842,* though he was not officially 
dismissed until May 25, 1848. After leaving Industry he went 
to Madison, returning occasionally to this town to preach and 
baptize converts. He died in Beloit, Wisconsin, after a long 
and successful ministry, Dec. 4, 1874, aged 66 years. 

Rev. Henry Smith succeeded John Perham as pastor of 
the church, preaching in Industry one-half of the time from 
the month of October, 1843, "P to May, 1845. 

The branch churches at Flagstaff and Lexington, having 
asked for a dismission, that they might unite and organize a 
separate church, accordingly on the i6th of September, 1843, 
the Industry church voted to grant their request. By this con- 
cession the church lost heavily from its total membership, as 
both branches were in a flourishing condition at the time of 
their separation. 

Hiram Manter was unanimously elected deacon of the 
church in 1844, to fill the vacancy caused by the removal of 
Supply B. Norton from town. 

From July, 1847, to July, 1848, Rev. Dana Cloyes was em- 
ployed as pastor. While stationed here this gentleman effected 
an important change in the social life of his parishioners, by 
introducing religious reading into their homes. The eagerness 

♦ Prior to Elder Perham's leaving town, an effort was made to purchase a house 
for a parsonage. Although the church received what seemed to be a very advan- 
tageous offer, the trade was never consummated. 


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with which this innovation was received is almost without 
precedent in the history of any church or town, and its good 
results can hardly be estimated. 

Among the books, magazines and papers disposed of were : 
forty sets of the Christian's Library; eighty-two volumes of 
different Bible commentaries, chiefly Scott's; one hundred 
volumes of the Missionary Herald j four hundred volumes 
were added to the Sunday-school library, making a grand total 
of 2382 volumes. In addition to these, seven subscribers to 
the Christian Mirror were also obtained. 

Rev. Josiah Tucker supplied the church with preaching one- 
half of the time from October, 1849, to October, 1851, preach- 
ing alternately at West's Mills and the Centre Meeting-House. 
Elder Tucker possessed a mild disposition and a kind heart, 
and it is believed that his labors proved generally acceptable to 
the church. 

There was a union protracted meeting in 1849, during 
which, thirty persons were converted. 

By the withdrawal of the branch churches at Flagstaff and 
Lexington, to form a separate society, and by deaths and re- 
movals, the membership of the society became so much reduced 
that at the beginning of the year 1853 there were but seventy- 
one members, twenty of whom were non-resident. 

John Dinsmore, a licentiate, supplied the pulpit for a few 
months in 1852, and R. H. Fuller, another licentiate, for a sea- 
son in 1853. 

Rev. Eliphalet S. Hopkins was employed by the society 
one-half of the time in 1853. 

In June, 1855, the county conference was again held at 
West's Mills, and George W. Luce, Hiram Manter, Fisher Viles 
and Charles Hayes were chosen as delegates. 

Early in June, 1855, Rev. Jonas Burnham, principal of the 
Farmington Academy, received and accepted an invitation to 
act as pastor of the church, and supplied preaching in town 
once in four weeks, occasionally oftener, until 1863. As a 
result of his sojourn in town, Elder Burnham pays the follow- 
ing tribute to the people of Industry: "The people received 

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me with great cordiality and the citizens of all denominations 
favored me with an attentive and interested audience. It gives 
me pleasure to recollect and name their generous hospitality. 
* * * * While life lasts I shall cherish a grateful remem- 
brance of the many excellent families there. May rich bless- 
ings from above descend upon them." While acting as pastor 
at Industry he solemnized sixteen marriages and attended 
eighteen funerals. 

There were fifty-two members in 1863, of whom fifteen 
were non-resident. From 1855 to 1864 the church lost heavily 
by removals from town and the consequent dismissal of mem- 
bers to unite with churches in other localities. The quarterly 
conferences were held at infrequent and irregular intervals, and 
the records were indifferently kept, hence from about the last 
mentioned date (1864) down to the present time, the writer 
has been able to gain but very little definite knowledge in rela- 
tion to the church and its affairs. As supplementary to the 
labors of their pastor, Rev. John Furbush was employed one- 
fourth of the time in 1856-7 and 1859-60. 

Rev. Alexander R. Plumer, a minister of wide and varied 
attainments, accepted an invitation to become pastor of the 
church in April, 1863, ^i^d preached here one-third of the 
time until 1869. He resided in town nearly the whole of this 
time, though much of his labor was in the neighboring towns.* 
Rev. John Lawrence, of Wilton, supplied the pulpit at West's 
Mills a part of the time in 1867-8. 

Rev. Stephen Titcomb» of Farmington, a minister of liberal 
education, preached at- the Centre Meeting-House once in four 
weeks during the years 1869-71. There were but forty 
members of the Congregational Church in 1873, fourteen of 
whom were non-resident. The resident members were now 
so scattered that it was hardly possible to maintain preaching 
with any degree of regularity. 

* The last session of the county conference holden in Industry, convened at the 
"Industry North Meeting-House" at West's Mills, in June, 1866, and continued for 
two days. Favorable weather brought out a full delegation, and the attendance of 
the laity was also large. The session was pronounced one of the most successful 
ever held in the county in many respects. 

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Lauriston Reynolds, a licentiate from the Bangor Theologi- 
cal Seminary, subsequently pastor of Congregational Church 
at Auburn, Me., preached in town occasionally during the sum- 
mer of 1874 and 1875. Also Henry Jones, a licentiate from the 
same institution, for a short time in 1875 and 1876. 

George W. Reynolds, another licentiate, was sent to Indus- 
try by the Maine Missionary Society one-half of the time for 
three months in the summer of 1878. The same society sent 
a young licentiate, Jabez Backus, to the church for a short time 
in 1879 and 1880. In 1880 T. A. Balcom, licentiate, was sent to 
the church one-half of the time for two months, and one-half 
of the time for three months in 1881. From that date until 
1 89 1 there was preaching only occasionally by pastors of this 
denomination from neighboring churches. There were thirty- 
two members in the church in 1883, ten of whom were non- 
resident. About the time Shorey Chapel was completed,* its 
builder, Mrs. Elizabeth Price, of Auburndale, Mass., engaged 
Rev. Truman A. Merrill as pastor. He came to Industry prior 
to the dedication of the chapel, and on its completion was duly 
installed as pastor, a position which he is still filling with a 
good degree of acceptance. The Industry Congregational 
Church has received pecuniary aid from the Maine Missionary 
Society for fifty different years since its organization, yet had it 
not been for the timely interposition of Mrs. Price, the society 
would probably have sank into a state of lethargy past re- 

The following worthy members have died since 1871, viz.: 
Daniel Luce, David Luce and wife, Fisher Viles and wife, Wil- 
liam Henry Luce and wife, George W. Luce and wife, Peter W. 
Butler, Pelatiah Shorey, Luther Luce, Hiram Manter, Asaph 
Boyden and wife, Eliza Hilton and others. 

William M. Bryant is the present church clerk, and both he 
and his wife are among the oldest as well as the most highly 
esteemed members of the society in Industry. 

* See Chapter XIX. 

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Early in the year 1843, R^v. John McLeish, an able and 
eloquent minister of this denomination, visited that part of 
Industry formerly known as the Gore. He held a series of 
meetings at the school-house near Capt. Clifford B. Norton's, 
and quite a number were converted. Among these were Joseph, 
Jr., Obed N. and Thomas C. Collins, who, with Barnabas A. 
Collins, William Cornforth, Daniel Collins, Jr., and a few con- 
verts from the adjoining towns of Farmington and New Vineyard, 
united themselves and formed a society. Soon after this their 
pastor left them and went to labor in other fields, and the 
organization became extinct, most of its members uniting with 
other denominations. 


Little if any missionary work was done in Industry by 
ministers of this order prior to 1830. About that time several 
families of this faith moved into town, and in the fall of 1831 a 
church was organized consisting of some eight or ten members.* 
This society was organized through the instrumentality 
of Rev. Stephen Williamson, of Stark, assisted by Rev. 
Timothy Johnson, of Farmington. The society consisted of 
Benjamin R. Rackliff and wife, Henry B. Racklifff and wife, 
William Harvey and wife, and Nathaniel Ring. Capt. Ezekiel 
Hinkley and wife were probably among the original members 
of this church, although there is no evidence by which the fact 
can be established. Brice S. Edwards, who came to Industry 
about the time this society was organized, and who was its 
deacon during his residence in town, may also have been among 
the original members. The first year of this society's existence 
was a prosperous one, and at its close the membership had 

* The writer regrets to say that a most careful inquiry, and even advertising, has 
failed to bring to light the early records of this church, hence the sketch of this 
society must necessarily be fragmentary and incomplete. 

t Mr. Rackliff is also claimed to have been the first subscriber to The Morning 
Star from Industry. This paper was then, as it now is, the official organ of the F. 
W. B. denomination in New England. 

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increased to twenty-six. Rev. John Lennon, son of James 
Lennon, of Georgetown, Me., became the pastor of this society 
as early as 1832. He subsequently moved into town and settled 
on Bannock Hill, dividing his time between farming and his 
ministerial duties. He returned to Georgetown in 1840, where 
he continued to reside up to the time of his death. Rev. 
Stephen Williamson manifested much interest in the church 
and preached in town as opportunity offered for many years. 
Among others who labored with the society were Rev. and Mrs. 
Roger Ela, of New Sharon, for a period beginning soon after 
its organization down to the year 1861 or thereabout. Also 
Rev. Mark Merrill, Rev. Mr. Badger, and Rev. Samuel S. Paine. 
The labors of the latter, who preached in town in 1858, were 
blessed with a deep revival interest, and on one occasion five 
converts were baptized. Rev. Samuel Savage succeeded Elder 
Paine in 1859. His labors were likewise blessed with a revival 

Rev. John Spinney preached in town regularly for two 
years about 1854, and occasionally thereafter down to the 
present time. Other ministers have undoubtedly labored in 
town for a longer or shorter time, but there is no record of 
them. When the church was re-organized in 1867, there was 
but one resident male member of the original society living. 
The church was re-organized with twenty-eight members, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1867, and George Frank Woodcock elected deacon. 
The organization was effected by Rev. Ira Emery, Jr., assisted 
by Rev. John Spinney. The society now (1892) numbers 
eighteen members. Rev. Herbert Tilden, of Farmington, and 
others, have preached for the society. John W. Hatch, also of 
Farmington, has for some years manifested a deep interest in 
the church, and frequently preaches at Allen's Mills and in 
contiguous localities. 

The Advents were never very numerous in town, but minis- 
ters of that denomination, such as I. C. Welcome, of Yarmouth, 
A. H. Walker, of Belgrade, and Daniel R. Hargraves, of New 
Sharon, have preached in town. 

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^^^iT^/d. %ujdll 

Enprraved by Geo. E. Johnson, Boston. 
From a photoj^raph made in 18S7 by F". Clarence Philpot, Springvale, Mc. 

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Industry has sent out a corps of ministers of which any 
town might justly be proud. The subjoined is a partial list of 
those who are either natives of the town or residents at the time 
of taking clerical orders : 

Allen, Harrison, Congregational. 

Allen, John, Methodist. 

Allen, Stephen, Methodist. 

Ambrose, Samuel G., Methodist. 

Brown, Moses, Protestant Methodist. 

Edwards, Brice M., Free Will Baptist. 

Emery, Ira, Jr., Baptist. 

Eveleth, Jared F., Baptist, 

Hayes, Stephen H., Congregational. 

Howes, John M., Methodist. 

Johnson, Ebenezer S., Free Will Baptist. 

Johnson, Zebadiah, Free Will Baptist. 

Luce, Charles, Methodist. 

Luce, Christopher Sanborn, Baptist. 

Luce, Daniel, 3d, Free Will Baptist. 

Luce, George Alphonso, Methodist. 

Manter, Zebulon, Jr., Methodist. 

Merrill, Truman A., Congregational. 

Merrill, William A., Congregational. 

Robbins, Elisha, Baptist. 

Shorey, Harrison A., Congregational. 

Trask, Ebenezer G., Baptist. 

Woodcock, Charles E., Free Will Baptist. 

Young, Levi, Jr., Baptist. 

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Military Company Organized. — Election of Officers. — Equipments Required by 
Law. — First Training. — Muster at Farmington. — Money Raised to Buy 
Military Stores. — Muster Roll of Capt. Daniel Beede's Company. — Cavalry 
Company Organized. — Powder-House Built. — The Industry Rifle Grays. 

At the closcvof the year 1798 there were about forty fami- 
lies residing on a tract of territory, some twenty miles in length, 
now (1892) comprising a part of the town of Industry, the 
whole of Mercer, and a part of Smithfield. Ardent patriots in 
adjoining towns, and ambitious military officers anxious to 
extend their jurisdiction, represented to the proper authorities 
that there was a sufficient number of men on this territory to 
form a company of militia. Consequently, early in the winter 
of 1798-9 orders were issued to the inhabitants liable to do 
military duty to meet for the election of officers. At this 
meeting John Thompson was chosen captain ; Ambrose Arnold, 
lieutenant, and Jabez Norton, Jr., ensign. The formation of a 
military company required in most cases a pecuniary outlay for 
equipments very burdensome to those liable to military duty, 
even if they were able to purchase them at all. The equip- 
ments required by law were "a good musket or firelock, a 
sufficient bayonet and belt, two spare flints, and a knapsack, a 
pouch with a box therein to contain not less than twenty 
cartridges suited to the bore of his muske.t or firelock, each 
cartridge to contain a proper quantity of powder and ball : or 
with a good rifle, knapsack, shot-pouch and powder-horn, 
twenty balls suited to the bore and a quarter of a pound of 
powder." The commissioned officers were required to be 

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THE MIUTIA AND 1812 WAR, 1 57 

equipped with "a sword or hanger and espontoon," and the 
balls were required to weigh the eighteenth part of a pound. 
It is hardly necessary to say that the first company organized 
in Industry fell far short of the requirements of the law. 

Captain Thompson appointed William Allen, Jr., clerk of 
the company, and it was his duty to warn the members to meet 
for trainings, etc. The duty of notifying the first training was 
a task arduous in the extreme (see /. 82), 

•* At the first training,"* says Esq. William Allen, " Cap- 
tain Thompson kneeled down on the snow before his company 
and made a fervent prayer commending his men to the protec- 
tion of Almighty God and entreated for wisdom and discretion 
in the performance of his duties." 

" At the first general muster at Farmington," continues Mr. 
Allen, " one of the Farmington companies took offense at the 
posting of the companies in the line, thought the company 
degraded by being assigned a lower position than they were 
entitled to, on a concerted signal, mutinied and left the field. 

** Capt. Thompson, being extremely ardent and patriotic in 
all his movements, immediately tendered his services to the 
field officers to go with his Falstaff company and bring back 
the deserters with force and arms ; but more prudent councils 
prevailed, and the general and field officers after a long parley 
prevailed on the deserters to come back and take their place." 

At the annual meeting, April i, 1805, ^^ town voted to 
raise $110 to buy military stores and to defray town charges. 
What part of this sum was devoted to purchasing military 
stores the records do not show, but it is presumable that the 
larger part was expended for the munitions of war.f 

The formal declaration of war between the United States 
and England, June 18, 181 2, marked an era of renewed activity 
in military affairs. The previous aggressive attitude of the 
English government caused every town to keep on hand an 

♦ Tuesday, May 5, 1 799. 

t Allen says (History of Industry^ p. 18): "The price of powder was a dollar 
a poand, at Hallowell, and the cost of furnishing powder for the town stock and to 
be used at musters exceeded all our other money taxes for several years." 

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ample supply of ammunition. A reminder of those troublous 
times is found among the records of the town where, at a meet- 
ing held April 6, 1812, it was ** voted to pay Peter Norton 
one dollar and seventeen cents for running bullets.'* 

Captain Daniel Beede's company of militia was called out 
in 1 814, and was stationed at Waterville for fourteen days.* 

A List of Officers and Men in Capt Daniel Beede's Company , which 
served in the detachment at Waterville^ Me,,, in 18 14, The List 
also shows the number of days each person served, and compensa- 
tion received: 

James Thompson. 

Josiah Blackstone. 




Days in Service. 




Daniel Luce. 



Moses True. 



John Russell. 



Peter W. Willis. 




James Eveleth. 



Robert Thompson. 



Truman Allen. 



Joseph Ames. 




William Johnson. 



Job Swift. 




* Tradition says Daniel Witham, of Industry, was drafted and served in this war, 
but there are no records to verify the assertion. 

Capt. Elijah Butler, Jr., of Farmington, commanded a detached company which 
was ordered to Bath in the fall of 1814. Mis 6rst sergeant was Joseph Viles, from 
that part of New Vineyard subsequently set off to Industry, as were also Leonard 
Boardman, Joseph Collins, Joseph Butler, Zebulon Manter, and Isaac Norton; while 
Plimmington Daggett and Ebenezer Collins were then of Industry. Peter Norton, 
of the same place, and William Butler, of New Vineyard, were soldiers in other 
Farmington companies. 

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Allen, Harrison. 
Atkinson, James. 
Atkinson, Thomas. 
Benson, Matthew. 
Bradbury, John S. 
Brooks, Benjamin. 
Church, Silas. 
Clark, Humphrey. 
Collins, James. 
Collins, Lemuel, Jr. 
Crawford, Benjamin T. 
Crompton, George. 
Davis, Cornelius. 
Davis, James. 
Ellis, William. 
Eveleth, Joseph. 
Goodridge, Jonathan. 
Hayes, Jacob. 
Hildreth, David, Jr. 
Howes, Alvin. 
Howes, Lemuel, Jr. 
Johnson, D[arius?]. 
Johnson, Henry. 
Luce, Arvin. 
Luce, Benjamin. 
Luce, David. 
Luce, Rowland. 
Morse, Caleb. 
Norton, Peter. 
Norton, Obed. 
Norton, Samuel. 
Pike, Joshua. 
Remick, Francis. 
Remick, True. 
Rogers, Thomas. 
Shaw, Daniel. 
Smith, Henry. 
Stanley, James. 
Swift, Benjamin. 
White, James. 
Williamson, Ebenezer. 




















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In addition to their regular pay, twenty-three cents extra 
was allowed each soldier who furnished his. own arms and 
equipments. The town also voted, at a special meeting holden 
Nov. 7, 1 8 14, to draw thirty dollars from the treasury to pay 
the expenses of the militia while at Waterville. At the same 
meeting it was also voted to raise seventy dollars for the pur- 
chase of firearms. 

After the close of the 1812 war the military trainings and 
musters were events of great importance for many years. This 
was especially true with the juvenile portion of the community 
who, as well as their elders, seemed determined to get all the 
fun they possibly could out of these holidays. The annual 
muster, surpassing in their estimation, the Fourth of July in 
importance. One of the objectionable features of these gather- 
ings was the prevalence of rum drinking.* Even after temper- 
ance reform had gained a strong foothold among the people, 
this custom was still kept up, and never practically ceased until 
the militia was disbanded. 

Another custom universally observed was for the captain to 
furnish his company a dinner on training day. This, with the 
cost of treating, caused militia offices to become positions of 
honor rather than profit. On muster days it usually cost the 
town for rations from twenty to twenty-five dollars, besides a 
considerable sum for powder and other military stores. 

Agreeably to an act of the Legislature, authorizing its forma- 
tion, a regiment of cavalry was organized in 1823, or perhaps 
a little earlier, as a portion of the State militia. One company 
of this regiment was composed of men from Farmington and 
Industry. The uniforms of this company were of blue broad- 
cloth ornamented with brass buttons and gilt lace; their 
sword belts being of very showy red morocco, fastened with 
heavy brass buckles, the officers having straps of the same 
material passing over each shoulder, crossing in front and be- 
hind. The caps worn were of the style common to the militia 

♦Col. James Davis, who moved to Industry in 1863, related that on muster day 
he had sometimes paid out as much as $25 for liquor without taking a single glass 

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of those days. The musicians were dressed in suits of red 
bombazette, cut in the same style as those of the officers and 
trimmed with buttons and lace, white vests and cravats, citizens* 
hats with white plumes. The horses of both officers and 
privates were gaily caparisoned, and on muster days the 
company made a very fine appearance. Among the mem- 
bers from Industry, George Gower and Daniel Shaw, Jr., 
rose to the position of captain, Benjamin Luce to colonel 
of the regiment, and George Crompton to major on the 
regimental staff. 

An amusing anecdote is told of Daniel Shaw, Jr., when 
captain of the company. At that time the Washingtonian 
temperance movement was being everywhere agitated and Cap- 
tain Shaw was a firm believer in its abstemious doctrines. Just 
previous to the annual State muster the company met at the 
residence of its commander for drill. At such times a dinner 
and a generous supply of ardent spirits were usually furnished 
by the commanding officer. On this occasion, however, the 
ladies brought out bottles of pepper-sauce which they face- 
tiously offered the men as a substitute for the customary 
bumpers of liquor. The men regarded this as a capital joke, 
and each tasted the pungent condiment before going in to 

It was probably on this occasion that the company was 
presented with a beautiful banner, a gift from the ladies of the 
town. The presentation was made in behalf of the donors by 
Miss Adeline Shaw, a sister of the captain. 

On muster day it was the practice for the members of each 
company to assemble at the house of their captain and awaken 
him at an early hour, by the simultaneous discharge of pistols 
or other fire-arms. Once when Capt. Silas Perham, of Farm- 
ington commanded the company, George Cornforth, a mem- 
ber from Industry, in discharging his pistol, which was heavily 
loaded, was struck in the face by the weapon with such force as 
to inflict a wound, the scar of which he carried for many years. 
This circumstance is related to give the reader an idea of the 
customs in days agone, and to show that even military musters 

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1 62 


were not devoid of adventure and incident. The subjoined is a 
partial list of the members from the organization of the company 
down to the time of its disbanding, who resided in Industry. 
In the last years of its existence the members from this town 
were excellent horsemen and dariog, sturdy fellows. Their 
hardihood and bravery won for them the name of ** Industry 


Allen, Benjamin M. 
Allen, Freeman. 
Beede, Daniel. 
Boardman, Andrew. 
Board man, George H. 
Butler, David M. 
Butler, Josiah. 
Butler, Thomas. 
Cornforth, George. 
Crompton, George. 
Crompton, Isaac. 
Emery, Josiah. 
Eveleth, Benjamin G. 
Eveleth, James. 
Eveleth, Joseph. 
Fassett, Elbridge C. 
Gower, George. 
Hobbs, George. 
Luce, Benjamin. 
Manter, Asa M. 
Manter, Benjamin, 2d. 
Manter, Elijah, Jr. 
Manter, Hiram. 

Manter, James. 
Manter, John C. 
Manter, John Wells. 
Manter, William. 
Manter, Zebulon. 
Manter, Zebulon, Jr. 
Norton, James. 
Norton, John Wesley. 
Norton, Thomas F. 
Norton, William D. 
Rogers, Francis S. 
Shaw, Albert. 
Shaw, Daniel, Jr. 
Storer, Philip A. 
Thing, Jesse. 
Trask, Ebenezer G. 
West, John. 
West, Shubael C. 
Willis, John. 
Winslow, George. 
Winslow, James. 
Withee, Samuel. 
Withee, Zachariah. 

The person who had in custody the town's stock of powder 
was often obliged to store it in or near his dwelling, for want 
of some more suitable place. This was an extremely hazard- 
ous thing to do and but few could be found willing to assume 
such a risk. Consequently the town voted on the 26th day of 
December, 1825, to build a powder house of brick 5x5 feet, 
in which to store its arms and ammunition. The selectmen were 

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chosen as a committee to superintend its construction, and to 
William Harvey was given the contract of building the house.* 
The site selected was on a large granite boulder in Capt. Ezek- 
iel Hinkley*s field, a short distance in a westerly direction from 
the late residence of Andrew Tibbetts. Mr. Harvey built the 
house the next summer, and for nearly a score of years it 
admirably filled the purpose for which it was built After the 
disbanding of the militia it stood for many years a monument 
to the armigerous history of the town. 

Concerning the history of the regular infantry militia, the 
writer has been unable to gather but few facts of importance. 
At the annual muster, Sept. 26, 1839, fifty-eight men were on 
review at Farmington, and Capt. Eben G. Trask commanded 
the company.f The following gentlemen have served as offi- 
cers in the militia : 





Allen, Newman T., 


Manter, Elijah, Sr., 


Blackstone, Josiah, 


Norton, Clifford B., 


Boardman, Leonard, 


Norton, Jabez, Jr., 


Collins, Elias B., 


Remick, True, 


Cutts, James, 


Shaw, Daniel, Jr., 


Goodridge, Nathan, 

Brig. Gen. 

Thompson, John, 


Gower. George. 


Tolman, Moses, Sr., 


Hildreth, David, 


Trask, Eben G., 


Johnson, Abraham, 


Willis, Peter W., 


Look, Valentine, 


Wilson, Isaac, 


Luce, Benjamin, 


Winslow, Carpenter, 


Luce, Sanders, 



The law requiring enrollment in the militia the names of all 
able-bodied male citizens, between the age of eighteen and 
forty-five years, brought together on training and muster days a 
heterogeneous crowd ranging from the beardless youth to the 

* Mr. Harvey's bid on the job was the surprising low Bgnre of ^19.75. 
fllie Industry company was designated as Co. D, 1st Reg't, 2d Brigade, 8th 
Division of the State Militia. 

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gray-haired veteran. Each person thus enrolled, though re- 
quired to furnish his own equipments, was not restricted in 
selecting, but every one was permitted to follow his own taste 
in the matter. Consequently, as one would naturally infer, 
these equipments varied greatly in pattern and were often of 
the most primitive kind. Their muskets were of every con- 
ceivable pattern from the old-fashioned "Queen's Arm" down 
to the more modern weapon with its percussion lock. A com- 
pany differing so widely in the age of its members, and present- 
ing such striking dissimilarities in style of dress and equipment, 
could hardly be expected to make an imposing appearance on 
muster days, or attain distinction for the precision of its drill. 
For years these conditions were a source of much dissatisfac- 
tion, especially among the younger members, and in some way 
it had gained the pseudonym of "String-bean Company" by 
its unpopularity.* At length a large number of the dissatisfied 
members withdrew, and with a small addition to their number 
from Farmington, formed an independent company known as 
The Industry Rifle Grays. The company was mustered in by 
General Enoch C. Belcher, but the date of its organization can 
not be learned, as the records have either been lost or de- 
stroyed. The uniforms were of gray satinet trimmed with red, 
and the rifles of the most approved pattern and carried a bullet 
weighing thirty-two to the pound. The total expense of equip- 
ping the company was about thirty dollars per man, and each 
member bore his proportional part. At the first meeting for 
election of officers Newman T. Allen was chosen captain, and 
John West and William Webster lieutenants. Capt. Allen was 
a thorough-going tactician, and under his instruction the men 
made rapid progress in their drill, and the company soon took 
rank among the best disciplined in the county if not in the 

* Among the older inhabitants of the town is a tradition concerning the manner 
in which this title was earned : After each election of officers it was the custom for 
the newly elected captain to furnish a dinner for his command. On one occasion the 
principal dish on the table was string beans, cooked according to the usual manner 
of those days. Wherever the company went after this, it was known among the ple- 
beians as the " String-bean Company." 

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State.* The company had probably been organized some four 
years when the militia disbanded. This is not definitely known, 
however, though one of the membersf is confident that the 
company mustered four times during its existence as an organ- 
ization. The following is a partial list of its officers and 
members : 


Newman T. Allen. 

John West. 


Isaac Webster. 


William Webster. 

Fifield Luce. 
Truman Luce. 

Wesley Meader. 
William Dyer. 
Francis Meader. 
Thomas W. Luce. 

Allen, Hiram. 
Allen, Samuel R. 
Atkinson, Charles. 
Collins, Joseph, Jr. 
Collins, Obed N. 
Craig, Hiram. 
Craig, John. 
Emery, Ira, Jr. 
Hatch, David. 
Hayes, Charles. 
Higgins, Barnabas A. 
Higgins, John C. 
Holley, Henry. 
Look, John J. 



Henry Smith. 
Warren Smith. 

William Q. Folsom. 
Ezekiel Rackliff. 
Hugh Stewart. 

Luce, Charles. 
Luce, True R. 
Manter, George. 
Meader, Charles. 
Meader, Shubael L. 
Merrill, James. 
Norton, Clifford B. 
Ramsdell, Abner. 
Stevens, Oliver. 
Titcomb, Henry. 
Titcomb, John. 
Wendell, Thomas, 3d. 
West, George. 

♦ At a general muster held in Parmington, Col. William Nye paid this company 
the high compliment of being the best drilled company in his command. 
tObed N.Collins. 

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Water Powers of Industry. — First Grist-Mill Erected. — Capt. Peter West Erects 
Mills. — Cornforth*s Grist-Mill. — Elisha Lumbert's Grist and Saw-Mills. — 
Cutler's Mills. — Davis's Mills. — Gower's Mills. — Capt. John Thompson Erects 
Mills near Stark Line. — West & Manter's Saw-Mill. — Clover-Mill. — First 
Shingle -Machine. — Daggett & Brown's Shingle-Mill. — William Cornforth's 
FuUing-Mill. — James Gower's FuUing-Mill. — Allen & Co.'s Starch -Factory. — 
Deacon Emery's Bark-Mill. — Other Tanneries. — Shovel Handles. — Rake 
Manufacturing. — Smith & Coughlin's Spool-Factory. — Oliver Bros.' Steam 
Box-Factory. — Rackliflf's Chair- Factory. — Mechanics, Etc. 

The most valuable water power in Industry is that furnished 
by Clear Water Pond, in the western part of the town. At 
Allen's Mills, situated at the outlet of this pond, there is a fall 
of thirty-three feet in fifty-five rods.* A wheel discharging 
eight hundred inches of water, under a twelve-foot head, has 
been operated twelve hours per day, continuously, for many 
years. This by no means represents the full capacity of this 
excellent water power, which has absolute immunity from 
danger by freshets and is considered one of the most valuable 
in this section of the State. The water power at West's Mills 
is derived from two streams of considerable size, which unite 
just before reaching the village. In years past these streams 
have usually furnished sufficient power for operating the grist- 
mill the whole year, and the saw-mill during the spring and 
fall. As the town became more thickly settled, large tracts of 
forest were cut away, admitting the sun's rays and causing 
much of the surface-water to pass off by evaporation. In 

* Walter Wells's " Water Power of Maine." 

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consequence of this, the grist-mill is useless in times of pro- 
tracted drouth. 

One of the greatest inconveniences to the early settlers in 
Industry was their remoteness from grist and saw-mills. To 
these hardy pioneers, inured as they were to toil and hardships, 
the business of going to mill was ** no boy's play." They must 
go either to Starling's (now Walton's) Mill in Farmington, or 
nearly double that distance to Wilton, much of the way follow- 
ing a spotted line through the dense forest and over the roughest 
of rough roads, with their grists on their shoulders in summer 
and on handsleds in winter. When the snow became very 
deep, it was necessary to travel on snowshoes. At such times 
** blazed trees" was the settler's only guide.* 

The first grist-mill built within the present limits of Industry 
was on the north branch of the stream which flows through the 
village of West's Mills. This mill stood on land now (1892) 
owned by Eli N. Oliver, and was erected by Henry Norton in 
the summer of 1794, the land on which it was located having 
been purchased the previous year. Mr. Norton carried the 
provision for his workmen and a portion of the mill irons on 
his back from Abner Norton's, on the Gore, a distance of nearly 
six miles, following a spotted line over the mountain. f This 
mill, owing to its faulty construction, proved entirely useless 
and was a dead loss to its owner. There are still living, persons 
who recollect having seen portions of the old dam, and doubt- 
less some traces of the mill can still be found. 

Capt. Peter West began a clearing on the mill lot, near the 
village which now bears his name, in 1 796, settled there two years 
later, and soon after built a grist and saw-mill on a stream near 
his log-cabin.t These mills must have proved a great conven- 

♦ A tree with a spot of bark hewed off so as to show the underlying wood was 
known among the early settlers as " blazed tree." These blazes likewise indicated the 
origin and character of the road. Three blazes in a perpendicular line on the same 
tree indicating a legislative road, the single blaze a settlement or neighborhood road. 

t Allen's History of Industry y p. 21. 

X Esq. Allen says (History of Industry ^ p, 21 ) that " Capt. West's mills were 
built in 1798." He further states on page 15 that Captain West built a house on his 
lot in 1 798 and moved into it the same season. While the latter date is probably 

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ience to the early settlers, and it is but reasonable to presume 
that they were well patronized and the builder abundantly 
rewarded for his enterprise. On the approach of old age, Capt. 
West retired from active business, and the mills became the 
property of his son, Esquire Peter West. Respecting these 
mills, Capt. John Mason, of Fairfax County, Virginia, writes : 
"When I arrived in Industry, April 20, 18 19, Esquire West was 
the first man to employ me. At that time the saw-mill could 
be used, but it was a rickety affair. The grist-mill was in good 
order, the big wheel outside the mill.* Cornforth*s fulling- 
mill was in the basement, his carding-machine in an upper 
room, while the grist-mill was on a floor between the two. 
Just before I came to the place the grist-mill had been sold to 
Rufus Viles, Esq. West taking a mortgage, as security, on the 
property. It was rumored, however, that Esq. West would 
have to take the mill back. The next year (1820) the saw- 
mill was sold to Esq. Daniel Shaw, and re-built by him in right 
good order. He raised the frame of his mill in August, 1820. 
Being a wealthy and liberal man, the people flocked from far 
and near, so sure were they that a generous supply of liquor 
would be furnished for the occasion. As was anticipated, 
liquor flowed freely, and nearly fourteen gallons were required 
to treat this large assemblage.! The mill was perfect in all its 

correct, circumstances lead the author to question the correctness of the former. To 
erect a log-cabin on the very borders of civilization and remove his family and house- 
hold goods thither from Hallowell, a distance of forty miles, over roads rough in the 
extreme, must have furnished quite enough labor to occupy the attention of Capt. 
West for one season. In the absence of records or documentary evidence it becomes 
extremely difficult, if not an impossibility, to bridge over nearly a century and establish 
a date beyond question. Therefore, Esq. Allen's statement must necessarily be ac- 
cepted as an approximation to accuracy. 

♦ The author is of the opinion that the grist-mill was rebuilt by Esq. West at 
the time William Cornforth established his fulling-mill at West's Mills, but has been 
unable to verify his impressions. 

t This was no guess work on the part of Captain Mason. At that time he kept 
a small grocery store and like every one engaged in the business of those days sold 
ardent spirits; it was of him that Esq. Shaw bought the liquor for his raising. The 
reader may notice a discrepancy between the date of erecting Esq. Shaw's mill and 
the date of Capt. Mason's engaging in trade. The matter is easily explained. Capt. 
Mason kept his goods in Deacon Emery's house for time prior to the erection and 
completion of his store, and it was during this time that Esq. Shaw's mill was raised. 

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appointments, and the water-wheel one of the finest I had ever 

Esquire Peter West sold and conveyed the grist-mill to 
William Cornforth, Feb. 27, 1835. Immediately after gaining 
possession of this property, Mr. Cornforth tore down the old 
mill and began framing a new structure that would better 
accommodate not only the patrons of the grist-mill, but like- 
wise his growing business in wool-carding and cloth-dressing. 
The frame was raised about the time or soon after the ground 
settled in the spring of 1835. I* was an established custom in 
those days for some one to "name the frame" after the last 
piece had been raised and fastened in its proper place. On this 
occasion the men worked with a will, all being anxious to hear 
the frame named. The ridge-pole being in place, Josiah 
Emery, standing on an elevated part of the frame, made a short 
speech, and closed by saying : 

"Now from Wesfs Mills 
We'll transfer the honor, 
And henceforth say, from Withee's Corner 
Three miles to Cornforth' s MilUr* 

The frame was covered with as little delay as possible, and 
Charles Russell, a skillful millwright from Norridgewock, was 
employed to construct the gear and put the mill in running 
order.f So expeditiously was the work forwarded, that the 
mill was ready for business in October, 1835, and Thomas J. 
True was engaged to come to Industry and operate it. 

In the succeeding years this mill was liberally patronized, 
and during the busiest part of the year it was often necessary 

♦ This fact was related to the author by Elijah Manter, son of Capt. Benjamin 
Manter of Industry. As a further proof that it was from the frame of this mill, and 
not, as some claim, that of the saw- mill built by Shaw & Cornforth in 1845, ^^^ ^^^ 
doggerel above referred to was promulgated, the author would say in 1836, the 
municipal officers designated the place as Cornforth's Mills in their warrant for the 
September town meeting. 

t Elbridge H. Racklifi* informs the writer that " Mr Cornforth purchased a set of 
black buhr-stones for grinding wheat. They had been imported from France by a 
gentleman who being unable to find a bolt of suitable fineness was obliged to sell 
them. Mr. Cornforth was more fortunate in that respect, however, and when set up 
in his mill they worked to a charm." 

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to run it night and day to accommodate its patrons. Some 
idea of the extent of the business done can be gained from the 
fact that in 1837 the town produced 6,078 bushels of wheat. 
Allowing five bushels of wheat to make, a barrel of flour, and 
that one barrel per year was consumed by each inhabitant, 
there would be a net surplus of 199 3—5 barrels. Mr. Corn- 
forth sold his mill to Asa M. Manter, then of Parkman, Oct. 
28, 1845. Mr. Manter made extensive improvements during his 
ownership, including the refitting of the mill with buhr-stones 
in the summer of 1848. Jan. 2\ 1850, Mr. Manter sold a half 
interest in the mill to his brother, Zebulon Manter, Jr., and 
together they owned it for a period of over six years. The 
Manter Bros, did not operate the mill personally during their 
entire ownership, but employed Deacon Ephraim Heald a por- 
tion of the time. At length Zebulon re-sold his interest to Asa 
M., who in turn sold, on March 24, 1856, to Hazen Black, an 
experienced miller from Fairfield, Me. Mr. Black had as a 
partner a man by the name of Bray. 

George Cutts, of New Portland, was the next owner of this 
mill, purchasing it of Black and Bray, March 10, 1858. Mr. 
Cutts did not operate the mill himself, but placed it in charge 
of his son-in-law, J. Warren Vaughan, who subsequently, on the 
28th day of September, 1859, purchased a half interest of Mr. 
Cutts. Two days prior to the forenamed date, Samuel R. Allen 
had purchased of Mr. Cutts a half interest in the same property, 
and after a brief ownership, Mr. Vaughan also sold out to Mr. 
Allen. Up to this time the motive power of the mill had been 
a twenty-foot overshot wheel. While in the possession of Mr. 
Allen, the main shaft of the water-wheel broke, and a turbine 
wheel, known as Gould's Patent, was substituted. This wheel, 
being improperly geared, did not work well at first ; but in the 
spring of 1861 it was re-geared by Hazen Black, who purchased 
the property in company with Oliver Stevens. They also added 
a new run of stones for grinding feed, and made other improve- 
ments. In the winter of 1863, George W. Johnson and Albert 
Shaw bought Mr. Black's interest in the mill and Leonard Viles 

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operated it, probably as lessee, for a period of nearly two years.* 
Hiram Oliver, the present owner, purchased Mr. Stevens's inter- 
est Nov. 14, 1865, and some twenty years later the other half, 
which had been severally owned by Albert Shaw, Eli N. Oliver, 
and James M. Norton. 

About the same time or soon after Captain West built his 
mills, Elisha Lumbert built a saw-mill on a small stream which 
flowed through the western part of the New Vineyard Gore. In 
the lower part of this mill were the requisite conveniences for 
grinding corn and wheat. The flour was separated from the 
bran, after the wheat was ground, by passing it through a bolt 
turned by hand power. These mills were afterwards owned by 
Levi Y. Lumbert, and still later by Nathan Cutler. They were 
carried away by a freshet about 1830 and were rebuilt by Mr. 
Cutler and sons. After a few years the patronage began to 
change from these to other mills, and they were torn down 
prior to 1850. 

Rufus Davis, a son-in-law of Joseph Smith, built a grist and 
saw-mill at the outlet of Clear Water Pond in i8o4.t He be- 
gan operations by building a dam at the outlet of the pond 
and another across the stream, some rods below the first, on 
which was located his mill. The building contained a saw-mill 
and one run of stones for grinding grain. The motive power 
for this mill was furnished by a huge undershot wheel fully 
fifteen feet in diameter. The late Rev. John Allen once related 
to the author how a man fell into the flume, when this mill was 
running, passed with the water through the wheel and came out 
below safe and sound. { 

♦ It was during this period that a peculiarly sad accident occurred to a son of 
Joseph B. Viles. When the old overshot wheel was replaced by a Gould wheel the 
vertical iron wheel-shaft was extended through the main floor to the loft above. On 
the main floor this shaft had never been covered. One rainy day while Mr. Viles was 
grinding, his grandson came into the mill. In some way his wet sleeve was caught 
by the swiftly revolving shaft and before the wheel could be stopped his arm had been 
torn from his body and other injuries of a serious nature sustained. Physicians were 
summoned at once, but their skill was of no avail and he died July — , 1864, a 
few hours after the accident. 

t Sec AUen^s History of Industry^ p. 21. 

X Mr. Davis likewise built a dwelling-house near his mill, concerning the raising 
of which, Rev. John Allen once wrote the author : " I was present when Rufus 

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James Gower .came to Industry from Farmington about 
1812 and bought Mr. Davis's property. He replaced the 
wooden dam at the outlet of the pond by a substantial stone 
one, and re-built the grist-mill with two sets of stones.* He 
sold his property to Newman T. Allen, June 6, 1822. Mr. Allen 
was a practical millwright, and after successfully operating the 
mill for nearly three years, sold to his brother, Benjamin Allen. 
This gentleman operated the mill for a long term of years, re- 
ceiving a liberal patronage not only from the inhabitants of 
Industry, but likewise from those of Farmington and New 
Sharon. Forming a co-partnership with his brother, of whom 
he bought the property, the mill was thoroughly repaired and 
buhr-stones added. After the death of his brother, Captain 
Newman T. Allen, Benjamin continued to operate the grist-mill 
until he sold out and moved to New Sharon, in the spring of 
1864. Amos S. Hinkley eventually became the owner of this 
mill, and sold it with his other property to Holman Johnson & 
Sons, of Wayne. About 1872 the machinery was taken out 
of the mill and a portion carried to Wayne. 

Capt. John Thompson built a saw-mill in i8o5„t which also 

Davis had a small one-story dwelling-house raised by only himself and my father. 
When they raised the broadsides my brother Harrison and I (then small boys) each 
held the foot of a post with bars. A hard lift they had, but as both were strong men, 
the frame went up." 

* Rev. John Allen. 

Says Truman A. Allen : "A saw-mill was built at an early day half-way between 
the grist-mill and the road. This mill was burned, for I have seen the charred timbers 
at times when the waters of the mill-pond were drawn off." The writer is of the 
opinion that the mill here referred to was the old Rufus Davis saw and grist-mill, and 
that the one above mentioned was built to replace it. 

Charles Augustus Allen (born 1830), son of Capt. Newman T. Allen, takes 
exceptions to the foregoing statement of Truman A. Allen (born 1810), and most 
emphatically declares it to be incorrect. Charles A. positively states that there never 
was a mill between the grist-mill owned for many years by his father and uncle 
(Benjamin) and the road, but that there are traces of an old dam bU<yiu the grist- 
mill. In correspondence with Truman A. Allen relative to this matter, the writer 
prepared a diagram of the mills and dams as they now exist and sent it to Mr. Allen, 
requesting him to locate thereon the burned mill. This he did very readily, and 
described all the surroundings so clearly and minutely as to leave little chance for 
doubt as to the correctness of his recollections. 

t Allen's History of Industry, 

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contained a run of stones for grinding grain. This mill was 
situated near the Stark line on a small stream that flowed 
through lot No. 53, where Captain Thompson had previously 
settled. By flowing a large meadow lying in a westerly direc- 
tion from the mill, an abundant supply of water was obtained. 
For a time this mill was fairly patronized, and it was here that 
much of the lumber for the first meeting-house erected in town 
was sawed ; but it eventually fell into disuse and has long since 
been demolished. A saw-mill was erected at Allen's Mills on 
the site of the one now (1892) owned by John P. Rackliff, 
probably in 1820 or earlier. The exact date of its erection, as 
well as the name of its builders, is shrouded with a degree of 
uncertainty, notwithstanding the most diligent research of the 
writer. In a letter to the author, Truman A. Allen, of Vine- 
yard Haven, Mass., says : " Possibly James Gower and Rufus 
Allen built the saw-mill below the grist-mill. It was run a 
year or more by strangers at my earliest recollection. After- 
wards James Gower's sons ran it for a time, and then Rufus 
Allen took it. He ran it long enough to saw off" one of his 
fingers, and later he fell out the lower end of the mill. His 
fall was somewhat broken by a pile of slabs, from which he 
rolled down on to the rocks below and into the water. This 
fall put an end to his sawing logs, for he received such a shak- 
ing up that he never fully recovered from the shock."* Benja- 
min and Newman T. Allen eventually became sole owners of 
the mill, and by them it was re-built about 1837. Later it was 
repaired by Newman T. Allen, who adjusted the saw to run at a 
very high rate of speed. Capt. Newman T. Allen died in the 

♦ Rev. John Allen wrote the author some years prior to his death that "The 
Aliens made some improvements on the grist-mill and built a dam and saw-mill below 
it." If Elder Allen's statement is correct it was probably Rufus Allen and sons who 
built this mill, instead of James Gower and Rufus Allen as suggested by Truman A. 
Allen. Rufus Jennings, who purchased a fulling and carding-mill at Allen's Mills in 
1825, once told the writer that when he came to town James Gower and Rufus Allen 
owned the saw-mill referred to, and that to the best of his recollections it was built by 
them. As Mr. Jennings memory was not very clear on this point the writer is inclined 
to favor Rev. John Allen's statements, he being fifteen years the senior of Truman A. 
Allen and four years older than Mr. Jennings. Beside, the latter was not very 
intimately acquainted with the history of the village prior to 1825. 

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fall of 1855, and in settling his estate his interest in the saw-mill 
fell to his sons, Samuel R. and Charles A. Allen. Oct. 13, 
1859, Samuel R. Allen, having previously purchased his 
brother's interest, sold out to Charles S. Prince, of Industry. 
March 15, 1859, previous to Mr. Prince's purchasing an interest 
in the mill, Tobias C. Walton bought Benjamin Allen's share of 
the property. Mr. Prince sold out to Mr. Walton, after a part- 
nership of nearly four years, and the latter became sole owner 
of the property. A year later he sold to Amos S. Hinkley, 
who had recently moved into town and was manufacturing 
shovel-handles in the old starch-factory. Mr. Hinkley kept the 
mill about four years and sold to Oliver and Bryce H. Waugh, 
of Stark. These gentlemen at once took possession of the 
mill, put it in good order and were well patronized for a time. 
Aug. 29, 1873, Oliver Waugh bought his son's interest and 
continued, the business for a period of over ten years. He was 
not successful, however, in operating the mill alone, and failed 
to retain the generous patronage accorded the father and son.* 
In September, 1875, John P. Rackliff, who had been engaged in 
manufacturing wheel-hubs in Stark, came to Industry and set 
up his machinery in the old tannery at Allen's Mills. After 
making hubs for three years, he engaged in the manufacture of 
packing-boxes for canned sweet-corn, disbursing for labor and 
material between eight and nine hundred dollars the first sea- 
son. He continued the business there until the fall of 1883, 
readily selling all the boxes he could make. He purchased of 
Oliver Waugh the saw-mill previously mentioned, Nov. 8, 1883. 
In March following he purchased and set a forty-horse-power 
Chase turbine wheel to supplement the power furnished by a 
Gould wheel already in the mill. He also bought and set up a 
twenty-five-foot Ricker board-machine, and soon after built a 
box-mill, 24x50 feet, to connect with his saw-mill. The next 
year he added to his already finely equipped mill, one of 

♦ The senior member of this firm, after gaining sole possession of the mill, in 
addition to his custom sawing, associated himself with J. William Patten, and for 
some years manufactured brush-blocks, trunk-cleats and dowels, doing quite a busi- 
ness, especially in the manufacture of the last named article. 

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Ricker's self-feeding box-board machines and also a twenty-four- 
inch planer. In the spring of 1888, he further added to the 
value of his mill by the introduction of an improved upright 
shingle-machine. Mr. Rackliff now has one of the best ap- 
pointed mills to be found in any country town. He saws about 
200 M. of long lumber and 250 M. of shingles per year, sawing 
annually, in addition to this, some fifty cords of white birch 
into spool stock. In the fall of 1891 he manufactured at his 
shop 17,000 boxes and crates for canned corn and apple. The 
present season (1892) he has bought 1 18 cords of poplar, and 
anticipates a busy time the coming fall. He pays the farmers 
$3.50 per cord for poplar delivered at his mill. 

In the summer of 1825 or 1826,* Esquire Peter West, hav- 
ing previously disposed of the mill built by his father, erected, 
a saw-mill about seventy-five rods below the grist-mill at West's 
Mills. His brother-in-law, Henry Manter, was an equal partner 
with him in this enterprise. The mill was afterwards owned by 
numerous individuals, several of whom purchased only an 
eighth interest. A blacksmith by the name of Freeman at one 
time leased the mill and set up a forge and trip-hammer in it, 
for the manufacture of axes. Owing to financial difficulties he 
suspended business after a short time and soon left town. 
Esquire West retained his interest in the mill up to near the 
time of his death. In the process of time the mill became the 
property of Col. Benjamin Luce, and was carried away by a 
freshet in 1847.! 

Nathaniel M. Davis built a clover-mill in 1837, on the 
farm which he inherited from his father, Capt. David Davis. 
Col. Joseph Fairbanks, having purchased the mill privilege at 
what is now Fairbanks Mills, in Farmington, erected a grist- 
mill in 1807, and soon after purchased the right to flow a small 
pond on the Gore and constructed a dam at its outlet. Mr. 
Davis purchased this right of flowage to furnish the required 
power for his clover-mill. He greatly improved his property 
by building a stone dam in place of the wooden one, as well as 

♦Authority of George, son of Henry Manter. 

t Authority of Mrs. John H. Viles, daughter of Col. Peter A. West. 

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v / 


by other improvements. Mr. Davis lost his life in this mill, 
Oct. 9, 1843.* Soon after this the mill, with the farm and 
other property, was purchased by Alexander Hillman. The 
mill was carried off by a freshet in 1850, and Mr. Hillman soon 
after built a saw-mill on the same site, which was for many 
years in successful operation. f 

In the fall of 1844 William Cornforth, Albert and Daniel 
Shaw, Jr., J having torn down the old mill built by Esq. Daniel 
Shaw in 1820, began laying the foundation for a new mill. 
The stone work was done in a most thorough and substantial 
manner, and though it has been standing more than forty-seven 
years, is to all appearances as solid as on the day of its com- 
pletion. During the summer of 1845 the mill was built and 
^ut in operation, and for many years it received a large patron- 
age. Albert Shaw bought his brother's share, after the mill 
had been built some years, and ever after owned a half interest 
in the property. William Cornforth, Sr., sold his half of the 
mill to his son Bateman, April 28, 1858. The mill was not 

* A singular circumstance in relation to the finding of Mr. Davis's body, as well 
as the facts concerning his death, seem worthy of record in these pages : Below the 
main floor of the mill was a horizontal shaft with a crank at one end. Just previous 
to Mr. Davis's death workmen had repaired the mill, and in keying the sweep to this 
crank had allowed the head of the key to project a considerable distance. The bear- 
ings of the shaft sometimes became unduly heated when the mill was in operation 
and required constant watching. On the day of his death the mill was in charge of 
an employee and it is supposed that Mr. Davis went below to examine the bearings 
of the shaft as was his custom. In the darkness he failed to see the projecting key 
on the rapidly moving sweep, and in reaching for the journal was struck on the bead 
and killed. That night as soon as he was missed search was made, but no one 
seemed to know in what direction to look for the missing man. After a fruitless 
search, the neighbors returned home for a little rest, agreeing to meet on the morrow 
and continue the search. On re-assembling in the morning, Capt. Clifford B. Norton 
in discussing the matter, casually remarked that last night he had dreamed where the 
body of Mr. Davis lay, and then added, " to dispel the illusion and prove the fallacy 
of dreams, I am going to that spot." Imagine the surprise of Captain Norton when, 
on reaching the dark basement of the mill and putting his hand where he had 
dreamed the body lay, to find his dream veritable reality. 

t This mill, which had not l)een used for several years, was taken down April 25, 
1 89 1, and the timber used for other purposes. 

X Albert and Daniel Shaw, Jr., came into possession of a half interest in this 
property by a deed from their father bearing date June 17, 1834. 

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usually operated by the owners, but was leased to parties 
skilled in the business. 

David Hatch bought Cornforth's interest in the mill March 
1 6, 1866. When the mill came into Mr. Hatch's possession 
extensive repairs were in progress, and the next fall a machine 
was purchased and shingle-sawing was added to the business of 
the mill. Mr. Hatch continued to operate the mill in company 
with Albert Shaw until the summer of 1868, when he sold out 
to John E.Johnson. Samuel R. Allen purchased the prop- 
erty immediately after it came into Johnson's possession, and 
during the summer and fall rebuilt the flume and undergear of 
the mill in a most thorough and substantial manner. He sold, 
Aug. 5, 1870, to Eli N. Oliver, a practical millwright, who had 
recently moved into town from Stark. Nov. 6, 1870, Mr. Oliver 
purchased the other half of the property of the heirs of Albert 
Shaw, and thus became sole owner of the mill. Two years 
later Thomas M. Oliver bought the mill, and it was operated 
for many years by his brother-in-law, John W. Frederic. The 
mill was purchased in the fall of 1884 by Eugene L. Smith and 
George F. Lovejoy, its present owners. These gentlemen made 
some repairs on their property in the spring, and the following 
autumn they purchased and set up one of Harvey Scribner's 
upright shingle-machines, which they had in operation by the 
middle of November, 1885. Having secured a contract for 
spool stock, Messrs. Smith & Lovejoy began to buy white birch 
for its manufacture early in the winter of 1889, and during the 
season purchased upward of 100 cords. Purchasing the neces- 
sary machinery, they have continued to make this a branch of 
their business down to the present time. They purchased and 
seta powerful Gould water-wheel in the fall of 1889, and in 
the spring of 1890 they added to their mill one of Ricker's 
rotary board-machines, having previously rebuilt the entire 
running gear in a most thorough and substantial manner. They 
now saw about 100 M. of long lumber and 125 M. shingles, 
beside a large quantity of white birch and poplar each season. 
Recently they have done something in the line of sawing staves 
and bobbin stock. 

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Without doubt the first shingle-machine brought into the 
town was set up in the saw-mill at Allen's Mills in 1843, ^i^d 
operated by Capt. Newman T. Allen. Then such a machine 
was a great curiosity and its productions one of the novelties 
of the day. 

In the summer of 1848 John W. Frederic and Samuel D. 
Luce rebuilt the dam of the saw-mill, built by Esquire West 
and Henry Manter (see p. 175), and having constructed a suit- 
able building for a shingle-mill, purchased in Augusta, Me., a 
Johnson Machine which they immediately set up in the building. 
This was the first shingle-machine ever operated at West's Mills. 
After passing through numerous hands it at length became the 
property of David Merry. The mill and a larger part of the 
dam were carried off in a freshet in the fall of 1855.* The mill 
was rebuilt about 1858 by David Merry and John W. Frederic. 
John Smith succeeded Mr. Merry as owner of the mill. After 
operating it a few years, the flume and a portion of the dam 
was carried off by a freshet in the fall of 1866. He then sold 
the machinery to Albert Shaw and David Hatch, and it was set 
up in the saw-mill where it was successfully operated for a 
number of years. It was supplanted by a greatly improved 
machine in the fall of 1885. 

John Brown, 2d, and Isaac Daggett purchased a shingle- 
machine of Carpenter Winslow, Nov. 5, 1847, which they set 
up on a small stream just south of the John T. Daggett farm 
in the north part of the town. In consequence of the limited 
supply of water, this mill could be operated only during the 
early spring and after the fall rains. Not finding the enter- 
prise a profitable one, the machinery was moved elsewhere after 
a few years. 


In the home of the early settler in Industry many kinds of 
work were done with which the housewife of the present day is 

♦This freshet, which occurred Oct. 13, 1855, had not, it was said, been equalled 
for fifty years. The " long bridge " at West's Mills was swept away, as well as the 
shingle-mill and much other property along the course of the stream. 

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wholly unacquainted. Then every farmer kept at least a few 
sheep and sowed a piece of flax, and from these sources the 
wearing apparel of the family was derived. Then the carding, 
spinning, weaving, dyeing, cutting and making were all done by 
the skillful hand of the industrious wife and mother. As the 
people began to emerge from the poverty and want incident to 
every new settlement, a gradual change dawned on the inhabi- 
tants. Vast tracts of forest had gradually yielded to the 
sturdy strokes of the settler's axe, and the land been converted 
into grass-bearing fields. As a matter of course, more hay was 
cut, and more neat stock and larger flocks of sheep could be 
kept. The increase in the amount of wool now produced ne- 
cessitated the introduction of a carding-machine and the estab- 
lishing of a mill for fulling, dyeing and dressing cloth. James 
Gower built a fulling-mill about 1818 at the outlet of Clear 
Water Pond, just below his grist-mill and nearly opposite where 
John P. Rackliff's saw-mill now (1892) stands. The writer 
regrets that he has been unable to fix the date of its erection 
more definitely. It was undoubtedly operated by Samuel 
Gower, a younger brother of James, who had previously 
learned the business. Dec. 25, 1820, James Gower sold his 
fulling-mill to Samuel Pierce, of Malta, now (1892) Windsor, 
Maine. This mill either contained a carding-machine when 
Mr. Pierce bought it, or else one was set up soon after the 
property came into his possession. The building, together with 
lot No. 84, comprising the farm now occupied by D. Collins 
Luce, was purchased, Jan. 23, 1824, by Rufus Jennings, of 
Farmington, Pierce, who was a skillful clothier, reserving all the 
machinery. Mr. Jennings refitted the mill with new machinery 
and after an ownership of two years sold the fulling-mill to 
Eben Willard, of New Portland, but reserved the carding- 
machine and the room it occupied. Mr. Willard resold to 
Jennings, Aug. 9, 1830, who afterwards conducted the whole 
business. He had a large patronage and two sets of cards 
were run night and day during the busiest part of the season, 
and the fulling-mill was frequently operated six months in the 
year. Samuel Gower was a clothier, and Mr. Jennings often 

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employed him to take charge of his fulling-mill. Cyprian Bis- 
bee operated the mill several years prior to 1836, and it may 
have been operated by John Folsom and others at different 

William Cornforth, a clothier by trade, erected a building, 
connected with Esq. West's grist-mill, in 1818, in which to full, 
dye and dress cloth. The necessary motive power was obtained 
from the water-wheel of the grist-mill. He also set up a card- 
ing-machine, and wool-carding became an important branch of 
his business. He purchased the grist-mill in the winter of 
1835, 2tnd immediately rebuilt it with spacious apartments for 
his carding-machine and dye works.* He operated his mill 
some nine years after rebuilding, and then sold his fulling-mill, 
June 6, 1844, to his son, George Cornforth, and at the same 
time leased him the carding-machine for a term of years. 
George Cornforth operated the mill a few years and then 
• abandoned the business, and the mill was eventually converted 
to other uses. 

Benjamin and Newman T. Allen, in company with Henry 
Titcomb, Joseph and Eben Norton of Farmington, built a 
starch-factory just below the grist-mill at Allen's Mills, about 
1845. Each of these gentlemen, excepting Joseph and Eben 
Norton, owned one-fourth interest in the property. About the 
time the factory was ready for business the potato rot made its 
appearance in Industry, and many who had planted potatoes 
for the factory lost their entire crop. Joseph, Jr., and Obed 
N. Collins, planted five acres for Messrs. Allen & Co., and 
barely harvested sound potatoes • enough for seed. But not- 
withstanding this unfavorable turn of affairs, the Company 
subsequently engaged in the manufacture of starch, to some 
extent, for six or seven years, sometimes purchasing as many 
as 4000 bushels of potatoes in a single season. 

♦ Mr. Cornforth's fulling-mill, a large building, was carried away by an ice freshet 
in the month of February, 1837. Inuring a warm rain the ice on the brook broke up 
and formed an immense jam on the flat just outside the village. This jam broke, and 
the waters swept down upon the village with resistless force, causing great loss to 
mill owners. 

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Enjjr;ivcd by (?ko. E. Johnson, Boston. 
Kroin ii photograph l>y Merrill of Farmiiigton, Me. 

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At least one door-stone in Industry possesses rare historical 
interest, and fifty years hence its value will be greatly en- 
hanced, as showing the difference between the primitive imple- 
ments of the early settlers and the labor-saving machinery of 
the present day. 

In 1818 Deacon Ira Emery, a tanner and shoemaker by 
trade, came to Industry and bought of Esquire Peter West the 
house and land near West's Mills, recently occupied by Sidney 
Watson. Soon after his arrival in town he built a bark-mill,* 
where he tanned leather for his own and other's use. This mill 
stood a short distance west of the house, in a low run where an 
abundant supply of water could be had. In this mill were 
some six or eight vats in which the hides were submitted to the 
influence of the tanning liquid. The process was slow and 
tedious, requiring from six to twelve months to complete it. In 
those days cold liquor was invariably used, and years later, 
when the hot-liquor process was first introduced, it was re- 
garded with much disfavor, and tanners who had practiced the 
former process all their lives were slow in adopting what 
seemed to them an uncalled for innovation upon their estab- 
lished method of tanning. The bark used was ground, not in 
the patent mill of the present day, which evenly and rapidly 
reduces it to the required degree of fineness, but by the aid of 
a large circular stone made fast to a shaft passing through its 
centre. One end of this shaft was attached to a post set in the 
ground, while by the other end the stone was rolled around and 
over the bark, which it crushed by reason of its great weight. 
For this purpose the bark was laid in a circle in the rut or 
track of the heavy crusher. This stone, with traces of the old 
tan-vats, are the only mementos left by Father Time of the first 
tannery erected in Industry. The stone now serves as a door- 

♦ Capt. John Mason, writing from Fairfax County, Va., under date of Oct. 25, 
1883, says: "The stone from which the bark-crusher was made originally lay in the 
bottom of Capt. West's mill-pond. It was hauled out by Esquire Daniel Shaw, 
drilled and rounded by Oilman Hilton, an<l set up by Samuel Pinkham and myself." 
The planks for the vats were purchased of Major PVancis Mayhew, of New Sharon, 
and were hauled to Industry by Samuel Patterson, who then lived on Bannock Hill. 


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step for the dwelling on the premises. When converted to its 
present use, a portion of it was broken off that it might better 
fit the position it was to occupy. Otherwise it is in as good a 
state of preservation as in the days of yore, when it ground the 
bark for tanning a large portion of the leather used in Industry. 
By actual measurement this stone is five feet in diameter and 
nearly seven inches thick. Its past history is here given, but 
who can predict its future? Half a century hence, when noth- 
ing remains of the structure of which it now forms a part save 
the stones of its foundation, will some gray-haired patriarch 
point it out as an important part of the first tannery estab- 
lished in town? Or, will this important relict be desecrated by 
the hand of the ruthless destroyer, thus plunging into oblivion 
one more mute chronicler of past events? 

Henry Butler probably erected the first and only tannery 
ever built in that section of New Vineyard annexed to Industry 
in 1844. Mr. Butler settled in New Vineyard in 1795, but the 
date of erecting his tannery can not be learned. The tan-vats 
were located on a small stream flowing through the farm now 
(1892) owned by John C. Pratt, and traces of them are still 

David H. Harris, from Greene, Me., settled at the centre 
of the town, and constructed several tan-vats near where the 
meeting-house stands, simultaneously or shortly after the erec- 
tion of Deacon Emery's tannery at West's Mills. Mr. Harris 
was a tanner and shoemaker by trade, and died in 1824, after 
living in town a few years. 

Cornelius Davis, who came from Martha's Vineyard in 18 10 
and settled on ** Federal Row," was also a shoemaker and tan- 
ner. He did something at tanning, but as to the extent of his 
business the writer has not been able to learn anything definite. 

Soon after coming to Industry, Rufus Jennings built a bark- 
mill and constructed some half-dozen tan-vats for tanning leather 
for his own manufacture.* He afterwards enlarged his tannery 

* Mr. Jennings also owned and operated a clover-mill in connection with his 
tannery and other business, but nothing is known as to the amount of patronage he 

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and did much tanning for the people of the surrounding country. 
This mill had a patent cast-iron grinder, and was undoubtedly 
the first of the kind ever seen in town. Charles L. Allen,* in 
company with his brothers, Benjamin and Newman T. Allen, 
erected a tannery, soon after Mr. Jennings's, which they operated 
simultaneously with his as a rival for the public patronage. It 
had been idle, however, for some years prior to the breaking 
out of the War of the Rebellion. October 2, i860, Sylvanus B. 
Philbrick, a tanner by trade, came to Industry, purchased the 
property and re-established the business of tanning in town. 
He continued the business with a good degree of success until 
December 10, 1873, when he sold out to Deacon Joseph P. 
Thwing, of Farmington, and the establishment was soon after 

Dudley L. Thing built a bark-mill near the east end of the 
**long bridge" at West's Mills, in 1838. He conducted the 
business of tanning for eight or ten years, using the Col. Peter 
A. West store for a currying room until his brother, Jesse 
Thing, purchased a stock of goods, and there established him- 
self in trade. 


In the fall of 1862 or early in the winter of 1863, Amos S. 
Hinkley moved into town and settled at Allen's Mills, rented 
the starch-factory, and began to manufacture shovel-handles. 
This new enterprise greatly favored the farmers of Industry, as 
nearly every one had some of the white ash, from which the 
handles were made, growing on his farm, and cutting the timber 

* This gentleman did not remain long in partnership with his brothers, but sold 
out to them after three or four years. Messrs. Allen had some twenty vats in their 
tannery, and devoted their time principally to tanning sole-leather, which they shipped 
to Boston. Sometimes, however, they tanned upper leather, which they hired an 
experienced currier to hnish. They eventually bought out, thereby adding his pat- 
ronage to their own. 

t Mr. Philbrick was a native of Chesterville, where he worked at his trade up to 
1857, but came to Industry from Canton, Me. He did not become sole owner of the 
tannery until May 7, 1861, when he purchased the remaining half of Gen. Nathan 
Goodridge, guardian of the minor child of Capt. Newman T. Allen. 

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and working it into blocks afforded employment at a season 
when little else could be done. This new industry opened up 
an avenue whereby hundreds of dollars were eventually added 
to the income of the fortunate land-owners in this town and its 
vicinity. Although this factory was supplied with machinery of 
the most primitive kind, Mr. Hinkley was able to finish looo 
dozen handles per month. He purchased of several share- 
holders their interest in the property in the fall of 1863, and 
afterward of others in the following years until he became sole 
owner of the property. He continued to do a prosperous 
business until the autumn of 1869, when he sold to Holman 
Johnson & Sons, of Wayne. These gentlemen had been en- 
gaged in the business for years, and controlled the patents on 
an improved lathe and other important machinery. The fac- 
tory was entirely refitted and furnished with the latest and best 
machinery, and the business greatly enlarged.* Their lathe, 
which was capable of performing a great amount of work, was 
often run day and night in order to supply the demand for 
handles. After the death of Holman Johnson the business at 
Allen's Mills passed into the hands of William H. Johnson, 
under whose superintendency it had previously been. The 
factory gave employment to from eight to fifteen hands the 
year around, and one year 33,000 dozen handles were finished. 
Ash at length became scarce, and the factory was taken down 
in the summer of 1883. The manufacture of the D handle 
was superseded by that of a patent handle, the invention of 
the proprietor, William H. Johnson. For the manufacture of 
these Mr. Johnson rebuilt the old grist-mill, in the summer 
of 1 88 1, and fitted it up with the necessary machinery, much 
of which was of his own invention. He made as many as three 
hundred dozen per week when running his factory to its fullest 

♦ The new machinery, which largely increased the capacity of the factory, was 
regarded with much interest and curiosity by the citizens of that locality. The latter 
turned a handle complete by a single movement of the operator's hand after the 
block had been placed in the machine. The D i)art of the handle had been punched 
in Mr. Hinkley's factory by a die-press worked by hand power. Messrs. Johnson did 
this work with a machine the capacity of which was only limited by the dexterity of 
the operator. 

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capacity. Though possessing greater durability than its older 
rival, and other important advantages, the cost of manufacture 
was so large that it did not prove a remunerative enterprise to 
its inventor, and their manufacture was suspended in 1891.* 
Mr. Johnson was also engaged in the manufacture of the D 
handle, at Auburn, Me., in company with Columbus Marshall, 
of .Anson, prior to leaving Industry. 

Hiram Oliver, who had for several years occupied the Wil- 
liam Cornforth fulling-mill building as a carpenter shop, began 
taking it down early in the summer of 1868, and also made 
preparations for erecting a larger and more convenient shop. 
By the following winter he had finished the building and like- 
wise constructed the necessary machinery required for the 
manufacture of rakes. Taking Gustavus W. Spinney, of Stark, 
into partnership, they manufactured during the winter fully one 
hundred dozen rakes. Owing to the great cost of suitable lum- 
ber and the competition of other manufacturers, the enterprise 
did not prove sufficiently remunerative to warrant its continu- 

Mr. Oliver next engaged in the manufacture of drag-rakes, 
for several years, with more satisfactory returns. After this he 
fitted up his shop with machinery for wood-working, and has 
since done a good business in the general jobbing line.t 


Late in the summer of 1871, Lauriston A. Smith and 
Joseph L. Coughlin, two enterprising young men from New 
Vineyard, conceived the idea of erecting a factory for the 
manufacture of spools and staves in some convenient location 
in the town of Industry. Having thoroughly explored the 

* Immediately on shutting down at the Allen's Mills factory, the machinery was 
taken out and shipped to Veedersburgh, P^ountain County, Indiana, where he is still 
engaged in the business. 

tOn first coming to Industry, Mr. Oliver invented a washing-machine that 
proved a decided success. Backed by abundant capital and business ability, it 
might have become a paying invention. As it was, Mr. Oliver manufactured them 
alone, hence they were only known to the people of a limited locality. 

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timber lands which would furnish the desired supply of ma- 
terial, and finding it abundant the enterprise became a fixed 
fact. Philip A. Storer generously offered these gentlemen a 
free lease of sufficient land for a site and yard for their pro- 
posed mill. The offer was accepted and the lot selected near 
Mr. Storer's dwelling-house, but on the opposite side of the 
road. The first stick of timber for the frame of the building 
was cut in September, and so expeditiously was the work 
pushed that by the time cold weather had fully set in the 
building was completed and ready for the machinery.^ The 
motive power was furnished by a stationary engine of thirty 
horse-power.* In January, 1872, the first stick of lumber 
was sawed, and during that winter nearly 400 cords of white 
birch and poplar were bought and sawed into spool timber and 
staves. During the summer of 1872 they put in two complete 
sets of spool machinery and finished their first spool in Aug- 
ust of that year. For the year ending August, 1874, Messrs. 
Smith & Coughlin finished at their factory, on an average, 150 
gross of spools per day. They also manufactured 150 thou- 
sand staves in addition to their spool business. In the fall of 
1874 Mr. Smith sold out to his partner and retired from the 
business. After this Mr. Coughlin continued the business alone 
till near the close of the year 1875, when the factory was de- 
stroyed by fire. The fire was discovered at about 12 o'clock 
on the night of Wednesday, December 8th. Owing to the 
highly combustible character of the factory and its contents, 
nothing was saved from the flames. The cause of the fire was 
unknown, but is supposed to have originated from a defective 
stove in the finishing room. 


In December, 1871, Eli N., Hiram and Alexander Oliver, 
broke ground for the foundation of a steam box-factory. The 
site chosen for the building was a few rods north of the brick 

* This engine was regarded as quite a curiosity among machinists, from the fact 
that it had a forty-two-inch stroke. 

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school-house at West's Mills. Great enthusiasm was manifested 
by the citizens, and many contributed labor in aid of the enter- 
prise. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the season, the 
excavating for the basement was vigorously prosecuted, and in 
due time the stone foundation was completed ready for the 
frame. Previous to this the frame had been sawed at the saw- 
mill, and in an incredibly short time the frame was up and the 
building was boarded. The structure was 30x60 feet, one 
story in height, with a basement for engine-room, etc. By the 
middle of March everything was in readiness for the machinery. 
At that time the snow was very deep in the roads, and the 
moving of the heavy fly-wheel and other parts of the engine 
from the depot at Farmington seemed to present almost insur- 
mountable difficulties. By skill and perseverance, however, the 
task was at last accomplished, and before the middle of April 
the engine was in complete running order. This engine was a 
portable one of forty-five horse-power. The fly-wheel was 
over eight feet in diameter and weighed two tons. The main 
belt contained eleven sides of heavy sole-leather, and the shaft- 
ing and pulleys weighed several tons in the aggregate. The 
factory contained three saws for cutting the lumber into box- 
boards, besides a large circular bolting saw, planer, and two 
full sets of saws for cutting the planed boards into boxes. A 
shed nearly one hundred feet long was erected to protect the 
sawed lumber from the weather while in the process of season- 
ing. This shed connected with the factory by means of a 
wooden track, over which the sawed lumber was conveyed on 
hand-cars. When in full operation the factory gave employ- 
ment to twelve or fourteen hands, and the largest amount of 
poplar bought in any one season was nine hundred cords. The 
factory was operated by its builders until May 12, 1874, when 
they sold out to David M. Norton, who, in connection with his 
brothers, James M. and Alonzo Norton, continued the business 
until the factory was burned, Oct. 9, 1878. After Joseph L. 
Coughlin's spool-factory was burned, in 1875, Hiram Oliver 
bought the castings of the spool machinery, and during the 
following winter rebuilt the lathes and set them up in a room 

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in the basement of the box-factory. Here they were success- 
fully operated for a period of over two years. The destruction 
of this factory by fire was a great loss to the community, as 
well as to the owners, for its existence had created a demand, 
at remunerative prices, for poplar and birch, which grew in 
abundance in many parts of the town. 

rackliff's chair-factory. 

Ezekiel Rackliff moved from Stark to Industry in Novem- 
ber, 1874, and settled at Allen's Mills. He purchased the old 
grist-mill building and water-privilege, moved his chair machin- 
ery from Stark, and continued the manufacture of common 
wooden or dining-chairs. At the end of two years, failing 
health forced him to abandon work, and the business passed 
into the hands of his sons, William H. and Caleb A. Rackliff, 
who carried it on for some years. They eventually sold out to 
William H. Johnson, of whom the water-power and building 
had been purchased. 


In September, 1886, a company of five gentlemen, consist- 
ing of Eugene L. Smith, George F. Lovejoy, Marshall W. 
Smith, John W. Frederic and Samuel Rackliff, formed a co- 
partnership for the purpose of erecting a steam saw-mill in 
Industry. The site selected was on the land of Thomas M. 
Oliver, about two miles and a half in a northerly direction 
from the village of West's Mills. The building erected was 
20 X 30 feet, with basement and engine-house. A portable 
engine of twenty-five horse-power was purchased, and on the 
27th day of October was safely landed at its destination, hav- 
ing been three days on the road from Farmington depot. 
By the middle of November the engine was in running order, 
and by December 5th they had a shingle-machine set up and 
ready for business. During that fall and the succeeding winter 
their custom sawing amounted to between 800 and 900 thou- 
sand of shingles. They also bought a quantity of poplar, which 

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was manufactured into boxes, beside sawing a large amount of 
white birch spool-stock. After a year or two, Samuel C. Rand 
became associated with the firm under the name of the Industry 
Lumber Co., and in the succeeding two years they bought and 
manufactured fifteen hundred cords of poplar, in addition to a 
considerable quantity of white birch spool-stock. Their spe- 
cialty being packing boxes for scythes and canned sweet corn, 
together with boxes for dairy salt. 

On the completion of the coat-shop over Harrison Daggett's 
store, Franklin Brackett associated himself with Mr. Daggett, 
under the firm name of Franklin Brackett & Co:, and began the 
manufacture of sale coats. They started their first machines 
Oct. 31, 1889, increasing gradually until by March, 1890, they 
had eleven machines in operation and finished 200 coats per 
week. As the spring advanced, work became scarce, and busi- 
ness was suspended at the expiration of eight months. During 
the time the shop was in operation, from $1000 to $1500 worth 
of coats were finished. 


The first blacksmith to come to Industry was undoubtedly 
Jonathan Goodridge, who located at the centre af the town on 
the farm now (1892) owned by his grandson, Alvarez N. Good- 
ridge. Soon after this, Gilman Hilton settled at West's Mills, 
and had a shop just north of the village on what is now known 
as the steam-mill lot. Mr. Hilton was a good workman, but 
intemperate in his habits. His son, Jeremiah Hilton, learned 
the father's trade and also worked at West's Mills. He was 
a skillful workman and very ingenious, but like the father, 
a love of strong drink was his besetting sin. His shop was 
located on the flat just west of the village, and was a rude 
affair, made by setting four posts in the ground and nailing the 
boards to them. 

John Trafton came to town about 181 5, and settled on a lot 
opposite where the Centre Meeting-House now stands. He 
built a shop, and divided his time alternately between black- 
smithing and farming. Francis Meader, 2d, learned the trade 


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of Mr. Trafton, and located at Allen's Mills, where he worked 
for many years. 

Elder Elias Bryant, a local Methodist preacher, came to 
West's Mills and worked at blacksmithing in a shop which was 
afterwards purchased by Thomas Cutts and son, who came to 
West's Mills in 1829. But no clue can be found as to the date 
of his settling in town or how long he remained. It is not cer- 
tain that Thomas Cutts and his son were the immediate suc- 
cessors of Elder Bryant, though there is nothing to show to the 
contrary excepting the fact that they purchased the shop of 
Samuel Patterson. It stood on the site of Joseph Eveleth's 
stable, but was afterwards moved across the road, and was oc- 
cupied at a later date by Alvin Greenleaf as a cabinet and 
carriage shop. The two-story shop now occupied by J. Warren 
Smith was built by James Cutts, in the summer of 1840. Con- 
cerning his labors in Industry he says : " We had some rivals 
in business. Oilman Hilton was a blacksmith and an old settler 
there. He worked in an old shop nearly opposite the Corn- 
forth house* and next to the saw-mill lot. Jerry Hilton had a 
little shop at the west end of the * Long bridge,' and a Mr. Riggs 
worked there a while. They did not trouble me much, — the 
Hiltons were very intemperate men. I attended to my business 
and always had something to do." After gaining a comfortable 
competence at his trade, James Cutts sold his shop and devoted 
his time to farming, wool-buying and stock-raising. 

Holmes Bruce, from Stark, worked in a shop owned by 
Esquire Peter West, in 1838, and perhaps earlier. His son, 
Silas Bruce, was also a blacksmith, and worked at his trade in 
Industry. Among others who worked at blacksmithing in In- 
dustry was William C. Will. He came to town near the close 
of 1844, settled on the farm now owned by John A. Seavy, 
and worked in a small shop on the premises. After three or 
four years he closed his shop and left town. Andrew Ken- 
nedy, Jr., and Simeon P. Keith, worked at West's Mills prior to 
the War of the Rebellion, and subsequently for several years, 

*This house is now (1892) occupied by Richard Caswell. 

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John Spinney, who learned his trade of Major James Cutts. 
John W. Frederic has likewise worked at this trade for many 
years at West's Mills. Near the close of the war, J. War- 
ren Smith bought the Major Cutts shop, hired Steven Bennett, 
and subsequently Norris Savage, of whom he gained a practical 
knowledge of the business, which he has successfully followed 
up to the present time. John Calvin Oliver, a skillful workman, 
pursued his trade in a shop about half a mile west of Withee's 
Corner, and received a generous patronage up to the time of 
his death. J. Frank Hutchins worked at blacksmithing at 
Allen's Mills for some years, and then moved to Strong. He 
was succeeded by Alonzo O. Rackliff, who still follows the 

In 1828 a cooper, by the name of Joshua S. Wingate, came 
to West's Mills and worked in near where James M. Norton's 
stables stand. He was a young unmarried man, and after living 
in town a few years, moved away in 1832 or soon after that 

Israel Folsom, a shoemaker by trade, worked in a shop 
which stood just west of Charles M. Hilton's grocery store. 
In 1827 he lived in a house which stood to the north of the 
present Methodist parsonage. Many other shoemakers, such 
as Josiah Emery, Isaac Webster, Benjamin Tibbetts, Jesse Luce, 
Daniel Hilton, Samuel D. Luce, Alexander Austin and Charles 
Wright, have plied their trade in town at different dates, and 
some contemporaneously. 

John R. Buker, a harness-maker, from Greene, Andro- 
scoggin County, Maine, came to Industry about 1820, or a little 
later, and worked at his trade in James Davis's store at Davis's 
Corner. His son Orlando, according to the town records, was 
bom in Industry, Jan. 10, 1825, but he had left town prior to 
April I, 1832, as his name does not appear on the tax list of 
that year. His wife was a sister to David H. Harris. 

T. Frank Davis came from New Portland, in the fall of 
1 87 1, and worked at harness-making in an apartment of J. War- 
ren Smith's blacksmith shop, at West's Mills. He was rather 
unsteady in his habits, and remained in town less than a year. 

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Charles M. Hilton, having served an apprenticeship at harness- 
making with John Woodward, of New Portland, and subse- 
quently worked at his trade in Lewiston, began business for 
himself at West's Mills in the spring of 1873. He first located 
in his father's shoe-shop, at the west end of the " Long Bridge," 
where he remained until he formed a co-partnership with 
Richard Caswell in the grocery business. While thus engaged, 
his shop occupied a part of the store. On dissolving, Mr. 
Hilton rented the Butler house and moved his harnesses, stock 
and tools there, where he remained- until the completion of 
his grocery store in the fall of 1880. Since then he has carried 
on both harness-making and the grocery business together. 

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First Store in Town. — Esq. Peter West. — John West. — Johnson & Mitchell. — George 
Cornforth.— Capt. Jeruel Butler.— Charles Butler.— Col. Peter A. West.— Capt. 
Freeman Butler. — John Allen, Jr. — ^Thing & Allen. — ^James Davis. — ^John Ma- 
son. — Moses Tolman, Jr. — Esq. Samuel Shaw. — Israel Folsom. — Col. Benjamin 
Luce. — Christopher Goodridge. — Cyrus N. Hutchins. — Willis & Allen. — Zacha- 
riah Withee. — John W. Dunn. — Supply B. Norton. — Rufus Jennings. — Enoch 
Hinkley. — Amos S. Hinkley. — Isaac Norton. — Warren N. Willis. — Boyden & 
Manter. — Maj. James Cutts. — Franklin & Somerset Mercantile Association. — 
John Willis.— Willis & Clayton.— John and Benjamin N. Willis.— Duley & Nor- 
cross. — James M. and Alonzo Norton. — James M. Norton & Co. — Asa H. 
Patterson. — Caswell & Hilton. — Shaw & Hinkley. — Harrison Daggett, Etc. 

Undoubtedly the first store in Industry was opened and 
kept by Aaron Daggett, who came to this town from New 
Vineyard. He erected his store on lot No. i6, on the Lowell 
Strip, owned by his brother, Peter Daggett, and also built the 
house now (1892) owned and occupied by George Luce. The 
date of his entering trade cannot be learned, but the period of 
his mercantile operations must have been about 181 1.* At 
that early period goods were very dear at Hallowell and Boston, 
and the great expense of transportation added much to the 
cost. These conditions were very unfavorable to the country 
trader, especially in a new settlement like Industry, where the 
people had but little to exchange for goods aside from the 
products of their land. Some bad debts could hardly be 

♦The fact that Mr. Daggett sold his real esUte in New Vineyard Dec. 10, 1810, 
would seera to indicate this. The land sold consisted of the homestead lot No. 1 8, 
in 2d Range, bought of his father and brother Peter, and lot No. 15, in the same 
range, Jonathan Look being the purchaser. 

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avoided, and when all the circumstances are taken into con- 
sideration, it does not seem so very strange to find that after a 
few years Mr. Daggett became involved in debt and was com- 
pelled to clandestinely leave the country. His brother, who 
had been his surety, was drawn to the verge of financial ruin 
by this unsuccessful venture. 

Esquire Peter West was the first merchant at West's Mills. 
Soon after his removal into his new two-story house, in 1812, 
he purchased a small stock of groceries and sold them out at 
his house. A few years later he built a large store, two stories 
high, in which he traded for many years. His son, John West, 
succeeded him in the store and conducted the business for 
several years. He exchanged his store in 1843 with Daniel S. 
Johnson", for a house in Gardiner, Me. Mr. Johnson, in com- 
pany with Isaac S. Mitchell, purchased some goods in addition 
to those bought of Mr. West and traded for a short time. He 
subsequently sold out to a younger brother, Nathan S. John- 
son, who likewise traded in company with Mitchell for a brief 
period. These last named gentlemen were at one time located 
in the Col. Benjamin Luce store. George Cornforth began 
trading in the West store Sept. i, 1847, ^md continued in busi- 
ness until 1853, when he closed out his stock and went to 
Australia to dig for gold. 

Capt. Jeruel Butler built a store at Butler's Corner early in 
the present century, and being a man of means, carried quite a 
heavy stock of goods. He manufactured potash in connection 
with his other business, and frequently went on long foreign 
voyages in command of merchant vessels. 

Charles Butler, a son of Capt. Jeruel, erected a store in 
1817 on the site now (1892) occupied by Charles M. Hilton's 
harness shop and grocery store. After trading here some five 
years, he sold his goods to his brother-in-law. Col. Peter A. 
West. Colonel West continued in trade up to near the time of 
his death, which occurred Feb. 12, 1828. Moses Tolman, Jr., 
took charge of Col. West's store and sold out his stock of 
goods and settled up his business. The store then passed into 
the hands of Capt. Freeman Butler, who had previously been 


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in trade with Albert Dillingham at Farmington Centre Village. 
Capt. Butler traded here until 1834, when he became financially 
embarrassed, and his brother, Edward K. Butler, came to In- 
dustry in 1835, sold ou^ his goods and settled up the business 
as best he could. 

John Allen, Jr., then came to town, rented the store and 
opened for trade with a fine assortment of dry goods and 
groceries. Like all tradesmen of his time, Mr. Allen sold 
liquor. He traded until 1839 with varying success, but, finding 
the business unremunerative, he left town, and his goods 
passed into the hands of his creditors. He went from Indus- 
try to Presque Isle, in Aroostook County, where he engaged in 
farming and eventually acquired a handsome fortitne. 

Jesse Thing, having purchased the store in 1836, devoted it 
to various uses until 1845, when he procured a small stock of 
goods and, in company with his father-in-law. Elder Datus T. 
Allen, began trading. They added largely to their stock in 
trade, its value increasing three-fold from 1845 to 1849. How 
long Elder Allen was in company with Mr. Thing is not defi- 
nitely known. It seems that misfortune followed the occupants 
of this store with an unrelenting hand. Mr. Thing traded until 
1854, when he became encumbered with debts and his property 
passed into the possession of his creditors. A year later the 
store was destroyed by fire, together with several other build- 
ings standing near, including a dwelling-house, stable and a 
building in which potash was manufactured. 

James Davis erected a store at Davis's (now Goodridge's) 
Corner, probably about 1818. There is a degree of uncertainty 
as to the extent of his business, but it is believed he did not 
carry a very extensive stock of goods. Capt. John Mason, of 
Accotink, Fairfax County, Va., writes: ** In 1821 there were 
four stores in Industry, but none were in active business. Esq. 
West's store was in charge of his nephew, Col. Peter A. West, 
and had very little custom. James Davis's store at the centre 
of the town was little more than a post-office, while Capt. 
Jeruel Butler's store at Butler's Corner, was closed entirely."* 

*The fourth store was at West's Mills, owned and occupied by Charles Butler. 

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During that year Mr. Mason built a small store and shoe- 
shop a short distance south of Deacon Emery's and opposite 
the Jonathan Pollard house. He was a single man and made 
his home in the family of Deacon Emery. He traded here 
about two years, dealing principally in groceries, boots and 

Moses Tolman, Jr., came to West's Mills in the spring of 
1826, and erected the store now (1892) occupied as a dwell- 
ing-house by Joseph Eveleth. By the middle of July Mr. Tol- 
man was established in business and continued in trade until 
December, 1827, when he sold out to Esq. Samuel Shaw, who 
came from Tamworth, N. H. Esquire Shaw engaged Asaph 
Boyden to come to Industry as his clerk, and to him was en- 
trusted nearly the entire management of the business. 

Thomas H. Mead, also from New Hampshire, began trad- 
ing in the Shaw store early in the year 1830. He lived first in 
the John Gott house, more recently occupied for many years by 
Richard Fassett, and afterwards in the family of Jacob G. Rem- 
ick. Having a large sum of money stolen, he became dis- 
heartened, gave up his business and left the place in the latter 
part of the year 1833. Israel Folsom was Mr. Mead's succes- 
sor, and although the latter did not leave town till 1833, as 
previously stated, the town records show that Mr. Folsom was 
licensed to retail liquors at his store June 9, 1832. The store 
remained the property of Esquire Shaw until 1836, when he 
sold it to Col. Benjamin Luce. In November of that year Col. 
Luce purchased a stock of goods, re-opened the store and es- 
tablished himself in trade. He had either as a clerk or a part- 
ner for a short time, John W. Dunn,* who had previously been 
in trade at Allen's Mills. Colonel Luce continued in trade 
until his death, which occurred quite suddenly July 14, 1842. 

* There must be an error in the date of Col. Luce's entering trade, which was 
furnished the writer by his daughter, Mrs. Warren Cornforth. John W. Dunn was 
chosen constable and collector of taxes in Industry April 12, 1836. On the second 
day of May following, a special town meeting was called "to choose a collector and 
constable in place of John W. Dunn, who is about to leave town." Consequently it 
must have been in November, iSjjy that Col. Luce opened his store. 

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Just previous to his decease he bought a very extensive stock 
of merchandise, which was sold out by his brother-in-law, 
John West Manter, who had been appointed administrator of 
the estate. Christopher Goodridge came from Rome, Me., 
early in October, 1843, and located in the Col. Luce store at 
West's Mills. His brother-in-law, David Rockwood, acted as 
clerk, and had entire control of the business much of the time. 
Mr. Goodridge remained in town until the spring of 1844, when 
he returned to Rome. The next occupants of this store, as 
nearly as can be learned, were Mitchell & Johnson, of whom 
mention has previously been made. As to who 'succeeded Isaac 
Mitchell and Nathan S. Johnson there seems to be a diversity 
of opinion. One, in particular, whom it seems ought to know, 
is confident that it was Cyrus N. Hutchins.* Another is of 
the opinion that Asaph Boyden and John C. Manter occupied 
the store in the winter of 1846-7, and that Mr. Boyden finished 
off his shop for a store the following summer.^ Much as the 
author regrets his inability to verify either of the above state- 
ments, the matter must remain a question of doubt. John 
West and Peter West Manter, two brothers, were in trade in 
this store a short time between 1 843 and 1 849, but the exact 
date can not be determined. J 

Benjamin N. Willis began trading in this store in the fall of 
1849, or early in the year 1850. At the end of two years he 
took in as a partner E. Norris Allen, son of Elder Datus T. 
Allen, and the business was continued for a year or more under 
the firm name of Willis & Allen. The store was subsequently 
used for a blacksmith shop, tin shop, post-office and dwelling- 
house, until late in the year 1865, when it was again fitted up 
as a store by Thomas P. Patterson, who opened with a well 
selected stock of dry goods and groceries. Early in the spring 
of 1866 he disposed of his stock of goods to R. Oravillc Cald- 

♦ Mrs. Mary C. GilmDre, relict of Nathan S. Johnson, and daughter of Peter 
West Butler. 

t Mrs. John H. Viles, daughter of Col. Peter A. West. . 

J Mrs. Warren Cornforth, a niece of the above-named gentlemen, is of the 
opinion that they were in trade in the winter of 1848-9. 


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well and Joel Hutchins, who came to Industry from Rumford, 
Maine. The business was conducted under the firm name of 
Caldwell & Hutchins for two years, and then sold out to John 
and Benjamin N. Willis, who were trading in the store built by 
the latter, and the business of the two firms merged into one. 

About the time that Moses Tolman, Jr., began trading at 
West's Mills, Zachariah Withee built a store at Withee's Corner, 
where he traded for many years. He also bought ashes and 
manufactured potash, as did nearly every country merchant in 
those days. 

John W. Dunn, whom, it is said, came from Lewiston,* 
erected a two-story building at Allen's Mills, probably in the 
summer of 1833, and finished the first floor as a store. He 
immediately began trading, and early in 1834 took into partner- 
ship Supply B. Norton, to whom he sold a half interest in store 
and goods. Their stock in trade was valued at six hundred 
dollars by the assessors in 1835, though '^s actual value un- 
doubtedly exceeded that amount. They kept an excellent 
assortment of dry goods and groceries, and received a liberal 
patronage. These gentlemen remained in partnership only a 
few months. Mr. Dunn then sold his entire interest to Mr. 
Norton, who thenceforth conducted the business alone. He 
remained in trade and also made potash until he sold out to 
Rufus Jennings, April 10, 1841. Mr. Jennings traded eleven 
years with varying success and no little opposition from those 
envious of his successful enterprises. Such opposition not be- 
ing conducive to a remunerative business, Mr. Jennings was at 
length compelled to close up his business at a great sacrifice. 
While in trade he was largely interested in the manufacture of 
potash, and also operated a carding-machine and fulling-mill a 
portion of the time. Since Mr. Jennings closed up his busi- 
ness, the store has been occupied at infrequent intervals by 
different individuals with a limited stock of merchandise, but 
no one remained long in trade. 

Early in 1832 Enoch Hinkley, Jr., of Freeman, Me., built a 

■ Authority of Joseph Collins, Jr., son of Joseph and Annah (Hatch) Collins. 

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Store at West's Mills, now (1892) occupied by Harrison Dag- 
gett as store and post-office. He began trading early in the 
summer of 1832. Ere he had been long established in his 
new store he was succeeded by his brother, Amos S. Hinkley. 
The career of the latter as a merchant was as brief as that of 
the former, and we next find Isaac Norton in charge of the 
business. Before the store had been built a twelve-month, it 
passed into the hands of Cyrus Freeman, a shoemaker and 
tanner, who made boots and shoes in connection with waiting 
upon customers. Freeman becoming embarrassed through 
heavy pecuniary losses of his brother, eventually disposed of 
his goods, but continued to occupy the store as a shop and 
dwelling-house for several years. The writer has not been 
able to learn that this building was again occupied as a store 
until 1859, when Warren N. Willis enlarged, remodeled and 
greatly improved it. He then opened the store with a fine 
stock of general merchandise, and traded until May, i860, 
when, in consequence of financial embarrassments, the store 
was abruptly closed. It was subsequently partitioned off into 
a dwelling-house, and occupied for many years by Peter W. 
Butler and family. Later it was occupied by Charles M. Hil- 
ton as a harness shop, and in the fall of 1889 the building was 
purchased by Harrison Daggett. 

In the spring of 1847 Asaph Boyden and John C. Manter 
formed a co-partnership. An addition was built to Mr. Boy- 
den's cabinet shop and the building finished for a store. They 
began active business in August, 1847, ^ind continued in trade 
until the fall of 1848. Their goods were purqhased in Hal- 
lowell and Boston, and from the former place were hauled to 
Industry, this being the most accessible point from which to 
receive freight. Major James Cutts succeeded Mr. Boyden, and 
the firm name was changed to Cutts & Manter. These gentle- 
men traded some five years and then closed their store. 

Early in 1854 a number of enterprising gentlemen residing 
in the vicinity of West's Mills, began agitating the subject of 
forming a stock company for the purpose of establishing a 
general merchandise store at that place. The Franklin and 

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Somerset Mercantile Association was organized February 19, 
1854, as the result of this movement. The Association drew 
up and adopted a constitution and enacted a code of by-laws to 
govern its transactions. The store previously occupied by 
Cutts & Manter was leased, an extensive stock of goods pur- 
chased, and the Association opened their store about April i, 
1854, with Moses Bradbury as salesman or agent. The Asso- 
ciation continued in business until the spring of 1862, when 
Nathan S. Johnson, who had previously been salesman for the 
Company, bought out the entire stock, the whole business be- 
ing formally conveyed to him May 12, 1862. Mr. Johnson 
proceeded to sell out the goods and closed the store in about a 
year after he came into possession of the property. 

Benjamin N. Willis, in 1853, after closing up trade in the 
Tolman store, by selling his goods at auction, erected a com- 
modious structure nearly opposite the one just mentioned. 
Here he again entered trade, and later took in as a partner his 
brother, Warren N. Willis. He exchanged his store, goods 
and stand in the autumn of 1855, with Oliver Stevens, for a 
farm. Mr. Stevens traded about four years and sold out to 
John Willis, Oct. 9, 1859. Early in the summer of i860 Mr. 
Willis purchased his brother Warren's stock of goods, and 
subsequently took him in as a partner. In 1862, having pur- 
chased the old Esquire West store, he moved it back from its 
original site a sufficient distance to make room for the Stevens 
store, which he also moved across the street, connecting and 
virtually formed them into one building. John Willis and his 
brother continued in trade until March, 1865, when the former 
sold out his interest in the goods to his brother-in-law, George 
W. Clayton, who, in company with Warren N. Willis, continued 
the business under the firm name of Willis & Clayton. Early 
in the winter of 1866 Willis & Clayton closed up their business 
and left town, and the store was unoccupied for a short time. 
Soon after this John and Benjamin N. Willis remodeled the 
interior, made some needed repairs and re-opened the store 
near the middle of April, 1866, with a large and varied stock of 
merchandise. These gentlemen remained in trade a little more 

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than two years, in the meantime absorbing the business of 
Caldwell & Hutchins as previously stated. May 8, 1868, John 
and Benjamin N. Willis sold store and goods to Sampson 
Duley and William W. Norcross, who came from Stark. The 
firm of Duley & Norcross had a large run of custom and 
was generally liked. Mr. Norcross retired from the firm in the 
fall of 1868, after which the senior member continued the busi- 
ness alone until September, 1871, when he sold out his entire 
property, consisting of store, goods, house and land, to James 
M. Norton. Mr. Norton immediately took into partnership his 
brother, Alonzo Norton, and together they conducted the busi- 
ness for a period of over twelve years. The firm also engaged 
largely in lumbering for several winters. January 14, 1884, J. 
M. & A. Norton dissolved partnership, and Alonzo withdrew 
from the firm. James M. Norton, who retained the business, 
then took in as a partner his nephew, Harrison Daggett, who 
had previously served him as clerk, and the firm was known 
as J. M. Norton & Co. Mr. Daggett was very popular with the 
patrons of the store, and while a member of the firm had nearly 
the entire charge of the business. Owing to impaired health he 
withdrew from the firm, and the co-partnership was dissolved 
April 23, 1888, greatly to the regret of his many friends. 
Since the retirement of Mr. Daggett, James M. Norton has 
given his personal and undivided attention to the business, re- 
ceiving a good share of the public patronage. Late in the fall 
of 1874, Asa H. Patterson, who then owned the William Corn- 
forth farm at West's Mills, moved a building to the south end 
of the bridge which spans the mill pond and finished and fitted 
it up as a store. He purchased a good assortment of dry 
goods and groceries and had been in trade nearly two years, 
when, on the 5th day of August, 1876, he sold his property to 
Richard Caswell, reserving his stock of merchandise and the 
use of his store for one year. Mr. Patterson sold out the 
larger part of his goods and retired from trade on the expira- 
tion of the lease of the store. 

On the 13th of August, 1877, Charles M. Hilton moved his 
harness business into this store, and in company with Richard 

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Caswell purchased a small stock of groceries. They continued 
in trade until the fall of 1879, when the co-partnership was 
dissolved and Mr. Hilton retired from the business. For nearly 
ten years thereafter Mr. Caswell continued trading in groceries 
to a limited extent and then closed his store. Soon after this 
Harrison Daggett leased the building, purchased a line of 
groceries, and on the 7th of March, 1889, re-opened the store 
to the public. Mr. Daggett occupied it about eight 'months 
and again it was closed. The next and last occupant was 
Henry Oliver, who traded there about a year and moved to 
Madison Bridge in the summer of 1891. 

Early in the month of August, 1880, Charles M. Hilton 
laid the foundation for a harness shop and grocery store on the 
site of the old Thing store, burned in the spring of 1855. 
Work was forwarded expeditiously, and by December the 
structure was ready for occupancy. A well-selected stock of 
groceries was purchased, and by the last of December Mr. 
Hilton was well established in his new quarters. Up to the 
present time (1892) the capacity of his store has been enlarged 
by two separate additions. 

Adeline Shaw and Eunice Hinkley opened a millinery and 
fancy goods store in October, 1842, in a portion of the John 
West house, now (1892) occupied by James M. Norton, but 
for want of sufficient patronage they closed up their business 
after a few months. 

John H. and Alonzo Goodwin, sons of Reuel Goodwin, 
of Industry, opened a shoe store at West's Mills, in 1855, 
locating in the old Esq. West store. They continued in busi- 
ness some three years, with varying success, and then engaged 
in other pursuits. 

In the fall of 1889, Harrison Daggett purchased the store 
built by Enoch Hinkley, more recently known as the Peter W. 
Butler stand, employed Rev. John R. Masterman and Rufus 
Jennings to raise the roof and finish the building inside and 
out. The work was so expeditiously pushed that inside of six 
weeks the low ordinary looking one-story building was trans- 
formed into a comely two-story edifice. The ground floor being 

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a neat pleasant store, the second floor a large well-lighted 
room to be used as a shop for the manufacture of men's coats. 
Nov. 2, 1889, Mr. Daggett moved his goods from the Caswell 
store and established himself in this store, where he still re- 
mains, receiving a full share of the public patronage. 

At Allen's Mills, Herbert B. Luce has kept, for some years, 
a small stock of groceries. In the summer of 1891 Mr. Luce 
finished a building, which he purchased, into a convenient store, 
and now he carries a well-selected stock of groceries and pro- 

Elbridge H. Rackliff also carries a small stock of groceries, 
etc., in connection with a full line of tinware and Yankee notions. 

A few others, whose names are not mentioned in the forego- 
ing chapter, have probably traded in Industry to some extent, 
such as Pelatiah Shorey, David M. Luce, John E. Johnson, 
Joseph Eveleth, Oscar O. Allen, etc., etc. 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 

Condition of the Settlers. — Expense of Transacting the Town Business. — Pounds 
and Pound-Keepers. — Attempts to Establish a New County to Include Industry. — 
Gower's (now Allen's) Mills Becomes a Part of Industry. — "The Cold Fever" 
Epidemic. — The Thompson Burial Ground. — New Vineyard Becomes a Part of 
Industry. — Great Gale of 1815. — Question :" Shall the District of Maine Be- 
come an Independent State?" Agitated. — Vote for Maine's First Governor. — 
Population Increases. — " Blind Fogg." — First Sun<lay- School. — Road Troubles. — 
First Liquor License Issued. — ^The Residents of New Vineyard (iore Pass the 
Ordinance of Secession and Ask to be Made Citizens of Strong. — The Town 
Receives Additions from Stark and Anson. — Subject of Building a Town-House 
Discussed. — Great Drouth and Fire of 1825. — First Meeting-House in Town. — 
Meeting-House Erected at the Centre of the Town. — The Industry North 

The commencement of the second decade of the nineteenth 
century found the inhabitants of Industry struggling bravely 
for existence. Although their condition in some respects 
showed a marked improvement, still their lives were character- 
ized by incessant toil and frugal economy. The oppressive 
Flmbargo Act had been repealed, but the want of unity among 
the States composing the Federal Union and the threatening 
and aggressive attitude of England, were sources of constant 
anxiety and alarm. Having no regular mail, the suspense 
when an alarming rumor once got abroad was, to say the least, 
decidedly unpleasant. 

At the annual meeting March 11, i8ii,Josiah Butler was 
elected chairman of the board of selectmen, with William 
Allen, Jr., and Esquire John Gower as associates. These 
gentlemen, it is believed, transacted the business of the town 
with care and ability, yet charged a very moderate sum for their 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 205 

services. Butler and Allen's bill was $3.50 and $4.50 respec- 
tively, while Samuel Mason, as town clerk, charged but $1.50 
for his services. From these figures the reader can gain a good 
idea of the frugal manner in which the early affairs of the town 
were managed, as this was not an exceptional year. The high- 
way tax this year was $800, and men and oxen were allowed 
twelve and one-half cents per hour for labor on the roads. 
The sum of $1 10 was raised to defray town charges, including 
powder, which was very expensive, and other necessary military 

The fences in Industry, as is always the case in newly set- 
tled localities, were very poor, while as a rule the mowing land 
and tillage were unenclosed. Consequently depredations from 
horses, cattle and sheep on the growing crops of the settler were 
of common occurrence, and the pound-keeper was a necessary 
and important town officer. There were three of these indis- 
pensable officers chosen at the annual meeting of 18 12, and it 
was their duty ** to receive and safely keep all animals found 
running at large until claimed by its lawful owner," who was 
first required to p&y all damages together with the cost of 
keeping. At the same meeting the town voted to accept a 
pound previously built in the south part of the town near 
Esquire John Gower's, " provided no charge be made for build- 
ing the same." Where there was no legal enclosure the officer 
was invariably authorized to use his barn-yard for impounding 
purposes. Whether the yard of the average farmer had ceased 
to be regarded as a safe enclosure for estray animals, or whether 
the action was prompted by some other cause, is not known, 
but the town voted March 3, 1823, to build a pound of the 
following dimensions, viz. : ** To be two rods square, inside, 
with walls of stone four feet thick at the base and eighteen 
inches thick at the top; the wall to be sunk in a sufficient 
depth below the surface to prevent damage from hogs, and rise 
six feet above the surface." A further requirement was that 
the walls be surmounted by timbers ** hewed three-square," and 
that the entrance be closed by a gate hung on iron hinges and 
secured by a lock and key. The contract to build the yard. 


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agreeable to the above specifications, was let to Rowland Luce, 
for twenty-six dollars. Finding the job a work of more magni- 
tude than he at first supposed, he subsequently sought and 
obtained a release from his obligation. The site selected was 
near the centre of the town, on land owned by Capt. Ezekiel 
Hinkley, and during the summer of 1825 the yard was com- 
pleted. Here, in by-gone days, neighbor A was wont to im- 
prison neighbor B*s cattle and sheep when found trespassing 
upon his domain, and vice versa, but pounds and pound- 
keepers have long since become a thing of the past. In 1858, 
by a vote of the town, the walls were demolished and the 
stone used for road-building purposes. 

An effort was made in the fall of 1 8 1 3 to establish a new 
county which would include the town of Industry. The move- 
ment caused no little discussion, and many were bitterly op- 
posed to the measure. Capt. David Hildreth and seventeen 
others petitioned the selectmen to call a meeting of the legal 
voters to see if they would instruct the municipal officers to 
oppose the project by sending a remonstrance to the General 
Court. The meeting assembled at the hoifte of William Allen, 
Jr., Dec. 23, 181 3, and after mature deliberation it was deemed 
inexpedient to further oppose the movement. The measure 
proved unsuccessful, however, and the town of Industry con- 
tinued to form a part of Somerset County. 

At the session of the General Court for 18 13, the following 
petition was presented from the inhabitants of Gower's (now 
Allen's) Mills, in the town of New Sharon : 

To the Hon, Senate and House of Representatives in General Court 
assembled^ Jan, 7, 18 13 : 

The Petition of the Subscribers, inhabitants of the Town of New 
Sharon in the County of Kennebec, respectfully shows their local situa- 
tion is such as in a great measure, if not wholly, prevents ihem from 
enjoying the common and ordinary privileges of the other inhabitants 
of said town, being situated at an extreme pan of said town and sepa- 
rated by bogs and swamps that are utterly impassable even for a horse, 
and at a distance of six or seven miles from where the meetings are 
holden for transacting town business, &c., and at the same time being 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 207 

not more than a mile and a half from where the town meetings are held 
in Industry, to which place we have a direct road in good repair, that 
we have uniformly joined with the Town of Industry in the Support of 
Schools for our Children, and we there perform Military duty. Being 
thus situated, we humbly request your honorable body to take the 
premises into your consideration, and grant us relief, by setting off our 
Polls and estates from the Town of New Sharon aforesaid and annexing 
the same to the Town of Industry in the County of Somerset, by a line 
as follows, to- wit : beginning at the east corner of lot No. 84, in New 
Sharon on the westerly line of Industry, thence south forty-five degrees 
west about three- fourths of a mile to the East line of the Town of 
Farraington, and then to include all that part of New Sharon which 
lies to the northwest of said line, being lots No. 84 and 85, containing 
together, about one hundred and seventy acres. 
And as in duty bound will ever pray. 

(Signed) Henry Smith. 

James Gower. 
RuFus Davis. 

The prayer of these petitioners was granted, and Gower's 
Mills (see p, iy2) straightway became a part of the Town of 
Industry, and the inhabitants were annexed to school district 
No. 2, at Davis's (now Goodridge's) Corner, where their children 
had previously attended school. 

Early in 18 14 the **Cold Plague" or "Cold Fever,"* as it 
was often called, prevailed as an epidemic, with great mortality, 
in many towns on the Kennebec and Sandy Rivers, in many 
instances extending to contiguous towns, and everywhere strik- 
ing terror to the bravest hearts, causing the ruggedest cheek 
to blanch and the stoutest to tremble. Since the first settle- 
ment of the town occasional cases had occurred, but these being 
isolated from each other, no thoughts of its prevailing as an 
epidemic ever entered the minds of the settlers. But in this 
year it assumed a very malignant type, in many instances ac- 
complishing its fatal work in a few days, and in some cases 
even in a few hours. This was a new form of the disease, and 

♦ This disease is now known as Typhus Fever, Ship Fever, etc. Though the 
writer is not aware that, at present, it prevails as an epidemic in this State. 

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the rapidity and dreadfulness of its work was truly appalling. 
In many instances it swept through whole neighborhoods and 
towns, prostrating entire families, tearing loved members from 
the family circle, claiming its victim with scarcely a moment's 
warning, bringing mourning to many a happy home, and every- 
where marking its course by scores of newly-made graves. 
Truly, without exaggeration, this. might well be styled the reign 
of terror in Industry. Families and individuals were forced to 
suffer and die without the sympathy or aid of neighbors and 
friends, as few had the courage to imperil their lives by a visit to 
the abode of victims of this terrible disease. Of the number 
of deaths which occurred in this town during the prevalence of 
this disease, the writer has been able to gather but little definite 
information. Fragmentary records in his possession, however, 
show an unusual death rate during the year, and judging from 
these, we would infer that a fearful mortality was the result of 
its visitation to Industry. 

Ebenezer Norton, who lived on the Gore on the farm now 
(1892) owned by Hiram Norton, was one of the early victims 
of this malady. As nearly as can be learned, he had been 
visiting an afflicted family, and on returning home was himself 
prostrated by the disease and lived but a few hours. 

William Atkinson, who lived on the farm recently owned by 
John W. Perkins, and his entire family, with one exception, 
were prostrated with this disease early in March. One morning 
during their illness one of the neighbors. Rev. John Thompson, 
called to see how they were getting along, when a sight which 
beggars description met his gaze ! On a bed lay the husband 
and father, his eyelids forever closed in death, while nestled by 
his side, wholly unconscious of her father's condition, lay a little 
babe scarce two years old ; the mother in an almost helpless 
condition from the effects of the same disease, which but a few 
hours before had bereft her of a loving husband, while in the 
same room the other children were suffering all the agonies 
incident to this dreadful disease. Kind** Father Thompson," 
his heart melting with pity at the scene of suffering and woe 
before him, after doing what he could for the comfort of the 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 209 

sick ones, wrapped the little daughter in a blanket and bore 
her tenderly to his own home. Here she was kindly cared for, 
and grew to womanhood, to honor and respect her kind bene- 
factor. She subsequently married Hiram Manter, Esq., for 
many years a worthy and influential citizen of Industry. 

Among the deaths which occurred about the same time of 
Mr. Atkinson's, probably from the same cause, may be men- 
tioned : Hannah Stimpson, March 26 ; Betsey Butler, March 
29; Betsey, wife of James Eveleth, April -; Abner C. Ames, 
April 13; Harrison Davis, April 14; Dependence, wife of 
Benjamin Burgess, May i ; Job Swift, May i ; Eleazer Robbins, 
June 11; Daniel Luce, Sr., July 10; Henry Smith, Nov. 19, 
and Bennett Young, December 3. Amid the weighty cares 
and perplexing anxieties incident to this period, with money 
scarce and taxes burdensome, the people of Industry were not 
unmindful of those who had passed away. But with a spirit 
worthy of emulation, made a generous appropriation for enclos- 
ing the burial ground near Capt. John Thompson's. This 
burial-place is said to be the oldest one in town, and the re- 
mains of many of the early settlers repose therein. The inhabi- 
tants residing on the Gore, a valuable tract of land which had 
been incorporated with the town of New Vineyard, petitioned 
the General Court for a separation from New Vineyard and 
annexation to Industry. The petitioners were thoroughly in 
earnest, and ardently prosecuted their claims. On the other 
hand, the inhabitants of New Vineyard, not favoring secession, 
were bitterly opposed to the separation, and left nothing un- 
done to defeat the purpose of the petitioners. A special town 
meeting was called Nov. 7, 18 14, at which time the selectmen 
were instructed to prepare a petition against the proposed 
separation. The full text of the petitions, with a supple- 
mentary letter from William Allen, Jr., then of Norridgewock, 
favoring the Gore petitioners, were as follows : 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in General 

Court assembled: 

Your petitioners, inhabitants of a Gore of land, so-called, contain- 
ing about 1600 acres attached to the town of New Vineyard, in the 

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County of Somerset, humbly represent that they labor under many 
disadvantages by being annexed to said town of New Vineyard, being 
separated therefrom by a range of mountains extending almost the 
whole length of said town, which, with the badness of the roads, in a 
great measure cuts off all communication between us and the other 
inhabitants of said town ; so that we frequently have to travel a distance 
equal to the whole length of said town, and commonly travel as far 
without the limits of said town as would nearly carry us to the centre 
of the town of Industry (where the roads are much better), in order to 
attend our town meetings. These, with other disadvantages which we 
labor under, in a manner debars us from enjoying the privileges com- 
monly enjoyed by town inhabitants. Your petitioners therefore humbly 
pray that said Gore of land, with the inhabitants thereon, may be set 
off to the town of Industry in said County of Somerset, and as in duty 
bound will ever pray. 

New Vineyard, June 14, 1 8 14. 


Cornelius Norton. Daniel Collins, Jr. 

Elisha Lambert. Tristram N. Presson. 

James Graham. James Presson. 

Nathan Cutler. Daniel Collins. 

William Davis. Joseph Collins. 

William Presson. Zephaniah Luce. 

In the House of Representatives, Jan. 13, 18 15. Read and com- 
mitted to the committee on towns. 
Sent up for concurrence. 

[Signed] Timothy Bigeu)w, Speaker. 

In Senate, Jan. 13, 18 15. Read and concurred. 

[Signed] John Phillips, President. 

Read and committed to committee on towns. 

[Signed] John Phillips, President. 

House of Representatives, Feb. 4, 1815. Read and concurred. 
[Signed] Timothy Bigelow, Speaker. 

To the Hon. Senate and House of Representatives y in General 
Court assembled : 

Your petitioners, inhabitants of the Town of New Vineyard,jin the 
County of Somerset, humbly represent : That they are much c^pposed 
to the setting of the Gore of Land, so-called, from the Town ^of New 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 


Vineyard, and annexing the same to the town of Industry, for the 
following reasons, viz. : ily. By taking of said Gore of land the best 
tract of land of the same bigness if taken off which will impoverish the 
remainder of said town. 

2dy. The men that principally own the land in said Gore are much 
against its being set off from said New Vineyard, feeling themselves 
much injured thereby. 

3ly. The signers of the petition for setting off said Gore, six or 
seven of them, do not own one foot of land in said Gore. We further 
state that the chain of mountains alluded to by your petitioners in said 
Gore, does not intercept between the inhabitants of said Gore and the 
Centre of the Town in the least, therefore can't view that as any 
reason for setting off the said Gore. Our town meetings has been 
alternately, so that the inhabitants of said Gore have not experienced 
any peculiar disadvantage by going to town meetings. We, the under- 
signed do therefore humbly pray that said Gore may not be set off 
from the Town of New Vineyard. And as in duty bound will ever pray. 
New Vineyard, Dec. 13, 18 14. 


Benj*n C. Norton. 
Elijah Manter. 
Henry Manter. 
Elijah Norton. 
Charles Luce, Jr. 
Isaac Norton. 
John Spencer. 
Stephen Birse (?) 
William Talbot.* 
Joseph Butler. 
Solomon Butler, Jr.f 
Paul Pratt. 
David Pratt. 
James Ridgway. 

Sam'l Daggett, \ 

Tm. Norton, > Selectmen. 

Asa Merry, ) 

Joseph W. SMrrH, Town Clerk. 

Joseph Viles. 
John Daggett. 
Charles Lnce. 
Henry Butler, Jr. 
Simpson White. 
Howard Winslow. 
Daniel Gould. 
Nathan Daggett. 
Thomas Daggett. 
Eben*r Casey. (?) 
Nathan Daggett. J 
David Luce. 
Peter Butler. 
Elijah Butler. 

♦ Probably William TaUott. 

t Undoubtedly Simeon Butler, Jr. 

^ In the opinion of the author, this should be Nathan Daggett, Jr. 

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Micah Bryant, Jr. John Berry. 

Tristram Presson. Eben'r Pratt. 

James Graham. Jonah Vaughn. 

Rufus Viles. Levi Young. 

John Flint. Zebulon Manter. 

Solomon Luce. Wm. Presson. 

Thoms Flint. Joseph Viles, Jr. 

Wm. Barker. David Davis. 

John C. Davis. John T. Luce. 

Henry Butler. ( ?) Davis. 

James Presson. ( ?) Wm. Anderson. 

NoRRiDGEWOCK, Jan. 23, 1 815. 
WiLUAM Sylvester, Esq. 

Dear Sir : — I am told there will be some opposition to the petition 
of C. Norton and others, and that proper measures have not been taken 
to fix the valuation of that part of New Vineyard described in the 
petition : That the whole town, by the last valuation, contained 26,000 
acres and no polls. The Gore described in the petition contains but 
1600 acres and I believe 10 ratable polls, but as the land in the Gore 
is more valuable than the rest of the town, I think it would be correct 
to estimate it at ^ of the whole town ; so if the prayer of the petition- 
ers should be granted, three cents (on the 1000 dollars) ought to be 
taken from New Vineyard, which now pays 37 cents on the 1000, and 
added to Industry, which now pays 34 cents on the 1000. It has been 
proposed to have recourse to the returns of the selectmen on the last 
valuation, but this would be incorrect, as several of the petitioners own 
large tracts of land in the other part of the town, so that the valuation 
of their estates as returned would be no guide for making the estimate, 
and it would be desirable to have an estimate made as correct as the 
case will admit, so as not to have the petitioners to pay their State and 
County taxes in New Vineyard till the next valuation. I sketch you a 
rough plan of the towns of Industry and New Vineyard, by which you 
may see the situation of the petitioners. Yours Respectfully, 

[Signed] Wm. Allen, Jr. 

The prayer of these petitioners was granted, and that valua- 
ble tract of land known as the New Vineyard Gore became a 
part of the town of Industry. 

On Sept. 23, 181 5, occurred one of the most violent and 
extended gales known in the annals of New England ; / but 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 213 

every effort of the writer to learn something of its effects in 
Industry has proved unavaihng. 

Hardly had a year elapsed after the close of the second war 
with England, ere the separation of the District of Maine from 
Massachusetts became a subject of much discussion. For a 
time the legal voters in town were about equally divided on the 
question, and at a town meeting held May 20, 18 16, the vote 
stood twenty-four opposed and twenty-six in favor of a separa- 
tion. At a second meeting holden Sept. 2, 18 16, the oppo- 
nents of the project were in the majority, the vote standing 
thirty-eight and forty. No further action appears to have 
been taken by the town relative to this question until May 3, 
1 8 19. On tfiat date a special meeting was called and a majority 
voted in favor of the separation. At a subsequent meeting, 
holden July 26, 18 19, when the question was finally submitted 
to the people, the vote stood : in favor of separation, 5 1 ; op- 
posed to it, II. Captain Ezekiel Hinkley was chosen delegate 
to the constitutional convention, which assembled at Portland 
on Monday, Oct. 2, 1819. The constitution there framed, when 
submitted to the people for ratification, was unanimously 
adopted by the voters of Industry. On April 3, 1820, the legal 
voters for the first time gave in their votes for governor of 
Maine. These were declared as follows: William King, 40 
votes ; Mark L. Hill, 7 votes ; Samuel S. Wild, 3 votes ; Scat- 
tering, 2 votes. The vote for a representative to the first Maine 
Legislature given in at a subsequent meeting was: For 
Esquire John Gower, 55 votes; for Capt. John Reed, 36 votes. 

From 1 8 10 to 1820, the town made a gain of two hundred 
and sixteen in population, and also added forty-one ratable 
polls to the number of its tax-paying inhabitants. There 
was likewise a net gain, between 1812 and 1821, of $30,- 
521 in the value of property as shown by the State valua- 
tion of that period. But little of importance occurred in the 
history of the town between 1820 and 1825. In 1821 the sub- 
ject of forming a new county was again agitated, and on the 
lOth of September the town voted forty-nine to six against 
leaving the County of Somerset. Capt. John Thompson, 


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Bartlett Allen, Capt. Jabez Norton and Esq. Daniel Shaw were 
chosen a committee to draft a remonstrance. 

In the winter of 1821, Sherburne Fogg and family, from 
Sandwich, New Hampshire, became chargeable to the town. 
Mr. Fogg was blind and infirm, and one of his daughters is 
said to have been non compos mentis. In their indigent circum- 
stances the inhabitants of the town felt that the expenses of this 
family were an unjust and onerous burden. Learning that the 
legal residence of this family was in Sandwich,* various meas- 
ures were suggested for relieving the town of its burden, and 
at different times offers were made and accepted for their 
removal to that place. Notwithstanding this, the Foggs con- 
tinued to make their home in Industry, and for several years 
were a source of much trouble and great expense. 

A Sunday-school, probably the first in town, was organized 
in Deacon Emery's neighborhood about 1821. This school held 
its sessions in the school-house to the south of Deacon Emery's 
residence (see p. ^4). Nothing can be learned regarding the 
school aside from the fact the Deacon and John Mason were 
ardent suppoi-ters, if not the originators of the movement. f 

Between 1820 and 1824, many roads and private ways were 
laid out by the selectmen. These, from some unexplained 
reason, became a cause of frequent dissensions and proved a 
source of no little trouble to the municipal officers. One short 
piece of road in particular, running north from West's Mills to 
the New Vineyard line, was located and re-located several 
times before it became permanently established. To keep its 
roads safe and passable was a work of considerable magnitude 
and great expense to the town. When the sum annually ap- 
propriated for that purpose proved insufficient, all propositions 
to raise an additional sum were invariably voted down. The 

* See " Reminiscences of John Mason,'* in Chapter XII. 

t A Sunday-school was something new, and the term did not sound right to the 
Orthodox ears of the towns])e(>plc. The subject occasioned no little discussion, and 
some regarded it as an unwarranted desecration of the day of rest. Esq. Samuel 
Norton was so thoroughly convinced of this that he made the suggestion that the 
school be held on Saturday afternoon, for a while, until peoi)le could have an oppor- 
tunity to judge of its fitness for the holy Sabbath. 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 215 

beginning of the year 1826 found the roads in an extremely 
bad condition. Indeed, a complaint against them had already 
been made to the Grand Jury, and a law-suit seemed imminent 
with a prominent townsman for injuries his horse had sustained 
in consequence of their defective condition. These develop- 
ments seem to have roused the people to action, and at a town 
meeting held Sept. 23, 1826, the highway surveyors were in- 
structed to open the roads at the expense of the town when- 
ever obstructed by snow. 

James Davis was licensed to retail spirituous liquors, by the 
selectmen, in December, 1821, being the first person so licensed 
in Industry under the new State license law. 

In 1822 the inhabitants residing in the New Vineyard Gore 
(see p. 46) sent a petition to the Legislature, praying that 
their estates be set off from Industry and annexed to the town 
of Strong. This movement was strongly opposed by the town 
of Industry, and the prayer of the petitioners was not granted. 

When the Lowell, or Mile-and-a-half Strip, was surveyed 
by Esq. Cornelius Norton, in 1802, the boundaries at Stark 
line were not known. Consequently the whole of Lot No. i, 
and a portion of No. 2, in the first range, with nearly seven- 
eighths of Lot No. 29, in the second range, were found to be 
in Stark, when the boundaries were at length permanently 
established. Esq. Peter West, the first settler on Lot No. 29, 
found to his surprise that his barn was in the town of Stark, 
though his house was in Industry. The grist-mill at West's 
Mills proved to be in close proximity to the town line, as did 
also the barn on the lot north of the brick school-house. A 
petition was drawn up in 1820, and presented to the Legislature 
early in 1821, but no action was taken, aside from notifying the 
towns interested, until January, 1822, when the prayer of the 
petition, which reads as follows, was allowed:* 

* Although the records of that town do not show they were authorized so to do, 
the selectmen and town clerk strongly remonstrated against granting the request of 
the petitioners. Their claims and assertions were of the most sweeping character, as 
the following excerpt abundantly proves : 

If the petitioners labored under any real grievance, although it might injure the 
town of Starks, we should be silent. The town line was well known at the time of 

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To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the State of 
Mass.* in Legislature assembled: 

Respectfully show your petitioners that they are the proprietors and 
owners of a lot of land, numbered twenty-nine, situated part in the 
North East comer of Industry, and part in the North West corner of 
Starks, in the County of Somerset, containing about three hundred and 
sixty acres : The course of the town line not being known, when this 
lot was originally laid out and settled, one of your petitioners erected 
his buildings inadvertantly so that a part of them are in Starks. That 
the most convenient places for building are in that part which is in 
Starks. That your petitic*ners have for fifteen or twenty years past, been 
settled in, and become inhabitants of the town of Industry : That they 
are unwilling to relinquish their privileges and rights as inhabitants of 
this town, where their interests and connections are identified, and that 
their estates would become much more saleable and would be im- 
proved to a much better advantage if the whole of said lot were 
annexed to said Industry. That the above lot is so separated by bogs 
and swamps, from the other settlements in Starks, that no benefit could 
be derived from town privileges if your petitioners were to build their 
houses on that part of said lot which lies in Starks, and thereby become, 
inhabitants of that town, that their interests would be greatly promoted 
and no one would be injured if the prayer of this petition should be 

They therefore humbly pray that, that part of the lot of land num- 
bered twenty-nine, which lies in the North West corner of Starks, may 

the settlement of said lot, and if a part of the buildings of one of the petitioners 
was inadvertantly located in Starks, it was his own choice, and he onght nut now to 
attempt to encroach on the limits of the town. Besides, if the prayer of the petition 
should be granted, one encroachment will follow another until the town will be 
dismembered of the best part of its territory and settlers. The town now nearly 
square and taking a large lot out of one corner will be of more injury to the town 
than any possible benefit to the petitioners. We therefore earnestly pray that the 
prayer of the said petitioners may not be granted, and as in duty bound will ever 
pray. Starks, Dec, 1 821. 

[Signed] Benjamin Holbrook, \ Selectmen 

Edgar Hilton, >■ of 

Lkanari) Greaton, J Starks. 

James Waugh, Town Clerk. 

* It will be noticed that this petition was addressed to the Legislature of the 
State of Massachusetts. Soon after that the District of Maine became an independ- 
ent State and this petition, with other documents, was transferred to the State 
Legislature of Maine. This circumstance also explains the delay in granting the 
prayer of the petitioners. 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 2\^ 

be set off from said Starks and annexed to the town of Industry. 
Industry, 1320. 

Peter West, Jr. 
True Remick. 
Samuel Pinkham. 

I own a small part of the above lot, and join in the above petition. 
[Signed] Benj*n Manter. 

The success of Peter West, Jr., and others, in securing an- 
nexation of this lot so changed the northern boundary line of 
Industry as to render it possible for the inhabitants on the 
southwest corner of Anson, who were isolated in a measure 
from the rest of the town, to petition for and secure the neces- 
sary legislation to constitute them citizens of Industry and their 
farms a part of the town. This petition, now preserved in the 
archives of the State at Augusta, reads as follows : 

To the Hon, Senate and House of Representatives^ of the State of Maine, 
in Legislature assembled : 

Your petitioners would humbly represent that they are inhabitants 
of the Town of Anson, in the County of Somerset, in said State, that 
they are situated in the southwest comer of said town, tliat they are 
highly discommoded in their situation in said town as to town privi- 
leges, being separated from said town by a swamp or bog, which 
renders our route to trainings and town meeting circular and lengthy, a 
distance of about ten miles to the usual place of holding town meetings, 
as also being very inconvenient as to schools, it being a number of miles 
to any other inhabitants in said town, and our number is not sufficient 
to support a school ourselves. We therefore pray that we, the sub- 
scribers, may be set off from the said town of Anson and annexed to 
the town of Industry adjoining ; together with the several lots of land 
on which we live, with all the privileges thereon, being Lots No. one 
and two in the first range of lots in said Town of Anson, containing 
four hundred acres. The granting the above petition will much im- 
prove our situation in town affairs in particular, the education of our 
children, and advance the value of our farms ; as in duty bound will 
ever pray. Anson, Oct. 8, 1822. 

[Signed] Peter W. Willis. 

Benj'n Manter. 

James Stevens. 

William Butler. 

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This petition received the immediate attention of the Legis- 
lature, and ere the month of February, 1823, had passed, the 
petitioners had their prayer granted. 

Early in 1825 parties who had been for some time discuss- 
ing the subject, caused to be inserted in the warrant for the 
annual meeting, an article "To see what sum of money the 
town would raise to build a town-house." The article was 
summarily dismissed without action, at the meeting. A similar 
article fared the same fate in a meeting held Sept. 11, 1826. 
On the following day the selectmen issued a second warrant 
calling a meeting of the legal voters on the twenty-third day of 
the same month. At this meeting Thomas Bondley, of Hal- 
lowell, was elected to select a convenient site for a town-house. 
The location of the house seems to have remained an unsettled 
question until February, 1827, when the town voted to locate 
it ** at the junction of the Bannock Hill and New Sharon roads, 
near widow Anna Norton's." But to this selection there were 
many dissenting voices and other locations proposed. This 
want of harmony paralyzed all action, and Industry's town- 
house existed only in the fancies of its projectors. 

In the autumn of 1825, after a drouth, the severity of which 
had never been equalled in the history of the town, fires 
broke out in the woods in Industry, about the same time as the 
great fire at Mirimichi. There was a great scarcity of water 
all over the town ; wells were either dry or yielded a limited and 
uncertain supply, and springs which had previously been con- 
sidered "never-failing" now absolutely refused to yield a single 
drop. A fire in the woods, dreaded as it naturally is at any 
time, becomes infinitely more dreadful when it occurs during a 
great scarcity of water, — when our homes are threatened by the 
fire fiend without any means at command to defend them. 
Such was the situation in Industry when the fire broke out. 
The protracted drouth had rendered the half-decayed vegeta- 
tion of the woods and swamps as combustible as tinder, and, 
fanned by a strong breeze, even evergreens burned like pine 
kindlings. Is it strange that, under such circumstances, the 
inhabitants stood abashed and appalled at the spectacle? The 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 219 

fire first broke out on the mountain near the house of Rowland 
Luce. From thence it spread rapidly in many directions, burn- 
ing over large tracts of territory and destroying much valuable 
timber, and in some instances happy homes were reduced to 
ashes by the devouring element. For days at a time the smoke 
would be so thick as to render breathing very oppressive. 
Among the burnt lands was a large tract eastward from Tib- 
betts's Corner, a portion of which now belongs to the so-called 
William Henry Luce farm. Also a portion of the farm re- 
cently occupied by the widow of Charles H. B. True. 

As the people of Industry began to emerge from poverty 
and want, they keenly felt the need of better accommodations 
for public worship. Hitherto religious meetings had been held 
in school-houses or in the dwellings of such as were willing to 
open their houses on those occasions. Now even the largest 
school-houses were not of sufficient capacity to accommodate 
the church-goers. To meet the requirements of the case, the 
town voted Sept. 9, 1822, to appropriate $200 for building a 
meeting-house, and chose a committee of nine to locate the 
house, procure plans and make all necessary preliminary 
arrangements for its erection. There is no record of this com- 
mittee, and it is probable no report was ever made, for so large 
a number could hardly be expected to agree on any subject 
when so great a chance existed for difference of opinion. No 
further action is shown to have been taken by the town in 
regard to a meeting-house until March, 1824, when the town 
was again asked to appropriate money for that purpose. The 
record of the meeting is incomplete, hence what action was 
taken on the article is not known. 

The Methodists, aided largely by Capt John Thompson, 
erected a house of worship in 1823 (see p, ijojy near Pike's 
Corner, in the east part of the town. 

Evidently those interested in the erection of a house of 
worship, becoming discouraged, ceased to look to the town for 
aid, and resolved to erect a house by private subscription. The 
first movement in this direction was made by the citizens of 
Industry on Tuesday, Dec. 11, 1827, when a meeting was held 

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at the Centre School-house at Davis's Corner. The assembly 
organized by calling Benjamin Allen to preside, and electing 
Capt. Newman T. Allen clerk. The meeting voted to build a 
house of worship, and chose Esquire Moses Tolman, John 
Trafton, Jacob Hayes, George Hobbs, Capt. Ezekiel Hinkley, 
James Evelcth and John C. Butterfield, a building committee. 
It was also voted that each subscriber for a pew should give a 
"confession note "to indemnify the building committee. The 
constitution framed and adopted was as follows : 

coNsrrnmoN of the industry union meeting-house.* 

Art Jst Each person shall be entitled to a vote respecting the 
occupying [of] the desk and the time of occupying [to] be divided by 
the votes for the time [or term] of one year in [a] succession of Sab- 
baths, and any pewholder shall have the right of altering his vote at 
the expiration of one year from the time the vote was last taken. 

Art. 2d. Each denomination shall have an agent appointed that 
other denominations shall apply to respecting his denomination occupy- 
ing the desk when belonging to them, and if they are not going [to use 
it] the first denomination applying shall have the same right to occupy 
as though it was their turn. 

Art. 3d. Each pewholder shall have a right to occupy the desk 
himself or by any other person at any time, providing he does not 
infringe upon previous appointments ; providing, nevertheless, that no 
man shall occupy the desk himself or make appointments for any other 
[person] except he be a professor of the christian religion and of good 
moral character and suitably recommended as a preacher of the gospel. 
Art. 4th. No meeting of the proprietors shall be holden unless the 
agent of each denomination shall be notified seven days previous to 
said meeting. [Signed] 

Henry B. Rackliff. Ezekiel Hinkley. 

Alvan Smith. James Davis. 

Moses Tolman. Nathan Goodridge. 

Freeman Allen. James Eveleth. 

Eben Willard. Newman T. Allen. 

William Harvey. George Hobbs. 

Rufus Gennings. Benjamin Allen. 

♦ The words here inclosed in brackets were obvious omissions, either in draw- 
ing up or recording the instrument. They are here supplied to complete the 1 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 221 

Jacob Hayes. John Trafton. 

William Allen. Francis Meader, 2d. 

Elisha Luce. Josiah Hinkley. 

Josiah Butler. James Bailey. 

James Stanley. Rowland Luce. 

Valentine Look. Daniel Luce. 

Aholiab Bigelow. Benjamin Cottle. 

Cornelius Davis. David Luce.* 

Francis Remick. John C. Butterfield. 
Charles L. Allen. 

At a meeting held by adjournment on Friday, December 
14, it was decided to put up at public auction the furnishing of 
material and construction of the house. Accordingly the vari- 
ous contracts were struck off as follows : 

Foundation and Underpinning, to Josiah Hinkley, {49.00. 

Frame, to William Harvey, 100.00. 

Finishing the Outside, to Benjamin Allen, 375oo- 
Lime, to Rufus Gennings, at $2.48 per cask. 

Furring and Lathing inside, to James Davis, 46.50. 

Sand, to Elisha Luce, 6.75. 

Hair and Plastering, to Gen. Nathan Goodridge, 16.00. 

Finishing Inside, to James Eveleth, 325.00. 


Thus it is seen that the house, exclusive of lime for plaster- 
ing, etc., cost nine hundred and eighteen dollars and twent>j-five 
cents. In the month of February following, the proprietors 
chose Revs. Sylvanus Boardman and Fifield Holt, and Judge 
Thomas Parker, of Farmington, a committee to locate or select 
a site for the structure. The report of the committee is dated 
at Industry, Feb. 27, 1828, and the site selected is the one on 
which the house now (1892) stands. There is much uncertainty 
as to the date when the house was completed, as the records of 
the proprietors are incomplete. They chose a committee to 

♦This was David M., son of Charles and Catherine (Merry) Luce. He was 
commonly called " Pond David Luce," from the fact that he lived near the shore of 
Gear Water Pond, and to distinguish him from another person of the same name 
who resided near West's Mills. 


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settle with the building committee April 30, 1829, hence it is 
but reasonable to infer that the house was completed prior to 
that date. The financial affairs were managed with so much 
ability that an excess of $56.65 remained in the hands of the 
building committee after all expenses were paid. The author 
has not been able to learn anything definite concerning the 
dedication of the house or the date of its occurrence.* The 
proprietors continued to hold business meetings regularly up 
to the close of 1838, but their organization was eventually lost 
by deaths and removals from town. 

A number of wealthy gentlemen residing at or near West's 
Mills, met in the spring of 1828 to consider the propriety of 
erecting a third house of worship in Industry. As the result 
of this conference, the following constitution was drawn up and 
accepted : 


Art. jst. The house shall be called the Industry Noith Meeting- 

Art. 2d. The house shall be built on the south line of a piece of 
land now owned by Mr. John Remick, on the west side of the road 
leading from West's Mills to the New Vineyard [line] a few rods north 
of the school-house. 

Art. jd. The house shall be considered the Methodist and Con- 
gregational Meeting- House, one- half to each denomination. The 
Methodist shall have [the] right to improve [use] said house one-half 
of the time and the Congregationalists the other half, to be divided into 
weeks [of] equal [length]. 

Art. 4th. The house shall be built by all the pews [pew owners] 
in proportion to what the pews may sell for. 

Art. §th. Each [owner of one] pew shall be entitled to two votes. 

Art. 6th. The weeks of each denomination's turn to use said house 
shall commence on the Sabbath. 

* From the best recollections of the older people, such as Mrs. Phebe Cushman, 
Teressa Luce and Nancy Leavitt, Rev. Joseph Underwood, of New Sharon, preached 
the dedicatory sermon, and Rev. Sylvan us Hoard man offered the dedicatory prayer. 
Mrs. Cushman, who assisted in the singing on that occasion, is of the opinion that 
the house was dedicated in the fall. She states that the weather was fine and the 
exercises very interesting and enjoyable. 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 223 

Art yth. Either denomination shall have [the] right to use said 
house for the Worship of God on the Sabbath or on week days, not- 
withstanding it is not their turn to use it, provided it is not used by 
those whose right it is to use it. 

Art, 8th. No person Shall have a right to Sell a pew at private 
Sale without posting up Notice of the same in said house three weeks 
previous to the Day of Sale. 

Art. gth. There Shall be a Committee to Superintend the build- 
ing of said house. 

Art. JOth. There Shall be an annual Meeting holden on the first 
Monday of May forever, to transact any business that may be thought 
necessary Relative to said house. 

Art. nth. This Constitution Shall be binding in all its parts after 
Being Signed by two-thirds of the pew holders. 

Art. J2th. Said house Shall be at Liberty at any time, and for 
the use of pew-holders, one-half Day for funeral Services. 

Art. 13th. This Constitution may be Revised at any annual meet- 
ing, by a majority of two-thirds of the Voters who may be present at 
said meeting. Said meeting shall be notified four weeks previous to 
said day. Notice Shall be posted up in said house by an agent who 
Shall be chosen for that purpose. 

Art. i4ih. Each denomination shall have [a] right to admit or 
exclude any person to or from any private meeting agreeable to the 
usual custom of said churches. 

Art. ijth. Each denomination shall have [a] right to use the 
house at any time for yearly and Quarterly meeting. 

Art. i6th. The Calvinist Baptist church shall have [a] right to 
use said house out of the half [of the time] belonging to said Con- 
gregational church in proportion [to] what they own in said house. 

Art. lyth. The house shall be built agreeable to the annexed plan, 
and shall be built by the lowest bidder at auction by his giving bonds 
to the acceptance [satisfaction] of the [building] Committee. 

Industry, [Maine,] May 17th, 1828. [Signed] 

Daniel Shaw. John D. Spaulding. 

William Comforth. Ira Emery. 

Samuel Shaw. Henry Luce. 

True Remick. Joseph Viles. 

Peter W. Willis. Rufus Viles, Jr. 

James Stevens. Samuel Daggett. 

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Matthew Benson. Menzir Boaxdman.* 

Hiram Manter. James Manter. 

Isaac Norton. John S. Bradbury. 

John Gott. Zebulon Manter. 

Benjamin Manter. James Thompson. 

Peter West. Jabez Norton. 

David Luce. Leonard Luce. 
Benjamin C. Norton. 

The signers of this constitution are all dead (1887) and no 
record of their transactions as a society is to be found. The 
house was built on contract by John Gott, of Industry, for one 
thousand dollars. Mr. Gott was an excellent workman, and so 
long as it stood the house was a worthy monument to the 
honor and integrity of its builder. The excellence of the 
material used, and the superiority of its construction, were the 
constant admiration of all. 

Although the society was organized in the spring of 1828, 
the house was not erected until the following year. It was 
completed near the close of December, 1829,! and dedicated 
in the month of February following. 

The completion and dedication of this house was an impor- 
tant event to those interested in the enterprise; but of the 
dedicatory exercises the writer has been able to gather but little 
worthy of note. The number present on that occasion was 

♦ This is the identical person whose name Hon. Francis G. Butler (History of 
Farmington, p. ^6i) spells " Melzer." Undoubtedly Mr. Boardman's christian name 
had its origin in the old Scripture name, Melzer, hut he did not so spell it in 1828, 
when he affixed his name to the constitution of the Industry North Meeting- House. 

t From a memorandum in the day-book of Hiram Manter, Esq. This date cor- 
responds with the recollection of Major James Cutts, who writes the author as follows : 
"My father moved to Industry in 1829. I was in my twentieth year. The church 
was built that fall or early in the winter." Stephen Allen, D. D., thinks it was 
dedicated in 1828 or 1829, but does not seem to be positive as to the exact date. 

Major Cutts further says, in regard to the house, " It was remodeled — the gallery 
cut down in 1862, and a bell-tower built in 1864. My brother, Capt. Oliver Cutts, 
sent a bell to me with the request that I present it to the societies worshipping there. 
I wish to add that thirty- four years had elapsed since the house was first dedicated, 
and on both occasions the house was packed to its utmost capacity. I was present 
on both occasions, and on presenting the bell, I asked all in the congregation who 
were present at the Hrst dedication to rise; there were but six present beside myself! " 

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EVENTS FROM 1810 TO 1830. 225 


very large, and the sermon was preached by Rev. Obed Wilson, 
of Bingham, Me., a local preacher of talent and ability.* Rev. 
James Warren was "preacher in charge" at that time, but his 
part in the exercises is unknown. Thus it will be seen that in 
the incredibly short period of eight years the inhabitants of 
Industry erected three churches, costing in the aggregate not 
far from $3,000, and that, too, without incurring any indebted- 

♦ Obed Wilson, son of Oliver and Sarah (Haywood) Wilson, was born in Nor- 
ridgewock, Me., Oct. 15, 1778. He was converted in 1804 or 1805, and soon after 
began to preach. He was a man of much natural ability and an eloquent speaker. 
He died in Skowhegan, Me., Nov. 18, 1840, aged 62 years, i month and 3 days. 

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Lack of Postol Facilities.— High Rates of Postage.— First Post-Office Estoblishcd.— 
Jonathan Goodridge Appointed Post-Master. — Mail Brought from Farmington. — 
Mail from Stark Once a Week. — Mail Route Changed. — Mail Received via 
New Sharon. — ^.fames Davis Appointed Post-Master. — Other Post-Masters. — 
Industry Post-Office Changed to Allen's Mills.— Post-Office Established at West's 
Mills. — Esq. Peter West Appointed Post-Master. — Lower Rates of Postage. — 
Stamps First Used. — Era of Cheap Postage Begins. — Rates Fixed According to 
Weight Instead of Distance.— Other Post-Masters at West's Mills.— Glass " Call- 
Boxes " First Introduced. — Mail Carriers. — Change of Time. — Industry Gets a 
Daily Mail from Farmington. — North Industry Post-Office, Etc. 

For many years after its settlement the town of Industry 
was wholly destitute of postal facilities. Indeed the present 
complicated and efficient system of mail service was then in its 
infancy. If any resident of the town found it necessary to 
communicate with friends or acquaintances living at a distance, 
the letter must needs be sent to a post-office in some neighbor- 
ing town. Then, too, it required considerable time for a letter 
to reach its destination, however short the distance might be. 
The rates of postage were so extremely dear that letters of 
friendship were seldom written, save by those in affluent circum- 
stances. Consequently the inconveniences resulting from the 
remoteness of a post-office may not have been so keenly felt in 
those days as they would be at the present time. 

When the town was incorporated six cents was the smallest 
fee charged for a single letter, and this increased up to twenty- 
five cents for carrying one of equal weight a distance of four 
hundred and fifty miles. These continued with slight variations 

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up to 1 8 16, at which time the rates charged were six cents for 
any distance less than thirty miles, ten cents for eighty miles, 
twelve and one-half cents for one hundred and fifty miles, 
eighteen and one-half cents for four hundred miles, and twenty- 
five cents for a greater distance. Early in the year just men- 
tioned, an effort was made to establish a post-office at the 
centre of the town, and the names of Jonathan Goodridge and 
Bartlett Allen were presented as candidates for the position of 
post-master. Timothy Johnson, then post-master at Farm- 
ington, wrote a letter bearing date of June 12, 1816, to the 
authorities in Washington, stating that "Jonathan Goodridge 
and Bartlett Allen, living near the centre of the town, are 
respectable men and capable of making good post-masters." 
He further stated that Mr. Goodridge was a strong supporter 
of the government, while Mr. Allen, the other candidate, was 
not in sympathy with the administration. The office was 
established Oct. 12, 18 16, and took for its name that of the 
town in which it was located. With the customary partizan 
spirit manifested by the dominant political party, Mr. Goodridge 
received the appointment. This office, when first established, 
was supplied from Farmington, but subsequently a mail was 
received once a week from Stark.* Still later the route was 
changed, and the mail was brought from New Sharon via 
Winslow's Corner to Davis's [now Goodridge*s] Corner, once a 
week. When the office at West's Mills was established, the 
route was extended to that place, and from thence to the office 
at East New Vineyard. James Davis, Sr., having erected a 
store and entered trade at the Corner which for many years 
bore his name, was Mr. Goodridge's successor as post-master, 
and conducted the office in connection with his mercantile 
business. After a continuous service of more than eighteen 
years, Mr. Davis was succeeded by Gen. Nathan Goodridge, a 
son of Jonathan Goodridge, previously mentioned. Gen. Good- 
ridge was a man much respected by his townsmen, and filled 
the position of post-master acceptably for many years. He 

*■ The writer gained this information from Tniman, son of Bartlett Allen. 

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was coinmissioned three times under different administrations, 
and was holding the office at the time of his death. In the 
interim several persons, including Deacon Ira and Mark Em- 
ery, held the office for longer or shorter periods, according to 
the length of time their party was in the ascendency. During 
all these years the office remained in the vicinity of the spot 
where it was first established, with the exception of a little more 
than a year and a half when Samuel R. Allen was post-master. 
Mr. Allen was appointed March 6, 1863, and the office was 
thereupon removed to Allen's Mills and kept in the house 
recently occupied by Wm. H. Johnson, although its name 
remained unchanged. Mr. Allen was a popular official, but 
the change in location was strongly opposed, and on his removal 
from town Gen. Nathan Goodridge was appointed his successor 
and the office was again established in the vicinity of its 
original site. Strenuous efforts were frequently made, how- 
ever, to secure its permanent location at Allen's Mills, but 
without avail. After the death of Gen. Goodridge, Hovey 
Thomas was appointed to fill the vacancy, and continued in 
office until the fall of 1879, when, by mutual consent, the 
office was removed to Allen's Mills and the name changed to 
that of the village in which it was located. The following is 
a list of the persons who have held the office of post-master 
of the Industry and Allen's Mills post-office, with date of ap- 
pointment : 

Name. Date of Appointment. 

Jonathan Goodridge, October 12, 1816. 

James Davis, June 16, 182 1. 

Nathan Goodridge, November 20, 1839. 

Ira Emery, June 29, 1841. 

Nathan Goodridge, July 29, 1845. 

Mark Emery, December 15, 1856. 

Samuel R. Allen, March 6, 1863. 

Nathan Goodridge, October 7, 1864. 

Hovey Thomas, September 27, 187 1. 

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Name. Date of AppointmCDt. 

Moses M. Luce, October 24, 1879. 

Herbert B. Luce, September 28, 1881. 

Elbridge H. Rackliff, August 17, 1889. 

The office at West's Mills was established March 8, 1828, 
and first kept in Esquire Peter West's store, he having been 
appointed post-master. His son, John West, succeeded him in 
1839, but held the office less than two years. The inaugura- 
tion of William Henry Harrison, president, in 1841, caused a 
change in the political character of the government, and im- 
mediately after steps were taken to secure the appointment of 
Jesse Thing to succeed Mr. West. At that time Mr. Thing 
lived in a house just north of where Charles M. Hilton's store 
now (1892) stands. He was appointed July 10, 1841, and 
removed the office to his house, where it was kept during his 
term of service, which terminated July 24, 1845, by the appoint- 
ment of John West Manter as his successor. During a portion 
of his term of office Mr. Manter was in trade with his brother 
Peter, in the store built by Moses Tolman, Jr., (see /. igj) and 
here the office was kept. The letters were kept exposed to the 
public view on a bulletin board, and held in place by a narrow 
tape tacked across it at regular intervals. These letters were 
accessible to all who called at the store, yet it is believed none 
were ever taken by other than their legitimate owners. In 
1849 Mr. Thing was re-appointed and kept the office in his 
store. While Mr. Thing was in office an important change 
occurred in the rates of postage. The rates had been much 
simplified in 1845, by making the fee five cents for any dis- 
tance under three hundred miles, and any distance greater than 
that ten cents. In 1847 stamps were introduced, and the rates 
fixed according to weight instead of distance.* The era of 

* Prior to the introduction of postage stamps, the pre-payment of postage was 
optional with the sender, who could either pay it in advance or allow the sum due to 
be collected of the person to whom the missive was addressed. 


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cheap postage really dates from 1 851, when the rate on prepaid 
letters was made three cents for any distance within 3000 miles. 
Mr. Thing held the office a few days over three years, when 
he was succeeded by Cyrus N. Hutchins. No one held the 
office any length of time after Mr. Thing, until Nov. 10, 1854, 
when Peter W. Butler was appointed to fill the position. Mr. 
Butler was a carpenter and wheelwright by trade, and kept the 
office in one corner of his shop which was partitioned off for 
that purpose. He gave general satisfaction to his constituents 
and held the office until 1861, when the administration changed 
and the business passed into the hands of Elbridge H. Rackliff. 
Mr. Rackliff fitted up a convenient office in one end of the 
Tolman store, and sold stationery and conducted an extensive 
newspaper and periodical agency in connection with his official 
business. Wafren N. Willis was the next appointee to fill the 
position, and the office was removed to his brother's store, 
where it remained until the fall of 1865, when, preparatory to 
settling up his business to go West, he resigned his office in 
favor of his father-in-law, Asaph Boyden. Mr. Boyden kept 
his office in Thomas P. Patterson's store a short time in the 
winter of 1866, but after a brief period removed it to his home, 
where it was kept for a period of nearly thirteen years. Mr. 
Boyden resigned his position in the fall of 1879, on account of 
the infirmities of age, and Alonzo Norton of the firm of James 
M. & A. Norton was appointed to fill the vacancy. A com- 
modious office was fitted up in the store of the firm, and nearly 
a hundred glass call-boxes were constructed and furnished to 
the patrons of the office, rental free. The excellent accommo- 
dations, the central location and the careful and courteous 
manner in which the duties of the office were discharged, made 
it very popular with its patrons and largely increased its 
receipts. April i, 1886, Charles M. Hilton, having been 
appointed post-master, the office was removed to his store and 
an apartment fitted up with considerable elaboration for its 
reception, where it remained some three years. Though much 
had been said in relation to the civil service rules, by the 
Republicans, during President Cleveland's administration, the 

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more candid had but little faith in their pretentions. No 
sooner than fairly established in office did President Harrison 
and his coadjutors commence a systematic course of removals 
from federal offices of the appointees of their predecessors. 
Among the early petitions received by the post-office depart- 
ment at Washington, was one asking the removal of Charles M. 
Hilton and the appointment of Harrison Daggett as post- 
master at West's Mills. Just previous to this, Mr. Daggett had 
gone into trade in the Richard Caswell store (see p, 202), and 
on receiving his appointment, immediately fitted up an apart- 
ment in his store for the transaction of the business of the 
office. He purchased his predecessor's glass call-boxes, a very 
fine set numbering over 100, took possession of the office, and 
on the 13th day of June, 1889, the mail was delivered for the 
first time from the office in its new location. The new appointee 
was not a novice at the business, having served as a clerk in 
the office nearly five years when his uncle, Alonzo Norton, was 
post-master. Always courteous and obliging in his business 
transactions, Mr. Daggett's popularity with the patrons of the 
office became an established fact ere he had held his position 
many months. The following persons have served as post- 
masters at the West's Mills office : 


Peter West, 
John West, 
Jesse Thing, 
John West Manter, 
Jesse Thing, 
Cyrus N. Hutchins, 
Benjamin N. Willis, 
Peter West Willis, 
Peter West Butler, 
Elbridge H. Rackliff, 
Warren N. Willis, 
Asaph Boyden, 
Alonzo Norton, 
Charles M. Hilton, 
Harrison Daggett, 

Date ol Appointment 

March 8, 1828, 

October 19, 1839 

July 10, 1 84 1 

July 24, 1845 

April 27, 1849 

May 31, 1852 

Fel)ruary 2, 1853 

January 11, 1854 

November 10, 1854 

August 3, 1 86 1 

April 26, 1864 

January 15, 1866 

November 7, 1879 

March i, 1886 

May 16, 1889 

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Owing to the destruction by fire of a portion of the records 
in the P. O. Department at Washington but little knowledge of 
the avenues through which the Industry offices received their 
mail or the frequency of the trips can be obtained.* In 1863 
■ and for several years thereafter Moses Chandler, of Temple, 
owned the route and drove three times a week, viz., Tuesdays, 
Thursdays and Saturdays, from Farmington to Stark via the 
Industry and West's Mills Post-Offices, arriving at his destination 
about noon, — making the return trip the same day. He was 
succeeded by Isaac Edwards as owner of the route. About 
January ist, 1866, the time of arrival and departure of the mail 
was changed so as to connect at Farmington with the out-going 
morning and in-coming evening train. By this arrangement the 
mail left Farmington on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays 
after the arrival of the evening train, reaching West's Mills at 
about 8 o'clock P. M., and arriving at Stark about 9. 1 5. Leaving 
Stark early the following morning the mail reached Farmington 
in season to depart on the morning train. This arrangement 
proved a great convenience, for while it existed a letter could be 
sent to or received from Boston the same day it was mailed. 
But after a continuation of four years it was again changed and 
the old schedule time adopted. 

About 1878 the citizens of Stark petitioned the authorities 
at Washington to discontinue the three-trip-a-week route from 
West's Mills to Stark and establish, instead, a daily mail route 
from Madison Bridge via Stark to West's Mills. The mail to 
leave Madison Bridge on the arrival of the evening train and 
leave West's Mills on the following morning in season to connect 
with the first out-going train. Asaph Boyden, who at the time 
was post-master at West's Mills, strongly opposed the measure, 
though the patrons of his office generally favored it. The re- 
sult was West's Mills was made the terminus of the Farmington 
route and Stark got its daily route from Madison Bridge. 

Soon after the post-office at West's Mills came into the hands 

♦ Among the early mail-carriers was Fred V. Stewart, of Farmington, who carried 
the mail in a two-wheeled carriage or gig from Farmington to Norridgewock via 
Industry and Stark post-offices. 

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of Alonzo Norton a petition was sent to Washington asking that 
a daily mail-route be established between Farmington and West's 
Mills. The prayer of these petitioners was granted, and the 
arrangement went into effect July i, 1880. The change not 
only proved a great convenience to the patrons but largely in- 
creased the receipts of the office. 

On receiving its concession from New Vineyard in 1844, 
Industry added a third post-office to its number. This office 
was kept by Isaac Daggett, in the house recently owned and 
occupied by his son, John T. Daggett, and comprised a portion 
of the Industry post-route, being its northern terminus. From 
its establishment, December 6, 1827, to May 14, 1847, ^^ was 
known as the New Vineyard Post-Office. On the last mentioned 
date the name was changed to West Industry. This name 
proved to be a misnomer, and on the 8th of June, 1847, the 
name of the office was changed to iVt7r//r Industry Mr. Dag- 
gett continued to serve as post-master until June 8, 1855, when 
the office was discontinued for lack of patronage. 

Prior to August, 1889, the mail arrived at West's Mills from 
Farmington at 1 1 o'clock A. M. and returned in season to connect 
with the out-going afternoon train. During the month previously 
mentioned a change was effected whereby the mail left West's 
Mills each day (Sundays excepted) at 1 1 o'clock the year 
around. Returning, it left Farmington from May ist to Decem- 
ber 1st on the arrival of the evening train, and from December 
1st to May ist at three o'clock P. M. While the summer arrange- 
ment was very convenient,* the winter time-table could not have 
been more illy contrived, and the result was frequent and vexa- 
tious delays in the delivery of important messages. This ar- 
rangement continued in force until March, 1891, when agreeably 
to a strong petition the time of leaving West's Mills was changed 
so as to connect with the out-going morning train at Farmington. 
Returning, it left Farmington on the arrival of the evening 
train, reaching West's Mills at about 8 o'clock P. M. This time- 

* Illustrative of the convenience of the summer arrangement the author will say 
that a letter post-marked Washington, D. C, August 7, 1890, was delivered to the 
person addressed, at West's Mills, in just 31 hours. 

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schedule, which remains in force the year around, proves a 
great convenience and enables the citizens of Industry to send 
a letter to Boston in about fourteen hours, or receive one from 
that place in the same length of time. 


John Mason,* a nephew of Samuel Mason, came to Indus- 
try, Maine, in April, 1819. He came from New Hampshire 
and was a descendant of John Mason who, in company with 
Ferdinando Gorges, received a grant from the council for New 
England in 1622 of a tract of land extending east from the 
Merrimac to the Kennebec, and from the Atlantic to the Saint 

We give an account of the journey in his own words : 

In October, 18 18, Daniel Shaw and others induced Uncle Samuel 
Mason's eldest daughter, Sophronia, or Froney, as she was called, to 
come to Industry as a teacher. I went into Industry the April follow- 
ing, when only a little over nineteen years of age — little more than a 
boy. I left home with but a small fortune, the larger share of which 
consisted of good health, a tolerable education and plenty of pluck. 
Previous to this I had served an apprenticeship to a tanner and currier. 
After I left home I went into Maine to seek my fortune, as I had served 
my apprenticeship there. Not finding wages as good as I anticipated, 
when I got to Portland, I invested all my money in such trinkets as 
people must have, and went to trading in the back settlements of 

♦ John Mason was born at Hampton, New Hampshire, July 6, 1799, and died at 
Woodlawn, near Accolink, Fairfax County, Virginia, Friday, September 21, 1888. He 
was the son of Robert Tufton Mason and Sarah Mason, nee Gilman. In childhood 
he was adopted by his Aunt Newman of Andover. On her second marriage he began 
to learn the tanner's trade, but soon quit it for a mercantile life. He married in East- 
port, Maine, September 6, 1827, Rachel Lincoln, daughter of Otis Lincoln. In 1828 
he joined the Baptist Church, in which communion he remained 2L faithful deacon 
until his death. In 1 837-1 838 his fortune was wrecked by the great crisis, and in 1840 
he located in HaddonsBeld, New Jersey, where he lived until 1850 and then removed 
to his late residence at Woodlawn. Mr. Mason was a zealous reformer in schools, 
public morals and religion. On Monday, September 24, 1888, his neighbors thronged 
to honor the departed . They placed an anchor of roses on his breast, emblem of his 
early life; a sheaf of wheat upon his folded hands, token of a ripened career. On 
his feet were palm branches, suggestive of immortal rest. Then they laid him in the 
little cemetery under the very oak tree he had selected to shade his grave. 

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Maine. In this peddling expedition I succeeded very well, besides 
affording me an opportunity to see the country. After going east of 
the Kennebec River until my stock got quite small, I came back to 
Waterville ; stopped there some days to see Moses Dalton, a cousin to 
my father, who was away from home with a party exploring land in the 
vicinity of Moosehead Lake, but failed to see him. 

As my stock needed replenishing I thought that perhaps I might 
be able to get some goods at Norridgewock, — if not it would take me 
nearer to Portland. When I arrived at Norridgewock, I found that I 
was but eleven miles from Industry. I knew that we had relatives 
there besides Cousin Sophronia Mason : The wives of Daniel Shaw 
and William Remick were my mother's own cousins; while Oilman 
Hilton and Rowland Luce*s wives were cousins to my father. 

While at Industry I attended a meeting and assisted in the sing- 
ing, for which I had a good talent, and could also teach vocal music. 
This brought me favorably before the people, and as there was no tanner 
or currier in town, nor in any of the towns back of Industry, they all 
set in for me to settle there. I first hired with Esquire Peter West for 
a month and a half, and commenced buying all the hides and calf-skins 
I could. Took them to Henry Butler's at Farmington Hill td have 
them tanned, and worked with Mr. Butler to pay for tanning them. I 
also worked a month in haying for Benjamin Norton. After this I went 
to Boston by water, and then to Andover to visit an aunt, who had 
married Mark Newman for her second husband, with whom I had lived 
from my seventh to my twelfth year. On my return to Maine I was 
employed by Berry, the tanner, to work at my trade, in New Sharon, 
with Deacon Ira Emery as my boss. Deacon Emery invited me to 
make it my home with him. We took our pay for our work at New 
Sharon in leather out of the tan, and 1 curried it. We then hired 
shoemakers to work it up together with my stock at Farmington Hill. 
Deacon Emery took his boots and shoes East, I took mine to Boston. 
There I met an old school-mate who was in the employ of a firm 
engaged in the importation of rectified spirits, who wished me to 
introduce their liquors into Maine. Would give me a right good 
chance. I refused at first, but told him if they would buy my boots 
and shoes and would make me out an assortment of groceries, I would 
try their liquors. They took my stock, gave me a right good price ; 
some money with a good assortment of groceries at a low price. I 
sent my goods in a vessel to Halloweli and returned by the way of 
New Hampshire. I examined the records in Sandwich, and found 

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that old blind Fogg,* who, with his wife and non compos daughter were 
paupers in Industry, had a pauper residence in that town and was 
entitled to a support there. 

The superior quality of my liquor and other goods, together with 
relieving the town of the expense of the Fogg family, gained for me a 
strong affection in the hearts of the people. Immediately on my return 
from Boston I commenced the erection of a building, near Deacon 
Ira Emery's, 20x32 feet, with a basement, in which to display my 
goods and also to serve as a shop and dwelling-house. The day on 
which I raised my building was extremely warm and the men got so 
drunk that they could not put the roof on.f That advertised my 
liquor, and notwithstanding the fact that I was making nearly 200 per 
cent, profit on it the people said that " they were glad that one honest 
trader had come into the place." On the opening of my store, there 
were none in successful operation in town. Everybody liked me ; my 
educational and other advantages had been superior to theirs, and 
my musical talents soon gave me the lead among the young people. In 
fact, it was the verdict of all that there was not a young man in Somerset 
County whose business prospects were more flattering. I had continued 
the sale of liquor only about ten months when I became convinced of 
its harmfulness and have ever since been an active advocate of temper- 
ance principles. 

At the time I was engaged in trade it was considered a perfectly 
honorable and legitimate business to retail ardent spirits, and no grocery 
dealer failed to keep a supply. 

Owing to an unfavorable turn in a love affair, on account of a rival 
whom the young lady's parents favored, I felt that I could no longer 
remain in a place where everything seemed to remind me of my dis- 
appointment ; so, hastily settling up my business, I went to New Sharon. 
Soon after this I joined Esquire Daniel Shaw and Captain Benjamin 
Manter, of Industry, in a trading expedition to Saint Andrews, New 
Brunswick. We hired a vessel, got our cargo loaded, and sailed from 
Wiscasset on the night of the 13th of January. There had been but 
very little rough weather thus far, but the first day out we encountered 

♦ Prior to this date articles had frequently been inserted in town meeting war- 
rants relative to a disposal of this family. The overseers of the poor were confident 
that this town was under no legal obligation for their support, yet was unable to 
establish the residence of the family elsewhere. — W. C. H. 

t The reader must recollect that in those days it was thought to be impossible 
to raise a building without " plenty of rum/' and the person who failed to furnish it 
was in no wise popular in the community. — W. C, //. 

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a fearful storm, and the following night was truly terrif)ring. I kept 
making ginger tea for the men to keep them from freezing; indeed 
some of them did get frost-bitten in spite of my efforts. About mid- 
night the stoutest man on board came below bellowing, " If I must die 
I will die below deck." I looked up. Esquire Shaw and Captain 
Manter were both engaged in prayer, while the waves ran mountains 
high. I, too, felt very badly, and placing my forehead in my hand, I 
uttered the words of Christ's disciples to their Master : " Lord, save us ; 
we perish," and immediately my fears left me. I broke open a box of 
clothing, put on several extra garments to protect me from the intense 
cold and went on deck. There I saw Captain Manter seated on the 
binacle hatch, his nose and ears frozen. When I saw this, the same 
feeling of the helplessness of our situation returned. Again I bowed 
my head and uttered my former prayer, when my fears instantly van- 
ished. I offered to take the captain's place at the wheel, but he would 
not consent to this at first. When I told him that I knew what he 
was doing, that it was his intention to take the seas on the starboard 
quarter, for if the vessel fell into the trough of the sea she might tip 
over, or if she made a plunge she might not come up again, — he then 
consented for me to relieve him at the wheel. The only sail we could 
carry was the fore gaff lashed to the fore boom with the throat hoisted 
up. The scene was awfully grand ! I sang as loud as I could, to keep 
the men's courage up : 

Thy works of glory, mighty Lord, 

That rule the boisterous sea, 
The sons of courage shall record, 

Who tempt the dangerous way. 

At thy command the winds arise. 

And swell the towering waves; 
The men, astonished, mount the skies, 

And sink in gaping graves. 

Again they climb the watery hills. 

And plunge in deeps again : 
Each like a tottering drunkard reels. 

And Bnds his courage vain. 

Frighted to hear the tempest roar, 

They pant with fluttering breath; 
And, hopeless of the distant shore, 

Expect immediate death. 

Then to the Lord they raise their cries; 
He hears the loud request, 


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And orders silence through the skies, 
And lays the floods to rest. 

Sailors rejoice to lose their fears, 

And see the storm allayed : 
Now to their eyes the port appears; 

There, let their vows be paid. 

Tis God that brings them safe to land : 

Let stupid mortals know, 
That waves are under his command. 

And all the winds that blow. 

O that the sons of men would praise 

The goodness of the Lord ! 
And those that see Thy wondrous ways, 

Thy wondrous love record. 

Fortunately our vessel outrode the gale and we reached our destina- 
tion in safety, though many of us suffered from the effects of frost-bitten 
ears, noses and fingers. We had, as a passenger on this eventful voyage, 
a son of old Captain Thompson of Industry.* 

The time spent among the people of Industry is among the most 
pleasant memories of my long and eventful life, and I often think it was 
the great mistake of my life in leaving the town. The saying of, I think, 
Shakespeare has often occurred to me : " There is a time of tide in 
man's life if taken on the flood leads on to wealth and fame. That 
time lost all is lost, you can not recall that time." It was certainly flood 
tide with me while there, especially in regard to the good will of the 
people. Just prior to my departure I received a long letter from my 
merchants is Boston advising me to enlarge my business to the fullest 
extent which the country would bear. Had I remained in Industry I 
should have hired Esquire West's store and filled it from cellar to garret, 
so as to wholesale as well as retail. I have an idea, had I remained, 
thai I might have been elected to the Legislature in 1822 and perhaps 
reached the State Senate in 1825. 

I was of the opinion that West's Mills would eventually become the 
outlet for all the back towns in going to Hallowell and to a market. 
Moreover the village at Farmington Falls was down flat. I saw all its 
mills go sailing down the Sandy River in the great freshet of 182 i.f 

♦ This was probably Captain John Thompson*s second son William, who, when 
a young man, went to the British Provinces, where he married and raised up a family. 

t Butler gives the date of this freshet as 1820 (Hist, of Farmingtony p. 1^3) 
which is unquestionably correct. He also gives the month and day as October i6th. 

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There were five in one fleet ; three were stove by the New Sharon bridge 
while the fourth, a very large one, took the bridge along with it. As 
this had usually been the thoroughfare to Hallowell the calamity just 
mentioned would have had a tendency to turn the travel from the back 
towns in another channel, anfl through >Vest's Mills seemed to be the 
most feasible route. 


Some years since the author had placed at his disposal a 
package of old letters possessing great intrinsic interest. They 
were written by Captain Jeruel Butler to his wife and family 
during the time he was engaged in an extensive coast and 
foreign trade, and in many instances were of such thrilling 
interest that the writer feels constrained to make some excerpts 
therefrom. Capt. Butler was a sea captain, a native of Martha's 
Vineyard, and an early settler in that part of New Vineyard set 
off to Industry in 1844. The farm on which he settled lies at 
the terminus of the road running north from Tibbetts's Corner, 
and has been known of late years as the John O. Rackliff farm. 

Boston, Mass., April loth, 18 19. 
I left Bath [Me.] last Wednesday and arrived at Portland the same 
day. On Friday at 8 o'clock a. m. left Portland and in eight hours and 
eight minutes I came to anchor in Boston harbor. I do not know what 
to write or say to comfort you ; we are here in the hurry and confusion 
of the great city of Boston. The chiming of bells and the sound of the 
coach wheels on the pavements often salute our ears. 

Boston, Mass., June loth, 1819. 
I have this moment arrived from Providence, Rhode Island. All 
well, full freight and a pleasant passage. Shall sail for Hallowell [Me.] 
weather permitting on Saturday the 1 9th instant. 

Bath, Me., Sept. 14th, 1819. 
I have been detained here for two days by head winds. I shall 
sail this afternoon if the weather clears. I am well and hope these lines 

on page 314. On that day the Selectmen of New Sharon issued their warrant for a 
meeting to see what measures the town would take relative to re-building the bridge 
across Sandy River. This clearly shows the correctness of Mr. Butler's date and 
proves Mr. Mason to have been slightly in error. — W, C. H, 

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will find you enjoying the same blessing. The salt which I sent you by 
I^vejoy you will keep for your own use, letting Mrs. Roach have half a 
bushel. Mr, Roach* is well and desires to be remembered. 

Wilmington, N. C, Nov. 12th, 1819. 

I have thought that it might be of interest to you to read a statement 
of my voyage from Portsmouth. After landing Charles,! I got under 
way and put to sea ; ran out about eight leagues when the weather be- 
came so bad that I put back and came to anchor in Portsmouth before 

Oct. 30TH. Went to sea in company with one hundred sail of ves- 
sels. Oct. 31st, past Holmes Hole with fresh gales from N. E., did not 
stop but went to sea that night. From the ist to the 4th of November 
southerly winds and bad weather. On the 4th I had a violent squall 
with wind W. N. W. which terminated in a severe gale that lasted 
thirty-six hours. During the first twenty hours I made 210 miles. The 
sea then became so bad that I hove to after shipping a sea that stove my 
weather waist- boards. After the gale was over it was calm for about 
four hours and then commenced blowing a gale from the South. This 
wind brought me to the east coast of North Carolina in twenty fathoms 
of water. On the 8th of November I past the outer shoal of Hatteras 
in five fathoms of water. I saw four green turtles ; into one of these I 
hove a harpoon, but as the vessel was going very fast it tore out. I 
caught a porpoise that made two gallons of oil. On the 9th, loth and 
nth of November it was a dead calm and as warm as any weather we 
had last summer. The rays of the sun seemed to almost burn. On 
Wednesday the loth I made Cape Fear ; it was the first land I saw after 
leaving Block Island. 

While I was becalmed we caught nearly one hundred black fish, of 
the same kind we used to catch in Vineyard Sound. After beating off 
Cape Fear till Friday the 12th at 1 1 a. m., with the wind dead ahead, I 
bore up and ran into Wilmington, N. C. I shall sail again for Charles- 
ton the first fair wind. I am in good health and have a good crew but 
a poor scamp for a mate. I shall turn him on shore as soon as I get to 
Charleston. He is the most indolent sleepy-head I ever saw. I find 
the Atlantic as rough as ever. 

Charleston, S. C, Dec. 12th, 1819. 

I have been one trip to Savannah as you will see by the letters and 

♦ The gentleman here referred to was probably Capt. William Roach, who lived 
near Captain Butler's, on the farm recently owned by Benjamin Tibbetts. — W. C. H. 
t His son is probably the person here referred to. — W, C. H. 

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papers from that place. Savannah remains sickly ; about sixteen white 
people die per day. I was there only four days and fifty-one new graves 
were made in that time. In one instance three coffins were put into one 

Savannah, Ga., Dec. 19, 18 19. 

I arrived here yesterday in fourteen hours from Charleston. Just 
before I left there I gave Perley Wood twenty Spanish dollars for you. 
He will leave them with Uncle ShubaePs wife [Mrs. West]. I did not 
send them because I thought you needed the money, but as a token 
of my esteem. For the last four days the weather has been cool but 
nothing like a frost. Business remains dull here, and will until we 
have rains to rise the rivers. I brought a passenger, by the name of 
Butler, from Charleston, who is said to be worth two million dollars. 

New York, March 31, 1820. 

I wrote you on my arrival here and stated that I had been robbed 
in Havana de Cuba of about $310. I left Mobile on the 19th of 
February and put to sea on the morning of the 21st, having on board 
two passengers who had every appearance of a gentleman and con- 
ducted themselves as such during the whole passage. One day after 
we had been out some time they stated to me that they had unsettled 
business of some consequence in Havana, and if I would stop there 
and get some water (of which I stood in need by so long delay by 
head winds) they would pay port charges and after one day would pay 
twenty-five dollars for each day that I should be detained ; and would 
put on board ninety bags of coffee, &c. On the last day of February, 
as we were beating in the gulf of Florida, we made the island of Cuba. 
It was blowing a heavy gale at N. E. by N., with bad weather. I stood 
in for the land till five p. m., at which time we were within five leagues 
of the Island. However, as I did not know the particular place, I 
tacked ship and stood off till two o'clock on the first of March, when 
I stood in for Cuba with a strong gale from E. N. E. and a bad sea. 
At daylight I saw the high mountains of Cuba, and at 9 a. m. made the 
Moro Castle. The gale was heavy, and I called a council and got a 
unanimous vote in favor of making a harbor. I wrote a protest and 
had it signed by a major part of the crew and passengers. At i p. m. 
I came to an anchor in the port of Havana. At 5 p. m. on the same 
day I was permitted to land. The next day I was invited to dine on 
shore and had a splendid dinner, — green peas, string beans, cucumbers, 
melons, green corn and many tropical fruits, together with seven dishes 
of meat victuals. It was a good dinner indeed — but alas ! I had to pay 
the pirates who invited me too dear for it. These pirates, my passen- 

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gers, had undoubtedly selected my vessel at Mobile for their piratical 
purposes, as they knew by information which they obtained in Mobile 
that she was the fastest sailer in that port. They were well prepared, 
with pistols and other arms, to take the vessel whenever they pleased 
and kill the crew and myself. From some cause or other, unknown to 
me, they changed their plans and concluded to rob me of as much as 
they could and let me go alive. Perceiving that I had confidence in 
them, they asked me if I could speak the Spanish language, and I told 
them I could not. They said that they would grant me any aid I 
should wish, as they were well acquainted with the place and with the 
language. On March 2d I went on shore to report my vessel and get 
water. At 10 a. m. one of them came to me and asked me to change 
an ounce of gold, as he was out of small change. I told him that 
there was a small loss on gold ; he said, '' then lend me ten Spanish 
dollars and I will hand them back this day." I did so. Soon after, 
while I was transacting my business, he came to me and asked, " Have 
you any American bank bills that you wish to change for Spanish dol- 
lars?'* I answered, "Yes." "Come with me," he said, "and you can 
have them changed." So I went with him to a store where he spoke to 
the clerk in Spanish and then told me that the man had gone out to 
another store, so we went there, and, as he said, did not find him. 
(The fact is, he did not wish to find anybody, it being his plan to draw 
my money from me.) He then said, "Sir, if you please I will take the 
bills ; I shall see him soon and will get them changed with the greatest 
pleasure." Having the fullest confidence in him, I counted him out 
the money. He was as compliant, likely- looking and well-behaved a man 
as I ever saw. His name waa " Deek " or Daniel Boster. Soon after 
this the other German, named William Datche,* came on board and 
went into his state-room where all their trunks were kept, and packed 
all the best of their clothing in his trunks. He then took some clothes 
tied up in a handkerchief and carried them ashore to be washed, as he 
stated. The next morning he returned and said that he should stop 
in Havana, as he could not get through with his business as soon as he 
expected, and took his trunks ashore. I went with him to receive 90 
bags of coffee which was to come on board. I went and saw the coffee 
in a lighter. He spoke to the negroes in Spanish, and then told me 
that the coffee would be off at 1 1 a. m. I went on board to receive it, 
but it did not come. The following evening Captain Watts, of Hal- 

* There is some uncertainty regarding the orthography of these names, as they 
are very indistinct in the original manuscript. 

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lowell, told me that one of his passengers from New Orleans told him, that 
these two men were agents for the pirates ; and that they had absconded 
from ^ew Orleans and were on piratical business, and cautioned me to 
look out for them. This gave me the alarm, and early the next morn- 
ing I went on shore and went to their lodgings, found them both in 
bed. I called for my money and they both seemed sorry that I should 
doubt them. They both sprang up and dressed themselves and one 
said he would go with me and get the money. I went out with him 
and soon found things were wrong. The stores were not generally 
open, however, so they said they would settle with me at 9 o'clock. 
When 9 o'clock came they were gone. I went to the Alcaid officer and 
got a search warrant, two officers and an interpreter and searched for 
them some hours, till I was tired, worn out and almost mad. A Span- 
iard came to me and said, " Are you Captain Butler of the Sea Flower ? " 
I replied in the affirmative. He said, " I wish to speak with you." 
He then told me that Boster and Datche knew that I was in search of 
them and that they could and would keep out of my way. They had 
lost my money at billiards the night before, but had got more and 
would now pay if I would go with him some two miles to the place 
where they were hid. I went and found them in a small upper room 
of a store-house. My guide left me with them and we began and com- 
pleted the writings for a final settlement. Receipts were wrote and a 
bottle of wine was brought in for a friendly drink. One of the men 
put his hands in his pockets, to take out the money, as I supposed, and 
drew two pistols therefrom and pointing them at my breast said, " Sub- 
mission or death." I said, "don't fire;" I saw that death was in his 
countenance. I looked towards the door. It was shut and the other 
man stood by it with a sword and a dirk. The man with the pistols 
said, " Sign that receipt or die, — and quick too." Finding I had no 
retreat, I took the pen and signed the receipt without receiving one 
cent. The door was then opened and I was conducted down stairs to 
the outer door. One of them, in the presence of the guide, gave me a 
watch and said, " Captain, we make you a present of this watch." As 
soon as I got on the street again I exclaimed, " I have been robbed in 
that house," but all were Spaniards and no one understood me. I got 
the officers and renewed my search, but to no effect. Business went 
well with me till this time, but since then I have been the most dis- 
couraged that I ever was. I wish I was at home, but hope I shall 
have fortitude and wisdom to guide me aright in this hour of affliction. 
I never before felt the need of friends so much to console me and 
soften my cares. 

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Charleston, S. C, May 21st, 1820. 

I am coming home as fast as the wind will blow me along. I shall 
come by the way of New York and hope to be at home soon afi^pr this 
letter arrives. True I have not earned as much money as I could wish 
and have lost some but I have got for myself 'tmd the owner about one 
peck of Spanish dollars and some gold, besides f 400.00 in paper. If 
they will take the cargo I can keep the cash for my share. I arrived 
here last night from Darien, Georgia, via Savannah. I shall in all prob- 
ability sail for New York the last of this week. Since I left New York 
I have enjoyed good health but remain somewhat depressed in spirits on 
account of my loss. I have got quite acclimatized and am as black as 
a Spaniard. 

May 24TH. I shall sail for New York to-morrow at 10 a. m. I shall 
have forty passengers, which pays well. There will be thirteen ladies 
and eleven small children if no changes are made. 

Bahama Isi^nds, Feb. 5 th, 1822. 

As I passed Cape Tiberoon I saw a piratical craft, — a large Ameri- 
can schooner. As soon as she saw us she bore up and came so near 
that I could see the color of the crew's clothes. I thought I was gone 
hook and line sure. However I rounded to and fired my cannon into 
them, and as God would have it they were afraid and bore round and 
stood off out of sight. 

Mobile, Ala., March 2d, 1822. 

I arrived from sea February 27th. I came from St. Domingo via 
Rum Rio, Bahama, with salt. Have come to a poor market. I had 
rough weather on the coast and was twice driven off by northern gales. 
I made Mobile Point eleven days before I got in over the bar. I have 
had the yellow fever and have regained a reasonable degree of health, 
but my flesh is all gone. I shall go from here either to Havana or to the 
Middle States and will write you before I sail. I write this letter in the 
Custom-House and with all the haste encumbent on human nature. 

At St. Domingo I wrote you four letters and sent you a journal of my 
voyage ; whether they reached ^ you or not I can not say. I am con- 
vinced that I shall have a good voyage, for I do believe I have almost 
worried out the Devil and his imps. 

Mobile, Ala., March 8th, 1822. 

I arrived here six days ago with a cargo of salt which belongs to me, 

and it will not fetch the first cost and duties. I have not heard from 

you since I left home. I shall go from here to New York and if the 

weather is favorable I shall call at Charleston, S. C, but as that is un- 

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certain I want you to write me a line and send it by mail to New York 
and send another by some of the packets in case the first gets lost. 

Charleston, S. C, June 12, 1822. 
I arrived here to-day and have had the high satisfaction of finding 
my sons* well and doing well. It is in vain for me to attempt to express 
the satisfaction it gives me to see them again and to find them steady 
and prudent. I think they will come home with me, though Peter is 
unwilling to leave his trade ; but I do not think it will do for him to stay. 
We shall come home some better off than when we left ; and if I ever 
felt a degree of thankfulness, if my heart ever melted with love to Him 
who has preserved me through so many dangers, I think I now feel a 
full sense of the obligation that I owe my Preserver for the many bless- 
ings bestowed upon me and my sons. The boys look very pale and 
white but are as smart as bees. Am much pleased to hear how well 
gentlemen, of high standing here, speak of them. 

WiscASSET, Me., Mar. ist, 1823. 
I have just arrived here from Boston, having been eighteen hours on 
the way. I have a sleigh-load of articles that you may need. If one 
of the boys will come and get them I should be pleased to have them. 
If not I shall send them to Hallowell to the care of Mr. Wales, and you 
ban get them when you please. Peterf has gone to Charleston, S. C, 
with a lot of English and India goods valued at some ^4,000.00. He 
found friends in Boston who were willing to credif him to any amount 
he wished. He sailed on the i8th of February in the schooner " Maine," 
Captain Bungoon. I think they had a good time off the coast. I have 
concluded to run my vessel as a packet between Hallowell and Boston 
this season. I shall return to Boston in about ten days and shall be in 
Hallowell as soon as the ice is out. 

♦ The sons here referred to were Peter W. and David Butler. 
t Peter W. Butler, his son. 


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The Prevalence of Rum- Drinking. — ^The License Law. — Five Licenses Granted. — 
Town Votes "Not to License Retailers." — The Ministerial Association Passes 
Resolutions Against the Use of Spirituous Liquors. — First Temperance Society 
Formed. — Esq. Peter West's Temperance Society. — ^The Washingtonian Move- 
ment. — ^The Allen's Mills Watch Club. — First Division Sons of Temperance 
Organized. — ^The " Union Peace Temperance Society." — The Sons of Temper- 
ance at Allen's Mills. — ^The Order of Good Templars in Industry. — Juvenile 
Temples.— The Iron Clad Club. 

The use of ardent spirits as a beverage was a practice of 
almost universal prevalence among the early settlers. At the 
old-fashioned log-rollings it was regarded as a necessary article ; 
the hay crop could- not be secured without its aid, while a " leetle 
drop " never came amiss during the busy harvest season. For 
many years it was claimed that the frame of no building could 
be raised without " plenty of rum," which was often so freely 
drank as to cause intoxication. At musters and on holidays 
grog in large quantities was also drank, while no one could 
properly entertain company if there was no liquor in the house.* 
It was customary for every grocery dealer to sell spirits, which 
was by no means a small item of his trade. Soon after Maine 
became a separate State a law was enacted requiring retailers to 
obtain license from the municipal officers and leaving each town 
free to decide, by a vote, whether or not persons should be so 
licensed. Under this act James Davis, who kept store at Davis's 

* A gentleman informs the author that, when a small boy, he was frequently sent 
to the store, about a mile away, to buy spirits for the entertainment of ministers who 
chanced to visit his father's house. 

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(now Goodridge's) Corner, was the first person to receive a license 
to sell. Seven years later five persons were granted licenses to 
retail spirituous liquors. It appears that this number gave the 
people rather **too much of a good thing," for at their annual 
meeting in 1829 the town voted not to license sellers. 

Perhaps it is not generally known that ministers of the gospel 
began to realize the evil effects of intemperance as early as 
18 1 2. During that year the Ministerial Associations of nearly 
all the religious denominations adopted the following resolution : 

" That we will ourselves, and in our families, abstain from the use of 
strong drink, except as a medicine, and will use our influence to have 
others renounce the practice, and have it understood that civility does 
not require, and expediency does not permit, the production [offering] 
of it as a part of hospitable entertainment in social visits." 

This resolution formed the germ from which all subsequent 
temperance efforts sprung. With such powerful allies as the 
ministers of the gospel much good was accomplished in Indus- 
try, as well as elsewhere, and some were led to abandon the use 
of strong drink entirely. 

The first temperance society organized in Industry was com- 
posed entirely of lady members from Industry and adjoining 
towns, and was known as the Industry Female Temperance 
Society. Though the exact date of its formation is not known, 
it is probable that this society existed prior to 1829. The full 
text of the preamble and articles of the constitution are here 
given, together with a list of the members : 

We, the subscribers, having witnessed and heard of many cases of 
misery and ruin, in consequence of the free use of ardent spirits, and 
[being] desirous to prevent, if possible, evils of such magnitude, [do] 
agree to form ourselves into a Temperance Society and adopt the follow- 
ing Constitution : 

Article ist, we will wholly abstain from the use of ardent spirits on 
all occasions, except it be found indispensably necessary as a medicine. 

Art, 2nd, we will discountenance all addresses from any of the male 
sex, with a view of matrimony, if they shall be known to drink spirits 
either periodically or on any public occasion. 

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Art 3rd, We, as mothers, daughters and sisters will use our influence 

to prevent the marriage of our friends with a man who shall habitually 
drink any of [the] ardent spirits. 


Jane Atkinson, Industry. Sally Pollard, Industry. 

Susan Patterson, " Lucy Underwood, New Sharon. 

Betsey Thompson, " Clarissa J. Atkinson, Mercer. 

Nancy Goodridge, " Sally Merry, New Vineyard. 

Mary Howes, " Susan Thompson, Starks. 

Anna Norton, " Julia Ann Greenleaf, " 

Mary Ann Norton, " Mary Gould, " 

Eliza Norton, " Annah Dutton, 

Nancy Withee, " Sophia W. Dutton, 

Betsey A. Snell, " Martha A. Stevens, 

Anna West, ** Harriet Stevens, " 

As woman was the first to visit the sepulchre of her Master, 
as ^he has been first in nearly every good work since, so lias 
she first to labor for the cause of temperance in Industry. (J. 
the success of this society but little is known, as with very few 
exceptions its members have all passed away. 

Esquire Peter West organized a temperance society in 1829 
or 1830. It was composed entirely of male members and un- 
questionably exerted a salutary restraining influence over the 
intemperate portion of the community. This society continued 
to exist for several years, when the interest in a measure died 
out.* The Washingtonian movement about 1840 caused a re- 
vival of the interest in temperance work, and the society re- 
organized and continued to meet for a few years thereafter but 
in the course of time it ceased to exist. f ^^ 



♦The following is a record of their meeting holden July 4, 1836; " Meeting helc' 
at the Meeting House near West's Mills on above date. Chose Capt. Ezekiel Hinkley, 
president; Wm. Cornforth, Esq., vice-president; and Col. Benjamin Luce, secretary, 
Standing committee: — ^James Cutts, Samuel Patterson, John W. Manter, Benjamin W. 
Norton, Zebulon Manter, Brice S. Edwards. Voted to adjourn until the last Saturday 
in September." From a memorandum on the sheet containing this record it appears 
that Rev. Alden Boynton delivered an address on that occasion. 

t As an evidence of the good accomplished by these early efforts the writer will 
add that at a meeting held in September, 1849, the town voted to choose a committee 
of three to prevent the unlawful sale of liquor. These gentlemen were instructed to 
prosecute whenever milder measures failed to stop this illicit traffic. J 

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Soon after the enactment of the "Maine Liquor Law" a 
Watch Club was organized at Allen's Mills; this club was a 
secret organization whose purpose was to enforce the principles 
of this law. Among the members were Capt. Clifford B. Nor- 
ton, Capt. Newman T. Allen, Gen. Nathan Goodridge, Isaac 
Webster, Benjamin Allen, Brice S. Edwards, Samuel R. Allen, 
etc., with a number of members from Farmington, among whom 
were Thomas H. MoLain and Augustus Backus. Like all or- 
ganizations of a similar character, the Industry Watch Club had 
some bitter opponents who sought its destruction. Notwith- 
standing this opposition the organization continued to hold 
meetings for several years and was undqubtedly instrumental in 
doing much good. 

After the disbanding of the Watch Club, no other event of 
importance occurred until the early part of 1859, when con- 
siderable interest in the cause of temperance was manifested in 
Industry. The celebrated "Maine Liquor Law" had been in 
force for nearly a decade, and the better classes were every- 
where awakening to the evils of intemperance. The day when 
it was thought that the frame of a building could not be raised 
or a crop of hay secured without the free use of rum, or other 
ardent spirits, had passed away. Science had demonstrated 
the fact that it neither sustained nor prolonged the period of 
physical endurance, and that it did not augment the ability of 
the system to withstand the effects of cold and exposure, while 
from the pulpit ministers of the gospel were crying out against 
the evils of this scourge of mankind in terms of strong con- 

But in spite of the Maine Law a great deal of liquor was 
sold in town ; perhaps not quite so openly as it would other- 
wise have been done, still it was generally known by those 
interested where and how it could be obtained. Early in the 
month of February a movement was made to organize a Divis- 
ion of the Sons of Temperance at West's Mills, and on the 
15th of February, 1859, those interested met at the meeting- 
house for the purpose of organization. Although the number 
was not large, it was composed of many of the leading and 

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most influential men of the town. Their organization was per- 
fected by the choice of the following officers : Asaph Boyden, 
Worthy Patriarch ; Peter West Willis, Past Worthy Patriarch ; 
Rev. Isaac Lord, Chaplain ; Hiram Manter, Worthy Assistant ; 
George W. Clayton, Recording Scribe; James A. Manter, 
Assistant Recording Scribe ; Warren N. Willis, Financial Scribe ; 
James Manter, Treasurer ; Benjamin Tibbets, Conductor ; Isaac 
Daggett, Assistant Conductor ; Wm. H. L*ice, Sr., Inside Senti- 
nel; Peter B. Smith, Outside Sentinel. Their second meeting 
was held, by adjournment, at the dwelling of widow Abigail 
Stevens, who then lived in the Esquire Peter West house. This 
organization, which was known as the Putnam Division, No. 62, 
Sons of Temperance, continued to meet through the winter and 
added largely to its number. On the 4th of July, 1859, the 
members of the Division celebrated at West's Mills and held a 
picnic in Hiram Manter's grove. Great preparations were made 
for the occasion, and an invitation was extended to the Stark 
Division to join in the celebration which.was gratefully accepted. 
The day was all that heart could wish, and everyone was in high 
spirits. A portion of the Stark delegation came in a large hay- 
rack gaily bedecked with flags, as were also the yokes of the 
oxen drawing the rack. The exercises of the occasion consisted 
in forming a procession at the meeting-house and marching to 
the grove, where a speaker's stand had been erected and from 
which an eloquent address was delivered. After the address 
came various other exercises, including interesting remarks on 
temperance, interspersed with music, both vocal and instru- 
mental. Next in order came dinner, which in so pleasant a grove 
was really an enjoyable affair. Everything passed off agreeably, 
and all returned to their homes well pleased with the enjoyment 
which the day had afforded.* The Putnam Division continued 

♦ Not to be out-done by their contemporaries, the Union Peace Temperance 
Society also made preparations to celebrate the anniversary of their National Inde- 
pendence. They engaged as their speaker, Daniel G. Harriman, of New Sharon, a 
young man of ability, who acquired the degree of A. M. about that time, and soon 
after became a teacher at the Kent's Ilill Seminary. He subsequently became a 
lawyer and practiced in New York City. They selected as a place for their exercises 
a beautiful spot in the grove on the left of the road leading to New Sharon, and but a 
short distance south of the village. In the afternoon the Society held a rousing 
mass meeting in Oliver Stevens's hall, and added many new names to their pledge. 

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to meet through the year 1859, but in the winter of i860 certain 
members gave the society a vast amount of trouble by divulg- 
ing the pass-word of the order. As these members became 
more and more troublesome it was thought advisable by the 
majority of the members to surrender their charter. Accord- 
ingly, in the latter part of June, i860, their charter was returned 
to the Grand Division, from whence it originated, and the soci- 
ety disbanded. This condition of things did not continue long, 
however, for on the loth of July following, a number of the 
original members met and re-organized under the same name 
and number as the former society had borne. Up to this date 
no permanent place for holding their meetings could be obtained, 
but before the close of this year a hall was finished over Warren 
N. Willis's store, afterward known as the Peter W. Butler stand, 
and was used for the first time by the Division on the 4th day 
of December, i860. The expenses of finishing this hall were 
borne by a number of public-spirited gentlemen, namely, Asaph 
Boyden, Capt. Peter W. Willis, George W. Luce, Benjamin Tib- 
betts, Cyrus Chase, Almore Haskell, Isaac Daggett, Peter B. 
Smith, David M. Norton, Alonzo Norton, John E. Johnson, 
John T. Daggett and James A. Manter. The generous act of 
these gentlemen placed the Society on a substantial footing, 
financially, and relieved it of much trouble and anxiety. The 
society's meetings were well attended until the winter of 1863, 
when from the excitement caused by the war and from other 
causes the interest seemed to abate. Some of the members 
continued to hold meetings in private houses for a while, but ere 
long these meetings were discontinued and Putnam Division, S. 
of T., became a thing of the past. This society's motto was, 
** the strict enforcement of the law," and with this object in view 
the rumseller's position became anything but an agreeable one. 
A sharp watch was kept for law-breakers, and no opportunity to 
prosecute them was allowed to pass unimproved. Though the 
venders of ardent spirits received frequent chastisements at the 
hands of the Sons of Temperance, the sale of intoxicants was 
not wholly suppressed. But the restraint exerted by this course 
had a very beneficial effect in the town and community, and the 

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amount of good resulting from this organization can hardly be 

Prior to the organization of the forementioned society, some 
of the most influential men in town united to form **The Union 
Peace Temperance Society." The exact date of its formation 
is unknown, but at a meeting holden Jan. lO, 1859, Nelson C. 
Luce presented a constitution for adoption. From this fact it 
is to be inferred that the date was very near the beginning of 
the year 1859. While the Sons of Temperance favored a rigid 
enforcement of the law, the Union Society declared in favor of 
milder measures and favored prosecution only as a dernier res- 
sort. Feelings of intense bitterness existed between the mem- 
bers of the two organizations, and a few of the Sons even went 
so far as to declare that the Union Society was organized in 
the interest of and controlled by the rumseller, and many 
epithets of vile abuse were heaped upon the heads of its mem- 
bers. The meetings of the society were largely attended and 
the total membership reached a high figure. Among its mem- 
bers were Nelson C. Luce, Elbridge H. Rackliff, David Luce, 
Silas Burse. 

Nearly contemporaneous with the Putnam Division, there 
existed at Allen's Mills a similar organization, of which the 
writer has failed to learn any facts — not even the name by 
which it is was known. 

The ** Guiding Star" Division, Sons of Temperance, was 
organized at West's Mills, March 3, 1865, ^"d at one time had 
forty-five members, but it did not live to celebrate its first 

The Order of Good Templars first gained a foothold in 
Industry at Allen's Mills, where, in April, 1870, the citizens of 
that place and vicinity organized a lodge with twenty charter 
members. Among these members were Gen'l Nathan Good- 
ridge, Moses M. Luce, Sylvanus B. Philbrick, Henry B. Rack- 
liff, Daniel Collins Luce, Deacon Ira Emery, William J. Rackliff 
and John E. Johnson. The officers elected and installed for 
the first quarter were as follows: Worthy Chief Templar, 
William J. Rackliff; W.V. Templar, Miriam C. Luce; W. Chap- 

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lain, Ira Emery ; W. Secretary, Sarah E. Johnson ; W. Finan- 
cial Secretary, Henry B. Rackliff; W. Treasurer, Moses M. 
Luce; W. Marshal, J. Warren Collins; W. Deputy, Mary G. 
Rackliff; W. Inside Guard, William Seaver ; W. Outside Guard, 
Charles A. Craig; Past W. C. T., John E. Johnson. This 
organization, known as Clear Water Lodge, held its meetings 
on Wednesday of each week, but subsequently changed the 
day to Saturday. With so many persons of sterling char- 
acter among the charter members, the lodge was a success 
from the very start. Regular meetings were held during the 
summer, new regalias and other paraphernalia of the Order 
procured, and a few new members were received. The lodge 
numbered 29 members in good standing on the 13th of August, 

October 12, 1870, the Grand Lodge of Maine met at Farm- 
ington, and Clear Water Lodge sent William J. Rackliff, Daniel 
Collins Luce and Mary G. Rackliff as delegates to that meeting. 
The usual routine of business was interspersed and enlivened by 
vocal and instrumental music, as well as by papers, debates, dia- 
logues, declamations, tableaux and charades. Occasionally the 
members would give an exhibition or get up a supper, which 
invariably added something to the cash account of the lodge. 
During the winter of 1 870-1 the meetings were held at the 
house of Moses M. Luce. Early the following spring, however, 
the members rented a hall over Oscar O. Allen's store, and 
here the lodge continued to hold its meetings as long as it 
existed. These meetings were well attended, and new members 
were from time to time added, until by the close of July, 1871, 
the lodge numbered forty-six members in good standing. The 
order sustained a serious loss in the death of General Nathan 
Goodridge, which occurred Sept. 30, 1871. Gen. Goodridge 
was a worthy and highly esteemed member, and at a subse- 
quent meeting the following resolutions in memoriam were 
passed and sent to the Farmington Chronicle and Riverside 
Echo for publication : 

Whereas it has pleased the great Father to remove from us our 
esteemed brother, Gen. Nathan Goodridge, and while we would remem- 


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ber our fraternal obligation which demands an expression of our sorrow, 
and our sympathy for the afflicted family, therefore be it 

Resolved, That by the death of our beloved brother we are bereft 
of a kind and gentle associate, rich in every virtue that adorns mankind, 
and loved most by those who knew him best. 

Resolved, That in our sadness we do not forget to recognize the 
over-ruling hand of Providence, who does not allow even a sparrow to 
fall without His notice. 

Resolved, That our sympathy is tendered to the bereaved and 
afflicted friends, and that we point them to Him who doeth all things 
well, in their hour of sorrow. 

The early part of the year 1872 marked a period of gen- 
eral prosperity in the history of Clear Water Lodge, and its 
meetings continued through the winter of 1 871-2 with un- 
abated interest, and its entertainments were well patronized. 
But as the year drew near its close the interest seemed to abate, 
and meetings were held less and less frequently the following 
winter. The last entry in the lodge journal bears the date of 
March i, 1873. Among the persons who served as Chief 
Templar in this lodge were: John R. Luce, Horatio A. B. 
Kyes, Daniel C. and Moses M. Luce. Prominent among the 
members were. Rev. Chas. E. Woodcock, Amos S. Hinkley, 
Oscar O. Allen, Herbert B. Luce and Josiah Emery. 

In the summer of 1873 a representative of the Grand Lodge 
of Good Templars came to West's Mills and attempted to 
organize a lodge, but from some reason a permanent organiza- 
tion was never gained. After meeting two or three times, the 
interest seemed to die out and a charter was never obtained. 
Thus ended the first attempt to establish a Lodge of Good 
Templars at West's Mills. Again, in the winter of 1878, while 
the Iron Clad Club was holding its most interesting meetings, 
Mr. L. W. Starbird, of East Dixmont, Maine, a member of the 
Grand Lodge, came to West's Mills and addressed the club, on 
the subject of forming a lodge, at one of its regular meetings. 
Though Mr. Starbird labored incessantly for the causae, both 
among the club members and the community at birge, he 
failed to secure sufficient support to enable him t' organize a 
lodge. ,:^ 

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During the winter of 1881 Albert O. Frederic, of Stark, 
who was teaching the village school at West's Mills, having 
been commissioned as a special deputy of the Grand Lodge, 
proposed that the persons interested in the cause of temper- 
ance unite to form a lodge of the Order of Good Templars. 
Accordingly a paper was circulated and a sufficient number of 
names to insure the success of the enterprise was obtained, and 
on the evening of March 12th these persons met at Norton's 
Hall for the purpose of organization. The traveling being 
very bad at the time, several who had pledged their support 
failed to be present. Consequently the lodge was organized 
with scarcely members enough for the necessary officers. The 
organization was perfected by the election and installation of 
the following officers, viz : John W. Frederic, Worthy Chief 
Templar; Ida M. Oliver, Worthy Vice Templar; Eugene L. 
Smith, Worthy Secretary ; Harrison Daggett, Worthy Financial 
Secretary ; Flora M. Rackliff, Worthy Treasurer; Rev. John 
W. Perry, Worthy Chaplain ; Frank W. Smith, Worthy Mar- 
shal; Emma N. Luce, Worthy Inside Guard; Ward Burns, 
Worthy Outside Guard ; David W. Merry, Past Worthy Chief 
Templar; William C. Hatch, Lodge Deputy. This organiza- 
tion was given the name of Protection Lodge, doubtless from 
the fact that one of its objects was to protect its members from 
the temptations and baleful influences of intemperance. For 
a time the prospects of this organization were gloomy indeed, 
notwithstanding the fact that it was fully organized and free 
from debt. The society met with strong opposition, the mem- 
bership was small, and owing to outside influences it seemed 
for a time that it would never be any larger. At first it met 
only to adjourn from time to time, but after a while its pros- 
pects began to brighten ; several new members were added, and 
the lodge thus re-enforced took a new lease of life. Meetings 
were held regularly, and in addition to the usual routine of 
business, questions were discussed, select readings were given ; 
an organ having been procured, vocal and instrumental music 
were included among the exercises. After once getting a start, 
at nearly every meeting new and valuable acquisitions were 

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added to its list of members, and the interest was well main- 
tained throughout the entire year. Protection Lodge num- 
bered about fifty members in good standing at the beginning of 
1882, and had a sum in the treasury more than sufficient to 
pay all expenses, notwithstanding a considerable sum had been 
expended in furnishings for the hall. The members were 
regular in their attendance, and the year was a prosperous one 
in the history of the lodge. During the succeeding winter 
the interest seemed to abate, and no meetings were held after 
Feb. 12, 1883. But in the fall of that year they were again 
resumed with a varying degree of interest and continued up to 
near the close of December. Owing to the unsettled condition 
of affairs, it was thought best to surrender the charter and 
re-organize under a new one. Thus closed up the affairs of 
Protection Lodge, No. 334, L O. of G. T., after an existence 
of nearly three years. The Chief Templars of this Lodge 
were : John W. Frederic, Rev. John W. Perry, David M. Nor- 
ton and William D. Randall. The deputies : William C. Hatch 
and Harrison Daggett. 

Through the efforts of Rev. Luther P. French the co-opera- 
tion of a sufficient number of children was secured to form a 
juvenile temple. For this purpose a meeting was held in 
Norton's Hall at West's Mills, on Saturday evening, Feb. 2, 
1884. The temple was organized by F. A. Marston, of Oak- 
land, a representative of the Grand Lodge of Maine, and num- 
bered seventeen members. The officers elected were as follows : 
Chief Templar, Frank C. Luce ; Right-Hand Supporter, Frances 
A. Norton; Left-Hand Supporter, Annie C. Randall; Vice- 
Templar, Nellie B. Stevens ; Secretary, Samuel C. Pinkham ; As- 
sistant Secretary, Henry C. French ; Financial Secretary, George 
W. Patterson; Treasurer, Frances E. Daggett; Chaplain, Amy 
A. Norton ; Marshal, Rufus F. Pinkham ; Guard, Ellen S. 
Norton ; Sentinel, Reuel B. Norton ; Superintendent of the Tem- 
ple, Rev. Luther P. French. This temple was known as the 
** Gatherers," No. 72, and continued to meet every Saturday 
afternoon through the winter and spring. After Elder French 
left the Industry Circuit in the spring, Mrs. Sarah J. Randall was 

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chosen Superintendent. The busy spring and summer season 
caused a very marked decrease in the attendance at the meet- 
ings, and by autumn the organization had become a thing of 
the past. 

In consultation with State Deputy Marston the officers and 
members of Protection Lodge decided to surrender their charter, 
as has already been stated, and continue the work of the Order 
under a new dispensation from the Grand Lodge. Consequently 
a petition was drawn up asking for a new charter, and on the 
evening appointed for organization it contained the signatures 
of 126 persons who desired to become charter members. This 
result was the outgrowth of the earnest, unremitting efforts of 
Eben S. Ladd and Asa H. Patterson, who thorougly canvassed for 
signatures at every house within a radius of several miles of the 
village, and is said to be without a parallel in the history of 
temperance work in the State of Maine. Prominent among the 
petitioners were Rev. Luther P. French, Franklin W. Patterson, 
Benjamin Warren Norton, Joseph W. Smith, William D. Ran- 
dall, Warren Cornforth, Benjamin Tibbetts, Rosalvin Robbins, 
John W. Frederic and others. The petioners met for organiza- 
tion on Friday evening, February 8, 1884. The members, 
seventy in number, were initiated by State Deputy Marston of 
Oakland. The name " Clear Water Lodge " was adopted, and 
Saturday evening of each week was selected for holding their 
meetings. Officers were then elected and installed as follows : 
W. C. T., Wm. D. Randall; W. V. T., Eva L. Luce; W. S., 
Sidney Watson; W. F. S., Benjamin Warren Norton; W. T., 
Franklin W. Patterson; W. C, Rev. Luther P. French; W. M., 
Asa H. Patterson; W. I. G., Ward Burns; W. O. G., John F. 
Gordon; P. W. C. T., John W. Frederic; L. D., Harrison Dag- 
gett; W. L. H. S., Sarah E. Tolman; W. R. H. S., Deborah 
Norton ; W. D. M., F. Octavia Ladd. 

A board of trustees, consisting of Joseph W. Smith, James 
M. Norton and Eben S. Ladd, was also chosen. At the next 
election of officers, April 26, 1884, Harrison Daggett was chosen 
Chief Templar and Sherman G. Tinkham selected for Lodge 
Deputy. While the zeal of its originators remained at white 

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heat the prospects of Clear Water Lodge were flattering, indeed, 
and its meetings were well sustained for a few months. But in 
this case the axiom, ** Go up like a rocket and come down like 
the stick" was again to be verified. A perceptible declension 
in the interest occurred during the months of May and June, 
and but seven meetings were held after July first, the last being 
October 11, 1884. 

Near the close of November, 1887, James H. Hamilton, 
Councillor of the Grand Lodge of Maine, visited West's Mills 
and lectured at Norton's Hall on **The Object of the Order." 
At the close of his lecture he re-organized Clear Water Lodge 
with nine charter members. The officers elected and installed 
were : W. C. T., Calvin B. Fish ; W. V. T., Amy A. Norton ; 
W. S., Samuel C. Pinkham; W. F. S., Robert Burns; W. T.. 
Ellen A. Frederic; W. M., Rufus F. Pinkham; W. C, Lilla 
Masterman ; W. L G., Clara E. Norton ; W. O. G., George W. 
Patterson; L. D., Arthur H. Oliver. The lodge met with some 
degree of regularity during the winter of 1887-8 and gained a 
few new members, but it never secured a very permanent basis. 

Soon after his visit to West's Mills, Mr. Hamilton visited 
Allen's Mills and on Thursday, December 8, 1887, organized a 
second lodge in Industry to be known as Crystal Lake Lodge. 
This temple had thirty-five charter m'embers, and to perfect its 
organization elected and installed the following officers: W. C. 
T., Herbert B. Luce; W. V. T., Juliet Bailey; W. S., Alfred F. 
Johnson; W. A. S., Etta M. Norton; W. F. S., John T. Luce; 
W. T., John C. Higgins; W. M., Alonzo O. Rackliff; W. D. 
M., Amy A. Luce; W^ C, D. Collins Luce; W. L G., Carrie 
M. True; W. O. G., Andrew S. Emery; P. W. C T., William. 
J. Rackliff; L. D., Llewellyn Norton. At the present time 
(June, 1892), this lodge is holding its meetings regularly and 
is in a prosperous condition. It numbers sixty-one members 
in good standing and is wielding a powerful influence for the 
cause of temperance. 

On the day following the organization of ** Crystal Lake 
Lodge" at Allen's Mills, a juvenile temple was also organized 
at the same place, taking for its name the title ** Sparkling Jewel." 

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The first set of officers elected were : C. T., Frank C. Luce ; V. 
T., Minnie O. Purdy; C, Melvin Purdy ; Sec, Mrs. Rose Spin- 
ney; Ass't Sec, Berley Viles; F. S., Allie Spinney; T., C. Ern- 
est Wyman; M., Kent R. Rackliff; D. M., Eugene Rackliff; 
G., Mabel Rathey; S., Neddie Rathey; R. H. S., Maude Rack- 
liff; L. H. S., Lena Rackliff; P. C. T., Andrew Spinney ; Sup't 
of Temple, Juliet Bailey. This Temple has been one of the 
most prosperous in Franklin County. 

Early in October, 1877, several zealous workers in the cause 
of temperance from the Iron Clad Club at Farmington, came 
to West's Mills and succeeded in organizing an Iron Clad Club 
there. This temperance movement was originated by Joshua 
K. Osgood, of Gardiner, Me., and at the time a club was organ- 
ized at West's Mills, several efficient organizations of the kind 
existed in the State. This new departure in temperance work 
soon became very popular, and through its instrumentality 
many persons of intemperate habits were reclaimed and have 
since led strictly temperate lives. In organizing at West's Mills, 
the labors of the visitors were ably supplemented by aid from 
many representative citizens of the place, including Rev. David 
Pratt, Moses Bradbury, Richard Caswell, Elias H. Yeaton and 
others. Mr. Bradbury was chosen president of the Club and 
filled the position in a very able and acceptable manner. Elias 
H. Yeaton was elected vice-president, and Coridon W. Luce,"* 
secretary. The new club took for its name ** Eureka," signify- 
ing I have found it. So diligently did the members labor that 
at the close of the fifth meeting their pledge contained one hun- 
dred and eighty names. Weekly meetings were held during the 
winter of 1877-8 with a deep and widespread interest. 

Josiah Emery, who had previously been a member of the 
Farmington Club, succeeded Mr. Bradbury as president of Eureka 
Club. Mr. Emery was an earnest and able worker in the cause 
of temperance, and his selection for this high office proved a 
judicious choice. At nearly every meeting new names were 
added, and the total membership increased to nearly two hundred 

♦ Mr. I.uce was certainly secretary of the club soon after its organization, hut 
the writer is unable to learn positively that he was the first secretary. 

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and fifty by spring. The meetings were continued at intervals 
through the following summer, and in the fall the club celebrated 
its first anniversary. The exercises of this occasion were held 
in the Union Church at West's Mills and consisted of an oration, 
spirited remarks on temperance, besides other interesting and 
instructive features. A large delegation from the Madison 
Bridge Club was present and participated in the celebration. 
The oration was delivered by Rev. Silas F. Strout, the minister 
in charge of the M. E. Church on Industry circuit, and was pro- 
nounced an able effort by all present. While the club and its 
visitors were at the church the ladies were busily engaged in 
preparing a bountiful repast at Norton's Hall, whither the com- 
pany repaired after the closing exercises. Here a pleasant hour 
was spent around the social board and the time of parting came 
only too soon. When the visitors departed it was with many 
good wishes for the success of Eureka Club and the pros- 
perity of its members. The meetings were continued through 
the winter of 1878-9, but with a lessening degree of interest in 
consequence of dissatisfaction and withdrawal of some of the 
prominent members of the club. During the next summer the 
meetings were held at intervals less and less frequent, until at 
length they ceased entirely. John E. Johnson and John W. 
Frederic were among the presiding officers in addition to those 
already mentioned. The good influences of the Iron Clad Club 
over the intemperate portion of the community can hardly be 
estimated, and though nearly a decade has elapsed since it ceased 
to hold meetings its influence still lives. It is a noteworthy fact 
that but three times in the history of the town have the municipal 
officers appointed a liquor agent as the law permits them to do. 
Another fact showing the good results of temperance work in 
Industry is the fact that in 1884, when the prohibitory constitu- 
tional amendment came before the people, the vote in this town 
stood: Yes, 79; No, 19. 

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Religious Views of the Early Settlers. — Strict Observance of the Sabbath. — Destitute 
Circumstances. — Agricultural Implements. — Bread -Baking. — Substitutes for 
Cooking Soda. — ^The Luxuries of Pioneer Life. — Methods of Starting a Fire. — 
Harvesting Grain. — Depredations of Bears. — A Good Bear Story. — Cows and 
Swine Allowed to Roam at Will in the Woods. — Spinning and Weaving. — Do- 
mestic "Tow and Linen "Qoth. — Flax -Culture. — Wool-Growing in Industry. — 
The Tin Baker. — Introduction of Cooking-Stoves. — First Thorough -braced 
Wagon Brought to Town. — Shoe-Making. — First Threshing- Machine. — Sewing- 
Machines. — Mowing-Machines. — " Air-tight " Cooking-Stoves. — Methods of 
Measuring the Flight of Time. — The Hour-Glass. — Sun-Dials. — Clocks. — Nails. 
— Methods of Lighting the Settlers' Homes.— Tallow Dips.— Whale Oil.— Burn- 
ing Fluid. — Kerosene. — Sugar-Making. — Intentions of Marriage. — Quill Pens. — 
Anecdotes, Etc. 

The customs and manners of the early settlers in Industry 
were so different from those of the present day, that the author 
devotes an entire chapter to their consideration. With few ex- 
ceptions, the first settlers came from Martha's Vineyard, and 
were strictly Puritanic in their religious views. A rigid observ- 
ance of the Sabbath, which with them usually began at sunset 
on Saturday evening, was enjoined on all, and when the town 
was incorporated several tything-men were chosen, whose sole 
duty consisted in keeping a sharp lookout for Sabbath-breakers. 
To the log-cabin of the early pioneers in Industry, poverty and 
want were no strangers. Money was scarce, roads almost im- 
passable, and markets for produce a long way off. Food and • 
clothing were of the coarsest quality, and not infrequently in- 
sufficient in quantity. The agricultural and household imple- 
ments were few in number and of the most primitive sort. 
When a clearing had been made and the grain sown, a hoe was 

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often used to cover the seed for want of a harrow and a suit- 
able team to drag it. Hay and grain were usually hauled on 
sleds or carried to the place of stacking, by two men, on a 
couple of long slender poles. The plow of the settler was a 
rude, clumsy affair, — a mould-board hewed out of wood and 
covered with a mail of iron. With such an implement it is 
plain to be seen that plowing could be done only in the most 
imperfect manner, in fact, it was but a step in advance of the 
modes of tilling the soil as practiced by the ancient nations. 
The hoes, like the plows, were heavy, awkward affairs, ham- 
mered out by the nearest blacksmith, with a sapling from the 
forest for a handle Doubtless in their day, these were con- 
sidered very effective instruments, but to-day there is not a boy 
in town who would consider one of them suitable to dig bait 
enough for a day's fishing. The scythes were formed by the 
hand of the same artisan who made the hoes, and the snath 
was of the same material as the handle of the hoe, only of a 
larger size. The scythe was hung to a straight snath, which 
was grasped in the hands while mowing, nibs, or handles, not 
having come into use in those days. To mow with such an 
implement must have been very fatiguing, for while at work 
the farmer was obliged to stand nearly half bent. The boys, 
whose duty it was to do the tedding, were supplied with 
** tedding-sticks " made from small saplings pointed at both ends, 
with which the hay was thrown to the right and left, using each 
end of the stick alternately. After the hay was properly cured 
it was usually stacked in close proximity to the hovel where the 
cow and other stock was kept during the winter. 

The bread for the family, usually made of corn meal, was 
either cooked on a board before the open fire, in the cabin, or 
in an oven built of flat stones laid in clay mortar, which was 
** blasted" whenever the supply of that needful article became 
low. Soda or saleratus was not known in those days, but many 
substitutes for it were devised by the frugal housewife. One of 
these was the burning of corn-cobs, which made very white and 
strongly alkaline ashes, which were used much in the same 
manner as the soda of to-day. Sugar and molasses, save what 

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was made from the sap of the rock- maple, were luxuries seldom 
if ever seen in the home of the hardy pioneer. Friction 
matches, now an indispensable article in every household, were 
unknown in the early days of the town. Various expedients 
were resorted to in lighting the fires ; one of the most common 
ways of keeping fire over night was to cover up a brand 
with coals and hot ashes in the large open fire-place. Some 
kept a box of tinder which was ignited by a spark produced by 
striking flint against steel. Others would put a little powder in 
the pan of their flint-lock musket, and with the flash of the pow- 
der ignite a bunch of tow. Occasionally, when none of these 
conveniences for starting a fire were at hand, a brand would be; 
borrowed from a neighboring settler's fire. If the distance was 
long, a slow match would be made by tightly rolling a live coal 
in a piece of linen rag. In this manner fire was sometimes 
carried more than a mile. 

The grain when ready to harvest was usually reaped and 
bound into bundles or sheaves, and when thoroughly dried was 
threshed with the old-fashioned flails. When corn was planted 
the bears proved a source of much annoyance by eating and 
destroying large quantities after the kernel was filled. To pre- 
vent these depredations fires were sometimes kindled around the 
piece at nightfall and kept burning until morning. An Indian 
named Pierpole, who lived for many years on the Sandy River 
in Farmington and Strong, would sometimes come and watch 
for bears and seldom it was, indeed, that the black marauder 
escaped his steady aim. In connection with these depredations 
the following interesting adventure is related of 


In 1 8 19 James Gower owned and occupied the house at 
Allen's (then Gower's) Mills now owned by Herbert B. Luce. 
He also owned a grist-mill a little below the house, on the 
stream at the outlet of the pond, and sometimes a pressure of 
work at the mill would compel him to work nearly half of the 

On the high ground to the west of the mill Mr. Gower had 

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a patch of corn enclosed by a log fence. A bear made frequent 
nocturnal visits to this cornfield, much to the annoyance of its 
owner. Bruin would gain entrance by tearing down a length of 
fence and usually passed out at his place of entrance. 

** Happening into his mill late one afternoon," writes Mr. 
Truman A. Allen, '' I found Mr. Gower with a neighbor planning 
a scheme for the capture of the depredator that very night. 
Going to the house Mr. Gower soon returned with an old flint- 
lock musket of Revolutionary fame. The gun was in a sad 
condition, the barrel all eaten with rust and the lock separated 
from the stock. Scouring it up as best he could, he oiled the 
lock and fastened it in its proper place by a couple of wooden 
pins. Then to make the parts still more solid a tow bag-string 
was tied around the whole. The next thing in order was to 
load this formidable weapon. A large handful of powder was 
poured into the barrel and a huge wad rammed down on top 
of it. Then two leaden bullets, weighing one ounce each and 
wrapped in a rag to make them fit the bore of the weapon, were 
also rammed home." By this time the barrel of the old musket 
was nearly half-full, "and," says Mr. Aljen, '* it was a question of 
doubt in my boyish mind whether the miller or the bear would 
be killed." The manner of attack decided upon was to be a 
flank movement from the north, as the wind was blowing from 
the south, Mr. Gower was to lead the van with his gun, fol- 
lowed by his aid carrying an axe, and a lantern concealed in a 
bag. Mr. Allen, then a lad of nine years, volunteered to carry 
the bag, but was coolly informed that it was high time that all 
babies were at home and in their beds. The next morning he 
was up bright and early, after dreaming of bears all night. 
Eating a hasty breakfast he hurried to the cornfield. Here he 
found some half-dozen men standing in a circle around some 
object and was soon among them. 

There lay the bear with two round holes in his head. The 
story of the capture which he then heard was as follows : **At 
ten o'clock Mr. Gower stopped his mill and extinguished the 
lights. After waiting an hour they noiselessly proceeded to the 
cornfield and found the bear already there, evidently enjoying 

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his meal of the succulent green corn. Approaching within 
twenty yards of the bear without being discovered, the miller 
took deliberate aim and fired. His aid immediately drew the 
lantern from the bag and rushed forward to learn the result of 
the shot. Finding the bear hors de combat^ he returned to look 
for the miller, but lo, he was not to be found where he had stood 
when he fired the shot. After some search he was found some 
distance away, apparently in an unconscious condition. He 
revived, however, and with the exception of a few severe bruises 
was soon all right. The gun was found the next morning 
somewhere in the lot." 

Soon a pair of oxen hitched to a drag came along, and the 
bear was hauled down to the mill where he tipped the scales at 
four hundred pounds. Thus ended one of Industry's most 
famous bear hunts. 

If the settler was fortunate enough to own a cow, a bell was 
suspended from her neck and she was allowed to wander through 
the forest at her own sweet will. Hogs were marked and, like 
the cows, turned loose in the early spring and were not driven 
home until it was time to fatten them in the fall. 

After the early settlers had become well established in their 
new homes, the whir-r-whir-r of the spinning-wheel and the 
rattle of the loom were familiar sounds in many cabins, and 
by their aid the industrious housewife wrought nearly every 
yard of fabric from which her own and her family's wardrobes 
were replenished. Flax was extensively cultivated, and the 
little foot-wheels whereon the fibre was twisted into thread can 
occasionally be found. Home-made tow and linen cloth were 
the housewife's niain reliance, and from them was made a large 
portion of all the clothing worn by her family. When the flax 
was ready to harvest no small amount of labor was required to 
prepare it for the spinner. After it was pulled, dried and 
deprived of the seed, the stalks were spread upon the ground 
to be rotted by the alternate action of the dew and sunshine. 
This process rendered the woody portion of the stalk brittle, 
but left the tough fibre intact. The bundles were then re-bound 
and packed away to await the leisure of the winter months. It 

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was then broken, swingled, hatcheled and spun into thread. 
The hatcheling, as well as the spinning, was done by the madam. 
There is a tradition that Industry's first representative* in the 
Legislature was clad in garments all of which were manufactured 
by members of his own family. 

Sheep were kept and woolen cloth was also made. It is a 
matter of regret that no statistics exist from which a reliable 
estimate of the conditions of this industry can be made. 
Greenleaf in his Survey of Maine, published in 1829, on page 
210, says: "Sheep form an important part of the agri- 
cultural capital of the State, their products form much of its 
annual income, and will probably -at some day constitute one of 
the principal, if not the staple, commodities of the state. It is 
to be regretted that no returns have been made of this valuable 
animal with which the State abounds, nor any data exist from 
which an estimate, to be depended on for any considerable 
degree of accuracy, can be drawn. It is known that besides 
furnishing the material for a large part of the clothing of the 
inhabitants and not a small part of their food, large numbers 
are annually driven to other New England States ; how many 
we have no means of knowing except from an account of the 
number which passed Haverhill and Piscataqua Bridges in 1827, 
which was more than 3300." 

In 1832, the earliest date of which we have any reliable in- 
formation, there were 663 sheep owned in Industry. The fact 
that Wm. Cornforth, who came to Industry in 181 7, built a full- 
ing-mill soon after his arrival in town alsoshows that woolen 
cloth must have been extensively made at this early date. As 
the manufacture of that commodity pre-supposes the raising of 
wool, it would be but reasonable to infer that the introduction of 
sheep was nearly contemporaneous with the settlenient of the 

The first innovation made in the early methods of cooking 
was by the introduction of the tin baker, brought into town by 
the ubiquitous John Smith, a tin-peddler from Cumberland 

♦ James Davis. 

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County. These bakers were first used about 1830, and were 
considered a great improvement. Deacon Ira Emery bought 
one of the very first sold in this town. The deacon also bought 
the first, or one of the first, cook-stoves ever used in town. 
This he purchased in Augusta in the winter of 1836. A few 
years after that Mr. Crowell, of New Sharon, introduced the 
Hampden stove, having an elevated oven, which afterwards 
came into very general use. In this instance Deacon Emery 
bought the first and General Nathan Goodridge the second one 
used in town. The first cast-iron plows were brought into town 
by Captain Martin Moore, who moved on to the farm on " Mount 
Hungar" in Stark, now owned by the heirs of James Brackett. 
These plows were made of poor iron and proved decidedly un- 
satisfactory to Deacon Emery and others who bought them. 
Later a better built plow was offered for sale which .eventually 
became very popular in this town as well as elsewhere. The 
first thorough-braced wagon was brought into town by Thomas 
Meade, from Bridgton, somewhere between 1830 and 1834. 
James Stanley, then living between where Davis Look and 
David W. Merry now live, bought it of Meade. This carriage 
was *Squire Stanley's special pride, as well as the wonder and 
envy of the neighborhood. 

Shoe-making for the most part, especially in large families, 
was done by some itinerant shoemaker who, with his kit of tools 
on his back, would wander through the settlement working for 
whoever desired his services. Some of the larger families would 
keep him employed for a week or more. Each shoemaker was 
obliged to make his own pegs and his shoe-thread was also 
home-made, spun from flax and often in the same family where 
it was used. The stock was bought, not by the shoemaker, as 
is the custom at the present time, but by the settler himself. 

General Nathan Goodridge and Ebenezer Swift were the first 
to bring a threshing-machine into town. This machine was 
probably purchased as early as 1837. . It consisted of a double 
horse power and an iron beater, without any accessory machin- 
ery for separating and winnowing the grain. The latter operation 
was usually performed by the men with a hand-mill, in the even- 

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ing after the completion of the day's work with the machine. 
More recently machines with a winnowing attachment were con- 
structed which soon superseded all others. 

The sewing-machine was first used in Industry in the family 
of Rev. Simeon W. Pierce, in i860. This was an Elias Howe 
machine, sewing what is known as a chain-stitch. The lock- 
stitch machine soon followed, and so rapidly has this valuable 
invention gained favor in the past twenty-five years that more 
than three-fourths of the families in town are now using it. 
About the time of the introduction of the sewing-machine Al- 
bert Shaw bought a mowing-machine, which he continued to 
use on his farm until his death, which occurred in 1868.* Gen. 
Nathan Goodridge purchased a machine about the same time 
or soon after Mr. Shaw, and in 1866 George W. Johnson bought 
and used the first Buckeye mowing-machine ever seen in In- 

The Hampden stove, of which previous mention has been 
made, was very popular and extensively used for many years. 
Its enormous fire-box gave it a remarkable capacity for consum- 
ing fuel and, as a natural consequence, it proved a great heat 
generator. When the box or ** air-tight" cook-stoves, as they 
were sometimes called, first made their appearance they were 
regarded with much disfavor, and up to the year i860 were little 
used in this town. Since then, however, they have steadily 
gained favor and have entirely supplanted their former rival. 

Among the earty settlers various methods of ascertaining 
the flight of time were adopted. Some used a sand-glass, the 
contents of which would run from one compartment of the in- 
strument to the other in a given time, usually an hour. Others 
made use of the sun-dial, which was a rather uncertain chron- 
icler, as the sun southed at a different time nearly every day in 
the year. At night the hour was predicted from the position of 
certain stars ; but on a cloudy night how lonely must have been 

* Compared with the latest improved machines, Mr. Shaw's mower was a clumsy 
aflfair, and quite expensive. Yet it did its work well and was a great improvement 
over the hand scythe. This machine, known as the Union Mower, cost about ^150, 
as nearly as can be learned. 

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the vigil of the anxiods watcher ! The first clocks brought into 
town were made of wood without cases. They were manufac- 
tured by S. Hoadley, of Plymouth, Connecticut, and cost up- 
ward of twenty dollars. The cases were made by some ingen- 
ious carpenter, or they were occasionally suspended from the 
wall and run without a case. The Seth Thomas clock was a 
good time-keeper and also quite popular in its day. The 
Hoadley and Thomas clocks were much alike in their construc- 

Nails were hammered out, one at a heat, at the blacksmith's 
forge in early times, and consequently were very expensive. 
Indeed, but few could afford them, and in many instances boards 
were fastened to the frames of buildings with wooden pins. 

The cheerful glow of the fire in the large open fire-place, 
with its fore-log and back-log, was the only evening light of 
which the cabin of the early settler could boast. After a time 
the tallow dips came into use. These were made, as their name 
indicates, by dipping wicks of cotton into melted tallow and 
allowing them to cool, then repeating the process until the dip 
attained the required size. To economize time a dozen wicks 
would be suspended from a slender rod, all of which were dipped 
into the melted tallow at the same time. Even so simple a 
matter as "dipping candles" required skill and judgment to 
produce a candle, firm in texture, which would burn with a clear 
steady light. In this manner the thrifty housewife would make 
her year's supply of candles and suspend them from a numer- 
ously-branched hook for safe keeping. Moulded candles were 
also used to some extent, but at first when only a single or per- 
haps a double mould was used the process was slow and incon- 
venient. Lamps for burning fish-oil were afterwards introduced 
to some extent, but the oil had its disadvantages. A burning- 
fluid, composed of camphene and alcohol, was used by a limited 
number. It gave a very good light, but was quite expensive. 
Most people regarded it as very dangerous, hence but few had 
the hardihood to use it. 

Kerosene oil was first used in Industry about 1861 or 1862. 
Like other radical innovations upon established methods, it was 

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regarded with much disfavor at first, but its illuminating quali- 
ties were so excellent that it rapidly gained favor and soon came 
to be very generally used. 

The method of making maple-sugar has also undergone im- 
portant changes since the first settler notched the trees with his 
axe, caught the sap in birch-bark buckets and ** boiled it down " 
in large iron kettles out of doors.* William Allen, Jr., one 
spring soon after his father settled in town, made nine hundred 
pounds of sugar in this way by his own unaided labor. . Other 
settlers also made it in large quantities. 

Formerly all intentions of marriage were ** cried," at public 
religious meetings, for three Sundays in succession.! The town 
clerk acted as crier on these occasions, and undoubtedly his 
announcements sometimes created quite a sensation among 
the assembled worshipers. Subsequently a written copy of the 
intention was posted, usually on the meeting-house, which sup- 
planted the custom of ** crying."} From Oct. 6, 1863, to June 
10, 1868, every certificate of intention of marriage, from the 
town clerk, required a five-cent revenue stamp to render it 

Business writing and correspondence were practiced under 
difficulties wholly unknown to the modern letter-writer. Quill 
pens were then used, and the writer must needs make and fre- 
quently thereafter mend his own pen. Indeed, it was as much 
a part of the pupil's education to become skilled in making 
and mending pens as it was to form the letters with neatness 
and accuracy. Without the one the other was hardly attainable. 

*The first patent sap-evaporator in town was purchased and used by Thomas A. 
Allen, about 1883. 

t Years ago a queer custom prevailed in newly-settled towns, where large num- 
bers of swine were turned loose to roam the woods. Kach year, at the annual 
meeting, several hog-reeves were elected to capture and impound all hogs found 
trespassing on the settlers' growing crops. Whenever a marriage occurred in the 
settlement, the happy groom was sure to be elected hog-reeve at the next annual 

X The author recollects of frequently hearing, in his younger days, of persons 
being " posted " when their intention of marriage had been entered with the town 
clerk, long after the practice had fallen into disuse. 

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A deft hand was required to successfully whittle, point and 
split a quill pen. For this purpose a sharp, small-bladed knife 
was used, which thus gained the name of " pen-knife." The 
final and most difficult part of pen-making was to cut and split 
a point. Concerning this operation the following homely, but 
oft-repeated quatrain was their guide : 

" Cut it on wood, 

Twill never be good; 
Cut it on your nail, 
Twill never fail." 

Although quill pens have long since gone out of use, pen- 
knives are still sold by nearly every dealer in cutlery. Large 
sheets of heavy unruled paper were generally used. Envelopes 
were unknown. In correspondence the address was placed on 
the back of the sheet, which was then folded and sealed either 
with wafers or sealing-wax. 

Among the queer people of Industry in its early days was 
an itinerant shoemaker by the name pf Morse. This nomadic 
cordwainer used to travel through the town and work up the 
settler's supply of leather into boots and shoes for the family. 
Morse was an inveterate story-teller and noted for his habit of 
exaggeration. Once while at work for Capt. Benjamin Manter 
he entertained his employer with an account of an enormous 
Indian pudding which he once made. "Why," said he, "it was 
so large that when the people gathered around it and began to 
eat, those on one side ate a little too fast, the mass lost its equi- 
librium and tumbled over, killing two men and a dog. After 
this," continued the narrator, "to prevent further loss of life a 
law was passed prohibiting the use of more than ten bushels of 
meal in a single pudding." 

A good story is told of Dr. Jonathan Ambrose at the expense 
of Dr. John A. Barnard, Dr. B. was a very spare pale-fjiced 
person with black hair and flowing beard, which rendered the 
paleness of his countenance all the more striking. On one oc- 
casion Doctor Ambrose asked his opinion in regard to some 
real or fancied ill. After a careful examination Doctor B., who 
was something of a wag, said in hollow, sepulchral tones, " Doc- 

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tor, I think you are very near to the boundless shores of eternity." 
" I believe you are right," quickly replied Doctor A., in his 
peculiar squeaky voice, **one ghost has already appeared 
to me." 

A good story is related concerning a camp-meeting held by 
Father Thompson over half a century ago. 

There had been considerable revival interest manifested, and 
many lost sheep had been gathered into the fold. One morning 
good Father Thompson took for his text the words of the Lord 
unto Moses from the burning bush: "Put off thy shoes from 
off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground." 
On hearing which Mr. B., a gentleman from a neighboring town, 
who had just passed " From darkness unto light," and who de- 
termined to obey the scriptures in the literal as well as the 
spiritual sense, immediately removed his shoes, which he did not 
replace until the close of the services. 

An amusing anecdote is related of an Indian named Takoo- 
sa, of the Nantacket tribe, who once lived in Industry. 

One very cold morning Capt. Benjamin Manter, meeting him 
on the road, bantered him in regard to his half-clothed conditon 
and remarked, " I should think you would be cold," to which the 
Indian replied : 

" Is your face cold, Mr. Manter?" 

*« No," replied Capt. M. 

" Well, me all face," was Takoosa's laconic reply. 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 

Condition of the Town. — Population. — Valuation. — Small-pox Scare. — Attempt to 
Change the Centre Post-Office to Withee's Corner. — First Public House Opened. 
— Extensive Land-owners. — Large Stock-owners. — Effect of the High Tariff' on 
the Inhabitants of Industry. — Residents in the South Part of the Town Ask to 
be Made Citizens of New Sharon. — Remarkable Meteoric Shower. — "Temperance 
Hotel" Opened. — Other Public Houses. — Financial Crisis of 1837. — ^^^ Surplus 
Revenue Distributed. — Auroral Display. — Franklin County Incorporated. — Diffi- 
culties in Choice of Representative. — Prevalence of the Millerite Doctrine. — End 
of the World Predicted. — 7000 Acres Set off from New Vineyard and Annexed 
to Industry. — Vigorous Fight of the Former Town to Recover its Lost Territory. 
— ^The Pioneers of Liberty. — Destructive Hail-storm. — New County Roads Estab- 
lished. — Subject of Erecting a Town-house Discussed. — A Grand Sunday-School 
Picnic. — ^The Free-Soil Party. — Efforts to Suppress Rumselling. — Town Liquor 
Agents. — ^The License Law. — General Prosperity of the Town. — One-half of the 
New Vineyard Gore Set off to Farmington. — South Point of the Town Set off to 
New Sharon, etc. 

The town of Industry entered upon a new decade with 
brightening prospects for its future, and the ten years succeeding 
rank among the most prosperous in its history. At the begin- 
ning of this decade the town could boast of three churches 
(two of them newly erected), two post-offices, four stores and 
a population of 902, being an increase of nearly sixteen per 
cent, in the last ten years. There were in town one hundred 
and sixty-one polls of the age of twenty-one years or more, and 
the whole sum of money raised in 1830, exclusive of county tax, 
was $682. This sum making the rate per cent, of taxation only 
twelve mills on a dollar, taking the State valuation of 1831 as a 
basis. Not yet deprived of its pristine fertility the soil yielded 
bountifully and corn, wheat and rye were among the more im- 
portant cereal crops, while potatoes yielded at the rate of from 

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three to five hundred bushels per acre. Socially a new era was 
gradually dawning on the inhabitants of the town. The refining 
influences of Christianity were gradually pervading the land, 
and under its benign rule they were fast becoming an industri- 
ous, frugal and temperate people. True, in this as in every 
town, there were some of intemperate habits and a few who 
were idle and shiftless, but this class was largely in the minority.* 
Under such favorable conditions the growth of the town was 
very rapid — the wealth increasing over 182 per cent, in the ten 
years, while the growth in population for the same time was 
only a fraction over 1 5 per cent. 

Feeling keenly the need of better roads the citizens of the 
town voted, at their annual meeting in 1830, to raise %2QOO for 
the repair of highways, it being the largest sum ever appropri- 
ated for that purpose in any one year. At the same meeting 
the selectmen were instructed "To contract with some physician 
to inoculate the inhabitants of the town with Kine Pock forth- 
with." From the peremptory tone of these instructions it may 
be inferred that an outbreak of small-pox was feared, but the 
author has not been able to learn anything definite in regard to 
the matter. t 

^ About this time or somewhat earlier a circulating library was established at 
Allen's Mills. Though small in size, the influence it exerted upon the social lives of 
the residents in that part of the town was great. The following letter from Rev. 
Stephen H. Hayes gives all the information the writer has been able to gather con- 
cerning it: 

" I cannot give you much account of that library, but it was a great affair to me 
who saw few books in my childhood, and I am sure it was regarded in like manner 
by my associates. It was called, I think, the " Social Library." Benjamin Allen was 
the librarian and it was kept in a small case in his house. I think there were less than 
a hundred volumes, such as Robertson's History of America, MacKenzie*s Travels; I 
think it was Bary 0*Meary's Life of Bonaparte on St. Helena, in 3 vols. ; some of the 
Waverly novels. This was the character of the books. Boy as I was, I read them 
with great interest, but how or by whom it was originated I do not remember. But 
few books were added, those in it were gradually scattered, and my impression is that 
it came to an end. But that small library had no small influence on the people of 
that neighborhood. I am sorry I can say no more, but I am glad for you to know of 
this library, but I suppose few of the people you have known had any knowledge of 
it. But it was a treasure to the people of my generation and earlier — it kindled a 
taste for books — it stirred our young minds and was prized by our fathers." 

t Rev. Ira Emery writes : " I very well remember a small-pox scare about the time 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 rC> i860. 275 

In the fall of 1830 the inhabitants in the southern and west- 
ern part of the town agitated the topic of changing the post- 
route through Industry from Winslow's Corner by Davis's Corner 
(now Goodridge*s), and from thence to West's Mills so that the 
stage, would go by Withee's Corner and Esq. Daniel Shaw's 
direct to West's Mills. The agitators further proposed that the 
post-office at Davis's Corner be removed to Withee's Corner, 
which would bring it directly in line of the proposed route. At 
length the subject reached such a degree of importance that a 
town meeting was called to consider the advisability of peti- 
tioning the Postmaster General to make the proposed change. 
Though the agitators may have deemed their prospects of suc- 
cess very promising, it seems a majority of the town thought 
otherwise, and the proposition was ignominiously voted down 
in town meeting, and both office and post-route remained un- 

A notable event of the year 1832 was the opening of the 
first public house in Industry. This house was located at West's 
Mills, on the lot where Oliver Bros, subsequently built their 
steam-mill in 1 871-2, and Asaph Boyden and wife were landlord 
and landlady. His tavern sign was a plain, unostentatious affair 
and bore the simple inscription, ''A, Boyden^ i8j2" This house 
supplied a long-felt want, and the good accommodations it 
afforded soon made it very popular with the traveling public, 
and the enterprise proved a remunerative one. 

The earliest statistical knowledge of Industry's agricultural 
interests is also for the forementioned year. At that time 

Boyden swung his tavern sign. It must have been as early as 1832 and near the time 
when the new Canada road from Quebec to the State line was opened. Some were 
afraid foreigners would come in on that road and bring the small- pox. There was 
talk of asking Mr. Boyden to take down his sign as a preventive measure. In this 
connection 1 am reminded of a little incident. In those years strangers were not often 
seen in the little village of West's Mills. On a Sabbath during the summer of 1832 
or 1833 there was a baptism in the mill-stream just al)ove the lower britlge. There was 
present a stranger of gentlemanly appearance, well dressed and civil — a mere looker- 
on. Many were the enquiries made, but no one could tell who he was. A report was 
currently circulated that he was a Spaniard. In the estimation of us boys a Spaniard 
was next akin to the devil himself, and thereafter we gazed on him with awe and 
wondered that Mr. Boyden should put up such people." 

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among the largest land-owners were George Hobbs, who owned 
391 acres ; Esq. Daniel Shaw, 380 acres ; Widow Annie Norton, 
353 acres; and Nathaniel M. Davis, 341 acres. Real estate to 
the value of one thousand dollars or more was owned by the 
following persons, viz. : Esq. Peter West, $1900; Nathaniel M. 
Davis, $1800; Esq. Daniel Shaw, $1800; James Winslow, 
$1600; Widow Annie Norton, $1500; Esq. James Stanley, 
$1050; Capt. Ezekiel Hinkley & Son, $1050; Capt. Valentine 
Look, $1025; William Cornforth, $1000; Jacob Hayes, $1000; 
Jonathan Trask, $1000. 

There were six hundred and sixty-three sheep in town at 
that time, and Esq. Daniel Shaw, whose flock numbered 160, was 
the largest individual owner. James Stanley was the next 
largest sheep-owner, having a flock of 140. The inventory of 
neat stock was as follows : Oxen, 223 ; cows and heifers, three- 
years-old, 484. Hogs, 281. Dairying and stock-raising were 
given much attention, and several farmers kept large herds of 
cows. James Winslow, one of the most thriving and prosperous 
farmers in town, owned twelve cows, and Nathaniel M. Davis, 
Esq., John Gower, Capt. Moses Tolman, and Jonathan Trask 
each owned a herd of ten cows. Numerous others owned herds 
nearly as large as those mentioned. The following persons 
owned personal property to the value of $400 or more : Esq. 
James Stanley, $1409; Esq. Daniel Shaw, $1343; Nathaniel 
M. Davis, $658 ; Jonathan Trask, $434 ; James Winslow, $544; 
Esq. Peter West, $478 ; Esq. John Gower, $449 ; Cornelius 
Davis, $443. The poll tax assessed this year was the small 
sum of eighty-eight cents per capita. 

The high tariff adopted during the presidency of John 
Quincy Adams, for the purpose of protecting American manu- 
factures from the competition of foreign importations, became 
oppressive and burdensome to those engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. This tariff", which imposed a high tax on many 
necessaries of life, proved a great burden to the inhabitants of 
Industry, many of whom were just emerging from the hardships 
and privations incident to all newly-settled towns. Andrew 
Jackson succeeded Adams, and during his administration the 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 277 

tariff question assumed formidable proportions. Congress 
further increased the burden by imposing a still higher rate of 
duties in 1832. As it was "the last straw that broke the 
camel's back," so it was this last act of Congress that roused the 
indignation of the citizens of Industry. On the third day of 
July, 1832, a special town meeting was called to consider the 
feasibility of instructing the Maine delegation in Congress to 
protest against the "tariff system" as oppressive and burden- 
some. Though the meeting favored this course it was found 
that there would not be sufficient time for the instructions to 
reach Washington before the probable adjournment of Congress. 
Consequently the subject was dismissed and the meeting 
adjourned sine die. Near the close of the year a movement 
was made by the inhabitants residing on a tract of territory in 
the southern part of the town to secure by an act of the Legisla- 
ture a separation from Industry and annexation to New Sharon.* 
This measure was strongly opposed by all save those directly 
interested, and although a special town meeting was called to 
see if the town would consent to the proposed division the 
matter was promptly dismissed without action, as the record 
shows. Thus was defeated for a time a movement which, 
greatly to the joy of its originators, triumphed after a lapse of 
nearly twenty years. 

At the annual meeting in 1833 a precedent was established 
which might have been followed down to the present time with 
benefit to the town. At that meeting the town voted that each 
officer be required to produce and read his bill in " open town 

* This tract of land was bounded as follows : " Beginning at the westerly corner 
of lot No. 47, on New Sharon line, belonging td" Lemuel Collins, Jr., thence north-east 
to the Pressy road, so-called, thence on the southerly side of said road to the northerly 
line of lot marked Q, on which Moses Pressy now lives; thence southerly by said 
lot line to Stark line; thence south by Stark and Mercer lines to New Sharon line; 
thence north-west on New Sharon line to the first-mentioned bounds." 

At a town meeting holden November 5, 1832, the citizens of New Sharon on the 
article : '* To see if the town will vote to receive John Gower, Joseph S. Tibbetts, 
John Trask, Jr., Wyman Oliver, Daniel Howes and Lemuel Collins, with their estates, 
from the town of Industry;" vote stood as follows: Nays, 117; Yeas, 98. 


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The most remarkable meteoric shower on record occurred 
on the evening of Nov. 13, 1833. This grand display of celes- 
tial fire-works caused great alarm among the more timorous, 
and even the bravest felt an indescribable awe steal over their 
senses as they watched the imposing scene. The event had 
been previously predicted by scientific men, but nearly every' 
one had forgotten the matter. The superstitious ones regarded 
the event as a harbinger of some dreadful calamity, and for 
nearly half a century the occurrence was a topic of unflagging 
interest with all classes. 

About Jan. i, 1835, Deacon Ira Emery, having returned to 
West's Mills from a year's sojourn in Waterville, went to live 
in the house subsequently occupied by Richard Fassett for 
many years. Here he opened a public house and swung out a 
sign bearing this significant inscription, ** Temperance Hotels 
The opening of the house was celebrated by a grand supper. 
There was a temperance meeting* at the church on the opening 
day, and at its close a number of influential members with their 
wives repaired to the ** Temperance Hotel" and took supper by 
way of encouragement to the landlord in his laudable enterprise. 
Among those present were Capt. Peter W. Willis, William Corn- 
forth and David Luce, with their wives ; some of the Manters 
and others to the number of twenty or more. The volume of 
business was not large, as some were opposed to patronizing a 
hotel where temperance principles were so rigidly adhered to. 
Deacon Emery's career as proprietor of the "Temperance 
Hotel" was of short duration. In April, 1835, he bought the 
Esq. William Allen farm near the centre of the town, and moved 
there immediately after making his purchase. A few years later 
Benjamin Heald of Anson moved into the Dr. Francis Caldwell 
house (now, 1892, occupied by Mrs. Mary C. Gilmore), bar- 
gained for Deacon Emery's tavern sign, and again it proclaimed 
to the weary traveler that Industry had a temperance hotel. 
But this time it was temperance in name only, for it was gen- 
erally known that Mr. Heald sold **the ardent" to his patrons. 

♦This was undoubtedly a meeting of the temperance society organized by 
Esquire Peter West (see p. 24S). 

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EI/EATS FROiXf 1830 TO i860. 


He remained in town about two years and then returned to 
Anson. To what end this hotel sign ultimately came is not 
known. Christopher Sanborn Luce also kept a public house 
at West's Mills contemporaneously with Asaph Boyden and 

The year 1837 was an eventful one in the history of t"he 
town, as well as in that of the State and Nation. The great 
financial crisis precipitated upon the country early in that year 
was keenly felt by the people of Industry, and the stringency it 
caused in the money market lasted through the whole term of 
President Van Buren's office. Under the existing high tariff 
laws the surplus revenue had steadily accumulated until it repre- 
sented a colossal sum. As the charter of the United States 
Bank was about to expire by limitation, President Jackson near 
the close of his term of office ordered the funds there deposited 
to be removed to specified State banks. This order was the 
first step towards disbursing these funds among the people, and 
in conformity with this measure a census was taken by the 
municipal officers, of which the following is the full text: 


Adams, Joseph, 


Collins, Daniel, Jr., 


Allen, Benjamin, 


Collins, James, 


Allen, Charles L., 


Collins, John, 


Allen, Datus T., 


Collins, Joseph, 


Allen, John, Jr., 


Collins, Lemuel, Jr., 


Allen, Newman T., 


Cornforth, William, 


Athearn, Benjamin, 


Cottle, Benjamin, 


Benson, Bartlett, 


Crompton, Isaac, 


Boardman, Sally, 


Cutler, Levi, 


Boyden, Asaph, 


Cutler, Nathan, 


Bradbury, John S., 


Cutler, Seth, 


Briggs, Adian, 


Cutts, James, 


Bryant, James, 


Cutts, Thomas, 


Caldwell, Dr. Francis, 


Daggett, Timothy, 


Clark, Jacob, 


Daggett, Tristram, 


Collins, Barnabas A., 


Davis, Andrew, 


Collins, Daniel, 


Davis, Cornelius, 


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Davis, James, 


Howes, Lemuel, Jr., 


Davis, James, Jr., 


Hutchins, James, 


Davis, Nathaniel, 


Ingalls, Arthur, 


Davis, Wendell, 


Ingalls, John, 


Dutton, Susannah, 


Jewell, John, 


Edwards, Bryce S., 


Johnson, Henry, 


Emery, Ira, 


Joy, Samuel, 


Emery, Josiah, 


Knight, Helon H., 


Eveleth, Joseph, 


Lawry, William, 


Fogg, Asa, 


Leathers, Alfred, 


Fogg, John, 


Lewis, Joseph, 


Pogg> Sylvester, 


Linen, John, 


Folsom, Daniel, 


Look, Valentine, 


Frost, John, 


Luce, Benjamin, 


Frost, Samuel, 


Luce, Charles, 


Gennings, Rufus, 


Luce, Daniel, 


Gilmore, James, 


Luce, David, 


Goodridge, Jonathan, 


Luce, David M., 


Goodridge, Nathan, 


Luce, Elisha, 


Gower, George, 


Luce, Elisha, 2d, 


Gower, John, 


Luce, Ezekiel, 


Gower, John, Jr., 


Luce, Henry, 


Graham, James, 


Luce, Leonard, 


Gray, Guy, 


Luce, Luther, 


Green, Aurelia, 


Luce, Rowland, 


Harvey, William, 


Luce, Samuel, 


Hayes, Jacob, 


Luce, William, 


Henderson, Dr. Josiah, 


Luce, William H., 


Hibbard, Orrin, 


Manter, Asa M., 


Hibbard, Stephen, 


Manter, Benjamin, 


Higgins, Barnabas A., 


Manter, James, 


Hill, Theodore, 


McKinney, John, 


Hilton, Gilman, 


McLaughlin, Richard, 


Hinkley, Ezekiel, 


Meader, Francis, 


Hinkley, Ezekiel, Jr., 


Meader, John W., 


Hinkley, Josiah, 


Meader, Shubael L., 


Hinkley, Oliver, 


Meader, William, 


Hobbs, George, 


Morse, Caleb, 


Howes, Alvin, 


Morse, Samuel, 


Howes, John, 


Morse, Thomas, 


Howes, Lemuel, 


Norcross, Philip, 


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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 


Norton, Anna, 


Stevens, Moses, 


Norton, Charles, 


Storer, Mary, 


Norton, Clifford B., 


Swift, Ebenezer, 


Norton, Cornelius, 


Taylor, John, 


Norton, Isaac, 


Thing, Dudley, 


Norton, James, 


Thing, Dudley L., 


Norton, Obed, 


Thing, Jesse, 


Norton, Rhoda, 


Thompson, Betsey, 


Norton, Supply B., 


Thompson, Robert, 


Norton, William D., 


Thwing, Nathaniel, 


Oliver, Wyman, 


Tolman, Moses, 


Parker, Simon, 


Trask, Eben, 


Patterson, Samuel, 


Trask, James, 


Perkins, George, 


Trask, Jonathan, 


Pike, Joshua, 


Trask, Nathaniel, 


Pollard, Jonathan, 


True, Moses, 


Pratt, Jesse, 


True, Thomas J., 


Prince, Paul, 


Viles, Joseph, 


Rackliff, Benjamin R., 


Wade, Mary, 


Rackliff, Henry B., 


West. Peter, 


Rackliff, William, 


Willard, Eben, 


Remick, Francis, 


Willard, Haskell, 


Ring, Joseph, 


Williamson, Joseph, 


Ring, Samuel, 


Willis, Peter W., 


Roach, Phebe, 


Winslow, George, 


Roach, Royal, 


Winslow, James, 


Roach, William, 


Withee, Daniel, 


Savage, Charles, 


Withee, H. T., 


Shaw, Albert and Daniel, 


Wiihee, Nancy, 


Shorey, Pelatiah, 


Withee, Zachariah, 


Smith, Alvin, 


Withee, Zoe, 


Smith, William D., 


Woodcock, David, 


Spencer, John, 


Young, Daniel, 


Stevens, James, 


By this distribution Maine received the sum of $955,838.25, 
on the condition that it should be refunded to the United 
States on demand. The State Legislature immediately passed 
an act authorizing each town to receive its proportional part on 
the same conditions stipulated by the National Government. 
At a meeting held at thie Centre Meeting-House, April i, 1837, 

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the town voted to receive its proportional part of the fund on 
the terms specified, and William Cornforth was chosen an agent 
**to demand and receive the money" from the State Treasurer. 
The town decided that this money should be held by trustees 
as a permanent loan fund for the benefit of residents of the 
town. The vote specified that the loans should be in sums of 
not less than ten or more than one hundred dollars to any one 
individual, the borrower to pay six per cent, interest on the 
loan and one-half of one per cent as a compensation to the 
trustees. Two responsible sureties were required in addition to 
the borrower's name. The trustees chosen as custodians of this 
fund were William Cornforth, James Winslow and George 
Hobbs, and the sum received was $2,133.60. Many became 
dissatisfied with this arrangement, and at the annual meeting, 
March 26, 1838, the town annulled its previous doings bypass- 
ing a vote ** To divide the surplus revenue per capita among 
the inhabitants of the town."* At a meeting held Sept. 10, 
1838, Capt. Peter W. Willis was chosen a trustee and instructed 
to settle with the State Treasurer and collect any balance found 
due the town. Thus was practically wasted, by the injudicious 
action of the town, a fund which, had it been wisely managed, 
would have proved of permanent and lasting benefit. 

The wonderful auroral display on the evening of Jan. 25, 
1837, t stands second only to the meteoric shower of 1833 in 
point of grandeur. At the time of its occurrence the ground 
was covered with snow, and the lurid glare of this mysterious 
flame gave it a blood-red appearance. These lights were first 
observed early in the evening, and as they increased in extent 
and brilliancy, a large number of people gathered at West's 

♦ BuUer says in his " History of Farmington " (see p. 174) that the Legislature of 
1839 passed the act authorizing towns to distribute this money among its inhabitants. 
Thus it seems that the citizens of Industry had anticipated legislative action by tak- 
ing the initiative step in the matter. 

t Table of Incidents in Butler's History of Farmington^ p, j/6. "Our First 
Century," by R. M. Devins, published by C. A. Nichols & Co., Springfield, Mass., 
1876, gives the date as November 14, 1837. ^^^ author's investigations all go to 
substantiate the date as given by Mr. Butler, yet he has not been able to establish it 
beyond the shadow of doubt. 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 283 

Mills and watched with fear and trembling this wonderful sight. 
The stillness and solemnity of the hour was hardly broken save 
by the rushing sound of the auroral flame and occasionally the 
subdued voices of the assembled people. The flame was of 
such brilliancy that ordinary print could be easily read out of 
doors, and the houses for a considerable distance were plainly 
discernible. The superstitious regarded this manifestation as 
the forerunner of some dire calamity. The crimson hue 
imparted to the snow led some to imagine that a bloody war 
was at hand, while others believed that the judgment day had 
surely come. 

The Legislature of 1838 passed an act to incorporate 
Franklin County. This act was approved by Governor Kent 
March 20, 1838, and at a meeting called April 9th, the vote of 
Industry stood eighty-six in favor of the new county to five 
against it. 

The total senatorial vote of Sept. 10, 1838, was one hundred 
and ninety-six, and two years later the aggregate vote for presi- 
dential electors was two hundred and ten. At that time the 
town was about equally divided politically. The Harrison and 
Van Buren electors each received one hundred and four votes — 
scattering, two. 

The representative district, which included Industry, experi- 
enced much difficulty in electing a representative to the Legis- 
lature in the fall of 1842. At the September election Capt. 
Newman T. Allen was the leading candidate in Industry, out of 
ten persons receiving votes for that office, having received sixty- 
five votes. Meeting after meeting was called and, although 
Capt. Allen was a leading candidate, he failed to receive a 
majority of the votes in town until the seventh meeting. Even 
this result did not decide the contest, as Capt. Allen failed to 
have a majority in his district, which was composed of Industry, 
New Sharon and New Vineyard. Several meetings were called 
in the early part of 1843, and Dr. John Cook's name was sub- 
stituted for that of Capt. Allen, but with no better result, and 
the writer is of the opinion that this district was unrepresented 
in the Legislature of that year. 

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A remarkable event of the year 1843 was the widespread 
prevalence of a religious belief known as " Millerism." The 
fundamental principle of this doctrine was the immediate sec- 
ond coming of the Messiah. William Miller, the originator of 
this doctrine, by an ingenious interpretation of the Prophecies, 
had fixed the date of this important event sometime between 
March 21, 1843, and March 21, 1844. He visited Farmington 
in March, 1843, and addressed the people on the impending 
dissolution of all things terrestrial. Whether or not Miller or 
any of his confreres visited Industry, the writer is unable to say, 
but the subject attracted much attention, and created no little 
excitement in this as well as in other towns. A few even went 
so far as to claim that they could read the date ( 1843) foretold 
by Miller, on blades of grass and grain. The appearance 
in the heavens during the year of a blazing comet of great 
magnitude, gave additional weight to the predictions of Miller 
in the minds of the superstitious. As time rolled on and the 
prophecies remained unfulfilled, the infatuation gradually ceased, 
and "the Millerite craze" became a thing of the past. 

A tract of land containing seven thousand acres was set off 
from New Vineyard and annexed to Industry in 1844. A sys- 
tem of intercepting mountains prevented free social intercourse 
with the rest of the town and rendered this change almost an 
imperative necessity. The following is the full text of the 
petition, together with the names of its signers : 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the State of 
Maine y in Legislature assembled: 

Humbly represents the undersigned Inhabitants of the town of New 
Vineyard, that said town is so situated that it is extremely inconvenient 
for the Inhabitants to assemble at any one place for the purpose of do- 
ing town business, there being a range of high hills or mountains, run- 
ning diagonally nearly through the center of the town. That the South- 
easterly part of said town would be much better convened by being 
annexed to the town of Industry. 

Wherefore your petitioners pray that the following described tract 
be set off from New Vineyard and annexed to Industry. To wit : be- 
ginning at the Southeast corner of said New Vineyard, Thence running 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 285 

North on the East line of said town to the center of the fourth range 
of lots ; thence West to the West line of lot Number ten in said range, 
Thence South on the deviding line between lots numbered ten and 
eleven, to the North line of the town of Industry, Thence East on said 
North line to the first mentioned comer, with as much more as your 
honors may think propper. And as in duty bound will ever pray. 
Dated at New Vineyard the 25th day of Jan'y, 1844. 

David Merry. Benjm. W. Norton. 

Levi H. Perkins. Obed W. Gray. 

Leander Perkins. Silas Spauldmg. 

Richmond Doyen. Isaac Elder, 2nd. 

William Welch. Leonard Viles. 

Columbus Harvey. Dennis H. Viles. 

Isaac Daggett. Ebenezer Smith. 

Henry Adkinson. Alvan Smith. 

Ivory Furbish. Peter B. Smith. 

Edmund A. Norton. Joseph W. Smith. 

Lawson Buder. • John Daggett. 

Henry Manter. John A. Daggett. 

John W. Manter. Orrin Daggett. 

Zebulon Manter. Sam*l Daggett. 

At a town meeting held Feb. 23, 1844, Alfred Leathers was 
chosen moderator and the citizens voted to receive the land and 
inhabitants, the vote standing thirty-five for, to fourteen against 
the measure. Accordingly the Legislature, by an act approved 
March 21, 1844, set off and annexed the land and inhabitants 
agreeably to the prayer of the petitioners.* The inhabitants of 
New Vineyard were greatly dissatisfied with the Legislature for 
granting the prayer of these petitioners, but as it was near the 
close of the session nothing could be done until the next Legis- 
lature convened. Soon after the organization of the House in 
1 845 the following petition was presented for the consideration 
of that body : 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in Legislature 


The undersigned authorized agent and attorney in behalf of the 
town of New Vineyard would represent that heretofore three pieces of 

" Industry thus gained forty-three ratable polls and added 128,447 ^^ ^^s valuation. 


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said town have been annexed to other towns to wit, two pieces to the 
town of Industry, the other to the town of Anson, that this dismember- 
ing of said town has made it small and of inconvenient shape and has 
increased the burdens and expenses of its inhabitants, that a project is 
now started to annihilate said town, against which a large majority of its 
inhabitants are opposed. 

Passing over the inconveniences arising from having a great distance 
to travel in order to attend town meetings, altering county lines, break- 
ing up Senatorial and representative districts, and many other evils of 
like nature, they object to the extinguishment of the name of their town 
for the reason that thereby associations will be broken up, the bonds of 
fellowship that bind the inhabitants together in social union severed, and 
their influence in the support of Republican principles greatly weakened 
or destroyed. 

They ask for the re- annexation to New Vineyard the territory form- 
erly belonging to it, and the establishment of the old town lines, then 
their town would be the fifth or sixth town in the county of Franklin in 
point of size, population, and property, the inhabitants would be as well 
accommodated in attending to their town affairs, and other business, as 
they can be by any other arrangement, and the interest of the whole 

At a legal meeting, on the thirteenth instant, of the said inhabitants 
called to consider the subject, they voted \o petition the Legislature to 
re-instate said town in the same shape as at the time of its incorporation. 

The undersigned prays that the parcels set off" may be re-annexed, 
and his town re-instated in its original size and shape. 

[Signed.] Joseph L. Hackett, 

Agent of said town. 

A true co])y. 

J. O. L. Foster, 

Secretary of the Senate. 

State of Maine. 

In Senate January twenty-fourth, 1845, on the petition aforesaid, 
ordered, that the petitioner cause an attested copy of petition with this 
order thereon to be served on the Town Clerks of Anson and Industry, 
ten days at least before the thirteenth day of February next, that all 
persons interested may there appear and show cause, if any they have . 
why the prayer of said petitioner should not be granted. 

[Signed.] C. Chadwick, , 

Chairm? ^. 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 287 

Read and accepted. Sent down for concurrence. 

J. O. L. Foster, Secretary. 

In the House of Representatives, Jan*y 24, 1845, 
Read and concurred. 

Samuel Belcher, Clerk. 

A true copy. 

Attest : J. O. L. P'oster, 

Secretary of the Senate. 

A true copy. 

Joseph L. Hackett, 

Town Agent. 

I hereby acknowledge the service of the above petition and order 
thereon, Industry, February 3, 1845. 

Attest : Peter W. Butler, 

Town Clerk. 

Vigorous measures were adopted by Industry as soon as it 
became definitely known that the inhabitants of New Vineyard 
would make the attempt to regain their lost territory. Their 
claims, as will be seen by the foregoing petition, were of the 
most radical and sweeping character. They demanded at the 
hands of the Legislature not only the land set off to Industry 
the previous year, but likewise the Gore (see p. 2og)y which 
had been a part of Industry since 181 5. A town meeting 
was promptly called, and agreeably to notice the citizens of 
Industry met at the Centre Meeting-House on the 5th day of 
February, 1845. General Nathan Goodridge was called to 
preside, and a vote to elect two special agents to defend the 
town lines, as they then existed, was passed. Hiram Manter 
and Captain Newman T. Allen were then unanimously elected 
to that office. These gentlemen were further instructed to use 
every expedient and legitimate means to defeat the petition 
of Joseph L. Hackett and all other petitions of a similar 
purport. The faithfulness of these gentlemen in the discharge 
of their duty is shown from the fact that no legislative action 
was taken in the matter. 

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The ** Liberty Party " first gained a foothold in Industry at 
the presidential election of 1840, when two votes were cast for 
the electors of James G. Birney, the candidate of that party.* 
These votes were cast by Truman Allen Merrill and Warren 
Smith, both young men, and this was the first time they had 
exercised the right of suffrage at the polls. Much enthusiasm 
was manifested by voters of both parties — the Whigs and 
Democrats of those times. The friends of those two young men 
were greatly shocked at their determination to vote the despised 
** Liberty ticket," and took all reasonable pains to dissuade them 
from their purpose. These young men, one of whom is still 
living, never regretted their action. With them it was no fitful 
impulse but a matter of principle. It was a subject to which 
they had given much study, and satisfying themselves of the 
correctness of its underlying principles they made up their 
minds to brave whatever opposition might come. They were 
not politicians, but young men who firmly believed that to act 
in accordance with one's sincere convictions was the right thing 
to do. Five years later the action of these young men was vin- 
dicated in the election of Mr. Merrill to represent his district in 
the State Legislature of 1846. In Maine the Abolition or Lib- 
erty party nominated its candidate for governor each year from 
its inception until 1849. In 1848 Samuel Fessenden, its candi- 
date for governor, received sixty-two votes in Industry and 12,- 
037 in the State. After this the party made no nominations for 
State and county officers, and was eventually absorbed by the 
Republican party on its organization. The election of Abraham 
Lincoln in i860 was essentially a triumph of Liberty party prin- 
ciples in the nation, though under a foreign name. 

The town voted at a meeting held September 19, 1844, to 

* An eye-witness informs the author that these two votes came very near not be- 
ing counted. In making up the returns, and just as they were about to seal them up, 
the two young men who had voted the " Liberty ticket " called attention to the fact 
that their votes had not been included in the returns. " Oh, yes," said Capt. Norton, 
** I did see one or two votes but failed to credit them in the returns." Thereupon 
they were counted, declared and properly entered on the returns. 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 289 

furnish William Meader and family a sufficient sum of money to 
defray their traveling expenses to some Western State. The 
family were in indigent circumstances when they left Industry, 
but were fortunate in their new home in Illinois, where they 
were soon able to earn a comfortable living. The sons and 
daughters married well and became useful and respected mem- 
bers of society. 

August 8, 1846, there occurred one of the most devastating 
hail-storms known in the history of the town. The course of 
this storm was from a westerly direction, and although very nar- 
row in the limits of its destructiveness, caused much damage 
along its track in the northern part of Farmington and at Allen's 
Mills. In the centre of the storm fruit-trees were stripped of 
their half-grown fruit and foliage, fields of corn and unharvested 
grain were completely destroyed, and much glass was broken. 
Rills were turned to raging rivers in a few moments, and wash- 
outs four feet in depth were made in the solid road. A few 
miles beyond Allen's Mills the force of the storm seemed spent 
and only a heavy rainfall was experienced. 

About this time road matters seemed to occupy the attention 
of the town to a considerable extent. A road having been laid 
out from near where David W. Merry now ( 1 892 ) lives east- 
ward to the Shaw farm, the town voted September 14, 1846, to 
discontinue the old road over Bannock Hill, and also voted to 
raise the sum of fifty dollars to open •* a winter road " over the 
proposed new route.* The following year the matter again 
came up for action of the town. The meeting assembled Sep- 
tember 12, 1847; at this meeting Albert Shaw made the town 
an offer to build the road from his house to the west line of the 
Hinkley farmf gratis, and agreed to put his portion in a condition 
suitable for a winter road immediately. It was proposed to let 
the opening of the remainder to the lowest bidder, stipulating 
that it should be completed by September 15, 1848. 

* This road, established on petition of Daniel Shaw et als.^ was laid out Novem- 
ber 19, 1845, ^y Jaines Russell, Abraham L. Harmon and William Whittier, County 
Commissioners. The road as established runs a direct east and west course, is four 
rods wide and 452 rods long. 

t About three-eighths of the entire distance. 

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March i, 1847, ^ X02A was accepted on the Gore, running 
easterly from James Graham's to the new county road near the 
school-house in Capt. Clifford B. Norton's district. The " Pres- 
son Hill road," so-called, having become a superfluity by reason 
of this newly established route, was discontinued. 

Up to this time the county road from Goodridge's Corner 
by Allen's Mills ran over the hill on which the residence of the 
late Capt. William Allen was located. On petition the County 
Commissioners laid out a new road around this hill. At the 
forementioned meeting this matter also came up for considera- 
tion of the town. Of course there were dissenting voices and 
the disadvantages as well as the merits of the new route were 
discussed by the citizens present. One gentleman urged as an 
important objection that the distance by the new route would 
be greater. Rufus Jennings, who favored the new road, wishing 
to convince the dissenter of his error arose and said, " Mr. Mod- 
erator, I would like to ask the gentleman what difference it 
makes in the distance whether a kettle-bail stands upright or lies 
in a horizontal position on the edge of the vessel ? " This ques- 
tion placed the matter in so clear a light that no further objection 
was offered. A vote to accept the road was passed, and also to 
have it opened to the public by July i, 1848 Although the 
new road was opened by the date specified, the road over the 
hill was not discontinued until some years had elapsed. 

At the annual meeting March 5, 1849, the subject of building 
a town-house, which had for some years remained dormant, was 
again brought before the citizens of the town, and Major James 
Cutts, Capt. Newman T. Allen, George Gower and Capt. Clifford 
B. Norton were chosen a committee *' to select a site and report 
at some future meeting." This committee selected as a suitable 
and accessible location for such a building, a site at the western 
terminus of ** the Shaw road,"* and reported at a meeting holden 
at the Centre Meeting-House, September 10, 1849. The report 
was accepted by a vote of the town, but an article in the warrant 

* This was the newly established road running in a westerly direction from the 
Albert Shaw farm. Down to the present lime (1892) it is known both as the new 
road and the Knowles road. 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 29 1 

to raise funds to build the house failed to pass. The matter was 
revived by the insertion in the warrant, for the annual meeting 
in 1852, of an article in relation to the subject, but the voters did 
not seem disposed to take any action relative to it. November 
2, 1852, at a town meeting, the town-house question was again 
agitated, and another committee chosen to select a site for the 
structure. This committee selected Roach's (now Tibbetts's) 
Corner as the most suitable location, and their report was like- 
wise accepted. At a subsequent meeting Sept. 12, 1853, the 
citizens voted on the above report to build a town-house on the 
site selected, and a committee of five was chosen and instructed 
to draft plans, make an estimate of the cost of construction 
and report at the next meeting. At an adjourned session of 
this meeting, held Sept. 26, 1853, General Nathan Goodridge 
made a report in behalf of the committee, which was accepted 
by a vote of 60 yeas to 33 nays. The sum of $275 was raised 
by vote to build the house, and the contract for its erection 
was bid off by George W. Johnson at $250. The contract 
stipulated that the house should be completed by September, 
1854. Capt. Peter W. Willis, General Nathan Goodridge and 
James Elliott were chosen as a committee to superintend its 
construction. The action of the town had a business-like 
appearance, and the prospect of a town-house seemed very 
promising indeed. But at the succeeding annual meeting the 
town voted to change the location, and the whole scheme 
collapsed. Directly afterward a special meeting was called, to 
assemble at George Cornforth's hall, at West's Mills. The 
meeting convened March 20, 1854, and a motion to pass by 
the articles in relation to building a town-house was carried 
by a majority of one vote, A few, still undaunted by these 
repeated defeats, caused another meeting to be called July i, 
1854, but unfortunately no action was taken and the interest in 
the matter died out. Thus ended all efforts toward erecting a 
town-house in Industry. 

One of the most grand and imposing celebrations ever 
witnessed in Industry, occurred at West's Mills, July 4, 1849, 
under the auspices or the West's Mills and Centre Sunday- 

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schools. These schools united in making the necessary prep- 
arations for the event, and invitations were extended to the 
Sunday-schools at Anson, Madison and Stark, to participate 
in the festivities of the occasion. At an early hour on the 
appointed day the members of the West's Mills school were 
astir, putting the finishing touches to the elaborate and perfect 
arrangements for the reception of their invited guests. The 
officers of the day were as follows : President, John Dinsmore ; 
Marshal, Gen. Nathan Goodridge; Ass't Marshal, Maj. James 
Cutts ; John Frost, chairman of Committee of Arrangements. 
The visiting schools arrived in a body about 9 o'clock A. M., 
and were welcomed by John Frost, in a brief but well-chosen 
speech, to which J[ohn?] M. Wood responded in behalf of the 
invited guests. At the close of these ceremonies a pleasant 
episode occurred. Miss Ann Shaw stepped forward and, in a 
neat little speech, presented John Dinsmore, superintendent of 
the West's Mills Sunday-school, a beautiful gold pencil, as a 
slight token of the love and esteem of his pupils. A proces- 
sion was then formed in the following order, under the direction 
of the marshal and his assistant : 

Band of Music. 


Centre Sunday-school. 

West's Mills Sunday-school. 

Madison Sunday-school. 

Anson Sunday-school. 

Stark Sunday-school. 

President oi the Day. 


Parents and Friends of Sunday-school Children. 


The procession numbered more than one thousand persons, 
there being fully five hundred Sunday-school children in the 
line. The various schools bore many pretty banners with 
appropriate mottoes and inscriptions. Escorted by the band, 
the procession marched to a delightful grove near David Luce's, 
which had previously been fitted up in an elegant manner 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 293 

with speaker's stand and a large number of seats for the accom- 
modation of the schools and spectators. The number of peo- 
ple in the grove during the exercises was estimated to be 
fully 1 500. The exercises, interspersed with frequent volunta- 
ries from the choir, were as follows : 


Rev. Silas B. Brackett, Industry, 



Rev. Abel Alton, Solon, 

Rev. Samuel P. Morrill, Farmington. 

Rev. Andrews, Strong, 

Rev. James M. FoUett, New Sharon, 
Rev. Silas B. Brackett, Industry, 

At the close of the exercises in the grove, the procession 
was re-formed, and at 2 o'clock P. M. marched to a cool, shady 
orchard in front of Mr. Luce's house, where four long tables, 
tastefully decorated, fairly groaned beneath their weight of 
tempting viands. Here fully one thousand persons gathered 
to satisfy the demands of a keen appetite. After the repast 
was ended, the schools formed a hollow square, and listened to 
an address by Rev. James M. Follett, and a valedictory by Rev. 
John Perham,. of Madison. Returning to the church at the 
village, a reciprocal expression of thanks was exchanged for 
the enjoyment which the day had afforded. Rev. John Perham 
then dismissed the assembly with the benediction, and the 
company returned to their several homes. 

A new political party known as "Free-soilers" suddenly 
sprang into existence during the presidential campaign of 1848 
and put in nomination as their candidate Martin Van Buren. 
This party held that Congress should prohibit the introduction 
of slavery into the territories. The electors of Van Buren 
received more than one-third of the votes cast in Industry. 
The next year their "gubernatorial candidate, George F. Talbot, 
received forty-nine votes. But in 1852, Dr. Ezekicl Holmes, 
received only five votes in this town. Some years later the 
party merged into the newly formed Republican party. 


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On the question of temperance, public sentiment was 
strongly in its favor, and at a town meeting held Sept. lo, 1849, 
the views of its legal voters were tersely set forth in the follow- 
ing language: "Voted, that we are not willing rum should be 
unlawfully sold." A committee of three was chosen, and 
instructed to visit all rumsellers and, if possible, persuade them 
to stop their illicit traffic. If unsuccessful in this, they were 
authorized to prosecute them at the expense of the town. This 
committee consisted of Deacon Brice S. Edwards, Lewis Prince 
and Orrin Daggett. At a subsequent town meeting holden 
Sept. 10, 1850, the matter was again brought before the citizens 
and the town agent was instructed to prosecute all persons 
found selling liquor unlawfully. But notwithstanding these 
stringent measures and the vigilance exercised by the people, 
spirituous liquors were still sold in Industry. True, there was 
but one or two engaged in the business, but they clung to their 
unlawful trade with a pertinacity worthy of a better cause. 
Doubtless, hoping to counteract in a measure the evil effect by 
drawing off a certain class of customers who occasionally 
bought Spirits for medicinal purposes, the municipal officers 
decided to appoint a liquor agent in conformity with a provi- 
sion of the statutes authorizing it. Consequently on the 27th 
of June, 1854, John Frost,* a gentleman of irreproachable 
character, was selected for the position. He was succeeded in 
the following year by Nelson C. Luce, and later Moses M. 
Luce was appointed to the office. This agency was always 
an outset to the town, and was abandoned after three or four 

The Legislature of 1856 having passed a license law, Rich- 
ard Fassett made application and was licensed agreeably to that 
act May 5, 1856, "to sell wines and malt liquors for medicinal 
and mechanical purposes for the term of one year." This was 
the only license issued in Industry during the existence of the 
license law, and if others sold liquors it fnust have been in a 
clandestine manner. When the prohibitory. law of 1858 came 

♦ Mr. Frost was the first liquor agent Industry ever had, and Moses M. Luce 
the last. 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 295 

before the people for action, the vote of Industry given in at a 

meeting held June 7, 1858, was as follows: 

For the Prohibitory Law of 1858, 72 votes. 

For the License Law of 1856, 00 votes. 

The year 1850 ushered in a decade of peace and general 
prosperity in the history of the town. The State valuation for 
this year was $147,545. There were owned in town at that 
time 3,445 sheep, which would have given a flock of sixteen to 
every family of five persons. The largest individual owner was 
Daniel S. Gordon, whose flock numbered 240. There were 
61 1 milch cows and heifers owned in town on the first day of 
April; 283 oxen and 122 hogs. The following gentlemen 
owned real estate to the value of $1000 or more, viz. : 

Benjamin Allen, $1250; Capt. Newman T. Allen, $1400; 
Maj. James Cutts, $1500; Gen. Nathan Goodridge, $1335; 
Daniel S. Gordon, $1000; George Hobbs, $1700; Charles 
Hayes, $1 580 ; Alexander Hillman, $1 700 ; John Wells Manter, 
$1100; James Manter, $1100; Zebulon Manter, $1200; Peter 
West Manter, $1300; Obed Norton, $1050; Benj. Warren 
Norton, $1300; Albert and Daniel Shaw, $3000; Franklin 
Stone, $1120; Ebenezer Swift, $1120; Capt. Moses Tolman, 

The whole sum of money raised this year, including State 
and county taxes, was $1866.16, and the rate per cent, of 
taxation, according to the State valuation, was only a fraction 
over twelve mills on the dollar. Promising as were the pros- 
pects of the town at this time, it was destined, ere the first half 
of the decade had passed, to lose some of its wealthiest citi- 
zens and most valuable territory. First, in 1850, (see p, 4.6 )t 
the western half of the ** New Vineyard Gore" was set off* to 
Farmington, and two years later George Hobbs and others 
residing in the south part of the town were set ofi" from Indus- 
try and annexed to New Sharon. Aside from the petitioners, 
the people of Industry were much opposed to these concessions 
and took prompt and vigorous measures to prevent legislative 
action, especially against the subjoined petition of George 
Hobbs et als,: 

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To the Senate and House of Representatives of Maine in Legislature 
assembled, • 

The undersigned inhabitants of the town of Industry, in the County 
of Franklin, respectfully represent that so much of the territory of the 
town of Industry, adjoining the town of New Sharon in said County, as 
is embraced in the following description, containing an entire school 
district, ought to be set off from the town of Industry and annexed to 
the town of New Sharon. (Here followed a description of the bounds 
as given in the foot note on page 14 q, v.) 

The undersigned further say that some of the reasons for asking 
the Legislature to set off said section of Industry and annex to New 
Sharon may be enumerated as follows, to wit : First, as inhabitants of 
that part of Industry, they labor under very great inconveniences in 
respect to their town business and post-office communications. Situated 
in a remote corner of Industry, distant from any place of business or 
post-office in that town. They are about entirely cut off from all com- 
munication with its inhabitants. Whereas all their business and trade is 
at New Sharon, as well as their post-office communications. Second, 
the inhabitants of this part of Industry have all or nearly all their moral 
and religious connections and associations at New Sharon, and with its 
inhabitants. They have also buried their dead at New Sharon village 
to a certain extent, and they also own church property and generally 
attend public worship in New Sharon. If annexed to New Sharon, the 
inhabitants of this territory would be conveniently situated in all these 
respects, as well as much better convened in the matter of roads and 
other means of communications. For the foregoing, among many other 
reasons, the undersigned do most humbly and respectfully pray the 
Legislature to set off said territory and annex it to New Sharon, and 
thus will they ever pray. 

George Hobbs. William D. Smith. 

Geo. Gower, 2d. Simon Collins. 

Oren Hebberd. George Hobbs, Jr. 

Ransford Norcross. Eben G. Collins. 

John G. Collins. Franklin Stone. 

John Gower. Robert Trask. 

James Collins. Wyman Oliver. 

Roger Ela. John Collins. 

Philip Norcross. William F. Williamson. 

Though the case of the town was ably managed before the 
legislative committee, it was hardly possible to prevent the loss, 

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EVENTS FROM 1830 TO i860. 297 

and the flourishing town of New Sharon received a valuable 
addition to its already extensive domain. The town was more 
successful, however, in its opposition to petition of Luther 
Luce and others residing on the eastern part of the "New 
Vineyard Gore," who asked the Legislature in the winter of 
1857 for a separation from Industry and annexation, with their 
estates, to the town of Farmington. 

The last decade of which this chapter treats, was one of 
peace and general prosperity, and uneventful aside from the war 
cloud which near its close lowered on the national horizon. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 

Polilical Excitement. — ^The John Brown Insurrection. — Diphtheria Epidemic. — Resi- 
dents of Allen's Mills Petition the Legislature for Annexation to Farmington. — 
War Meeting Held at West's Mills.— Patriotic Resolutions Passed.— Lively Times 
at Subsequent. Meetings. — Muster and Celebration at West's Mills, July 4, 
1861. — Call for Troops. — A Comet Appears. — Great Scarcity of Silver Money. — 
Methods Devised for Supplying the Defect. — The U. S. Fractional Currency. — 
Disheartening News From the War. — Mason and Slidell Arrested. — Belligerent 
Attitude of England.— Total Failure of the Fruit Crop of 1861.— Militia En- 
rolled and Organized. — First Industry Soldiers' Lives Sacrificed. — Obsequies 
at the Centre Meeting-House. — More Soldiers Wanted. — Liberal Town Bounty 
Offered for Enlistments.— A Call for Nine Months' Troops.— Draft Ordered.— 
Generous Measures Adopted by the Town to Avoid a Draft. — A Stirring Mass 
Meeting for Raising Volunteers. — Provision for Destitute Soldiers' Families. — 
News of the Emancipation Proclamation Reaches Industry. — ^The Conscription 
Act. — Anxieties of Those Liable to a Draft. — Disloyal Utterances in Other Towns. 
— Industry True to Her Country. — Piratical Craft Reported off the Main^ Coast. 
— Revenue Cutter " Caleb Gushing " Captured in Portland Harbor. 

The year i860 ushered in an eventful era in the history of 
the town of Industry, as well as in that of the State and Nation. 
At its dawn the John Brown insurrection with its resulting trial 
and execution were the all-absorbing topics of discussion. Po- 
litical excitement, already at fever heat, was still further intensi- 
fied by one of the most hotly contested gubernatorial and pres- 
idential campaigns known for years. At the September election 
the gubernatorial vote was the largest polled for many years. 
Bitter animosities often existed between neighbors differing in 
political sentiments, and wordy discussions were frequently in- 
dulged in. This condition of things grew worse rather than 
better up to the breaking out, and all through the early part of 
the great Civil War. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 299 

A widespread epidemic of diphtheria visited Industry in the 
fall of i860, and prevailed with alarming mortality for many 
months. This was a new disease to the physician and its path- 
ology and treatment were not well understood. So sudden and 
virulent was the attack, and so intractable did the disease seem, 
even to the most carefully selected remedies, that patients were 
often entrusted to the care of empirics in preference to the 
educated physician. Blindly ignorant of its highly contagious 
character, the disease was carried from family to family in the 
clothing of nurses and attendants on the sick. Thus was this 
dreadful disease spread from house to house and neighborhood 
to neighborhood, leaving desolate homes and sorrowing families 
in its track.* Wholly ignorant of the result, public funerals 
were with few exceptions held over the remains of those dying 
with this disease, thus affording another fertile source for its 
dissemination. Many declared the disease non-contagious, bas- 
ing their assertion on personal immunity from contagion. Yet 
these same persons would hesitate and often decline assistance in 
caring for those ill with this disease, thus clearly showing that 
they did not care to take the risk, notwithstanding their strong 
faith. Others considered the disease highly contagious, and 
would under no consideration enter a house where a case was 
known to exist. Fortunately the number of cases diminished 
and people began to feel a certain degree of safety. Though 

* The following editorial item which will give the reader some idea of the fearful 
ravages of this disease, was clipped from the Farmington Chronicle of January 31, 
1 861 : " This fearful disease is making sad ravages around us in every direction. In 
one small neighborhood in Chesterville we understand ten persons have fallen its 
victims within a brief period. In one family the father died while his child was being 
conveyed to its burial. In another, three children lay dead in the house at one time, 
and four prostrated with the disease. Scores of families in this and adjoining towns 
are mourning the loss of one or more loved ones, who have been suddenly smitten 
down with this fatal disease. The skill of the physician is bafBed in staying its pro- 
gress and saving its victims." 

Below in the same column the editor adds : " We understand that in the neigh- 
borhood in Chesterville, mentioned in this column, where the diphtheria has raged 
with such fearful fatality, there are five lying dead to-day (Wednesday) in three 
families. One entire family has been carried away and all the children, seven in 
number, in an< :her. The whole number of deaths in the neighborhood is upwards of 

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not so prevalent, yet there were many deaths from this disease 
in 1862-3-4-5. 

Late in the year i860 Barnabas A. Higgins and others re- 
siding at Allen's Mills sent a petition to the State Legislature 
asking that they and their estates, embracing the whole village, 
be set off from Industry and annexed to Farmington. The in- 
habitants of Industry being opposed to such secessionary pro- 
ceedings and not wishing to lose so valuable a tract of their 
domain, promptly called a special town meeting to adopt such 
measures as the exigencies of the case required. The meeting 
was held January 7, 1861, and Josiah Emery was chosen agent 
to appear before the legislative committee in opposition to the 
petitioners. About the same time Farmington also held a town 
meeting, at which it was voted not to receive the petitioners and 
their estates. Had that town voted otherwise it is doubtful 
whether the petitioners could have been successfully thwarted 
in their purpose. 

Scarcely had the boom oQ the last cannon fired on Fort 
Sumter died away and the wires flashed the news of its fall 
over the length and breadth of the land, ere the citizens of Indus- 
try, fired with zeal and patriotism, began active preparations for 
the defense of the Union. A "war meeting" was held at West's 
Mills on Saturday, May 4, 1861, scarcely more than three 
weeks after the commencement of hostilities. The day was 
fair and the gathering large, being estimated at fully 500 people. 
Early in the morning the people began to gather. At eleven 
o'clock in the forenoon a flagstaff was erected and a flag raised 
amid the loud huzzas of the assembled crowd.* Mrs. Silas H. 
Burce then sang "The Star-Spangled Banner" in a manner 
highly creditable to herself, and to the great satisfaction of all 
present. This was followed by stirring speeches from Josiah 

* Asaph Boyden, secretary of these meetings, wrote The Franklin Patriot^ under 
dale of May 6, 1861, that " the blue used by the LAdies* Circle in making the flag 
was spun and woven by Mrs. Dudley Thing, a heroine of the Revolution." This was 
evidently a slip of the pen, the 1812 War l)eing undoubtedly meant, for Mrs. Thing 
was only live years of age when the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed. 
The flagstafT above referred to was located very near the northeast comer of Richard 
Fassett's tavern. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 710 1866. 301 

Emery and David Merry, Esq. When they had finished, the 
assembly again saluted its National emblem with loud cheers 
and the boom of cannon, as it proudly floated on the breeze 
from its lofty position. A speaker's stand was improvised, 
Albert Shaw called upon to preside and Asaph Boyden chosen 
secretary of the meeting. A fervent prayer was then offered by 
Dea. Ira Emery. This was followed by earnest and patriotic 
appeals to the people, urging them to stand by their beloved 
Union in her hour of peril. Among the citizens who addressed 
the assemblage were Hiram Manter, Gen. Nathan Goodridge, 
Elbridge H. Rackliff, Capt. Curtis Pinkham, Benjamin Tibbetts, 
Isaac Daggett and many others. The speaking was interspersed 
with national and patriotic airs acceptably rendered by a choir 
wholly composed of local talent. A committee on resolutions, 
appointed at the opening of the meeting, then reported and 
read amid the most vociferous cheering the following resolutions, 
which were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas : Almighty God in blessing our fathers gave them a 
republican form of government and Constitution, securing to all citizens 
of these United States, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness ; and 
whereas that government has been transmitted to us, their children, for 
safety and perpetuity ; and whereas, under the benign and equal opera- 
tion of the said government, we have achieved a national character 
second to none ; and whereas, at the present time our government and 
liberties are in imminent peril from the action of the States of this Union 
in that they have : 

I St, given to the Constitution new and strange interpretations un- 
known to the framers. 

2d, They have barbarously treated many of the free men of this 

3rd, They have set at naught the laws of the land. 

4th, they have withdrawn from the Union without consent of the re- 
maining States. 

5th, They have inaugurated a new government in a way and manner 
that has never before been known, or even attempted in the civilized 

6th, They have elected their officers. 

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7th, They have seized an immense amount of money, munitions of 
war, and other property belonging to the United States. 

8th, They have actually commenced a war by attacking Fort Sumter, 
and threatening to march upon the Capitol, thus aiming to overthrow 
that Government, the securing and establishing of which cost our fathers 
a seven years* conflict with Great Britain, and thus leaving us two alter- 
natives : 

1st, To submit to Jefferson Davis as cowards unworthy of our birth- 
right ; or, 

2d, To arise in the strength and dignity of freemen and show the 
traitors that we will maintain our constitutional rights. Therefore, 

Resoh^ed, — 1st, That the Constitution and laws must and shall be 
maintained at all and every hazard. 

2d, That this great crisis imperatively demands the firm and united 
support of every patriot, irrespective of party organization. 

3rd, That we prefer no other l)anner to float over us during the im- 
pending conflict, than that of the " red, white and blue," the American 
eagle with thirty- four stars. 

4th, That in the immortal language of the heroes of '76, to preserve 
our Independence united, we pledge our lives, our fortunes and our 
sacred honor; 

Resolvedy That we, citizens of Industry, do hereby pledge ourselves 
to stand by and support the families that may be left in consequence of 
enlistments which have or may be made in the army to defend our con- 
stitutional rights, if need be. 

Josiah Emery. Rufus Jennings. 

(Oliver Stevens. Hiram Manter. 

James Cntts. David Patterson. 

Benjamin N. Willis. David Merry. 

Andrew Tibbetts. James Elliott. 

Isaac Daggett. Nathan Goodridge. 

Committee on Resolutions. 

After other exercises, including the presentation of a sword 
and epaulettes to Capt. Curtis Pinkham by Josiah Emery, the 
meeting adjourned to meet in two weeks. During these war 
meetings, which continued up to and culminated in a grand 
celebration on July 4th, many exciting scenes transpired. A 
company was organized and equipped with ** wooden guns." 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 303 

Swords, pistols, belts and other military trappings were brought 
down from the garrets to which they had been consigned years 
before. Articles of military dress became all the rage, and the 
boy who did not make some pretentions in this direction was 
counted unpatriotic and of little account by his companions. 

Martial music became popular, and the shrill notes of the 
fife and the lively rattle of the tenor drum were familiar sounds 
to all. Daniel Hilton was a skillful perfornier on the fife, and 
with William Q. Folsom as drummer, usually furnished music 
for the war meetings or *• trainings," as nearly every one called 

The cannon used on these occasions was a rude piece of 
ordnance, improvised by drilling out a piece of heavy mill 
shafting and mounting it on a pair of wagon wheels, to which 
a long rope was attached for hauling it about. Gen. William 
Nye, having been authorized to raise a volunteer company in 
Franklin County, occasionally attended these meetings for the 
purpose of securing enlistments. At such times he was politely 
tendered the command of this extemporaneous company. On 
one of these occasions, as General Nye was engaged in exerr 
cising the men in the various military evolutions and firing the 
cannon at frequent intervals, a large number of by-standers 
formed themselves into an impromptu company, and, after 
some manoeuvring, seized the cannon and hauled it away 
before he or his men were fully aware of their intent. Captain 
Pinkham denounced the captors as ** rebels," and gallantly 
tendered General Nye the services of himself and company to 
re-capture the piece. 

After securing their booty, "the rebels" had retreated and 
took refuge in John W. Frederic's blacksmith shop. Capt. 
Pinkham, at the head of his company, boldly marched his men 
to the front of the building and demanded an immediate sur- 
render " in the name of the United States of America." There- 
upon the door was thrown open as if in obedience to the 
command. If such an idea had, for an instant, entered Capt. 
Pinkham's head, it was speedily dispelled, for, instead of a 
vanquished foe ready to surrender, the formidable cannon was 

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seen leveled on the crowd instantly ready to belch forth smoke 
and flame. This was more than the valiant captain could stand, 
and he beat a precipitous retreat. A hearty laugh followed, 
for his men had discovered that the cannon was not loaded. 
Acting upon this discovery, the men went at it, and a regular 
melee ensued before the piece was regained. 

The muster and celebration at West's Mills on July 4th, 
1 86 1, probably brought together the largest number of people 
ever seen in that village, if not in the town. The exercises 
were such as are usually had on these occasions, including 
speaking at the church and the mustering and review of a 
regiment of militia by Gen. William Nye, on the flat west of the 
village. On that day the General, either willfully or inadvert- 
ently offered the Industry company an affront which came near 
resulting in serious trouble. This company formed at the 
church, and was commanded by Reuben Hatch. It was custom- 
ary, on such occasions, as each company arrived, for the colonel 
to send out his band as an escort to their place in the line. 
This General Nye failed to do on the arrival of the Industry 
company, which caused much feeling among the members, and 
even threats of personal violence to General Nye were freely 
indulged in by a few of the more passionate ones. The calmer 
judgment of the leading members prevailed, however, order was 
at length restored, the company took its place in the line, 
and by the promptness and precision of its movements, received 
the high compliment of being the best-drilled company in the 

April 15, 1 86 1, President Lincoln issued a proclamation 
calling for 75,000 men, to serve three months. This call was 
responded to with alacrity and enthusiasm, and the required 
number soon raised without apportioning to each State and 
town its quota. No enlistments occurred in Industry under 
this call, and the few who entered the service from this town 
enlisted elsewhere. 

Many of the events during the early days of the Civil War 
were to the citizens of the Northern States of deep interest and 
momentous consequence. Among these, the abandonment and 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 305 

destruction of Norfolk Navy Yard, on the night of April 19, 
1 86 1, was an irreparable loss to the United States. This yard 
was conceded to be the finest in the world, and its wanton de- 
struction was greatly deplored. Epithets of bitter opprobrium 
were heaped on the commandant, McCauley, in every little ham- 
let throughout the North, for his cowardice and hypocrisy. By 
this and other events excitement was kept at a white heat all 
through the early days of the war. 

While all were turning their attention toward the Sunny 
South, eagerly watching for " news from the war," a comet of 
considerable magnitude made its appearance in the heavens. 
This in time of peace would have created no little interest, but 
with an internecine war of so great importance raging between 
two powerful factions of the Union this matter received but a 
passing thought. Possibly the more superstitious saw in the 
presence of this celestial visitor the harbinger of a long and 
sanguinary war. 

A general scarcity of silver money occurred soon after the 
breaking out of the war. As small silver coin grew more and 
more scarce, the inconvenience of making change was very 
great, and postage stamps were employed to remedy the 
defect. But these were inconvenient, especially in the hot, 
sweltering weather of summer, or when handled with moist or 
wet hands. To obviate this difficulty, and at the same time 
advertise their business, enterprising business firms had postage 
stamps framed in small oval metal cases, the face of the stamp 
being covered with a thin piece of isinglass, or mica, more 
correctly speaking. The metal back usually bore the name 
and business of the firm by whom it was issued. Among 
country merchants cotton thread was legal tender at its par 
value, i. e., one cent per skein. During the war many small 
medals of bronze were struck, and these were frequently used 
in making change. The most common among these was every- 
where known as the " Army and Navy Cent." This medal was 
of bronze, and about the same size and weight as the U. S. 
bronze cent contemporaneously coined. One side bore the 
inscription, ** Army and Navy," the obverse, " The Federal 
Union, it must and shall be preserved." 

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By the early fall in 1861, silver coin had been wholly with- 
drawn from circulation. At this juncture merchants and other 
business men issued what was popularly known as individual 
currency. This in form was something like the United States 
fractional currency afterward issued, although in some instances 
it varied to*suit the fancy of the individual. This currency 
was signed by the person issuing it, and each piece was virtu- 
ally a note of hand, payable in goods, for the fractional part of 
a dollar specified. John Willis was the only person in Industry 
to issue this variety of currency, and at one time he had be- 
tween five and eight hundred dollars in circulation. It has 
been claimed that the United States Government got the idea 
for the design of its fractional currency from the common prac- 
tice of using stamps and individual currency for change. In- 
deed, in general appearance the early issues did resemble a 
piece of " individual scrip " with a postage stamp stuck on the 
centre of its face side. The United States currency was not 
well received at first, and was contemptuously called "shin 
plasters." The central figure on this currency was subsequently 
surrounded by a circle of bronze or gilt. For a long time it 
was a current joke that this was done '* to give the currency 
a metal ring." 

The tragical death of Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth, on the 24th 
of May, 1 86 1, cast a shadow of gloom over the people of 

Industry, as did that of Col. Baker the same, and Gen. 

Nathaniel Lyon the following year. The intelligence of the 
battle of Bull Run filled the hearts of all with sad and gloomy 
forebodings. It was now evident that the Nation had a foe to 
contend with in every respect worthy of his steel, and although 
the people of the Northern States were no less brave, the result 
of this battle thoroughly stamped out that effervescent enthu- 
siasm so conspicuous at the commencement of hostilities. After 
this no one had the foolhardiness to predict the speedy termina- 
tion of the war, or that the sons of the South would not fight. 

The Confederate Government sent James M. Mason and 
John Slidell to France and England, as commissioners, in 
November, 1861, hoping to obtain assistance from these coun- 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 307 

tries. Messrs. Mason and Slidell embarked on the English 
mail-steamer " Trent," and were arrested on the high seas, by 
Capt. Charles Wilkes of the U. S. steamer " San Jacinto," and 
taken to Boston. England was greatly exasperated at this 
audacious act and promptly demanded the prisoners' release, 
on a threat of war in case the demand was not immediately 
heeded. This event caused much excitement and discussion, as 
the attitude of England clearly indicated war in case the prison- 
ers were not speedily released. As war with England at such a 
critical juncture was not to be thought of, the government 
released the prisoners and promptly disavowed the action of 
Captain Wilkes. 

The year 1861 was remarkable from the fact that the apple 
crop in Industry was a total failure. Orchards, which had 
hitherto borne bountifully, were wholly devoid of fruit this year 
and a great scarcity of apples was the result. 

But little of interest occurred during the winter of 1 861-2. 
The following spring the militia was enrolled, and on the 1 7th 
of July, 1862, a meeting was held for the election of officers. 
The members met at West's Mills, and the following officers 
were chosen: Captain, Josiah Emery; ist Lieutenant, Nathan 
S. Johnson ; 2d Lieutenant, Benjamin Learned ; 3d Lieutenant, 
Melvin Viles ; 4th Lieutenant, Joseph Warren Smith. 

William Henry Frost and John T. Luce were first among the 
brave boys from Industry to sacrifice their lives on the altar of 
their country. The former died at Beaufort, South Carolina, 
the latter at Ship Island, Miss. The obsequies of these patriots 
held at the Centre Meeting-House on a Sabbath day in August, 
1862, was a season of deep and impressive solemnity. The 
house was appropriately decorated for the occasion, and the 
processions marched to and from the church to the music of 
muffled drums, and under the escort of a detachment of the 
Industry militia. 

Under the President's call of July 2, 1862, for men to serve 
three years, Industry's quota was nine men. Soon after this 
requisition a meeting of the citizens was called by the selectmen 
to assemble in John Willis's hall at West's Mills, July 26, 1862, 

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at one o'clock in the afternoon. At this meeting Daniel H. 
Taylor was chosen moderator, and after some discussion the 
town voted to raise the sum of $ioo for each person who would 
volunteer untit the forementioned quota of nine should be filled. 
In response to this call Francis O. Bean, Nelson O. Bean, Sam- 
uel H. and Oliver D. Norton and others enlisted.* 

August 4, 1862, the President made a further call for 300,000 
men to serve nine months, and under this call Industry's quota 
was 13. The authorities were ordered to make a draft from the 
enrolled militia to answer the call. The day fixed for the draft 
throughout the State was Wednesday, September 3d, and the 
members of the militia in Industry were duly notified to meet at 
West's Mills at nine o'clock on the day specified. The manner 
of conducting such a draft was to be as follows: A suitable 
box was to be provided for the purpose, and therein the clerk 
was directed to place, in the presence of the company, as many 
slips of paper as there were names enrolled ; upon these slips 
were to be written in letters, and not figures, the numbers from 
one to that which expressed the entire number of men enrolled, 
each slip having but one name written thereon. The box was 
to be closed and the papers therein thoroughly shaken up. The 
roll was then to be called in alphabetical order, and each man 
in answer to his name was required to come forward and draw 
one slip, which he handed to the clerk, who read the number 
aloud and entered it opposite the person's name who drew it ; 
thus the draft was to be continued until all the numbers were 
drawn. Then beginning at the lowest number on this list and 
extending upward in regular numerical order, the names were 
selected until the required number was obtained. Nelson C. 
Luce was chosen clerk, and every preparation for the draft was 

♦ Alonzo Frost also enlisted under this call and received his order for bounty money 
August 5, 1862. This order was given before Mr. Frost was mustered in, and was 
issued by the chairman of the board without the knowledge or sanction of the other 
selectmen. There was an unsuccessful effort on the part of the town to have the 
order rescinded. A member of the board at that time writes : " The selectmen as a 
board were censured for this act and justly too, I think. But like many things in those 
days of hurry, excitement and illegal proceedings, all was forgotten in the feeling for 
the common cause and all mistakes were swallowed ^thout much sugar coating." 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 309 

made. The matter created considerable excitement throughout 
the town, and each person liable to be drawn was constantly 
asking himself, "Is it I?" The selectmen issued their warrant, 
dated Aug. 26, 1862, calling a meeting of the legal voters at ten 
o'clock on the day set for the draft. The object of this meeting, 
as set forth in article second of the warrant, was ** to see what 
measures the town will take in regard to raising money for vol- 
unteers or drafted men." Meeting at the appointed hour for 
the draft it was ascertained that several held themselves in read- 
iness to enlist, providing the town would offer sufficient induce- 
ment in the way of bounty, and it was confidently believed by 
many that a draft could thus be averted. To anticipate the 
probable action of the town, at its approaching meeting, an 
informal vote of the assembled people was taken. This was 
unanimously in favor of offering a bounty for voluntfer enlist- 
ments. Thus encouraged, the draft was postponed until after 
the town should have held its meeting and legalized its informal 
vote. At ten o'clock the meeting assembled and chose Daniel 
Hilton moderator. Thereupon it was voted to pay each volun- 
teer enlisting on the nine months* quota $100, until the requi- 
site number should be obtained. At an adjourned session of 
this meeting, holden on Saturday, September 6th, at four 
o'clock in the afternoon, an additional sum of fifty dollars was 
voted to each volunteer who had already enlisted or would now 
volunteer. After the vote to pay $100 bounty was passed, 
several signified a willingness to enlist. Others said they would 
volunteer providing the bounty was made a little larger. 

As the day was oppressively warm, and the citizens of the 
town with their wives and children were out in full force, it was 
proposed to adjourn from the street to the church. Here 
matters went on much the same as at a Methodist revival meet- 
ing. There were earnest exhortations for those present to 
volunteer, and much cheering as one after another signified his 
willingness to enlist. All who had thus pledged themselves 
were invited to take a seat in the pulpit. As one of these, 
William Q. Folsom, took his seat in the sacred desk, he said : 
** Well, now I feel better since I have taken this step." Those 


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willing to enlist for $150 bounty were also requested to take a 
seat with the others. Thus, amid patriotic appeals, cheers, and 
the tears of mothers, wives and friends, one after another joined 
the little company until the required number was well-nigh 
obtained.* As previously stated, the citizens at an adjourned 
session of their meeting, voted the additional fifty dollars and 
were thus enabled to fill the town's quota without resorting to a 
draft. The citizens at the same meeting made generous provis- 
ions for any drafted men who might enter the service in case non- 
acceptance of the volunteer recruits rendered a draft necessary. 
In such case the drafted men were to receive the same bounty 
from the town, subject to the same conditions, as the volunteers. 
As fast as enlisted and accepted, the nine months' men from 
Industry were rendezvoused at Camp E. D. Keyes, at the State 
capital. 1 1 So zealously and effectually did the authorities labor 
in enlisting men, that on the twentieth of November, 1862, the 
selectmen received official notice that Industry's apportionment 
under the President's call of July 2d, for men to serve three 
years, and August 4th, for nine months' men, had been can- 

Deprived of the support of sons, husbands and fathers, by 
reason of their enlistment, many families were left in destitute 
circumstances, and their needs now claimed the attention of 
the citizens of Industry. An act was passed by the State 
Legislature, and approved March 18, 1862, authorizing towns 
to extend aid to the needy families of soldiers in the service. 
A special town meeting was called Dec. i, 1862, and the town 

* Rev. Ira Emery, an eye-witness of these proceedings, thus writes of the meet- 
ing: "That day and its events was one of the most striking and impressive of any in 
town during the war and its scenes I shall never forget. There were gathered in that 
church fathers, mothers, sons and daughters, all interested witnesses of that almost 
dramatic scene. As one after another volunteered, the scene was deeply solemn and 
impressive. Some clapped their hands and cheer followed cheer. Others, and there 
were many such, wept." 

t The following is a list of the men who enlisted under the call for nine months' 
volunteers: Hiram P. Durrell, William H. Edwards, Benjamin Follett, William Q. 
Folsom, John F. Gerry, Gilbert R. Merry, Elias Miller, David M. Norton, Charles S. 
Prince, Samuel RacklifF, Benjamin Tibhelts, George F. Williams, Hubbard S. Rob- 
erts. Only twelve of these men were mustered into the U. S. service. 

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EVENTS FROM J^6o TO iS66, 3 I I 

voted to appropriate $ioo for the relief of needy families of 
soldiers agreeably to an act of the State Legislature. At the 
annual meeting in 1863, the town voted to extend aid to D. 
Collins Luce, whose minor son, John T. Luce, had died in the 
service ; also to other needy families. By this opportune action 
of the State Legislature, the wants of the many indigent fami- 
lies were relieved. This privilege, in some instances, may have 
been abused, but such cases were rare and exceptional. The 
town voted to raise $1000 for the support of soldiers' families, 
at its annual meeting March 14, 1864, and ever afterward a 
most liberal course was pursued in supplying their wants. 

Repeated disasters and disappointments had prepared the 
people of Industry for almost any change that might occur; 
hence the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln, 
made public Sept. 22, 1862, declaring that on Jan. i, 1863, 
** all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part 
of a State the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the 
United States, shall be then and thenceforward and forever 
free," was received with little or no surprise, and only passing 

The events of 1863 were of a character well calculated to 
create intense excitement in every hamlet and town throughout 
the country, and at times to cause a feeling of personal uncer- 
tainty even among the citizens of Industry. Congress had 
passed a "conscription act," more troops were needed and a 
draft seemed imminent. No person enrolled under this act for 
a moment felt safe when a call for fresh troops was made. How 
eagerly were lists of drafted men scrutinized by each one liable 
to do military duty, to ascertain if his name was among the 
unfortunate ones, — not to mention mothers, wives, sisters and 
friends of the enrolled. This act was regarded with much dis- 
favor by a class of ignorant, unprincipled citizens, so numerous 
especially in all large cities and towns. These manifested their 
disloyalty by openly denouncing the action of Congress, and 
threatening resistance to any attempt to execute its provisions. 
Fortunately the citizens of Industry formed an exception and 
remained true to the Federal cause, though sharing the same 

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feeling of insecurity experienced by the loyal citizens in other 
towns throughout the State. This sense of personal insecurity 
was still further intensified by well-authenticated reports that a 
piratical-looking craft had been seen hovering off the Maine 
coast. Soon after this, on the 26th of June, 1863, the rebel 
privateer "Tacony" entered Portland harbor and captured the 
revenue cutter "Caleb Gushing." This act of audacious daring 
everywhere caused the most intense excitement and alarm. 

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General Lee Begins the March of an Invader. — Crosses the " Mason and Dixon Line." — 
Gloomy Prospects of the Federal Cause. — Numerous Desertions from the Union 
Army. — Organization of Districts under the Provisions of the Conscription Act. 
— First Conscripts from Industry. — ^Thc Non Compos Conscript. — "The Kingfield 
Riot." — Efforts of Drafted Men to Secure Town Bounty. — ^The Somerset and 
Franklin Wool-Growers' Association. — Call for More Troops. — $300 Town Bounty 
Offered for Volunteer Enlistments. — Stamp Act Passed. — Steamer " Chesapeake " 
Captured. — Attempts Made to Raid Maine's Eastern Border. — Re -enlistments. — 
Furloughed Soldiers Tendered a Banquet. — $600 Town Bounty Oflfered for Vol- 
unteer Enlistments. — Second Draft Made. — Small-pox Outbreak. — Aid to Soldiers 
in the Field. — Inflated Prices. — Efforts of Men who Furnished Substitutes to 
Recover the Sum Paid for the Same. — Third Draft Made. — Close of the War. — 
Great Rejoicing. — Flag-raisings at Allen's and West's Mills — Assassination of 
President Lincoln. — Memorial Services in Industry. — Cost of the War to the 
Town of Industry. 

On the 26th day of June, 1863, Lee, inspired no doubt by his 
victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, boldly crossed 
the Potomac River into Maryland and began the march of an 
invader. Marching his army across the State of Maryland he 
entered Pennsylvania. At this juncture the Federal cause looked 
gloomy indeed, and desertions were of frequent occurrence, 
amounting at one time to two hundred men per day. These 
circumstances combined created the most intense excitement and 
trepidation among the peace-loving citizens of Industry, and not 
till after the decisive victory on the field of Gettysburg did the 
people breathe easily. It was during the suspense of this 
exciting period that the first draft occurred under the President's 

call of , 1863. By the newly-enacted conscription law, 

each congressional district was placed under the control of a 

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board of enrollment, consisting of a provost marshal, commis- 
sioner and examining surgeon. Each drafting district was 
divided into sub-districts of convenient size. The headquarters 
of the Second Congressional District, which included Industry,* 
was at Lewiston, and under control of the following board: 
Provost Marshal, John S. Baker; Commissioner, Joel Perham, 
Jr. ; Surgeon, Alexander Burbank. A draft for the sub-district 
of Industry was held early in the month of July, and the follow- 
ing names were drawn : 

Hiram P. Durrell. J. Calvin Oliver. 

Alvin S. Gray. William J. Gilmore. 

Menzir B. Merry. Loren A. Shaw. 

Daniel Collins, Jr. Charles S. Prince. 

John D. leaver. James Edgecomb. 

Warren N. Willis. Zebadiah Johnson, Jr. 

Ebenezer Swift, Jr. Joseph Eveleth. 

John W. McLaughlin. Elias H. Johnson. 

Benjamin W. Norton, Jr. George Luce. 
Tobias C. Walton. 

Out of this number, so far as can be learned, not one entered 
the service. Those not exempted by physical disability either 
hired substitutes or paid $300 commutation money. Warren 
N. Willis furnished as a substitute, Charles E. Thompson of 
Lewiston, and Benjamin W. Norton, Jr., Frank E. Hutchins of 
New Portland. 


Menzir B. Merry. Daniel Collins, Jr. 

George Luce. William J. Gilmore. 

The measures sometimes resorted to in order to secure 
exemption, while of a questionable character, were occasionally 
quite amusing. One of the most laughable as well as success- 
ful of these deceptions, was perpetrated on the examining board 
by a citizen of Industry. The person in question was naturally 
of fine physique and commanding personal appearance. But 
for the occasion he arrayed himself in a grotesque suit, much 

* Industry was the seventh sub-district. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 315 

too small, and from which legs and arms protruded in the most 
surprising manner; pantaloons of the most ancient pattern, 
white vest, blue swallow-tail coat, ornamented with rows of 
brass buttons, which his grandfather might perchance have 
worn on his wedding day. On his head he wore a battered 
white tile of by-gone days. With stooping form, wildly dis- 
hevelled hair and bleary eyes, protected by a pair of green 
spectacles, he presented himself at the Provost Marshal's head- 
quarters, lead by an attendant. With tottering gait, he was 
lead to a vacant chair, where he seated himself, and with mouth 
agap and idiotic stare gazed straight up at the ceiling, to all 
appearances totally unconscious of his surroundings. Soon 
the surgeon began to question him, but for a time he paid no 
heed to his interrogatories. At length he turned to his attend- 
ant and, in a deep, nasal, bass tone, drawled out: "Be they 
talkin* to you ur to me, pa?" '*To yoti, Erastus," shouted his 
attendant, in stentorian tones. "Ha?" interrogated the con- 
script, as his chin dropped until it nearly rested on his shirt 
front. "To you, Erastus," again yelled his attendant, placing 
his mouth close to the listener's ear and shouting out his reply 
in tones which might have been heard several blocks away. 
"Tell-um to tawk louder^' roared the conscript. "Here 's a 
pretty go," exclaimed the examining officer, "a fellow as deaf 
as an adder, and evidently not sound in the upper story. Enter 
this man non compos^ Mr. Clerk," remarked the surgeon, as he 
turned to receive the next waiting applicant. 

Although no disrespect was shown the notifying officer in 
Industry, these servants of the law were not so well received in 
some of the towns in North Franklin. The public mind had 
been wrought to a high state of excitement by the events of 
the past few months and the uncertain prospects of the Federal 
Government. With such a condition of the public mind, a 
more unpropitious time for a draft could not have been found. 
But more troops were needed in the field, and these must be 

The Kingfield riot, so-called, was, briefly stated, the outgrowth 
of an attempt by the notifying officer to conceal the fact that 

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he had in his possession the notices to be served on the drafted 
men, on the one part, and the action of a few injudicious, hasty- 
tempered young men on the other. The statement that he did 
not have the notices in his possession proved to be untrue. 
Angered by this deception a few men and boys told the officer 
he must leave the town, which he did. Those concerned in 
this treasonable act were not by any means the leading men of 
the town. The existing bitter partisan spirit had a tendency to 
magnify and distort the reports and great excitement prevailed, 
even in the little town of Industry. A detachment of the militia 
was sent to Kingfield to restore order and enforce the law. They 
found nothing to do, however, but to spend their time in hunt- 
ing, fishing and feasting. Carefully considered, the bare facts 
show nothing to justify the application of the term " riot" to the 
Kingfield affair. 

A special town meeting was called, July i, 1863, to see if 
the town would vote "to raise $100 or any other sum to pay 
each man who may be drafted under the present conscription 
act." After choosing Col. James Davis moderator, voted to 
pass by the article and adjourn suie die, 

Undiscouraged by their defeat the interested parties immedi- 
ately petitioned the selectmen to call a second meeting to as- 
semble at West's Mills, July 1 1, 1863, ** to see if the town would 
vote to raise $300, or any sum, to hire substitutes for men called 
into the U. S. service under the existing conscription act." This 
proposition shared the fate of its predecessor, as did a subse- , 
quent proposition made before the close of the month. 


It had been a fact long known and frequently discussed, that 
the wool-growers were in a large measure dependent upon, and 
at the mercy of the wool-buyers ; that by the united manage- 
ment of the last-named parties wool was frequently bought up 
at a figure considerably below the market price, and one that 
gave these middlemen an unusually large profit. These facts 
became topics of such moment among wool-producers that, 
with a view of improving their condition, a number of gentle- 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 317 

men from Industry and Anson, met at the house of Hiram 
Manter, in Industry, on the 27th of June, 1863, and formed 
themselves into a wool-growers' association. Their object, as 
set forth in the constitution, was: **That, being desirous of a 
better understanding, and, for the better protection of our inter- 
ests do unite ourselves into a society for that purpose." The 
qualifications required to render a person eligible to member- 
ship were, that they should own a flock of at least ten sheep. 
This society was double-officered, i. e., had a full set of officers 
for each county, and was known as the ** Somerset and Frank- 
lin County Wool-Growers* Association." In Franklin County 
the members were all residents of Industry. General Nathan 
Goodridge was chosen president, and Hiram Manter, secretary. 
David Patterson was chosen treasurer and agent, and Benjamin 
W. Norton, Sr., Gen. Nathan Goodridge and James Elliott, 
directors. George Manter, David Patterson and Hiram Manter 
were elected to receive and sort the wool of the Association. 
All wool was required to be well-washed, and each member 
was allowed to draw from the treasury a sum of money not 
exceeding in amount two-thirds of the estimated value of his 
wool, upon the same being deposited with the agent. The 
directors were authorized to hire a sufficient sum of money to 
meet the demands of individual members, and the treasurer 
was required to give bonds to the amount of five thousand 
dollars. Among the more prominent members were : George 
W. Luce, Peter B. Smith, Benjamin W. Norton, Jr., Isaac Dag- 
gett, John T. Daggett, Joseph W. Smith, Alonzo Norton, etc., 
etc. The wool of the members in this town alone amounted 
to some five thousand pounds. Owing to the disagreement of 
the members in regard to the time their wool should be sold, 
the enterprise was abandoned. The opinion of able men was 
that, had it continued, it would have, in time, become an effect- 
ual ally of the wool-grower. 

The call of Oct. 17, 1863, for 300,000 men to serve three 
years, necessitated a special town meeting to raise money "for 
war purposes." This meeting accordingly assembled Dec. 2, 
1863, and chose Ira Emery, Jr., moderator. It was then voted 


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to pay each volunteer enlisting for three years, the sum of 
$300, until the town's quota of eleven, under the President's 
last call, shall be filled. The treasurer was also authorized and 
instructed to hire money for that purpose. 

It was about this time (1863) that Congress passed its 
famous stamp act, requiring a revenue stamp on every docu- 
ment, from a town clerk's certificate of marriage intention up to 
a warranty deed. Stamps were required on each package of 
friction- matches, also on proprietary medicines, playing-cards, 
photographs, tobacco, (iigars, and, in brief, nearly every article 
to which a stamp could be affixed.* A two-dollar stamp was 
necessary to make valid the title to a farm valued at $1000, and 
the person who sold a bunch of matches without a one-cent 
stamp affixed, was subject to a heavy penalty. The first certi- 
ficate of intended marriage, issued in Industry after the passage 
of the stamp act, was to Alonzo Norton. This document was 
dated Oct. 31, 1863, and had a five-cent revenue stamp affixed. 
An excise tax was also assessed on carriages and harnesses. 
The amount assessed on a wagon and harness valued at fifty- 
dollars was one dollar, and in the same ratio on those of higher 

The seizure of the ** Chesapeake," Capt. Willett, a screw- 
steamer of the New York and Portland Line, Dec. 13, 1863, 
was a feat of the most audacious daring, and everywhere caused 
great excitement. She was captured when off Cape Cod, on 
her passage from New York to Portland, by Lieut. John Clib- 
bon Braine and party. She was subsequently re-captured De- 
cember 17th, by the gunboat Ella and Anna. 

Another cause of great anxiety was an attempt to raid towns 
on the eastern border of Maine, in the summer of 1864, ^Y 
Confederates, who found refuge in the British Provinces. This 
created a widespread alarm, in which the citizens of Industr>' 
largely shared. On July i8th a detachment of three men from 

* For years merchants sold 300 matches for five cents, of which sum three cents 
went to ihe U. S. (lovernment for stamps, and whenever a photographer received an 
order for half a do/en small photographs he must needs pay eighteen cents for the 
stamps required by law. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 319 

one of these raiding parties boldly entered the Calais Bank, 
which they attempted to pillage in broad daylight. Their 
scheme was discovered in season to thwart their plans, and 
they were promptly arrested, convicted and sent to State's 

During the fall of 1863 and early winter of 1864, re-enlist- 
ments in the field became very numerous, and quite a number 
of the Industry boys, anxious to see the war through, re-enlisted 
and were granted a furlough of thirty days. While at home, 
and shortly before their return to the front, the citizens of 
West's Mills and vicinity tendered them a banquet at John Willis's 
hall, on Thursday, March 17, 1864. There was speaking with 
other exercises at the church in the forenoon, of which the 
author has been unable to procure any definite description. 
The spread at the hall was of the most unstinted proportions 
and the viands of the choicest quality. The central attraction 
at the feast was a large " monument cake," beautifully frosted 
and ornamented, a present from Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge H. 
Rackliff.* Several distinguished guests from adjoining towns 
were present on the occasion, and among the after-dinner speak- 
ers were: Leonard Keith, of Farmington, Rev. Ira Emery and 
his brother Josiah, of Industry, also Nelson C. Luce and others. 
The event was a decided success, and no doubt a pleasant 
incident in the lives of the furloughed soldiers present. 

Under the President's call of July 18, 1864, for troops, In- 
dustry's proportion was sixteen men, but having a surplus of 
nine men previously furnished, to its credit, only seven were 
required. Anxious to avoid a draft, if possible, a special town 
meeting was called at the Centre Mecting-House, August 23, 
1864, and Nelson C. Luce was called to preside. The meeting 
then voted to offer $500 to any who would enlist for one year 
on the town's quota before September 5th, until the required 
number be reached. Nathan S. Johnson was chosen agent to 
secure enlistments on the town's quota, and voted a compensa- 

♦ The baking-tins for this immense cake were specially made for the purpose by 
Mr. Rackliff. The total cost of the cake when placed on the table was not far from 
ten dollars. 

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tion of twenty dollars for each soldier mustered in.* The meet- 
ing further voted to pay $600 bounty on enlistments for three 
years. The selectmen were authorized to hire money to pay 
these bounties. At an adjourned session of the same meeting, 
the bounty for one-year enlistments was raised to $600. Not- 
withstanding the liberal bounties offered, and the most strenu- 
ous efforts of enlisting officers, a deficiency still existed, and 
on Sept. 26, 1 864, a draft was made by the Provost Marshal 
and the following names drawn: Elbridge H. Rackliff, George 
W. Johnson, Atwood Morse and William Cornforth, Jr. On pre- 
senting themselves before the examining board, Elbridge H. 
Rackliff, the first drawn, was accepted, and George W. Johnson 
exempted, by reason of physical disability. Atwood Morse, 
the third person drawn, was accepted, which made up the 
deficiency. The selectmen paid these two drafted men the 
same bounty as the town had voted to pay for enlistments. 
Their authority so to do was subsequently questioned, but their 
doings were promptly ratified by the town at a meeting held 
at the Centre Meeting-House, Jan. 4, 1865. As a draft was 
impending, the same meeting voted to raise $3500, to be placed 
in the selectmen's hands, with instructions to use it in securing 
enlistments on the most favorable terms possible. This sum 
the assessors were instructed to assess immediately and place 
the bills in the collector's hands. They were also instructed to 
pay $300 to any who would put in a substitute for three years 
to count on the town's quota. The meeting subsequently voted 
at an adjourned session, to add $150 to the $300 previously 
offered for substitutes. 

Convinced that Industry's quotas were too large, by reason 
of the enrollment of persons physically disqualified for military 
duty, the selectmen were directed to employ such measures as 

* Mr. Johnson was a very successful recruiting officer, as the following enlistments 
copied from an autographic list abundantly proves: Adriance R. Johnson, Antlrew J. 
Spinney, Ebcn Fish, George C. Emery, Reuel H. Rogers, John M. Nash, Nathan G. 
Dyer, Albanus D. Quint, William S. Burce, Henry S. Maines, George H. Butler, John 
P. Butler, Addison F. Collins, James W. Collins, John F. Daggett, Henry G. Mitchell, 
Samuel Rackliff. Dec. ii, 1863, Mr. Johnson was also deputized by the Provost 
Marshal General to arrest and return deserters^ procure recruits, etc. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 32 1 

they deemed expedient to reduce the number enrolled. They 
were further instructed to take men to Lewiston for examina- 
tion, at the town's expense, if necessary. Through the well- 
directed efforts of these gentlemen many names were stricken 
from the rolls.* 

About the first of July, 1864, an outbreak of small-pox 
occurred near West's Mills, in the town of Stark, and spread 
to a limited extent into the town of Industry. Through 
ignorance of the true character of the disease at first, it spread 
to a much greater extent than it otherwise would have done. 
There were some ten cases in both towns, but fortunately only 
one death occurred. This was the infant daughter of Peter 
W. Pinkham. Other cases were, Nellie Ellis, Betsey Pinkham, 
Sally Stevens, T. Gardner Daggett, J. Warren Smith, Josephine 
S. Viles, Benjamin Tibbets, and Silas Daggett. 

The suffering and want incident to camp life, especially dur- 
ing the winter season » early claimed the attention of friends at 
home and many packages, containing nice warm socks and mit- 
tens, were sent to the boys through the U. S. mail, while boxes 
containing provisions, flannel underclothing, boots and other 
articles of comfort and convenience were not unfrequently 
despatched on their errands of good cheer to the brave boys in 
field and camp. 

At times the anxiety and suspense among relatives and 
friends, as they watched day after day for intelligence of dear 
ones far away, was terrible to endure. And when at length after 
weary days of watching and waiting, the sad news of some dear 
one's death was received, how terribly rended were the heart- 
strings of wives, mothers, sisters and friends ! It was indeed a 
terrible ordeal for loving, trusting hearts. 

As time passed on, prices became greatly inflated. Gold 
was at a premium of $1.50. Wool for a short time sold at one 
dollar per pound, and all the necessaries of life were proportion- 
ally high, as the following list compiled from actual sales plainly 
shows : 

*This year (1864) by a singular coincidence the Republicans in Industry polled 
94 votes at both the gubernatorial and presidential elections. 

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Flour per bbl., |i8 00 

Corn per bushel, 2 00 

Molasses, W. I., per gal., i oo 

Tea, per lb., . i 50 

Salt, per box of 20 lbs., 50 

Sugar, White, per lb., 25 

Sheeting (best cotton), per yd., 80 

Print, per yd., 40 

Nails, cut, per lb., 1 2 

Salt Pork, per lb., 21 

Indigo, per oz., 20 

Glass, 7x9, per light, 10 

Kerosene oil, per gal., i 20 

Men's boots, (thick) pair, 5 50 

The drafted men of 1863 who hired substitutes, for many 
years made persistent and repeated efforts to recover from the 
town the sum such substitutes had cost them. For more than 
half a dozen different times the town was asked to grant this 
request, and on one occasion those who had paid commutation 
money joined in the demand. These propositions were per- 
emptorily dismissed without action, however, and only ceased 
to be made when the parties removed from town. 

Although large sums of money were raised, and tempting 
bounties offered for enlistments, the town's quota of 1865 re- 
mained unfilled, and again a draft became necessary. Under 
the President's call of March — , 1865, the town's deficiency was 
nine men. To secure these, sometime during the month of 
March, 1865, eighteen names were drawn from the enrolled 
militia, as follows: 

Augustus H. Swift. Ira Emery, Jr. 

VVm. M. Bryant. Wm. L. Metcalf. 

Francis R. Merry. John S. Fassett. 

John Oilman. Eli N. Rackliff. 

Alvin S. Gray. John VV. Perkins. 

VVm. Cornforth, Jr. Caleb W. Gilmore. 

Daniel Oilman. Alonzo Frost. 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 323 

Warren Cornforth. Jeremy Bean. 

Daniel Brown. Charles H. B. True. 

The drafted men were never mustered into the service, for 
on the 9th of April, 1865, Lee's army surrendered, which vir- 
tually brought the war to a close.* Great was the rejoicing 
everywhere at the cessation of hostilities. Everyone's cup of 
joy seemed full to the brim. Day after day, as additional and 
more detailed reports of the closing-up of this long and sanguin- 
ary struggle were received, the church bell at West's Mills was 
rung, and in other ways was the joy of the people manifested.! 


The long and bloody war was near its close. Already the 
people, who had long and anxiously watched while the destiny 
of their beloved Union seemed poised and trembling in the bal- 
ance, began to feel that buoyancy of spirit which is but the 
natural reaction of the mind after any prolonged period of deep 
suspense. The glad tidings spread from house to house, and 
rejoicing was heard on every hand. An event of so great mag- 
nitude must necessarily be commemorated by some public dem- 
onstration. Consequently the citizens of Allen's Mills and 
vicinity decided to raise a flag in honor of the event. A paper 
was drawn up ^nd subscriptions solicited by Mary G. Luce, 
daughter of Moses M. Luce, Esq., and in an incredibly short 
time a sum sufficient to purchase a beautiful banner was raised. 
While awaiting the arrival of their flag from Bath, Maine, 
where it was purchased, a large number of men and boys went 
to the point of land extending into Clear Water Pond, felled a 
tree suitable for a staff", and triumphantly dragged it across the 
pond on the ice to the village, where it was erected in the most 

♦ The voters of Industry seem to have had a premonition that the war was near 
its close, for on the day previous to Lee's surrender they had voted to pass by the 
article whereby money was to be raised to pay drafted men and hire substitutes. 

t At Farmington the joy was turned to sadness l)y a fatal accident, the result of 
bursting a cannon while engaged in firing a salute in honor of the close of the war. 
At the same time several others were more or less injured. 

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commanding locality to be found. At lo o'clock A. M., on 
Friday, April 14, 1865, the new banner was for the first time 
hoisted to its proud position, by Misses Mary G. Luce and 
Josephine Hinkley, amid the loud cheers of the assembled 

Rev. A. R. Plumer, of Industry, then delivered an able 
address, after which a procession was formed which marched 
to a large hall in the starch- factory, where a sumptuous repast 
had been prepared by the ladies. After dinner, toasts were 
proposed, and responded to by Gen. Nathan Goodridge, Moses 
M. Luce, Esq., Isaac Webster, Edwin A. R. Rackliff and others. 
The exercises were enlivened by vocal music furnished by a 
choir consisting of some of the best talent in Franklin County, 
such as Charles S. and Lizzie (Allen) Prince, Orlando T. Good- 
ridge, Eliphalet Miller and others. 

But alas, how changed the scene in a few short hours ! 
How strikingly true are the following lines : 

" Tis the wink of an eye, 'tis the draught of breath. 

From the blossom of health to the paleness of death, 
From the gilded saloon to the bier and the shroud, 
Oh, why should the spirit of mortal be proud? " ♦ 

Hardly had those who participated in the festivities just 
mentioned, returned to their homes, when President Lincoln 
received his death wound, at the hand of an assassin. The 
second time their beautiful flag was raised it was placed at 
half-mast, and draped with black, in honor to the martyred 

Nearly simultaneously with the movement at Allen's Mills, 
the people at West's Mills made preparation for the erection of 
a fine "liberty pole." This pole, which was of pine, was con- 
structed on the most modern principles, and measured seventy- 
two feet from its base to the truck of the top-mast. It was 
probably raised on the same day as the one at Allen's Mills, at 
which time a large concourse of people assembled at the village 

* The poem from which this extract is made was a great favorite with President 

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EVENTS FROM i860 TO 1866. 325 

to witness and assist in its erection.* The raising of a pole of 
this height was no small task, and notwithstanding the assistance 
of the many willing hands, it was near sunset when the stars 
and stripes were raised to tjieir lofty position. 

Intelligence of the assassination and death of President 
Lincoln reached West's Mills Saturday evening, April 15, 1865, 
and all day Sunday following, flags floated at half-mast and the 
solemn tones of the tolling church-bell were heard. Among 
all classes, irrespective of party affiliations, the deepest sorrow 
and respect for the martyred President was manifested. On 
the day of his burial, memorial services were held in the Union 
Church at West's Mills, in which many participated. The 
address was delivered by Rev. Charles E. Blake, pastor of the 
Free Will Baptist Church in Farmington. The house was well 
filled and the exercises solemn and impressive. 

The close of the war afforded the citizens of Industry an 
opportunity to take a retrospective view of the part the town 
had taken in suppressing the rebellion. This view was not 
altogether unpleasant. With a population of 827 in i860, the 
town had furnished sixty-one men for the service under the 
various calls. These had invariably merited the esteem of their 
superiors by patriotism and valor, as well as by a faithful dis- 
charge of their soldierly duties. Ever mindful of its obligations 
to these brave men, the town had always been liberal in its 
bounties for enlistments and also made generous provisions for 
the soldiers' families. The subjoined table shows the amount 
paid in bounties to soldiers, under the various calls : 

To 3 years' men of 1862, $1,000 00 

9 months' men of 1862, i>95o 00 

Volunteers of 1863, 3,300 00 

" 1864 and 5, 10,800 00 

Drafted men entering the service, 1,200 00 

Am't Contributed by individuals toward bounties, 481 00 

?i8,73i 00 

♦ Since the above was written it has been definitely learned that the raising 
occurred on Friday, April 14, 1865. Also that the village choir was present on that 
occasion, and rendered several appropriate selections, greatly to the enjoyment of all 

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Contributed supplies for the relief of soldiers, 950 00 
Aid to soldiers' families, 2,682 49 

$22,363 49 

Though reimbursed for aid to soldiers' families by the State, 
the expense of enlisting men, paying commutations and hiring 
substitutes, must have swelled the expense of the war to the 
citizens of Industry to fully $25,000, this sum being nearly one- 
seventh of its valuation in i860. 

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Francis O. Bean. — Nelson O. Bean. — George W. Boyden. — Charles E. Burce. — James 
O. Burce. — ^John C. Burce. — WiUiam S. Burce. — George H. Butler. — John P. 
Butler. — Addison H. Chase. — Addison F. Collins. — Daniel S. Collins. — James W. 
Collins. — Daniel A. Conant. — John F. Daggett. — Hiram P. Durrell. — William H. 
E<1 wards. — John D. Elder. — Carlton P. Emery. — George C. Emery. — Zebulon M. 
Emery. — Calvin B. Fish. — Eben Fish. — Benjamin FoUett. — William Q. Folsom. 
— William H. Frost. — ^John F. Gerry. — Bradford Gilmore. — Almore Haskell. — 
John M. Howes. — Adriance R. Johnson. — William G. Lewis. — Fifield A. Luce. 
— John T. Luce — Henry S. Maines. — Gilbert R. Merry. — Elias Miller. — Henry 
G. Mitchell. — Atwood Morse. — John M. Nash. — David M. Norton. — Oliver D. 
Norton. — James Pinkham. — Samuel Pinkham. — Wellington Pinkham. — Wilder 
Pratt.— Charles S. Prince. — Albanus D. Quint.— William L. Quint.—Edwin A. R. 
Rackliff.—Elbridge H. Rack liff.— John O. Rackliff.— Samuel Rackliff.— William 
J. Rackliff. — Reuel H. Rogers. — Lyman M. Shorey. — Andrew J. Spinney. — John 
C. Spinney. — Benjamin Tibbetts. — Benjamin F. Tibbetts. — ^Clinton B. Webster. — 
David C. Whitney. — Aaron E. Williams. — George F. Williams. — O. L. Young. 


Francis O. Bean, son of John C. and Olive (Berry) Bean, 
came to Industry in the winter of 1862 and settled on the Ad- 
dison H. Chase farm. He enlisted with others, his brother 
among the number, the following summer, as a member of the 
17th Regiment, Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered into the 
U. S. service at Portland, August 14th, and assigned to Co. G, 
Capt. Edward I. Merrill. Soon after going South he was de- 
tailed as teamster and was with the wagon train about eighteen 
months. After this he was at the division headquarters in the 
mail department. Mr. Bean was with General Burnside during 
his famous mud march, and reached Gettysburg with the 
wagon train on the morning following the last day's battle. He 

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continued in the service until finally mustered out, June 4, 

Nelson O. Bean, a brother of the forenamed Francis, had 
resided in Industry for some years prior to the breaking out of 
the Civil War, in the family of an elder brother. He enlisted in 
the 17th Maine Regiment and was mustered into the U, S. 
service August 18, 1862, at Portland, and assigned to Co. 
G. They left Portland for Washington, D. C, August 21st, 
where they remained doing garrison duty until the 7th of Octo- 
ber. Mr. Bean participated in the battle of Fredericksburg on 
the 13th of December. His regiment re-crossed the Rappahan- 
nock River on the isth, and remained encamped at Falmouth, 
Va., until May i, 1863. The regiment was also present at the 
battle of Chancellorsville, engaging the enemy May 2d and 3d. 
On the 2d day of July they arrived at Gettysburg and engaged 
the enemy on that and the following day. On the 27th of No- 
vember Mr. Bean's regiment took a prominent part in the battle 
of " Orange Grove." Returning to Brandy Station on the 1st 
day of December, the regiment remained encamped there until 
the 25th of March, 1864. He also took an active part, with his 
regiment, in the battle of the Wilderness, on the 5th and 6th of 
May. From this time to the 21st his regiment was almost con- 
tinually under fire. On the 23rd of May Mr. Bean's regiment 
joined the 5th Army Corps near North Anna River and partici- 
pated in a charge which resulted in driving the enemy across 
the river and gaining possession of the bridge. During this 
charge, when near the river, Mr. Bean was wounded in the left 
side by a minnie ball, which fractured the lower rib in two 
places. He was sent first to the hospital at Washington, D. C, 
and afterwards to Centre Street Hospital, Newark, New Jersey. 
His wound was of an extremely painful nature and very slow 
to heal. After a time he was removed to the U. S. General 
Hospital at Augusta, Maine, where, finding that the aggra- 
vating nature of his wound would incapacitate him for active 
service for a long time, he was discharged. He is now a mill 
operative and resides in Suncook, N. H. 

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George Wyatt Boyden, son of Asaph and Susan (Butler) 
Boyden, was born In Industry, April 10, 1833. When a 
young man he went to the State of New Hampshire, where he 
married and was living when the war broke out. Here he sub- 
sequently enlisted as a member of Co. F, 9th N. H. Volunteer 
Infantry. Near the expiration of his term of enlistment, he 
re-enlisted and faithfully served his country until the close of 
the war. The following extracts from his letters give the 
reader some vivid pen pictures of the ups and downs of army 

Fort Alexander Hayes, Va., Dec. 23, 1864. 
Dear Father and Mother: 

The box you sent me arrived here to-day, after being twenty-three 
days on the road. Everything in it was good and in good order except 
the pie, which was a little mouldy on the under side, but not enough to 
hurt it for army eating. The cake is first rate, as good as I ever ate, 
so are the doughnuts and dried apple, sausages and butter. I shall 
have some good apple-sauce as soon as I can stew, the apple. Bread, 
butter and apple-sauce on a private soldier's plate in this army, well I 
never ! never!! The towel was very acceptable, and I will try and 
keep it as long as I can. I hardly know how to thank you for your 
kindness in sending me so much good food. I told my three tent- 
mates, when the box came, I did not deserve it but mother would no 
doubt sleep better if she knew I had received it, and that I would 
write as soon as my day's work was done and let her know it had come. 
You can hardly conceive the satisfaction of us poor soldiers when we 
get anything from home. Men who would take no notice of such 
matters at home will flock around and say : " Did you get a box? Did 
you get a box?" I tell you they always bring with them memories 
sweet of "childhood's sunny hours," of a time when we had no fears of 
war taking us away from the homes we so dearly love. My boyhood 
home and its scenes, among the hills of Maine, are still as fresh in my 
memory as if I had only just left it, but time tells me it is nearly fifteen 
years. " Thus with the year seasons return," and each brings its hopes 
and fears, its joys and sorrows, sunshine and shade. I had a pleasant 

♦Though this name does not properly belong to the list of Industry soldiers, the 
writer has inserted it in order to afford his readers the opportunity of perusing some 
very interesting war correspondence. 

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home till this war took me away from it, and I have it now — " His home 
where the heart is," but the pleasing memories are all of the past, while 
the present is only made bearable by the good wishes and kind deeds 
of friends at homCy sweet home. Still having faith in the future 
because of my good luck in the past, I hope again to be at home with 
wife, boy, father, mother, sisters and brother, and remember only that 
which is pleasant and forget that a bloody war ever called me away. 
But should I be among the host that is now and will be left here, only 
to be remembered by friends at home, if these friends can truthfully 
say, " He has done his duty to his country," it is all I ask. But I hope 
to live to see this rebellion brought to an end at no very distant day. 
The rebels must soon give it up entirely, come back to the Union they 
should never have left, and by good behavior in the future, atone for 
their sins political of the past, so that we may sit in the shade of the 
outstretched arms of our worthy Uncle Samuel, and sing " Hail Colum- 
bia " till our children and children's children are — are — are old enough 
to sing it for us. " So mote it be.^' 

Although the soldier's life was characterized by many hard- 
ships, and although disease and death were constantly thinning 
their ranks, yet, amid all these vicissitudes of war, ** the boys ** 
found some pleasantries — "Some sugar in the cane" — as the 
following anecdote related by Mr. Boyden goes to prove : " At 
one time we had to cut a great deal of cord-wood, and com- 
panies were detailed for that purpose. In our company was 
one James Carlton, who had won the sobriquet of * Truthful 
Jecmes,' as he was the soul of honor and did not look like a 
liar. He was the fastest chopper in the whole army, and we 
often tried to get a bet up on the amount of wood he could 
chop in a day, he to cut the trees, cut, split and pile up the 
wood. With all our persuasion he would not consent, as he 
would not be a party to any gambling scheme. Wc urged, 
argued and tried to persuade, all to no purpose, except to 
arouse his own curiosity as to how much wood he really could 
cut. To put the matter to test he took his axe, slipped away 
out of camp one morning when we were off duty, and went to 
chopping by himself. He chopped until about three o'clock 
in the afternoon, when he looked around and decided he had as 
much cut as he could pile before sunset. He piled it up and 

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found he had only fifty-three cords, which, he said, disappointed 
him. He went back to where he began work in the morning, 
and following up his work, discovered by appearances, that his 
axe must have flew off of the handle about eleven o'clock in 
the forenoon and he had been chopping with the handle the 
rest of the day. This is his story just as he told it to me, and 
he made me promise not to add anything that would make a 
lie of it. He also expressed much regret that he did not yet 
know how much wood he could cut in a day." 

Charles Edward Burce, son of Silas and Rachel (Oliver) 
Burce, enlisted as a private in Co. H, 14th Maine Regiment, Vol- 
unteer Infantry, and was mustered into the U. S. service Dec. 
14, 1 86 1. Re-enlisted Jan. i, 1864. Transferred to Co. A, 
Battalion, 14th Regiment, Infantry. Mustered out at Darien, 
Ga.. Aug. 28, 1865. Resides at Porter's Mills, Wisconsin, where 
he is engaged in farming. 

James Oliver Burce, son of Silas and Rachel (Oliver) Burce, 
enlisted at the age of sixteen years as a private in Co. H, 14th 
Maine Regiment, Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered into the 
U, S. service Dec. 14, 1861. Re-enlisted Jan. i, 1864. Pro- 
moted to musician. Taken prisoner at the battle of Cedar Creek, 
Oct. 19, 1864. Confined in Salisbury and other rebel prisons. 
Discharged for disability July 8, 1865. He. is a farmer and re- 
sides at Porter's Mills, Eau Claire Co., Wisconsin. 

Among the many brave men who served their country faith- 
fully and well, in the war between the States, not one can lay 
claim to a more brilliant and honorable record than he whose 
name stands at the head of this sketch. Enlisting near the 
breaking out of the war, he gave to his country nearly three and 
one-half of the best years of his life, and in his death left behind 
a record to which relatives and friends alike point with pride. 

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John Calvin Burce, son of Silas and Rachel (Oliver) Burce. 
was born in Stark, Maine, in 1834. He first enlisted for three 
months as a member of the 3d Regiment, Maine Volunteer In- 
fantry, and was mustered into the U. S. service June 4, 1861, as- 
signed to Co. F, and was immediately appointed corporal. On 
the sth the regiment left Augusta for Washington, D. C, and 
on their arrival went into camp on Meridian Hill. Crossing the 
Potomac River July 6th, they entered Virginia and remained in 
the vicinity of Alexandria until the 1 5th of July, when Mr. Burce 
was discharged for re-enlistment and returned to Maine on a 
furlough. On the 22d of September, 1861, he was mustered in 
as a private in Co. D, 9th Regiment, Maine Veteran Infantry. 
The regiment started on the 24th for Fortress Monroe; here 
they joined a portion of General Sherman's expedition for the 
capture of Port Royal, S. C. The expedition sailed from Fortress 
Monroe October 29th, and on November Sth landed at Hilton 
Head. Remaining in that vicinity until Feb. 21, 1862, the regi- 
ment formed a part of the expedition which captured Fernan- 
dina, Fla., the 9th Maine being the first regiment to land from 
the transports on the occupation of the town by the Union 

It is impossible within the limits of this brief sketch to fol- 
low Mr. Burce through his long and honorable career as a soldier, 
or even mention all the engagements in which his regiment par- 
ticipated. But the part they bore in the capture of Morris 
Island is bright on history's page, as well as their determined 
bravery at Fort Wagner, where, in an assault, they only retreated 
when ordered so to do, after other regiments had fallen back and 
they alone confronted the enemy. 

In December, 1863, he re-enlisted and was mustered into the 
service on the 12th day of that month, and later returned to 
Maine on a thirty-days' furlough. While at home he married 
(published March 2, 1864) Ada H, Andrews, daughter of Levi 
and Lydia (Hurd) Andrews of Anson. 

Returning to the front he rejoined his regiment on the 28th 
of March. They engaged the enemy at Walthall Junction May 
7th, and at Drury's Bluff on the 17th of the same month. They 

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also fought the enemy at Bermuda Hundred and Cold Harbor, 
and likewise participated in the siege of Petersburg. The 
following October he was taken ill, and died at White Hall Hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, Oct. i8,* 1864, aged 30 years, 


Willliam Stacy Burce, son of Silas and Rachel (Oliver) 
Burce, enlisted as a member of Co. F, 14th Regiment, Maine 
Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered into the service March 
3a,t 1864. Transferred to Co. B, June 18, 1864, and on muster- 
ing out the original members he was assigned to the 14th 
Battalion, Co. C. The 14th Battalion was subsequently increased 
to a full regiment by the addition of certain companies of 
unassigned infantry. Mustered out at Darien, Ga., Aug. 28, 
1865. Mr. Burce was in Minnesota at last accounts. 


George Halser Butler, son of Peter W. and Mary E. (Rob- 
inson) Butler, was born in Industry Jan. 6, 1833. He married, 
Jan. 21, 1858, Catherine Nichols, daughter of Aholiab and 
Elmeda (Messer) Nichols, by whom he had three children. 
Early in the fall of 1864 he enlisted for one year in the first 
company Unassigned Infantry, Capt. Edward S. Butler. He 
was mustered into the service Sept. 16, 1864. The company 
immediately after its organization left for the front, and was 
assigned to the 29th Regiment as Co. A. Joining the regiment 
October i8th, he participated in the battle of Cedar Creek on 
the following day. During this engagement he received a 
severe bullet wound in the shoulder. He was conveyed to the 
hospital at Winchester, Va., where he died Nov. 9, 1864. 


John Perham Butler, also a son of Peter W. and Mary E 
(Robinson) Butler, enlisted about the same time and in the 

• Adjutant General's Report. A headstone erected to his memory in the cemetery 
near West's Mills gives the date October 23d. 
t Another record has the date March 24th. 


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same company as his brother George. When the company 
went South he was left sick at Augusta, and was not able to 
join his regiment for some time. Nothing is definitely known 
respecting his service in the field. He subsequently learned 
the trade of a watchmaker and jeweler. Died of consumption, 
in Industry, April i6, 187 1, aged 28 years and 6 days. 


Addison Hayes Chase, son of Thomas and Phebe (Hatha- 
way) Chase, was born in Livermore, Maine, April 4, i856. 
His father was a soldier in the 181 2 War. His grandfather, 
also named Thomas, was a gunner on board the ** AUiance," 
and participated in the fight with the English ** Serapis." On 
the 1st day of January, 1850, he married Harriet C. Bean. 
daughtjpr of Jeremy and Miriam (Currier) Bean, of Jay, and 
on \ki€ 13th of April, 1855, he removed with his family to 
Industry and settled Near Tibbetts's Corner on the farm now 
(1892) occupied by Arthur W. Hawes. Here he was living 
when the War of the Rebellion broke out. On Dec. 2, 1861. 
he enlisted as a private in Co. E, 1 3th Maine Regiment, Volun- 
teer Infantry, and was mustered into the service at Augusta, 
Me., Dec. 10, 1861. His company left Augusta, Feb. 18, 1862, 
and arrived in Boston on the same day. Two days later Mr. 
Chase and his comrades embarked for Ship Island, Miss., via 
Fortress Monroe. Owing to various hindrances, the company 
did not reach its destination till March 20th. He remained on 
the Island doing camp, guard and laborious fatigue duty until 
July I ith, when they left the Island, made a brief stop at New 
Orleans, and arrived at Fort St. Philip on the 15th. Here the 
subject of this sketch remained until he sickened and died, 
Oct. 28, 1862, aged 36 years, 6 months and 24 days. 


Addison Franklin Collins, son of Eben G. and Cordelia 
(Howes) Collins, was born in Industry, June 4, 1847. At 
the age of seventeen years he enlisted in Co. A» 29th Regi- 
ment, Volunteer Infantry, Capt. Edward S. Butler, and was 

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mustered in Sept i6, 1864. Going South with his company, 
he participated in all its movements, including the battle of 
Cedar Creek, etc. He was mustered out of the service June 5, 
1865, some two months after the close of the war. Resides in 
New Sharon, Me. 


Daniel Saunders Collins, son of Daniel, Jr., and Harriet 
(Knowlton) Collins, was born in Industry, April 23, 1834. 
When about fifteen years of age, he went to live with a 
maternal aunt who resided in Belfast, Me A year later he 
entered the office of The State Signal, a newspaper published 
in that city, where he served the usual apprenticeship, and 
afterwards worked on that paper, as a journeyman printer, some 
two years. He next worked in Bangor, Me., and also tfi Bos- 
ton for a short time. He enlisted under the President's call for 
men to serve nine months, and was mustered into the U. S. 
service Oct. 10, 1862, as a private in Co. B, 22d Regiment, 
Volunteer Infantry. He served his full term of enlistment and 
was mustered out Aug. 14, 1863. He next enlisted as a private 
in Co. A, State Guards Infantry, to serve sixty days. He was 
mustered into the service July 7, 1864, and stationed at Fort 
McClary, in Maine. On the expiration of his term of service, 
Sept. 8, 1864, he was discharged and returned to his native 
town. Shortly after this he again enlisted as a member of the 
1st Maine Regiment, Sharpshooters, then being organized, and 
was mustered into the service Nov. 28, 1864, and assigned to 
Co. E, with the rank of corporal. His company was rendez- 
voused at Camp Coburn, Augusta, Me. The company left 
Augusta, for Galloupe's Island, Dec. 7, 1864. They were 
ordered from thence to City Point, Va.*, Jan. i, 1865, and 
arrived there on the 5th. June 21st Mr. Collins's Company was 
consolidated with the 20th Maine Regiment, Infantry, where he 
was also promoted to the rank of corporal in Co. E. July 16, 
1865, he was mustered out and discharged, at Washington, 
D. C, and immediately returned to his native State. He died 
in Middleborough, Mass., Oct. 20, 1885. 

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James Warren Collins, son of George and Mary A. (Nor- 
cross) Collins, was born in Industry, Nov. 3, 1825. On the 
breaking out of the war he was living on a small farm near 
Goodridge's Corner in Industry. He enlisted as a member of 
Co. A, 28th Maine Regiment, Infantry, and was mustered into 
the U. S. service Sept. 16, 1864. He was wounded in the battle 
of Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864. Discharged in 1865. He died 
in Brunswick, Maine. 


Daniel A. Conant was a resident of Temple, Me., when the 
war broke out. He enlisted as a substitute for Samuel H. Nor- 
ton of Industry, and consequently counted on that town's quota. 
He was mustered into the service at Portland, Me., August 18, 
1862, as a member of Co. G, 17th Maine Regiment, Volunteer 
Infantry. Taken prisoner at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va. 
Exchanged. Mustered out June 4, 1865. 


John Fred Daggett, son of John A. and Cynthia P. (Fur- 
bush) Daggett, enlisted for one year in the first Company of 
Unassigned Infantry, Capt. Edward S. Butler, and was mustered 
into the U. S. service Sept. 16, 1864, at Augusta, Maine. 
Remaining at this place but a few days they went to Portland, 
and from thence to Washington, D. C. Here the company en- 
camped one night, when it was ordered to Harper's Ferry, Va. 
On their way thither they stopped over night in Philadelphia. 
Reaching Winchester they went into camp with the 29th Maine, 
acting with them in their various movements until Oct. 18, 
1864, when Company A was discharged, its term of service 
having expired, and Mr. Daggett's company was assigned to the 
regiment to fill the vacancy. Prior to this date Mr. Daggett 
participated in the engagement of Fisher's Hill, — this was his first 
experience of being under fire. He took an active part in the 
battle of Cedar Creek, October 19th, his company's casualties 
being twenty-six in killed, wounded and missing. On the even- 

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ing following the battle, while engaged in removing the wounded 
from the field, the subject of this sketch was run over by an 
empty ambulance wagon driven at a furious speed; by this 
accident he was forced to remain in the hospital five weeks. 
Reported to his company while it was stationed at Newtown, and 
was detailed for safe guard duty, continuing to act in that capacity 
for nearly a month. During the remainder of the winter Mr. 
Daggett's company was engaged in special service. Breaking 
camp at their winter quarters they marched down the Shen- 
andoah Valley, and while waiting for orders at Winchester, news 
of the fall of Richmond reached them. From this date to June 
5, 1865, they were engaged in various light guard duties, at 
which time the company was mustered out of the service and 
discharged at Washington, D. C. Mr. Daggett resides in New 
Sharon, Me., and has for many years been engaged in selling 
fruit trees, etc. 


Hiram P. Durrell, son of John G. and Hannah (Parent) 
Durrell, was born in Hodgdon, Me., June 23, 1832. In 1849, 
when seventeen years old, he came to Industry and for a time 
hired with Rufus Jennings, alternating his time between farming 
and clerking in his employer's store. He married (published 
Sept. 28, 1850) Lucy A. W. Brewster, daughter of Daniel W. 
and Mercy (Hanson) Brewster of Carratunk, Me., and had the 
following children born in Industry, viz. : Hiram L., born 
April 24, 1 851; died in Lawrence, Mass., Sept. 12, 1878. 
Ellen L., born Sept. 12, 1853; died, in Industry, Aug. 28, 
1857. Wesley G.. born June 29, 1855. Will H., born Dec. 
28, 1858, married Capitola Daggett, of Industry. Hattie 
Estmer, born May 11, 1861 ; died in Lawrence, Mass., Nov. 20, 
1880. On the 10th day of September, 1862, he enlisted as a 
member of Co. K, 24th Regiment, Maine Infantry, and was 
mustered into the service at Augusta on the 13th of the follow- 
ing month. While the company was stationed at East New 
York, Mr. Durrell had the misfortune to break his ankle and was 

^This name appears among the intentions of marriage as Hiram D. P. Durrell. 

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discharged Dec. ii, 1862. He now resides in Freeman, Me., 
where he is engaged in farming. His wife, born in Carratunk, 
Me., July 3, 1832, died in Boston June 4, 1879, and he has 
since re-married.* 


William Harvey Edwards, son of Bryce S. and Abigail 
(Flood) Edwards, was born in Industry, Nov. 28, 1842. He 
was brought up as a farmer's son. He enlisted as a private in 
the 24th Maine Regiment, Infantry, Sept 2, 1862, and on the 
loth day of the same month was mustered into the service 
and assigned to Co. H. Dec. 31, 1862, he was promoted to 
First Sergeant, in which capacity he served until June 13, 
1863 ; promoted to Second Lieutenant,t while at Port Hudson, 
Louisiana; mustered out at Augusta, Me., by reason of expira- 
tion of his term of enlistment, Aug. 25, 1863. He is now a 
physician and resides in Houtzdale, Penn. 


John Daggett Elderj son of Isaac and Sally (Daggett) 
Elder, was born in New Vineyard, Me., Nov. 10, 1842. Studi- 
ously inclined, he acquired during his youth a good education, 
considering his advantages. In February, 1862, he enlisted as 
a recruit for the 9th Maine Regiment, and was mustered into 
the U. S. service March 3d, and assigned to Co. I. He 
remained at Augusta, Me., until May 23d, when, with others, 
he took the cars for Boston. On their arrival at that place the 
ladies had an excellent supper in waiting for them, after which, 
they continued their journey to New York, where they arrived 
at five o'clock on the morning of the 24th, having been twenty- 
four hours on the way from Augusta. After a few days spent 

♦Nathan G. Dyer, of the 19th Company, Unassigned Infantry, who enlisted and 
was mustered into the U. S. service at Augusta, Me., March 21, 1865, was undoubtedly 
an Industry recruit (see note^p.j2o) although credited to the town of Bradford in the 
Adjutant General's Report. In consequence of the close of the war, Mr. Dyer never 
left Augusta, but was mustered out May 23, 1865, and soon after discharged. 

t Adjutant General's Report says, July 23, 1863. 

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Engraved by CJeo. E. Johnson, Boston. 
From a pholo^r:i{)h made in 1SS7. 

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in New York, Mr. Elder with his comrades embarked on board 
a transport for Hilton Head, S. C, where they arrived on the 
8th of June. During this voyage Mr. Elder suffered severely 
from sea-sickness. On the following day they embarked for 
Fernandina, Florida, where they arrived June 15, 1862. In a 
letter to his father dated July 18, 1862, he says: 

" I was on guard last night and the mosquitoes were as thick as you 
ever saw them, and they were nearly as large as wasps. The rebels 
came in with a flag of truce yesterday, and told us that General Mc- 
Clellan had been whipped before Richmond and that General Fre- 
mont's army had been all cut up ; and gave us three days to leave 
the Island, — but they have got to come and take it before we shall 
leave. Last night we got news from New York that Richmond was 
taken. The company to which I belong is called the Bangor Tigers. 
The average weight of the men is 1 80 pounds ; average height 5 feet 1 1 

In speaking of the fight of James Island, before Charleston, 
he wrote : 

" It was a shocking sight, after a battle, to see five hundred poor 
fellows wounded and mangled in every- conceivable manner, as I 
did. Provisions are very high here ; butter is worth fifty cents per 
pound ; cheese, 25 cents ; molasses one dollar and fifty cents a gallon, 
and tobacco one dollar and fifty cents per pound." 

During the summer the duties of the soldiers were very 
light. They were required to keep their equipments in order, 
and drill four hours a day, with an occasional turn on guard. 
Many families fled from their homes when the Union forces 
occupied the place, and in these the soldiers were quartered 
instead of in the usual tents or barracks. In a letter dated at 
Fernandina, Florida, Sept. 25, 1862, he wrote: 

" We have had one fight since my last letter was written. The Colonel 
sent our company and about twenty men from Co. A, up about twenty- 
five miles into Georgia, to capture a band of guerrillas. We went in 
boats and arrived at our destination about three o'clock in the morning. 
Landing as still as we could, we crept up to surround the house in 
which the guerrillas were rendezvoused. When we were within a few 

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rods of the house their dogs gave the alarm and they commenced to 
fire on us with their double-barrelled shot-guns, loaded with buck-shol, 
and we replied with ounce sjugs from our rifled muskets. Finding that 
we were making it too warm for them, they ran, leaving four of their 
comrades dead, five wounded and two made prisoners. Besides the 
prisoners, we captured a large number of Sharpens rifles and revolvers. 
One of the best men in our company was killed. I am afraid it will be 
hard work to conquer the South, for they fight just as our forefathers 
did in the Revolution." 

Five days later he writes : 

" We went down to Pine Island, yesterday, in the steamer' Darlington,' 
which ran on to a sand-bar, and we had to keep the pumps going all 
night to keep from sinking, but at last we got her off and got back. 
I have got one of the nicest silver-mounted double-barrelled shot-guns, 
which I captured from a rebel, that you ever saw. He said it cost him 
sixty dollars, and I had to threaten to shoot him before I got it. I 
will send father a piece of the telegraph wire which ran under water 
from Savannah to Fort Pulaski.* When the Union forces captured 
the fort they took up as much of the wire as they could without ex- 
posing themselves to the rebels." 

Writing from the same place (Fernandina, Fla.) on the loth 
of November, 1862, Mr. Elder says: 

**We have had quite a fight. Two companies, A and I, with a gun- 
boat, went up and took St. Mary's and burned the place to ashes. I 
went on shore with the captain to get some furniture. I got about 
eighty dollars' worth, nice for my own quarters, besides a piano worth 
^v^ or six hundred dollars, for the captain, and a looking-glass six feet 
tall by four wide for the colonel. William W. Lunt, a deserter from 
our company, has been returned and will be shot on the first day of 
December. This is the second person who has been executed for 
desertion since the war begun." 

From an account of the execution sent his parents, we give 
the following extract : 

*' The condemned man's real name was Albert, though it appears on 
the muster rolls as William. He was nearly 22 years of age, and was 

♦ This wire, or rather cable, consisted of a single fine copper wire, insulated in a 
resinous substance. In size it was about as large as an ordinary pipe-stem. 

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born in Hampden, Maine, of respectable parents. In early youth he 
became restive under parental restraint, and ran off with a circus com- 
pany, with which he continued some six years. He was of remarkable 
physique, being more than six feet in height and of a frame propor- 
tionally large and muscular. At half- past ten o'clock the prisoner was 
brought from his tent, and approached the wagon between a guard of 
two men, with side arms. He was habited in the usual blue army over- 
coat and wore a black felt hat. He still retained his almost stoical 
firmness of manner ; not a muscle of his features moved, nor a limb 
trembled, as he entered the wagon and seated himself on the coffin so 
soon to contain his mortal remains. The wagon was guarded by the 
squad of men who were selected as the firing party, under Captain Eddy, 
and was preceded by an escort of forty men from the 47th New York 
Volunteers. Chaplains Butts of the 47th New York and Hill of the 
3d New Hampshire, who acted as his spiritual attendants, followed im- 
mediately in the rear — together with those of the medical department who 
were to assist in the proceedings, all mounted. The solemn procession 
moved forward to the sound of muffled drums — the escort with shoul- 
dered arms and the guard with arms reversed. Nothing was neglected 
which could add to the solemnity of the occasion. Throughout the 
march the prisoner sat upon his coffin, almost without motion, his head 
resting upon his hand — no moisture on his brow, no tear bedewed his 
cheek, his whole manner betokened perfect calmness and resignation. 
The spot selected for the scene of the execution was without the en- 
trenchments and opposite the southern sallyport. Here the entire 
regiments of the command were drawn up to witness the tragic scene, 
formed in three sides of a hollow square. Near the centre of the 
square was stationed General Terry and his staff, with several promi- 
nent officers. The procession halted directly opposite the general and 
his staff, and the condemned man alighted without assistance. The 
coffin was taken out and placed beside him, and his sentence was then 
read to him in a clear and distinct voice by Lieutenant Gallaer, Adju- 
tant of the Provost Marshal's force, to which he listened without 
manifesting the slightest emotion. After the reading of the sentence, 
Major Van Brunt addressed a few words to him to the effect that his 
sentence was about to be carried out, and if he desired to make any 
remarks he was at liberty to do so. At the invitation the prisoner arose 
and in a calm voice said : * Fellow soldiers, I want you to take warning 
by me and seek salvation from the Lord before it is too late. I am not 
guilty of the crime for which I have been condemned to death.' 

" Having made these few remarks he was divested of his outer cloth- 


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ing, and in his shirt sleeves, required to kneel upon his coffin. In this 
position his eyes were bandaged with a white cloth, and the squad of 
twelve men were silently motioned to take their position directly in 
front of him at twenty paces distance, at the same time preparing to 
aim. Everything was now ready, and Chaplains Butts and Hall both 
went to the prisoner to receive his parting words. He expressed him- 
self as perfectly resigned to his fate and ready and willing to die. The 
chaplains having retired, Major Van Bnmt shook the prisoner by the 
hand and, after bidding him farewell, stepped a few paces back, an<i 
with a wave of his handkerchief, announced that the fatal moment had 
come. With a motion of his sword Captain Eddy commanded his men 
to the position of * Ready, aim,' and instantly uttering the word *fire,' 
there followed a flash and loud report, and at the same moment the 
wretched man fell forward, pierced with nine balls. One cap exploded 
and the piece missed fire ; one shot failed to take effect, and the 
twelfth musket contained a blank cartridge. Thus ended the second 
execution of the kind which has taken place in our army since the com- 
mencement of the war." 

On the 17th of January, 1863, the regiment returned to 
Hilton Head, S. C. Soon after this Mr. Elder was detailed as 
hospital nurse, in the General Hospital at that place. Speak- 
ing of the bombardment of Charleston, to which he was an eye- 
witness, after his return to Hilton Head, he says: *' It was the 
most terrific cannonading I ever witnessed. It was one con- 
tinuous sheet of flame from Fort Moultrie and Battery Bee." 
He continued as hospital nurse until the month of May, when 
he was stricken with fever and ague and afterward with typhoid 
fever, which resulted in his death June 5, 1863. Mr. Elder 
was a young man of good habits, a dutiful son and a brave 
soldier. His conduct while in the army, won both the respect 
of his comrades and esteem of his superiors, and his early 
death was mourned by a large circle of friends and acquaint- 


Carlton Parker Emery, son of Josiah and Hannah C. (Man- 
ter) Emery, was born in New Vineyard, Me., Feb. 13, 1844. 
Enlisted as a recruit for Co. L, ist Maine Regiment, Cav- 
alry, and was mustered into the service Dec. 28, 1863. Promoted 

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to sergeant near the close of his term of service. Mustered 
out Aug. I, 1865. He was subsequently killed in a billiard 
saloon in one of the Western States. 


George Cornforth Emery, brother of the foregoing, was born 
in New Vineyard, Me., December 23, 1848. At the age of fif- 
teen he enlisted as a recruit for Co. L, ist Maine Regiment, 
Cavalry, and was mustered into the service Dec. 26, 1863. 
Mustered out Aug. i, 1865. 


Zebulon Manter Emery, son of Josiah and Hannah C. (Man- 
ter) Emery, was born in New Vineyard, Dec. 20,* 1838. Though 
a native of New Vineyard he had for some years prior to the 
war been a resident of Industry. He enlisted in the fall of 186 1 
as a member of Co. L, ist Maine Regiment, Cavalry, and 
was mustered into the service at Augusta, Me., Nov. i, 1861, 
and immediately appointed corporal. He was discharged for 
disability Feb. 1 1, 1862, before the regiment left Augusta. He 
subsequently married, Nov. — , 1862, Ann H. Johnson, daughter 
of Henry and Catherine (Sullivan) Johnson of Industry, and 
soon after went to the newly-settled Territory of Nebraska and 
engaged in stage-coaching. Illustrative of his coolness and 
bravery the following anecdote is related in the ** History of 

This young man was one of the most fearless, kind-hearted and gen- 
erous young men that ever braved the dangers of frontier life. In 1864 
he was stage-driver along the St. Joe and Denver route. In August of 
that year occurred the great Indian raid, when 'so many settlers lost all 
their property and a great many their lives. There were nine in his 
coach, seven gentlemen and two ladies. Although exceedingly danger- 
ous, he offered to drive to Liberty farm, where his brother, Calvin N. 
Emery, lived. The morning of August 9th, 1864, was a most delightful 
one. The sky was clear, and a cool breeze came from the Northwest. 
The coach left the station of Big Sandy, with its freight of human lives, 

♦ December 10, New Vineyard Town Records. 

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drawn by four large and mettled steeds, in which the driver had un- 
bounded confidence and over them perfect control. The journey was 
without accident or unusual incident until about eleven o'cock ; up to 
that time no signs of Indians had been seen, but just as the lead horses 
had passed over the hill and on a spur that led into the " bottom land " 
or valley, (this was narrow and bordered on either side by deep ravines 
worn by the water) just as the coach had commenced the descent the 
driver discovered a band of Indians about thirty rods in advance. He 
wheeled his horses in an instant (two rods further on he could not have 
accomplished the turning) and laying the whip to their backs he com- 
menced an impetuous retreat. The passengers were terrified and were 
at once all on their feet. Emery said, " if you value your lives for God's 
sake keep your seats, or we are lost." The Indians, about fifty in num- 
ber, gave chase with their terrifying yell, and for about three miles, which 
were accomplished in about twelve minutes, pursued and pursuers made 
the most desperate efforts at speed. The savage yells of those blood- 
thirsty villains and the wails of despair of the men and women in the 
coach are past the power of pen to describe. But to the glory of the 
driver, be it said, he was the only steady- nerved and unexcited person 
in this memorable chase. The coach bristled with arrows "like quills 
upon the fretful porcupine." They grazed young Emery on every side, 
but the young man heeded nothing but his driving. There were two 
points at which all would have been lost but for the driver's wonderful 
presence of mind. These were two abrupt turns in the road, where the 
coach would have been thrown over, had he not brought the team to a 
halt and turned with care. But this he did, greatly to the dismay of 
some of the passengers who saw escape only in speed. But their sub- 
sequent praise of his conduct was as great as his courage had been cool 
and calculating. 

George Constable, who was conducting an ox-team over the route, 
saw the coach about a mile ahead and at once corralled his twenty- five 
wagons. The brave driver drove his nine passengers into their shelter 
in safety. Words could not express the gratitude felt by the passengers 
to their hero and deliverer. In the delirium of their dehght they em- 
braced and kissed him, and thanked God that he held the lines, and that 
they were in a position where they could not interfere. And the noble 
steeds were not forgotten ; the passengers patted them and cast their 
arms about their necks with feelings of grateful emotion. This memor- 
able drive would never be forgotten if not recorded here ; for the story 
would be handed down to posterity by the survivors of the saved. 

The hero of that day's chase won not his best laurels in that hour, 

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for wherever he was known his gentie manners and kind deeds won for 
him a welcome in every home, and wheresoever known, there were his 
praises heard. Devoid of boastful pretense, he wore meekly his well- 
deserved honors — silently carried a hero's heart. His health was frail, 
and in about one year from that day he was prostrated with fever, and 
while on his death- bed, yet still conscious, Mrs. Randolph, one of the 
number he had saved from a horrible death, placed upon his finger a 
beautiful ring on which was engraved the following: "E. Umphey, 
G. E. Randolph and Hattie P. Randolph, to Z. M. Emery, in acknowl- 
edgement of what we owe to his cool conduct on Tuesday, Aug. 9, 
1864." Oh, how this must have eased his pillow of pain, for soon after 
this he passed away from these scenes of warfare to the silent and 
peaceful realm of the dead. The doctor who attended him in his last 
hours eulogized him as a silent hero and as, all in all, one of the noblest 
of mankind — God's nobleman. 


Calvin Bryant Fish, son oi Elisha and Mary (Robinson) 
Fish, enlisted as a member of Co. G,, 9th Maine Regi- 
ment, in September, 1861, and was mustered into the U. S. 
service on the 22d of that month. Two days later the regi- 
ment left Augusta and reached Fortress Monroe in season to 
join General Sherman's expedition for the capture of Port 
Royal, S. C. Writing home from this place, October 13th, he 
says : ''We were on the boat twenty days and in the steerage at 
that." Their rations during this time were scant in quantity and 
poor in quality. When off Cape Hatteras the fleet experienced 
rough weather and some of the vessels were badly damaged. 
In the gulf stream they encountered a storm which lasted for 
eighteen hours, during which two of their fleet was lost. Mr. 
Fish and his comrades were in an unseaworthy craft, which, 
although it got badly racked, carried them safely through the 
storm. As the fleet neared Port Royal, five rebel gunboats 
opened fire on the fleet but were soon driven back to the pro- 
tection of the guns of the land batteries. Two days later, after 
five hours of bombardment, in which the whole fleet of forty- 
six vessels participated, the troops landed and took possession 

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of the place.* Here Mr. Fish remained for some time and 
assisted in building the fortifications and government store- 
houses at that place. From Hilton Head he went to Warsaw 
Island, Feb. 7, 1862, and on the 2ist joined in the expe- 
dition for the capture of Fernandina, Florida, where he 
remained for ten months after the fall of that place. Writing 
home of his experiences on the sea, he says : " When you have 
been put in the hold of a steamer in company with a thousand 
soldiers, with the mud half way to your knees, with water to 
drink, the stench of which is enough to make you vomit and 
have to eat boiled pork swimming in cold fat with hard bread, 
and not half enough of that, you may have seen hard times." 
Returning to Hilton Head, in January, 1863, he was engaged in 
doing out-post duty until June 24th, when his regiment moved 
to St. Helena Islandf to form part of a column then organizing 
under Gen. George C. Strong to assault Morris Island. Mr. 
Fish participated in a charge upon the enemy's rifle-pits on 
Morris Island July lOth. and on Fort Wagner on the follow- 
ing day. In a subsequent charge, on the i8th of July, the 
9th Maine also held an important position in the assaulting 

On the 1st of August Mr. Fish had an attack of sunstroke, 
which disqualified him for duty for a considerable length of 

* In a subsequent letter, dated at Hilton Head, S. C, Dec. 5, 1 861, he says, 
referring to this voyage: "We had a hard time getting down here; it was terrible 
rough and nearly all our regiment were seasick. To us was accorded the dangerous 
honor of being the second regiment to land on Port Royal Island when it was 
captured. We effected a landing in the night and lay down on the sand for a little 
rest. As the night was quite cold it about used the boys up. We have lost twenty- 
two men thus far, but I am as tough as a knot." 

fFrom there he wrote as a bit of news, June 23, 1863: "On the 17th inst. the 
rebel ram, * Fingal', came down the Savannah River, evidently with the intention of 
capturing one of our monitors and destroying our blockading fleet. Her plans were 
frustrated and she herself captured. The monitor fired five shots, four of which went 
clear through the * Fingal*. The first one struck the pilot house, killing the captain 
and the man a^^ the wheel. There were sixteen killed and wounded and 165 prisoners. 
She is a formidable looking craft, I can tell you, and has caused much anxiety among 
our fleet." 

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time.* In January, 1864, he re-enlisted and was granted a 
furlough with the others of his company who had likewise 
re-enlisted. On his return to Washington the ship on which 
he took passage encountered a three days* storm, which gave 
them a pretty thorough shaking up. On the 28th of April he 
rejoined his regiment at Gloucester Point, Va. On the 4th of 
May his regiment sailed up the James River and disembarked 
at Bermuda Landing on the following day. On the 7th his 
regiment engaged the enemy at Walthall Junction. On the 
15th they marched to Drury's Bluff and engaged the enemy at 
that place on the 17th. After again engaging the enemy at 
Bermuda Hundred on the 20th, and at Cold Harbor, June ist, 
they arrived in front of Petersburg on the 23d and engaged the 
enemy on the 30th, and was with the regiment in all its opera- 
tions around Petersburg. In a letter dated before Petersburg 
July 13, 1864, he writes: 

"We hear little except the continual crack of the sharpshooter's 
rifle and the incessant boom of cannon. The two contending armies 
are within five hundred yards of each other, and on some parts of the 
line they talk together. But on our front if a man, on either side, shows 
his head above the breast-works he gets it hurt. We lay in a line of 
battle all the time, and have done so ever since we commenced this 
campaign, our only protection from the weather being a small shelter 
tent about five feet square. It is hard work this hot weather, I assure 
you. The shoes we get here are very poor, indeed ; they will not last 
over six weeks, with careful usage, and cost us $2.50 per pair." 

During the entire summer's campaign the duties were of an 
extremely fatiguing nature, and to use Mr. Fish's own language: 
"It has been fight and dig, dig and fight, ever since this cam- 
paign commenced.'* After engaging the enemy before Peters- 
burg, July 30th, and at Deep Bottom on the i6th and i8th of 
August, they returned to Petersburg on the 20th and there 

♦ During this time occurred the bombardment of Kort Sumter, by the Federal 
gun-boats, of which he thus writes: "Nov. 2, 1863. They are pelting away at 
Sumter. ?Iave been at it a week to-day, and it has been one continuous roar night 
and day. The fort looks like a loose pile of brick, and ere this reaches you, it will 
be in our possession." 

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remained on duty in the trenches until September 28th, when 
they were ordered to Chapin's Farm. Here on the following 
day they formed a part of the forces which made the assault on 
Fort Gilmore. During this engagement Mr. Fish was wounded 
in the side by a fragment of a shell, and in the left foot by a 
minnie-ball, which cut the sole of his shoe completely in two. 
He was conveyed to Hampton Hospital, near Fortress Monroe, 
where he slowly recovered from the effects of his wounds. Of 
him, Lieut. Bradley Smith writes : ** I am glad to be able to 
state at no time during my knowledge of him, from September, 
1 86 1, to November, 1864, did I ever consider him to merit less 
than this endorsement, viz. : * One of the bravest and best 
soldiers in the company." 

During the war he served three years and two months, and 
participated in seventeen battles and skirmishes. 


Eben Fish, son of Elisha and Mary (Robinson) Fish, was 
born in Stark, Somerset Co., Me., Nov. 29, 1844. During his 
boyhood his life was spent much the same as that of other 
farmers* sons. Previous to the breaking out of the war his 
father moved to Industry; and in the fall of 1863 he enlisted 
as a recruit for the 9th Maine Regiment.' He was mustered 
into the U. S. service, at Portland, Me., Dec. 9, 1863, and 
rendezvoused with other recruits at Camp Berry, until Jan. 17, 
1864, when he left Portland to join his regiment, and was 
assigned to Co. G, of which his brother Calvin B., was a mem- 
ber, then stationed at Black. Island, S. C. They remained here 
until the i8th of April, when the regiment was ordered to 
Morris Island, where they arrived on the 22d. On the 4th of 
May they sailed up the James River and disembarked at Ber- 
muda Landing on the following day. On the 7th, Mr. Fish's 
regiment engaged the enemy at Walthall Junction, and he 
assisted in destroying the railroad at that place. The regiment 
also fought the enemy at Bermuda Hundred, on the 20th, and 
on the 1st of June made an assault on the enemy*s works at 
Cold Harbor, the subject of this sketch participating in both 

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engagements. On the 23d of June the regiment arrived in 
front of Petersburg. On the 30th, Mr. F^ish was one of a hun- 
dred men detailed from the 9th Maine for a reconnoissance. 
They met and engaged the enemy, and out of the one hundred 
men the loss, in killed and wounded, was forty-nine. Mr. Fish 
received eight \vt)unds, the most serious of which was a ball 
passing through the left leg near the knee, and lodging in the 
right knee. His right hand was so badly mangled as to render 
amputation at the wrist necessary. After his wounds were 
properly dressed he was removed to the Hammond General 
Hospital, at Point Lookout, Maryland. For a time his wounds 
seemed to be doing well, but ere long matters took an unfavor- 
able turn, — he sank rapidly and passed away Aug. 14, 1864, 
forty-five days after receiving his wounds. His body lies 
buried at Point Lookout, by the side of the Potomac, where 
it will rest until that day when the *• mortal shall put on im- 


Benjamin Follett, son of Benjamin and Abigail FoUctt, 
was born in Industry, July 10, 1819. Enlisting under the call 
for troops to serve nine months, and was mustered into the 
U. S. service Oct. 13, 1862, as a private in Co. K, 24th 
Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry. Although the regiment 
left camp at Augusta Oct. 29, 1862, they did not reach their 
destination (New Orleans) until F'eb. 14, 1863, having been 
detained at East New York by an outbreak of measles, and 
on the way by contrary winds and rough weather. On May 
21, 1863, they embarked for Port Hudson, La., where Mr 
Follett died June 7, 1863, aged 43 years, 10 months and 27 


William Quimby Folsom, son of Daniel and Martha 
(Quimby) Folsom, was born in Industry in 1819. He enlisted 
as a member of Co. K, 24th Maine Regiment, Infantry, to 
serve nine months, and was mustered into the U. S. service 


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at Augusta, Oct. 13, 1862. Being a skillful performer on the 
tenor drum, he was immediately appointed company musician. 
He died at Bonne Carre, La., April 19, 1863, aged 44 years. 


William Henry Frost, son of Samuel and Martha (Littlefield) 
Frost, was born in Industry, May 16, 184 1. On the breaking 
out of the war he went to New Hampshire, and there enlisted in 
Co. — , 7th Regiment, N. H. Volunteer Infantry. In the summer 
of 1862 the regiment made a long march on the "double quick." 
Being much fatigued, he seated himself on the ground, took a 
severe cold, which resulted in typhoid fever. He died at 
Beaufort, S. C, July 20, 1 862. Appropriate memorial services 
were held at the Centre Meeting-House. 


John Fairfield Gerry, son of Elbridge and Esther Jane (Frost) 
Gerry, was born in Alfred, Me., April 19, 1839. He enlisted 
from the town of Industry, for nine months, and was mustered 
into the service Dec. 12, 1862, and assigned to Co. K, 24th 
Maine Regiment. When his comrades were ordered South he 
was retained on duty as orderly, at headquarters, Augusta, Me., 
where he remained until the expiration of his term of service, 
and was mustered out with his company. He was instantly 
killed by a locomotive engine, at Prison Point, Mass., April 5, 
1882, aged 43 years, 1 1 months and 16 days. 


Bradford Gilmore, son of James and Rachel (Wade) Gil- 
more, was born in Industry, Jan. 8, 1845. He enlisted as a 
recruit in Co. P*, 14th Maine Regiment, Infantry, and was mus- 
tered into the service Jan. 9, 1862, joining the regiment before 
it went South. Leaving Augusta for Boston on the 5th of 
February, they embarked at that place on the ship ** North 
America," for Ship Island, Miss., on the 6th. Sailing on the 
8th, they reached their destination on the 8th of March, having 

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been a full month in making the passage. Stopping here some 
over two months, they sailed for New Orleans, La., on board 
the ship "Premier," where they arrived on the 25th. On the 
26th they landed and quartered in Freret's Cotton Press. They 
remained stationed in and about New Orleans during the month 
of June. Died of consumption July 26, 1862. aged 17 years, 6 
months and 1 8 days. 


Almore Haskell was a native of Harrison, Me., and a pho- 
tographer by profession. He enlisted as a member of Co. L, 
1st Maine Cavalry, and was mustered into the U. S. service 
Nov. I, 1 86 1. Owing to various hindrances the regiment did 
not receive their equipments until near the following spring. In 
consequence of disability Mr. Haskell was discharged on the 
nth day of February, 1862, nearly six weeks before his com- 
pany left for the seat of war. 


John Martin Howes, son of John and Annah (Button) 
Howes, was born in Industry, May 8, 1839. He enlisted in Co. 
K, 13th Maine Regiment, Nov. 16, 1861, for three years, and 
was mustered into the U. S. service on the 28th day of the 
following month. The regiment went into camp at Augusta, 
where it remained until the i8th of February, when it was 
ordered South, and started for Boston, where they arrived the 
same day. Remaining here until the 2ist, they proceeded to 
New York, and from thence directly tq Ship Island, Miss. Mr. 
Howes participated in every battle in which his regiment was 
engaged. He was wounded at the battle of Pleasant Hill, 
April 9, 1864, from the effects of which he was obliged to 
remain in Charity Hospital near New Orleans, about two months. 
On the 1st of August, 1864, near Frederick, Md., he was again 
disabled by sunstroke, and was sent to the Field Hospital at 
Sandy Hook. Here, after partially recovering, he served for 
nearly three months as chief nurse and ward-master. From 
thence he rejoined his regiment at Martinsburg, Va., and with 

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the other original members, of whom only 1 5 5 remained, started 
for Augusta, Me., where Mr. Howes was finally discharged, 
Jan. 6, 1865. Promotion was offered and declined in several 
instances, he preferring no more than the ordinary soldier's 
responsibilities. Notwithstanding this, he was ever ready to 
stand in any gap where duty called, and frequently filled official 
positions for a brief space of time. He was not found wanting 
in the hour when men were needed, and chose his lot with "the 
boys" the better to help and encourage them in the endurance 
of the privations and hardships incident to the soldier's life. 
He subsequently became an able minister of the Methodist de- 
nomination, and now resides in Caribou, Aroostook County, Me. 


Adriance Regal Johnson, son of Nathan S. and Mary C. 
(Butler) Johnson, was born in Industry, Jan. 3, 1848. Possess- 
ing an ardent desire to enlist, which was contrary to the wishes 
of his parents, he several times clandestinely left home and 
enlisted but was invariably restored to his parents upon proof 
that he was not of the required age. At length near the end 
of his sixteenth year he gained his parents' consent and enlisted 
as a private in Co. F, 2d Regiment, Maine Cavalry, and was 
mustered into the service Dec. 11, 1863. Going South in 
April following, the stress of his arduous duties caused his 
health to break down after some months' service. Later he 
was granted a furlough, and subsequently discharged for disa- 
bility, April 21, 1865. A few years afterward Mr. Johnson 
went to the Pacific Slope and at last accounts was living at 
Baker City, Oregon. 


William G. Lewis, son of William and Sarah (Beal) Lewis, 
was born in New Vineyard, Maine, in 1831. He married, Oct. 
— , 1852, Julia A., daughter of Benjamin and Hannah (Beal) 
Norman, of Waterville, Maine. He was drafted under the 
conscription act in the summer of 1.863, 21^^ mustered into 
the U. S. service July 1 5th. He was then assigned to Co. A, 8th 

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Maine Regiment, Infantry, which he joined while it was sta- 
tioned at Hilton Head, S. C. Here his company remained 
until Nov. 14, 1863. From here they went to Beaufort, where 
they were encamped until April 13, 1864, when they were trans- 
ferred to the Department of Virginia. On the 4th of May they 
moved to Bermuda Hundred, where they took part in all the 
active operations of the Army of the James. On the i6th Mr. 
Lewis participated in the engagement at Drury*s Bluff, where 
the regiment's loss was three killed, sixty-four wounded and 
twenty-nine taken prisoners. On the 3d of June he participated 
in an assault on the enemy's lines at Cold Harbor. 

On the 1 2th they moved to White House Landing and from 
thence to Petersburg, where on the iSth, i6th and 17th they 
engaged the enemy, and on the i8th made a successful attack 
and carried a portion of the enemy's line. From this date to 
the middle of July Mr. Lewis was engaged in picket duty and 
work on the trenches. On the 17th of July he was wounded 
in the head by a rebel sharpshooter, while on picket duty. He 
was conveyed to the hospital, where he remained in an uncon- 
scious condition up to the time of his death, which occurred 
July 22, 1864. Aged 34 years. 


Fifield Augustus Luce, son of Daniel C. and Lucy A. (Lake) 
Luce, enlisted on Lewiston's quota, in the 20th Company, Unas- 
signed Infantry, for one year, and was mustered into the U. S. 
service March 22, 1865, at Augusta. Immediately after its 
organization the company was sent to Galloupe's Island in Boston 
Harbor, where the members were under the constant instruction 
of a drill master for nearly two weeks. At the end of that time 
the company embarked on the U. S. transport ** Blackstone " for 
Savannah, Ga., where they joined the 14th Maine Regiment as 
Co. H on the lOth of April. On the 6th day of May the regi- 
ment moved toward Augusta, Ga., ** where," says Mr. Luce, ** we 
arrived after an uneventful march of seven days." Here they 
remained until May 31st, when they were ordered back to Savan- 
nah, where they arrived June 7th. Two days later they marched 

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to Darien, Ga., from which place Mr. Luce's company was 
ordered to Brunswick, Ga., where it remained until about August 
lOth, when it joined the regiment at Darien. Up to August 
28th the soldiers were engaged in guard and patrol duty, and 
on that day were mustered out of the service. Sept. i, 1865, 
Mr. Luce and his comrades started for Augusta, Me., where 
they arrived on the 17th. Here they were paid off and finally 
discharged on the 28th of September, having served 159 days. 
When last heard from he resided in Springfield, Mo. 


John Truman Luce, son of Daniel C. and Lucy A. (Lake) 
Luce, was born in Industry, Feb. 21, 1843, and like most boys 
born in Industry, was brought up on a farm. His educational ad- 
vantages were limited to the common district schools. On the 
breaking out of the war in 1 861, he became inspired with an 
ardent desire to enlist. Gaining the consent of his parents, he 
enlisted in the 13th Maine Regiment, and was assigned to Co. 
E. For a while after his enlistment he was stationed at Camp 
Beaufort, Augusta, Me. Here, with his comrades, he was con- 
stantly engaged in drill, preparatory to active service in the 
field. After some ten weeks the regiment started for Boston, 
where it arrived Feb. 19, 1862. Before leaving Augusta, the 
boys were treated with hot coffee, by the patriotic citizens, and 
at various places on the way many similar kindnesses were 
shown them. Mr. Luce and his comrades left Boston on the 
21st of February, embarking on board the transport "Missis- 
sippi " for Fortress Monroe, and from thence they sailed for 
Ship Island, Miss., on the 25th. After leaving Fortress Mon- 
roe, they experienced rough weather, and ran on to the Frying 
Pan Shoals, where they remained for over twenty-four hours. 
This accident caused the ship to leak badly, and it became 
necessary to bail water incessantly to keep the ship afloat. 
They hoisted a signal of distress and fired the minute gun, which 
brought one of the blockade gunboats to their rescue. They 
went on board the gunboat and remained until morning. The 
** Mississippi " thus lightened, was kept afloat by the crew, and in 

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the morning the troops returned and she put into Hilton Head 
for repairs. F'inding that the " Mississippi " was so badly dam- 
aged that considerable time would be required for repairs, 
they embarked on the transport ** Matanza " for Ship Island, 
where they arrived on the 2ist of March, having been 31 days 
on the way from Boston. While on the Island the rations of 
the soldiers were of good quality and sufficient quantity, and 
Mr. Luce*s health was remarkably good. About the middle of 
May, however, he had an attack of typhoid fever, but possess- 
ing rare recuperative powers, he rallied from this disease and 
was pronounced convalescent. He continued to steadily im- 
prove until Wednesday, June 4th, when he was stricken with 
diphtheria, which resulted in his death three days later, aged 
19 years, 3 months and 16 days. Of him, a superior officer 
writes: *'John was a good boy, prompt and active, cheerful 
and contented, respected and loved by all who knew him." 
During his last illness he was complimented by his attending 
surgeon for the heroic fortitude with which he endured his 
suflferings. He was buried on the Island, with all the honors 
of a soldier, the entire company following his remains to the 


Henry S. Maines, as nearly as can be learned, was a native 
of Georgetown, Me. He married, Dec. 9, 1855, F'annie N. 
Morse, daughter of Thomas and Aurilla (Green) Morse, of 
Stark. At the time of his enlistment, he was a resident of 
Industry. He enlisted as a member of Co. E, 32d Regiment, 
Maine Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered into the service 
April 2, 1864. There being an urgent demand for troops at 
the front. Mr. Maines's company was ordered South soon after 
its organization. He was taken ill en route and died in Rhode 
Inland, May 15, 1864, aged 44 years. 


Gilbert Remick Merry, son of David and Betsey (Remick) 
Merry, was born in New Vineyard, Mc., July 17, 1838. He 
enlisted under the President's call for nine months men in the 

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fall of 1862, and was mustered into the U. S. service as a mem- 
ber of Co. K, 24th Maine Regiment, Infantry, October 13th, 
and was soon after appointed company wagoner. He was 
taken ill while stationed at Bonne Carre, La., and died May 17, 
1863, aged 24 years and 10 months. 


Elias Miller, son of Capt. Jacob and Hannah M. Miller, 
was born in Farmington, Me., April 23, 1841. When quite 
young, his parents moved to Industry. His educational advan- 
tages were such as were afforded by town schools at that time, 
with the exception of two terms of high school at New Sharon. 
In the fall of 1862 he enlisted in Co. K, 24th Maine Regiment, 
Infantry, and was mustered into the U. S. service on the 13th 
day of October. He went South with his regiment and partici- 
pated in all its privations and hardships until the following 
summer, when his health broke down in consequence of ex- 
posure and the unhealthfulness of the climate, and he died at 
Port Hudson, La., July 5, 1863, aged 21 years. 


Henry Gilbert Mitchell, son of James W. L. and Julia 
(Gilbert) Mitchell, was born in Leeds, Androscoggin Co , Me., 
May 31, 1826. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Jonah and 
Miriam (Getchell) Jacobs, of Pittsfield, Me., and came to Industry 
in 1858 or soon after, and settled on the Dr. Josiah Henderson 
farm, which he purchased of John Mosher. He enlisted for 
one year as a private in the ist Company, Unassigned Infantry, 
Capt. Edward S. Butler. He was mustered into the U. S. ser- 
vice Sept. 16, 1864, and the company was assigned to the 29th 
Regiment, as Co. A. There being an urgent demand for troops 
at the front, Mr. Mitchell's company left Augusta for Washing- 
ton, D. C, as soon as it was properly equipped, and reached its 
destination on the day that Sheridan made his famous ride 
during the battle of Winchester. Oct. 19, 1864, he partici- 
pated in the battle of Cedar Creek, and afterwards in the innum- 
erable skirmishes which characterized the last days of the 

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great civil conflict. Receiving his discharge June 5, 1865, he 
returned to Industry, and continued to cultivate his farm for 
some years. He then went to Lowell, Mass., where he remained 
for a time serving as night watch in a large mill. He returned 
to his native town some years ago, where he still lives, engaged 
in farming. 


Atwood Morse came to Industry, from New Portland, with 
his widowed mother, and engaged to work in Amos S. Hink- 
ley's shovel-handle factory at Allen's Mills. Sept. 26, 1864, a 
draft was made from the enrolled militia in Industry, to make 
up an existing deficiency of two men under the various calls 
for soldiers. Mr. Morse's name was the third drawn, and by 
the exemption of the second person drafted he was held for 
service and assigned to Co. F, 9th Maine Regiment, Infantry. 
He participated in all the various movements and engagements 
of his regiment, after joining it at Chapin's Farm, up to the 
time of his discharge, June 30, 1865. He returned to Somer- 
set County, after his discharge, married, and raised up a family. 
In the fall of 1885 he was granted a pension with arrearages, 
amounting to $1100. Soon after this he disappeared from 
North Anson, where he was then living, and is reported to 
have gone West. 


John M. Nash came to Industry from Hallowell, and settled 
on the Deacon Brice S. Edwards farm in the spring of 1863. 
He enlisted as a recruit for the 2d Battery, Mounted Artillery, 
and was mustered into the service Jan. 4, 1864. Discharged 
in 1865, date not known. He died at his home in Industry, 
from disease contracted in the service, March 3, 1869, aged 57 

* Mr. Nash was also captain of Co. £, 3d Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry. 
Resigned July 30, i86f . His remains lie buried in an unmarked grave in the ceme- 
tery near George W. Johnson's. 


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David Merry Norton, son of Benjamin W. and Amy A. 
(Manter) Norton, was born in New Vineyard, March 23, 1841. 
He was educated in the public schools of Industry, with an 
occasional term at some high school, and before he had 
attained his majority he began to teach. At the time of his 
enlistment, in the fall of 1862, he was attending a term of high 
school at West's Mills. He enlisted on the loth day of Sep- 
tember, as a private in Co. K, 24th Maine Regiment, Volunteer 
Infantry, and on the i6th was appointed orderly sergeant. Oct. 
29, 1862, the regiment left Augusta for East New York, where 
the subject of this sketch was prostrated with rheumatic fever, 
from which he had not fully recovered when the regiment was 
ordered on board the ship ** Onward," bound for New Orleans, 
La. After a passage of twenty-one days, they arrived at Car- 
rollton, where he was attacked with pneumonia, and was sent to 
the hospital. He was afterward sent to the University Hos- 
pital at New Orleans. Here he, with many others, suffered for 
want of food, and was often glad to get a crust of bread, and 
even bacon rinds were eaten with relish. Receiving his dis- 
charge from the ho.spital, he started to rejoin his regiment, then 
engaged in the investment of Port Hudson, but was detained 
at Springfield Landing by the examining surgeon, who did not^ 
consider him yet well enough for active service at the front. 
While here Mr. Norton assisted for a short time in the care of 
the sick and wounded. Joining his regiment on the 12th of 
June, he participated in the engagement which occurred on the 
next day. Remaining in the trenches until the 4th of July, he 
participated in the action of that day. On the 24th of July, took 
passage up the Mississippi River on board the steamer "Louis- 
iana Belle," for Cairo, III., from whence they came to Augusta, 
Me., by rail. Here, on the 2Sth of August, 1863, they were paid 
off and finally discharged. He now resides in Anson, Me. 

Oliver Davis Norton, son of James and Mary (Davis) Nor- 
ton, was born in Industry, Jan. 21, 1841. He enlisted in the 

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summer of 1862, after he became of age, and was mustered 
into the U. S. service August i8th, as a private in Co. G, 17th 
Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry,* Capt. Edward I. Merrill, 
of Farmington. This regiment rendezvoused at Camp Berry, 
in Portland, Me., and started for Washington on the 21st. Mr. 
Norton's regiment saw much active service and has a fine record. 
Among the incidents in his army life he relates the following, 
showing his narrow escape at Gettysburg: ** At this battle our 
regiment occupied a commanding position. Just in front of 
me was a large boulder, behind which one of our boys had 
taken refuge and was busily engaged in firing at the enemy. 
As my musket had become extremely foul from constant use, 
I joined this fellow that I might place the end of my ramrod 
against the rock in forcing the bullet down the barrel. We 
were so busily occupied as not to notice a change of position 
made by our regiment. Soon the enemy advanced their line 
and we were compelled to retreat. The enemy fired at us as 
we ran up the hill, and one of the bullets tore the sleeve of 
my blouse. This was the nearest I came to being wounded 
during my term of service in the army." Another incident 
relative to his experience at the battle of the Wilderness, is 
as follows: ** While stationed in a piece of woods, our regi- 
ment was ordered to retreat from the position it occupied. 
While on the move a wounded horse came dashing through 
the woods from our rear and threw me violently to the 
ground. On regaining my feet my regiment had passed out 
of sight. Taking the direction I supposed they had gone, I 
soon came to a road. Glancing up this road I discovered, a 
few rods distant, a battery of rebel artillery in the act of 
firing. I only had time to lie down in the ditch by the 
roadside, when a volley of grape and canister went crashing 
over me. I continued my search, and at length found our 
regiment without further adventure." Mr. Norton is now a 
farmer and resides on the homestead in Industry. 

*The 17th Maine participated in thirty-two battles, and is said to have lost more 
men in killed, wounded and prisoners, in proportion to its size, than any other Maine 
regiment in the service. 

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James Pinkham, son of Curtis and Rebecca (Ditson) Pink- 
ham, was born in Stark, Me., March 25, 1835. He enlisted as 
a recruit for Co. L, ist Regiment, Maine Cavalry, and was mus- 
tered into the service Sept. 2, 1862. Mustered out at Peters- 
burg, Va., Aug. I, 1865. The members of the regiment 
immediately started for Augusta, Me., where they arrived on 
the 9th, and were paid off and finally discharged. Mr. Pink- 
ham now resides in Farmington, Me. 


Samuel Pinkham, son of Curtis and Rebecca (Ditson) 
Pinkham, was born in Anson, Me., April 2, 1841. He enlisted 
as a recruit for Co. L, ist Maine Regiment, Cavalry, and was 
mustered into the service Sept. 3, 1862. But little can be 
learned of Mr. Pinkham's army life aside from the fact that he 
was detailed as a dispatch carrier at the battle of Williamsburg. 
His health became much impaired by the hardships of camp 
life, and he was sent to the hospital in Washington, D. C, 
Sept. 13, 1863. Mustered out of the service Aug. i, 1865, 
and soon after discharged. Disease had made such fearful 
inroads on his vital powers that he never regained his health. 
He died May 9, 1866, aged 25 years, i month and 7 days. 


Wellington Pinkham, son of Curtis and Rebecca (Ditson) 
Pinkham, was born in Stark, Me., May 28, 1839, He was 
brought up in pretty much the same way as the average far- 
mer's son, — at work on the farm in the summer and attending 
the district school in winter. When the War of the Rebellion 
broke out, Mr. Pinkham enlisted as a member of Co. L, in the 
1st Regiment of Maine Cavalry, and was mustered into the 
U. S. service Nov. i, 1861. In March, 1862, his company 
left Augusta for Washington, D. C, where they arrived on the 
28th of that month. He remained in the vicinity of Washing- 
ton about six weeks, when he was taken sick with brain fever 
and died at Meridian Hill, after a brief illness, May 24, 1862. 

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Wilder Pratt, eldest son of Stephen M. and Elizabeth 
(Cushman) Pratt, was born in New Vineyard, Me., Oct. 3, 1829. 
He entered the service under the conscription act July 21, 1863, 
and was mustered out at City Point, Va., Feb. 2, 1866, having 
served 2 years, 6 months and 1 1 days. 


Charles S. Prince, son of Ami and Abigail (Reed) Prince, 
was a native of Cumberland, Me. He settled at Allen's Mills 
prior to th€ War of the Rebellion, and eventually married a 
daughter of Benjamin Allen. He volunteered, with others, in 
the fall of 1862, to serve nine months. He was mustered in 
Oct. 13, 1862, as a member of Co. K, 24th Maine Regiment, 
Volunteer Infantry, and soon after was appointed corporal. 
Discharged for disability, Dec. 23, 1862, while the regiment was 
stationed at East New York. He resides in Canton, Dakota. 


Albanus Dudley Quint, son of Capt. Joab and Elizabeth 
(Thing) Quint, enlisted as a musician in the 14th Maine Veteran 
Infantry in March, 1864, and was mustered into the U. S. 
service and assigned to Co. B on the 26th day of that month, — 
at which time he had not completed the first half of his fif- 
teenth year. On the 9th of April he left Augusta for Portland, 
where he embarked on board the steam transport " Merrimac," 
and sailed on the following day. Arriving at New Orleans, La., 
on the 19th of April, he landed on the following day at the 
** Parapet," some eight miles above the city. Here he remained 
stationed until May Sth, when his regiment sailed up the river 
to Baton Rouge, where they remained about three weeks, and 
then proceeded to Morganza. On the 3d of July they sailed 
down the river to Algiers, opposite New Orleans, preparatory 
to an unknown sea voyage. On the 13th the regiment sailed, 

• From the Adjutant General's Reports. The writer fails to find this name, how- 
ever, in any list of conscripts in Industry that he has examined. 

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under scaled orders, for Bermuda Hundred, Va., where it arrived 
on the 22d. Here Mr. Quint and James O. Burce, also an 
Industry boy, obtained permission to visit some acquaintances 
in the 9th Maine, which was stationed about six miles from their 
own regiment. On the way they passed rather too near the 
enemy's out-posts and received the fire of some twenty of the 
enemy. "This," says Mr. Quint, "was my first experience at 
being under fire, and as the bullets whistled over us I involunta- 
rily * ducked ' my head a little, whereupon Burce chaffed me 
by asking *what I was dodging for?' I noticed, however, that 
he was in favor of an immediate retreat td a piece of timber 
which stood near, and made excellent time on the way." They 
made their visit and returned without further adventure. On 
the following day Mr. Quint had his first experience at march- 
ing, when the brigade to which he belonged made a double- 
quick march of five miles, expecting to make a charge on the 
enemy's works, but from some cause the attack was not made. 
On the 31st of July they sailed for Washington, "where," says 
Mr. Quint, " we had the honor of dining on chocolate coffee 
and sour bread.'* August 14th they started for the Shenan- 
doah Valley, marching fifteen miles per day. On the 4th day, 
at about 2 o'clock, having made their day's march, they re- 
ceived orders to be ready in five minutes to make a forced 
march, as a large body of the enemy was moving to cut them 
off from the main body of Sheridan's army at Berryville. This 
distance, thirty-two miles, they accomplished without making a 
single halt, marching through Snicker's Gap and fording the 
Shenandoah River after dark, and arriving at their destination 
soon after midnight. Making a total march o{ forty-seven miles 
without scarcely a halt. During the last three hours of their 
march it rained hard, and as a result of the fatigue and expos- 
ure of this march, Mr. Quint suffered severely from cramps, 
followed by varicose veins of his lower limbs. Had his regi- 
ment moved again immediately, his injuries would have com- 
pelled him to have sought treatment at the hospital ; this he 
felt loth to do, " for," says he, " I had previously sworn that I 
would die rather than apply to the regimental surgeon for aid. 

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This gentleman had gained my displeasure on one occasion 
when I applied to him for an ounce of Epsom salts by roughly 
saying, * Get out, you have been here enough already' — mistak- 
ing me for a regular patient. Then and there," adds Mr. 
Quint, **I * got out' and kept out, never having been excused 
from duty for a single day during my term of service." 

The next movement made by the regiment was to within 
a few miles of Winchester, where they remained entrenched 
until September 19th, when they took part in the battle of 
Winchester. At the battle of Fisher's Hill, the brigade to 
which Mr. Quint belonged was detailed to harass the enemy's 
rear. Following the retreating enemy as far as Harrisonburg, 
they marched from thence to Stanton. Here they were so far 
from their supplies that for several days they drew only quarter 
rations. ** On the 4th of October," says Mr. Quint, "James 
Burce and I formed part of a party detailed for a foraging 
expedition. We had good luck, and I brought in four chick- 
ens and a quarter of mutton. I was fifteen years old on that 
day, and celebrated the occasion by eating a big supper, — my 
first square meal for a week. One big burly Irishman brought 
in a tanned calf-skin, and I still have in my possession a can- 
teen strap made from it." From here they returned down the 
valley and entrenched on Cedar Creek. On the evening of the 
18th of October orders were issued to the 14th to be ready at 
sunrise on the following morning for a reconnoissance. They 
were barely ready for duty when Early made his dashing charge 
on our forces, the rest of the troops being still asleep. Attempt- 
ing to check the onward rush of the enemy, the 14th was swept 
aside. At this juncture the colonel gave the order to retreat. 
What followed we will allow Mr. Quint to relate in his own 
words: "At the moment the colonel gave his order, James 
Burce, George Whittier, of Fayette, and myself, were standing 
together. Whittier said, * Which way shall we go?' I replied, 
across that ravine. Burce said, ' They will shoot every one of 
us if we go there.' * Well,' I replied, * I had rather be shot 
than taken prisoner.' We then parted, they going in one direc- 
tion and I another. Burce was taken prisoner and Whittier I 

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have never seen since. Eleven of us, including Lieut.-Colonel 
Bickmore, started to cross the ravine, and on rising the opposite 
bank we saw the enemy at the point we had just left. Rest 
assured our position was not an enviable one, as we were within 
easy range of the enemy and the air was as clear as a bell. Our 
lieutenant-colonel was the first man that fell, mortally wounded 
in the abdomen. A middle-aged Irishman and I were in the 
rear of all, and although it was but the work of a moment to 
scale the hill, yet my Irish companion and I were the only ones 
to reach the top in safety. When we had nearly gained the top 
and but three of us remained standing, — I was running just 
behind a tall man when my toe struck against something and I 
fell forward just in time to let a bullet pass over me ; it struck 
the man squarely between the shoulders and he fell forward and 
expired without a groan. The Irishman on seeing me prostrate 
exclaimed, *Ah, me sonney is gone too ! ' but I was unhurt, my 
fall had probably saved my life. Gaining the top of the hill my 
Irish comrade and a wounded soldier with their muskets and I 
with my revolver gave the horde a parting shot. I believe it to 
be a fact that these four shots, I having fired two from my revol- 
ver, was the last resistance made by our brigade until Sheridan 
rallied the troops in the afternoon." This engagement is known 
as the battle of Cedar Creek. Remaining in the vicinity of this 
battlefield several weeks they moved to Kearnestown, where 
heavy works were erected, in which they remained until Dec. 
23, 1864. Shortly after this the regiment was ordered South. 
They proceeded to Baltimore, Md., and embarked on the nth 
of January, 1865, for Savannah, Ga., at which place they arrived 
on the 20th, and occupied the city till May 7th. From thence 
they went to Augusta, Ga., where they arrived on the 14th and 
remained until the 31st of May, when they were ordered back 
to Savannah. On the 9th of June they left Savannah for Darien, 
Ga., and there remained engaged in guard and patrol duty until 
Aug. 28, 1865, when they were mustered out of the service and 
finally discharged at Augusta, Me., Sept. 28, 1865. Mr. Quint 
arrived at his home in Industry a few days before his sixteenth 
birthday, having been in the service upward of eighteen months. 

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William Lawry Quint, son of Capt Joab and Elizabeth 
(Thing) Quint, was born in Stark, Me., Feb. 7, 1847. Early 
in the first year of the war he enlisted, but was stricken with 
diphtheria before he was mustered into the service and died 
Sept. 8, 1861, aged 14 years, 7 months and i day. 


Edwin Albert Ruthven Rackliff, son of Benjamin R. and 
Rachel (Oliver) Rackliff, was born in Industry, Aug. 17, 1841. 
Soon after completing his twentieth year he enlisted as a mem- 
ber of Co. E, 13th Maine Regiment, Volunteer Infantry, Col. 
Neal Dow. Although the regiment filled quite rapidly Mr. 
Rackliff was obliged to remain at home some weeks after his 
enlistment. At length a sufficient number of men were secured 
and on the loth of December, 1861, he was mustered into the 
U. S. service at Augusta, Me., where the regiment was ren- 
dezvoused. After some weeks spent in drill and the usual camp 
duties the regiment left the State capital, Feb. 18, 1862, to as- 
sume its part in the great civil conflict, and arrived in Boston the 
same day. While in this city the regiment was quartered in 
Faneuil Hall. On the 20th a detachment including Mr. 
Rackliff's company, under the command of Colonel Dow, em- 
barked on board the new iron steamer *' Mississipi," bound for 
Ship Island, Miss. They touched at Fortress Monroe on the 
24th to take on board General Butler, and put to sea on the 
following day. The steamer encountered a tremendous gale off 
Cape Hatteras, which placed it in great peril for a few hours. 
In consequence of damages sustained by grounding on Frying 
Pan Shoals the '* Mississipi" put into Port Royal, S. C, March 
2d, and the detachment went into camp. They sailed for Ship 
Island on the 12th and arrived there on the 20th. July nth 
Mr. Rackliff's company left the Island, under the command of 
Colonel Dow, and after a brief stay at New Orleans moved down 
the river and occupied Fort St. Philip on the 15th. Remaining 
in the vicinity of New Orleans until Oct. 24, 1863, the regiment 

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was ordered to Texas, forming a portion of General Banks's 
expedition. Here they participated in the capture of Point Isa- 
bella, Mustang Island and Fort Esperanza. Remaining in that 
locality until Feb. i8, 1864, the regiment was ordered back to 
Louisiana, and took a part in the Red River campaign. The 
regiment subsequently joined General Banks's forces and bore 
an honorable part in the battle of Pleasant Hill. Mr. RacklifT 
and his comrades were in active service at various places until 
December, when he, with others whose term of enlistment had 
expired, started for Maine, arriving at Augusta on the 30th of 
that month. Here they were mustered out of the service Jan. 
6, 1865, paid off and finally discharged. He now resides in 
Kansas City, Mo. 


Elbridge Henry Rackliff, son of Henry B. and Elizabeth 
(Oliver) Rackliff, was drafted under the conscription act Sept. 
26, 1864 Going before the board of the examining surgeons, 
he was examined and accepted October 4th, and ordered to report 
at Camp Berry, in Portland, Me. Here he was again examined 
and on the iith of October was mustered into the service of 
his country. Three days later he left Portland for the place 
of rendezvous on Galloupe's Island, in Boston Harbor. Here 
he remained until October 20th, when, in company with a large 
number of recruits, he embarked on board the steam transport 
'* Ashland." This vessel, like many others employed during 
the war in transporting troops, was a clumsy affair. During 
the voyage South the "Ashland" encountered a severe gale, 
and it became necessary to order the soldiers below and batten 
down the hatches. Five of the soldiers, however, hid themselves 
on the hurricane deck and were washed overboard during the 
night. Touching at Fortress Monroe, they sailed up the James 
River and landed opposite City Point on the 24th of October. 
The following day Mr. Rackliff and' over one hundred others 
who had been assigned to the 8th Maine Regiment, marched 
to Bermuda Hundred, and on the 26th to Chapin's Farm, where 
the recruits joined the regiment and Mr. Rackliff was assigned 

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to Co. B. As evening approached, the regiment was ordered 
to "fall in," and during the night marched, by a circuitous 
route, sixteen miles to the old battlefield of Fair Oaks, arriv- 
ing in the early dawn of the 27th. Orders were given to charge 
the rebel works, and as the column advanced they received 
volley after volley of musketry from their watchful enemy. 
•* So heavy and continuous was the firing," writes Mr. R., ** that 
we were ordered to lie down. Some, contrary to orders, beat a 
hasty retreat, and in so doing lost their lives. Not wishing to 
be captured, I took my chances with those who retreated, and 
fortunately got out of range of the firing uninjured." The fol- 
lowing night they returned to the entrenchments at Chapin's 
Farm, having been without food or rest during their absence. 
** I was somewhat curious," continues Mr. Rackliff, " to see what 
the papers would say regarding our futile attack on the enemy. 
Imagine my surprise on reading in the New York Herald a 
report substantially as follows : 'October 27th General Butler 
made a reconnoissance in the vicinity of Fair Oaks, and, having 
gained the information desired, the troops retired in good 
order,' no mention being made of the fact that over half of 
three brigades were lost in the engagement." 

"On one occasion shortly after this," adds Mr. Rackliff, 
"our pickets were under fire for three nights in succession, with 
a loss of only thirteen in killed and wounded, when, mirabile 
dictUy this same Herald gave a three-column account of the 
affair. Thus will be seen the unreliability of the war news, as 
promulgated through that great civilizing medium, the news- 
paper."* On November 6th Mr. Rackliff was detailed to pre- 

♦ Since the above was written, a correspondent of the Chicago Inter-Ocean^ in 
speaking of the ** War Correspondents' Methods," says : " Sometimes correspondents 
were attached to the personal staff of a subordinate general, and naturally they saw 
a battle from the standpoint of the general who favored them. In scores of cases 
this class of correspondents described a great battle, making the commander of some 
division the hero of the occasion. Nearly every soldier in the army would recognize 
the injustice of this, but it was accepted at home as the truth. Such correspondents 
saw only the fighting of the division to which they were attached, and they were 
prone to believe that the one division did all the fighting that was done on that day. 
They described what they saw, and often gave a column to a division that did little 
or nothing, and a paragraph to the remainder of the army that bore the brunt of a 

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pare the regimental voting-list for the presidential election which 
occurred two days later. He also served as company clerk for 
a time. After thoroughly testing the skill and endurance of 
the regiment, it was assigned to a skirmishing brigade, and Mr. 
Rackliflf and his comrades were kept continuously on the move 
during the winter. He participated in the capture of Fort 
Gregg, on the 3d of April, 1865, ^"^ his regiment bore an 
honorable part in the engagement at Rice's Station on the 6th. 
Likewise at Appomattox Court House, April 9th. After the 
surrender of General Lee, the regiment marched to Richmond, 
Va., where the subject of this sketch remained on duty till 
about the first of June, when he was paid off and finally dis- 
charged. He is post-master at Allen's Mills, where he now 


John Oliver Rackliff, son of Benjamin R. and Rachel (Oli- 
ver) Rackliff, enlisted as a private in Co. F, 2d Maine Regiment 
of Cavalry, and was mustered into the U. S. service Dec. 31, 
1863.* The men of this regiment were rendezvoused at 
Augusta, Me., and so great was the tax upon the government 
facilities for shelter at that time, many actually suffered for want 
of suitable protection from the inclemency of the season. To 
meet the urgent demand for additional barracks, green, wet 
lumber was taken from the river and sawed into boards and 
frames. As soon as sawed the lumber was taken to the camp- 
ground and used. Many of these barracks were single-boarded, 
without battening strips, leaving the inmates much exposed. 
In one of these rude cabins Mr. Rackliff was obliged to spend 
his time, night and day, when not on duty. By the exposure 
incident to this mode of living he contracted a severe cold, 
which resulted in an attack of bronchitis, and for many weeks 
he was unable to speak aloud. During this time he did not 
give up work, but assisted in building barracks, and for a time, 
was in charge of the officers* quarters. He was also frequently 

*The Adjutant General's Reports give the date as December nth, but Mr. 
RacklifTs discharge gives it as mentioned above. 

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detailed for other light duties. He afterward had a severe 
attack of pulmonary hemorrhage, which incapacitated him for 
further military duty, consequently he was not sent into the 
field with his regiment. He was kept at Augusta doing light 
camp duties until May 22, 1865. when he was discharged, with 
health seriously impaired. 


Samuel Rackliff, son of Benjamin and Rachel (Oliver) 
Rackliff, was born in Georgetown, Me., Dec. 18, 1823, and 
was nearly seven years old when his father moved to Industry. 
After attaining his majority he worked away from home much 
of the time, often working for neighboring farmers by the season. 
On the 27th day of January, 1852, he married Sarah R., daugh- 
ter of Peter W. Butler, by whom he had four children. After 
his marriage he engaged in farming until the breaking out of 
the Rebellion, when he enlisted in the fall of 1862 as a member 
of the 24th Maine, and on the organization of the regiment was 
assigned to Co. K. He accompanied his regiment in all its 
various marches and counter-marches during the nine months 
for which they had enlisted. Was slightly wounded at Port 
Hudson, Miss., May 27th, and was mustered out of the service 
with his regiment, Aug. 25, 1863, their term of enlistment hav- 
ing expired. 

In September, 1864, he re-enlisted in the ist Company, 
Unassigned Infantry, Capt. Edward S. Butler, and was mustered 
into the U. S. service on the 19th of the same month. On the 
1 8th of October his company was assigned to the 29th Regi- 
ment as Co. A. The following day they participated in the 
battle of Cedar Creek, Va. During this engagement Mr. Rack- 
liff was detailed to carry the wounded off the field. Early in 
the day a change in the position of his regiment left him 
exposed to the enemy, and he was made a prisoner while assist- 
ing a wounded comrade from the field. He, with other prison- 
ers, was hurried off the field and marched to Richmond, Va. 
After an incarceration of sixteen days in Castle Thunder, he 
was transferred to Salisbury Prison in North Carolina. Here, 

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exposed to all the changes and inclemencies of the weather, 
at this season of the year, his only protection being a small 
shelter-tent, coupled with enervating effects of a meagre aUow- 
ance of food, soon made serious inroads on his physical 
strength, and he died during the night of Dec. 5, 1864, aged 
40 years, 11 months and 17 days. He was called to meet the 
grim Messenger of Death all alone. No mother with tender 
love was near to soothe and comfort his dying moments ; no 
sister was by his side to watch the sands of life as they ebbed 
away and wipe the death-dew from his pallid brow, — not even 
a comrade was near to carry his dying message to his wife and 
family in their far-off home. But all alone in a rebel prison, 
in the silent hours of the solemn night, with the little stars 
shedding their feeble light on the slumbering world, — and with 
no watcher, save the eye of Him who never sleeps, he claimed 
as his that peaceful sleep which knows no waking. 


William Jackson Rackliff, son of Benjamin R. and Rachel 
(Oliver) Rackliff, was at work at Kendall's Mills, having nearly 
completed his term of apprenticeship at the carriage-maker's 
trade, when the war broke out. The vocations of peace, how- 
ever, became of minor importance as the clouds of an interne- 
cine war loomed high in the southern horizon, and the matter 
became the topic of universal discussion. Feeling a deep con- 
viction that his country needed his services, Mr. Rackliff laid 
aside the tools of his craft and enlisted in a company then re- 
cruiting at Kendall's Mills. After drilling about a month the 
company disbanded, and on the following morning, in company 
with several of his comrades, he took the cars for Augusta, 
hoping to get a chance in the 3d Maine Regiment, then recruit- 
ing at that place and rendezvoused at Camp Hamlin. Fortu- 
nately the regiment was not quite full, and signing the muster 
rolls he was assigned to Co. F, Capt. Wm. C. Morgan, and 
mustered into the service with the regiment, June 4, 1861. On 
the following day the regiment left Augusta for Washington, D. 
C. At various places on the way the patriotic citizens came out 

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en masse to pay homage to these brave men. At New York 
some former residents of Maine presented the boys with a beau- 
tiful banner, which they carried until it was literally torn in 
pieces by the enemy's bullets. What remains of it can still be 
seen in the State House at Augusta. Arriving at Washington 
on the 8th, they marched to Meridian Hill during a heavy shower 
which completely drenched their clothing, and went into camp. 
All that night Mr. Rackliff stood on guard, wet to the skin, with- 
out being relieved. One day while here, he and his comrades 
drew as rations some beef that was badly hurt. This the boys 
thought had remained above ground long enough, so they buried 
it under arms, which brought down the indignation of the colonel. 
** But," continues Mr. Rackliff, "we saw many days afterward 
when we would have been glad to have had just such beef." 

His regiment crossed the Potomac River on the 6th of July, 
and participated in the first Bull Run fight on the 2ist. Falling 
back with the Union forces they reached Alexandria on the night 
of the 22d. During the retreat Mr. Rackliff, as well as his 
comrades, lost all their extra clothing, and on reaching Alexan- 
dria, it being a hard rainstorm, they sought shelter in an old 
warehouse used for storing liquors. Here many of the company 
spent the night in drinking, but having no desire for the liquor 
or for the boisterous company of the revelers, Mr. Rackliff went 
into the loft and there had quite a good night's rest. In August, 
while encamped near Alexandria, the subject of our sketch was 
afflicted with the measles ; during this time he says, " I was my 
own physician, nurse and cook, though my culinary expenses 
for a time were not large." No beds were furnished the sick at 
this early date of the war, and he was compelled during his ill- 
ness to lie on the bare floor of a dwelling-house they had been 
obliged to use as a hospital. His recovery from the measles 
was somewhat protracted, and he frequently labored all day 
when unable to eat a mouthful of dinner. The ••bill of fare" 
at this meal consisted of salt fat pork cut fine and boiled in a 
large quantity of water; into this when done, hard- tack was 
crumbled and the mixture was eaten with a spoon. 

Through the winter of 1 861-2 the regiment remained at 

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Camp Howard, on Fowle's estate near Alexandria. During the 
winter the members of the 3d Maine were obliged to go out 
some ten or twelve miles to do picket duty. Leaving their win- 
ter quarters on the 1 7th of March for Yorktown, they embarked 
on board transports for Fortress Monroe. During this move- 
ment the services of every available craft were brought into 
requisition for the conveyance of the troops. Mr. Rackliff's 
company was put on board an old canal-boat fitted up to run 
on the Potomac. On nearing the mouth of the river, as there 
was a strong wind blowing and the sea running high, the cap- 
tain of the craft put in at St. Mary's for a harbor. Here they 
waited for five days, and as the soldiers had taken only three 
days' rations with them, the inner man began to make demands 
which nothing short of a good square meal could appease. 
Spurred on by the pangs of hunger, some of the boys broke 
into the cook-house and stole a ham. After eating all the meat 
off the bone, the flag was lowered and the ham-bone hoisted to 
half-mast, presumably as a signal of their distressed condition. 
While engaged in the siege of Yorktown, the regiment was 
under fire more or less every day for a month. On one occa- 
sion, a shell from one of the enemy's guns buried itself in the 
ground, near where Mr. Rackliff's company was stationed, and 
exploded, excavating an enormous hole in the ground and 
throwing the dirt in every direction, but doing no further dam- 
age. Food became quite scarce during this siege, from the 
fact that the roads were almost impassable for the supply teams 
on account of the mud. In this emergency Mr. Rackliff obtained 
a quantity of wheat, from an old barn near by, which he boiled 
and ate. 

He was in the battle of Williamsburg, May 5th, and Fair 
Oaks on the 31st. Here his regiment made a successful charge 
on the enemy's lines, losing nearly one-third of their number 
present in the engagement. His regiment engaged the enemy, 
as skirmishers, at Seven Pines, June 1st, after having been on 
picket duty for three days and nights, without sleep, and were 
ordered to fall back after fighting all day. Then followed the 
seven days' fight, — fighting by day and falling back by night 

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until the morning of July ist found the 3d Maine massed with 
McClellan's forces at Malvern Hill. During this engagement 
they were exposed to a severe fire from the enemy's batteries, 
and fully sustained their previous reputation for coolness and 
bravery. After the final repulse of the enemy, footsore and 
exhausted, they fell back to Harrison's Landing. Mr. Rackliff's 
regiment embarked for Alexandria, and on their arrival were 
sent to join General Pope's army, which was manoeuvring on 
the Rappahannock to keep between General Lee and Wash- 

The next engagement in which the 3d Maine took part was 
the second Bull Run, August 29th, followed by the battle of 
Chantilly, on the next day. Falling back to Alexandria, the 
regiment was deemed unfit for duty, being so reduced in num- 
bers, and consequently did not participate in the Antietam 
fight. The next battle in which they participated was at Fred- 
ericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862. Soon after this they went into 
winter quarters and remained inactive until the spring of 1863, 
when they fought the enemy at the Wilderness and Chan- 
cellorsville. May 2d and 3d. Their loss in killed, wounded and 
missing, in these two engagements, was sixty-one officers and 
men. On the nth of June they joined in the campaign which 
resulted in the battle of Gettysburg. Mr. Rackliff's regiment 
did not arrive on the field until the evening of the ist of July. 
An account of their engagement, on the following morning, we 
extract from a letter of Captain Morgan, to the Skowhegan 
Clariofiy dated July 27, 1863 : "The entire regiment, consisting 
of 196 rifles and 14 officers, were chosen by General Sickles to 
open the engagement on the left flank, on the morning of the 
2d, and the manner in which the order was obeyed was the 
theme of universal admiration throughout the entire corps. The 
regiment held an entire division in check for half an hour, while 
lines were being formed and positions taken to receive them 
suitably. General Sickles then said, *The little 3d Maine has 
saved the army to-day.' " Captain Morgan also makes special 
honorable mention of the bravery of Mr. Rackliff, in his letter, 
during that day. They lost during this engagement in killed, 


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wounded and prisoners, 66 men and officers. Mr. Rackliflf was 
wounded twice between sunset and dark, after one of the hard- 
est day's fight known in history. The character of his injuries 
were gun-shot wound in right thigh and buck-shot wound in 
the arm. Mr. Rackliff waited fiije days before it came his turn to 
have his wounds dressed. By this time the wound had become 
somewhat sore and inflamed, and although the surgeon used 
the probe freely, he failed to discover the bullet. From Gettys- 
burg he was sent to Annapolis, Md., where he remained until 
just before the expiration of his term of enlistment, when he 
was granted a furlough and returned home, and was discharged 
with the regiment at Augusta, Me., June 28, 1864, having 
served nearly 37 months, and during which time he had partici- 
pated in sixteen battles and skirmishes. He now resides at | 

Allen's Mills. ' 



Reuel Howard Rogers, son of Francis S. and Rhoda T. 
(Rowe) Rogers, was born in Moscow, Me., Aug. 8, 1844. 
When only a few years of age, his father removed to Industry, 
where his boyhood and youth were spent. At the age of 
nineteen years he enlisted as a recruit for Co. L. ist Regiment, 
Maine Cavalry, and was mustered into the U. S. service Dec. 
26, 1863. He was discharged by order of the War Depart- 
ment June 21, 1865, and died in Bangor, Me., Sept. 13, 1885. 


Lyman Munson Shorey, son of Pelatiah and Sarah (Fogg) 
Shorey, was born in Industry, Oct. 29, 1836. On the breaking 
out of the war he was at Skowhegan, and in the fall of 1861 
enlisted as a member of an independent company then organiz- 
ing in that town and vicinity. Jan. 23, 1862, the company was 
mustered into the U. S. service and assigned to the 7th Maine 
Regiment as Co. F, a vacancy having been created by the con- 
solidation of that company with others of the regiment. Mr. 
Shorey was elected first lieutenant, and two days later received ; 
his commission. They joined the regiment while stationed in 

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Engraved by Geo. E. Johnson, Boston. 
From a photograph made in iS6a. 

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its winter quarters at ** Camp Griffin," on the Virginia side of 
the Potomac. Being unused to ^uch hardships the company 
suffered severely, and many deaths occurred. The regiment 
embarked for Fortress Monroe early the following spring, and 
joined in the Peninsular campaign. Lieutenant Shorey's first 
experience was a reconnaissance, which all supposed would 
occupy but two or three hours, hence the advance was made 
without blankets or rations. The result was a night of the most 
intense suffering, and for fifty-seven hours they were under fire, 
exposed to a drenching rain and had neither sleep nor rations. 
"We after a very few such experiences," writes Lieutenant 
Shorey, ** always moved with blankets and rations, a rule 
cardinal with green troops." 

The siege of Yorktown followed, where weeks were spent in 
building corduroy roads, varied by an occasional reconnaissance 
and exchange of shots with the Confederate sharpshooters. On 
the evacuation of Yorktown the 7th Maine joined in the pursuit 
which culminated in the battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862. 
At this battle their brigade was under the command of Gen. 
Winfield S. Hancock. The 7th was stationed near a piece of 
woods to keep the enemy from flanking, where they stood firm 
until an attempt was made to take one of our batteries, when 
they, with three companies of the New York 33d, aided by the fire 
of a few skirmishers repelled a charge made by six rebel regi- 
ments, charged upon them in turn, driving them back a terror- 
stricken mob,— capturing the colors of one regiment, taking 
many prisoners and inflicting a heavy loss in killed and wounded. 
The account of this engagement we will allow Lieutenant Shorey 
to relate in his own language : " Crossing a swamp by a narrow 
dike we formed a line in front of a low ridge. Extending be- 
yond was a long level plain, skirted on the right by a strip of 
wood. At the end of this plain in front was a large fort of the 
enemy, and beyond in the woods on the lefl of the army, the 
battle raged fierce and hot. We lay quietly till about 5 o'clock 
P. M. On the left the firing had nearly ceased. Suddenly a 
line of battle extending nearly across the plain started from the 
vicinity of the fort and rapidly approached our position. It 

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was our jfirst engagement and we were of course excited and 
getting ready in an instant. Our artillery considerably in ad- 
vance fired rapidly, but finally had to fall back. The enemy 
came steadily on ; our turn was quick to come. General Han- 
cock suddenly ordered * about face,* — we were then on the crest. 
— ^what were we to do ? Fall back with only a narrow dike to 
cross? We quickly reached the foot, then came the commands 
in quick succession * about face,' * fix bayonets ! ' Hancock rode 
along the line. I well recollect the look on his face and the 
bearing of the man ; no word was necessary to tell us the gen- 
eral's blood was up. All now understood that the object of the 
movement was to cover us from the fire of the advancing line. 
The enemy was now within short range, almost at the other side 
of the crest. Drawing his sword, Hancock dashed along the 
line, shouting * charge, gentlemen, give them h — 1,' with a ring 
and vigor that was truly electrifying. The boys bounded for 
the crest of the ridge ; it was almost impossible for the officers 
to keep them in line. Volley after volley was discharged until 
the order was given to cease firing. When the smoke lifted, all 
that could be seen was here and there a rebel running zigzag to 
the cover of the woods, where nearly every one was captured 
by a force we had previously stationed there. The remainder 
lay dead and wounded in our front.* Hancock was the hero 
of the hour and the same evening was complimented by a sere- 
nade from the members of our regiment." 

Passing over the battles of Mechanicsville, Savage Station, 
White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill and South Mountain, in ail of 
which Lieutenant Shorey bore an honorable part, brings the 
brave 7th to the bloody field of Antietam. ** Here," writes the 
subject of this sketch, ** our regiment suffered severely. Incom- 

'^ Their brilliant conduct during this battle was the means of General McClellan, 
that night at dress parade, paying them a visit and making the following speech: 
" Soldiers ! I have come to thank you for your good conduct and gallantry. On that 
plain you and your comrades saved the army from a disgraceful defcat. V'ou deserve 
the highest thanks your country can bestow, and your State should justly be proud of 
you. You would have deserved just as much praise had you been overwhelmed by 
the masses hurled against you. Bear ever afterward upon your banners the name of 
Williamsburg, in token of your bravery." 

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petency, causing a most censurable blunder, was its origin. 
Against the remonstrance of Major Hyde, then commanding, 
the regiment was sent at the double-quick to dislodge a power- 
ful force of the enemy from a strong position.* As it passed 
around a crest it received the flank fire of the main rebel line of 
battle as well as that of the enemy in our front. In a moment, 
almost, the regiment lost ten or twelve officers and nearly two- 
thirds of its men." Lieutenant Shorey was severely wounded in 
the foot during this charge, but managed to get out of range and 
back to the Federal lines. Finding his wound would incapaci- 
tate him for active service for a long time, he regretfully 
resigned his position Dec. 21, 1862. 

He died in New York City, Dec. 28, 1889. 


Andrew Jackson Spinney, son of Rev. John and Patience J. 
(Oliver) Spinney, was born in Stark, Somerset Co., Me., Jan. 
16, 1846. In the autumn of 1863 he enlisted in the 2d Regi- 
ment of Maine Cavalry, which was then being organized at 
Augusta, Me. He was mustered into the U. S. service Dec. 1 1, 

♦ At this battle the 7th was ordered to drive the enemy from a strong position 
about nine hundred yards in front of the line of battle. Every private in the ranks 
knew that a brigade of the enemy was massed there with a battery of artillery, and 
that an awful blunder had been made; but as obedience is the first duty of a soldier 
they promptly advanced under a shower of bullets, halting twice to return the fire of 
the enemy. After halting the second time to deliver their fire, the regiment rushed 
forward with one of its characteristic cheers, driving the enemy before them, who took 
refuge behind a stone wall and opened a galling fire of musketry. At this point the 
regiment had arrived within range of one of its own batteries which had been playing 
upon the enemy, and not aware of the absence of the 7th, continued firing. The 
rebels opened their battery with grape and canister. The regiment seemed now de- 
voted to destruction, yet the men delivered their fire with steadiness and terrible effect, 
as they moved by the left flank to gain the cover of an orchard. Thence through a 
cornfield by a circuitous route they returned to their old position in the line of battle. 
Not a man had straggled — all that the bullets had spared were there, but how thinned 
the ranks! Major Thomas W. Myde, who had command of the regiment, in his 
report stated that he " brought out of the battle four officers and sixty-five men out of 
fifteen officers and one hundred and sixty-six men that went in." For its distinguished 
conduct the regiment was temporarily made the body guard of (lenerals Franklin 
and Smith, the highest honor which could be bestowed upjn it. 

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1863, and assigned to Co. F, Capt. Gustavus A. Stanley. Mr. 
Spinney and his comrades were rendezvoused at Camp Coburn 
till the 23d of March, 1864, when they took the cars for Port- 
land, Me. Here they embarked on board the ship " Westmore- 
land," for New Orleans, La., and were twenty-nine days on the 
way. Mr. Spinney enjoyed the voyage very much, being in 
good health and spirits during the whole time. His regiment 
remained near New Orleans until May 26th, when it moved to 
Thibodeaux, La. Co. F was ordered to Brasher City, and 
while there Mr. Spinney was detailed as a blacksmith, in which 
capacity he served for some time. From this place they re- 
turned to New Orleans, where they embarked for Pensacola, 
Fla., from which place he wrote under the date of Aug. 15, 

1864, saying: ** I gave fifty cents for a sheet of paper, stamp 
and envelope in order to write home." The hardships and 
sufferings which Mr. Spinney and his comrades were obliged 
to endure, have hardly a parallel among other regiments from 
the State. When organized the company numbered 103 men, 
including commissioned officers, and writing home just five 
months after leaving Augusta, he says : " Our company can 
muster but 29 men, and about half of those are on light duty." 
Soon after this he was relieved from duty and afterward sent 
to the Post Hospital at Barrancas, Fla., at which place the 
company was then stationed. He died Nov. 19, 1864, and was 
buried in grave No. 173, in the National Cemetery at that 
place. Of him Capt. Gustavus A. Stanley wrote his parents : 
•* He was a good and faithful soldier so long as he had health, 
and his death is a great loss to us." 


John Colby Spinney, son of Rev. John and Patience J. 
(Oliver) Spinney, was among those who enlisted under the 
President's call for men to serve nine months. He entered the 
service from the town of Lexington on the 13th of October, 
1862, as a private in Co. A, 28th Maine Regiment, Infantry. 
Discharged Aug. 31, 1863. He subsequently enlisted from the 

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town of Industry as a recruit for the 9th Maine Regiment, 
Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered in Sept. 23, 1864, and 
assigned to Co. H. He was discharged by order, June 30, 1865, 
a few months after the close of the war. He resides at Allen's 


Benjamin Tibbetts, son of Josiah and Joan (Roberts) Tib- 
betts, was a shoemaker by trade. He came to Industry in 1842 
and settled on the Capt. Wm. Roach farm, where he was living 
when the war broke out. The quota apportioned to the town 
of Industry, under the call for men to serve nine months, was 
thirteen. For a time it seemed that the only manner of secur- 
ing the required number of men was by a draft; but at the 
September election, Mr. Tibbetts, after making some stirring and 
patriotic remarks, inscribed his name on the enlistment rolls. 
This was a signal for a general enlistment, and in the course of 
a few days the required number of volunteers was obtained. 
Mr. Tibbetts was mustered into the U. S. service at Augusta, 
Me., on the 13th day of October, 1862, and assigned to the 
24th Maine Regiment as a private in Co. K. In consequence 
of the exposure incident to camp life he contracted a violent 
cold and was suffering from an attack of pneumonia when his 
regiment was ordered south. By the last of December, however, 
he had recovered his health, and with others started to rejoin 
his comrades. From* Augusta to Hartford, Conn., the journey 
was performed by rail ; here he embarked on board a steamer 
for New York, where he arrived after an uneventful voyage. 
From that place to Bonne Carre on the Mississippi, where his 
regiment was stationed, his journey by water was slow and irk- 
some in the extreme. 

Joining his regiment, he remained at Bonne Carre until May 
21, 1863, when his regiment was ordered to Port Hudson, where 
they remained during the entire period of its investment. While 
thus engaged Mr. Tibbetts and his comrades suffered many 
hardships, and the death-rate of the regiment was enormous. 
He was frequently detailed to care for the sick and for other 

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special duties, being a great favorite with his superior officers. 
On the 24th day of July the regiment started for Maine, via 
Cairo, 111., and arrived at Augusta, August 6th, where they re- 
mained until the 25th, when they were mustered out of the ser- 
vice and finally discharged. After the death of his wife, he 
went to Biddeford to live with his daughter, where he died 
June 27, 1892, in his 83d year. 


Benjamin Franklin Tibbetts, son of Benjamin and Miriam 
(Cousens) Tibbetts, was born in Industry in 1843. He enlisted 
as a member of Co. F, 2d Regiment, Maine Cavalry, and on 
being mustered into the service, Dec. 11, 1863, was appointed 
sergeant. Died at Barrancas, Fla , Aug. 1 1 , 1 864. 


Clinton B. Webster was the son of Isaac Webster, who lived 
for many years at Allen's Mills. On the breaking out of the 
war in 1861, he was in Lewiston, Me. In June following, he 
joined a company of sappers and miners, then organizing, 
whose duties were to repair railroads and build fortifications in 
and about Washington. The War Department notified the 
company to hold themselves in readiness for duty, and promised 
them a chance providing there was a camp call. Not receiving 
a call, the company subsequently disbanded and Mr. Webster re- 
turned to his home in Industry. At the earnest solicitation of his 
friend, William A. Brainerd, of Farmington, who afterward be- 
came second lieutenant and captain of Co. E, he enlisted in the 
month of October and went to Farmington, where he and 
others drilled for about three weeks. He was mustered into 
the U. S. service at Augusta, Me., Dec. 13, 1861, and assigned 
to Co. K, 13th Maine Regiment, Infantry. Mr. Webster left 
Augusta for Boston, with his regiment, Feb. 18, 1862. From 
thence they embarked on board transports for Fortress Monroe, 

* Although a resident of Industry at the time of his enlistment, Mr. Tibbetts 
counted on the Farmington quota. 

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Va., from which place they sailed to Ship Island, Miss., where 
they arrived on the 5th of March. During the forty-four 
months he was in the service, he participated in all the march- 
ings and counter-marchings of his company, manfully bearing 
the privations and hardships incident to army life. Among 
the battles in which he participated, some ten in number, were : 
Point Isabella, Texas, Nov. 6, 1863 ; Mustang Island, Nov. 15, 
1863; Fort Esperanza, Nov. 29, 1863; Pleasant Hill, Louisi- 
ana, April 8, 1864, and Cane River Crossing, April 23d, beside 
numerous skirmishes. In 1862 he was transferred to Co. E, 
and was afterwards promoted to corporal. On the 29th of 
February. 1864, he re-enlisted for an additional term of years. 
At the battle of Pleasant Hill Mr. Webster had a narrow 
escape from instant death. At that time he was on the color- 
guard, every man of whom, with two exceptions, was shot. 
During this engagement a ball passed through his blouse in 
front, inflicting a slight flesh wound. The variation of an inch 
in the course of this bullet would, it is believed, have proved 
speedily fatal. Early in the year 1865 he was promoted to 
carry the colors, and on the 20th day of August he was mus- 
tered out and discharged from the service. At the present 
time (1892) he resides in Easton, Mass., having moved away 
from Industry more than twenty years ago. 


David Chandler Whitney, son of Reuben and Lucy (Saw- 
yer) Whitney, was born in Norridgewock, Me., Dec. 24, 1834. 
Just prior to the breaking out of the war, he came with his 
widowed mother from Lewiston to the town of Industry and 
settled on a small farm near Goodridge's Corner. In the sum- 
mer of 1862, when a call for troops was made, he volunteered 
as a member of Co. C, i6th Regiment, Maine Infantry, and 
was mustered in Aug. 14, 1862. After seven months' service, 
he was discharged for disability, March 14, 1863. The next 
fall he re-enlisted as a member of Co. F, 2d Regiment, Maine 
Cavalry. He was mustered in Dec. 11, 1863, and appointed 

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corporal the same day. In due time he went South with his 
regiment and took an active part in all its campaigns. During 
a raid on Marianna, Fla., Sept. 27, 1864, he was wounded by a 
ball which passed completely through his chest, also inflicting 
a severe flesh wound in his arm.* His wounds were dressed 
by the surgeon and he was made as comfortable as circum- 
stances would allow. That night it was decided that a retreat 
was an imperative necessity. As Mr. Whitney was unable to 
ride they found it necessary to leave him behind with several of 
his comrades to fall into the hands of the enemy. He died of 
his wounds Oct. 24, 1864, aged 29 years and 10 months. Of 
him a comrade and fellow prisoner wrote the sorrowing mother: 
" Many spoke of his bravery during the action, and only when 
he was struck did he waver. I did not see him while in action, 
but I remember his words as he came out, and I do not deny 
that I was surprised to learn that the 2d Cavalry could boast 
of such a brave patriot as was Corporal Whitney. He walked 
past me, almost touching my horse, very pallid, but with com- 
pressed lips. I could not but follow him with my eyes. He 
had not gone far before we were ordered to charge. I did not 
see him again until we were both in the hospital together. He 
could not have gone but a few steps farther, for he was bleeding 
very badly. I know him to have been perfectly rational during 
his illness, for when the chaplain came into the hospital to pray 
with him he talked of home and his desire for recovery. I 
think he entertained doubts of his recovery, but he never 
expressed them only once to me, and it was when I asked his 
mother's address. 

** I was leaning over his couch when he breathed his last, 
supported by two of the nurses. I never was more affected in 
my life, for I had learned to respect him for his fortitude dur- 
ing his sickness, and it seemed as if I had lost all my friends 
in his death. He was buried near the village church-yard with 

* There seems to be some conflicting of statements concerning the character of 
Corporal Whitney's wound. Simon W. Parlin, second lieutenant of the company, 
says the ball lodged in the chest. The writer is prone to consider the description as 
given above the better authority. 

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the rest of the boys, but his burial was very different from 
theirs. He was placed in a rude coffin, and a board marks his 
final resting-place. I shall never forget the people of Mari- 
anna, for this last sacred rite, nor for their many former kind- 
nesses to my comrade, — it was the only treatment we ever 
received." His lieutenant,* Evander S. Prescott, of Wilton, thus 
writes of him : ** He was a good soldier, always ready to do 
his duty. He was likewise an honest, good, kind-hearted man." 
His second lieutenant, Simon W. Parlin, also bore testimony of 
his worth and moral rectitude as follows : " Daniel was a faith- 
ful soldier, always discharging his duties in a soldier-like manner, 
and had by his integrity and uprightness won the confidence of 
both officers and men. Painful as is his untimely fate, it must 
be highly gratifying to his friends to know that he fought man- 
fully and fell in the foremost of the fight. He died in the 
faithful discharge of his duty, respected and beloved by all 
who knew him." 


Aaron E. Williams, a resident of Anson, Me., enlisted on 
Industry's quota, and was mustered into the U. S. service at 
Lewiston, Me., Dec. 28, 1863, to serve three years. He was 
soon afterward assigned to Co. G, ist Maine Regiment, Heavy 
Artillery. Wounded before Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864. 
Died of disease Jan. 21, 1865, aged 27 years. 


George F. Williams was a native of Anson, though a 
resident of Industry at the time of his enlistment. He enlisted 
for nine months in September, 1862, and was mustered into the 
U. S. service on the 13th of the following month, and on the 
same day was appointed sergeant. Wounded at Port Hudson, 
La., June 14, 1863. Mustered out with his regiment Aug. 25, 
1863. Now resides in Embden, Me. 

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O. L. Young enlisted on Industry's quota, to serve one year, 
and was mustered into the U. S. service, at Lewiston, Me., 
March 8, 1865, and assigned to the nth Co., Unassigned 
Infantry. Peace having been declared while he was stationed 
at the place of rendezvous, Mr. Young was discharged before 
joining the company to which he was assigned. 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 

Road Matters. — ^The Curtis Pinkham Road. — Stark Asks for a Better Road through 
Industry to Farmington. — Route to Madison Bridge Shortened and Improved. — 
Industry Votes on Amendment to Liquor Law. — "The Gold Fever." — Unusual 
Snow-fall in Winter of 1868-9. — Destructive Freshet of 1869. — Heavy Thunder- 
storm. — Beautiful Display of Aurora Borealis. — A Heavy Gale. — ^The Great 
Earthquake of 1870. — Grasshopper Plague. — State Equalization Bonds. — 
Industry Farmers' and Mechanics' Club. — ^The Enterprise Cheese Manufacturing 
Company. — Orders Forged on the Town of Industry. — Prize Declamations at 
West's Mills. — Extensive Improvements on the Centre Meeting-House. — The 
Greenback Party in Industry. — Caterpillar Scourge. — Freshet of 1878. — Severe 
Drouth. — Cattle Show and Fair. — Independence Day Celebrated at West's 
Mills. — Destructive Fire. — A Bear Commits Many Depredations in Industry. — 
Red Sunsets. — Gale of November, 1883. — Planets in Perihelion. — Town Votes to 
Buy a Poor-Farm. — Allen's Mills Union Agricultural Society. — A Maine Bliz- 
zard. — Potato Crop Ruined by Rust. — Industry's New Methodist Church. — A 
Maine Cyclone. — La Grippe. — Shorey Chapel Erected, etc. 

The cruel and sanguinary war was at an end, and the people 
had returned to the pursuits of peace. At this juncture better 
and more convenient roads became for a time an important topic 
with the citizens of Industry. A road had been laid out by the 
selectmen to accommodate the residents of the extreme north 
part of the town, commencing near the house of Samuel Dag- 
gett and running in a southerly direction to intercept the town 
road at the Capt. Jeruel Butler place. A large majority of the 
voters in town were not in sympathy with this movement, regard- 
ing it as incurring unnecessary expense. Consequently when 
the doings of the selectmen were brought before the town for 
ratification, Sept. 25, 1865, the citizens voted not to accept the 

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Failing in their appeal to the selectmen, Curtis Pinkham and 
twenty-eight others petitioned the County Commissioners to 
establish the road which the town had refused them. A hearing 
was given the petitioners Sept. 25, 1866, at the house of Samuel 
Daggett. Deeming the road a necessity they proceeded to lay 
it out. The road as established was four rods wide and 762 1—2 
rods long, costing the town $75.50, thirty dollars of which was 
for land damages. Notwithstanding the success of the petitioners 
with the County Commissioners, the disinterested tax-payers 
were not disposed to build the road. To detract attention from 
the county road a town road was laid out over a different route, 
and again modified or wholly relaid. The question of raising 
money to open the county road was brought before the town at 
its annual meeting, March 9, 1869. The petitioners, led by 
Curtis Pinkham, made desperate efforts to secure an appropria- 
tion, but with a large majority against them they were powerless, 
and after a heated discussion a motion to pass by the article was 

The road between Stark village and Farmington, especially 
from Stark village to Goodridge's Corner, was a hard and hilly 
one. For some years the citizens of Stark, in common with 
those of the southern and central part of Industry, had been 
discussing the matter of a more direct and convenient road be- 
tween the two places. Late in the fall of 1866 James M. Snell, 
of Stark, and fifty others residing along the proposed route, peti- 
tioned the commissioners of Franklin and Somerset counties for 
a change in the road between Sawyer's Mills and Farmington 
village, or more strictly speaking, for a new road from the former 
place to some point west of Goodridge*s Corner in Industry. The 
petition was dated Dec. 8, 1866, and a hearing was given the 
petitioners Aug. 20, 1867. The petitioners failed to secure their 

On the petition of Benjamin N. Willis and forty-five others 
a short piece of road was laid out by the County Commissioners, 
Oct. 22, 1867, which greatly improved and shortened the road 
from West's Mills to Madison Bridge. This road commenced 
near the present residence of Elijah Manter, and running in a 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 387 

south-westerly direction through a corner of Stark intersected 
the road leading from West's Mills to Stark, west of the resi- 
dence of the late John H. Viles. The town promptly raised a 
sum of money to build this road, and in due time it was opened 
to the traveling public* 

The State Legislature had, at its recent session, amended 
Chapter 33 of the Laws of 1858, for the suppression of drinking- 
houses and tippling-shops, and on the 3d day of June, 1867, 
the citizens of Industry were called upon to give in their votes 
for or against the measure. In consequence of the busy season 
the vote was very small, but stood, in favor of the amendment, 
29 votes ; against it, 5 votes. 


In the summer of 1867 Joseph Warren Smith and William 
R. Daggett began a prospecting tour of the town, in search of 
deposits of the preciou^ metals. They conducted their explora- 
tions in such a quiet manner that few were aware, for a time, 
of the real object of their search. The wise ones said they 
were " lining bees." After occupying considerable time in their 
search they were rewarded by finding a deposit of lead, though 
at the time of its discovery they did not know its proper name, 
having the impression it might be silver ore. This deposit was 
found in the bed-rock of a small brook which flowed at the 
base of Boardman Mountain on its western side. In the search 
Mr. Smith was the first to notice the deposit, and with his jack- 
knife loosened a small quantity of ore from its rocky bed. This 
he took to his blacksmith shop at West's Mills, where, by melt- 
ing it in the forge, they soon found it to possess characteristics 
which would indicate a metal of value. The news spread 

♦At the annual meeting held at West's Mills, March 4, 1867, after hearing the 
reports of the several town officers the moderator inquired, " Gentlemen, what will you 
do with the reports of your town officers?" Thereupon some wag facetiously moved 
that the selectmen's report be placed on file in the clerk's office and to let the others 
"goto the devil," and thus the vote stands recorded. At this meeting $2100 was 
raised to pay town charges, and JB3000 to be expended on the highway. At the annual 
meeting in 1868 the town voted to raise %\qoo to pay on the town debt, and the follow- 
ing year $800. In 1870 no money was raised for that purpose. 

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rapidly that silver, and perhaps gold, had been discovered on 
the farm of Daniel Gilman, and many persons visited the place. 
The "gold fever" ran high, and almost everyone had a pocket- 
ful of the rock containing the precious stuff. About this time 
John Willis obtained a title to the land on which the deposit 
was located. After the land came into the possession of Mr. 
Willis, Luther Curtis, of New Sharon, whose attention had no 
doubt been attracted by the flattering reports afloat, purchased 
an interest in ** the mine," as the people were wont to call it. 
The manner in which Mr. Curtis worded his deed was said to 
be somewhat peculiar and eccentric, the clause granting privi- 
leges reading as follows: '*To pass to and fro, dig and blow, 
dam and flow and raise the d — 1 generally for mining pur- 
poses," causing a great deal of gossip and not a little merriment. 
During the latter part of the fall a large section of the ledge 
was unearthed, a few blasts were made, and samples of the 
quartz from near the surface forwarded to S. Dana Hayes, of 
Boston, State Assayer of Massachusetts. The only valuable 
metal that this batch of quartz contained was traces of copper. 
An effort was made later in the fall to sink a shaft in the ledge, 
but after a time the undertaking was abandoned on account of 
the coldness of the weather. 

In 1868 the stockholders formed themselves into a com- 
pany known as the " Franklin Mining Association," with John 
Willis, John Wesley Norton and Daniel Gilman as directors, 
and Luther Curtis, of New Sharon, as secretary and treasurer. 
A tax was assessed on the shares, and active preparations for 
sinking a shaft were begun. The directors contracted with 
Joseph W. Smith to sink a shaft ten feet deep, and work was 
commenced in good earnest early in the month of August. 
Samples of ore taken from this shaft are claimed to have 
assayed silver to the value of nearly fifteen dollars to each ton 
of quartz. But trouble for the Franklin Mining Association 
was in store in the near future. Some of the shareholder*, be- 
came dissatisfied at being obliged to pay an assessment on thSi; 
shares, — they having imagined that the only thing necessary 
to accumulate a fortune, in this direction, was just to buy a 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 3^9 

few shares of the stock, when wealth would roll in upon them 
without further trouble or expense. To the sudden interruption 
of their ** golden dreams " must be attributed their dissatisfac- 
tion, and at the same time making the discovery that the com- 
pany was not legally organized, and therefore the collection of 
the assessments could not be enforced, they flatly refused to 
pay the tax. The consequence was that, though some paid 
their proportion of the tax promptly, Mr. Smith was forced to 
quit work, with a shaft only six feet deep, and even then losing 
heavily, owing to the perversity of the non-paying shareholders. 
This state of things proved a material hindrance to further 
development of the deposit. Had this company been legally 
organized, the collection of the assessments could have been 
enforced and funds sufficient to fully develop the deposit easily 
raised. Had such a course been pursued, there are abundant 
reasons to believe that this deposit would have eventually paid 
not only for working it, but something to its stockholders. 

The winter of 1868-9 was notable for its frequent and heavy 
storms and the unusual depth of snow. Storm followed storm 
until roads were blockaded, fences buried from sight, and in 
some instances dwelling-houses were nearly buried in huge 

The autumn of 1869 was rendered memorable to the inhabi- 
tants of Franklin County, and especially so to the dwellers of 
Sandy River Valley, by a freshet of great magnitude. This in 
point of destructivcness had not been equaled for many years, 
if, indeed, it had a parallel in the history of the valley. Rain 
began to fall early Sunday morning, October 3d, gently at first, 
but as the day advanced gradually increasing until by noon the 
rain fell in sheets. This continued, with slight interruption, all 
through the following night and until six o'clock Monday after- 
noon. The water rose rapidly in Sandy River, inundating the 
adjacent, interval lands, and slowly but surely rose higher and 
higher until it grew to a torrent of irresistible magnitude and 
power. Every bridge on Sandy River was either partially car- 
ried away or rendered impassable by the water. At Phillips a 


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portion of the cemetery was washed away and many coffins 
carried down the river. The bridges at the village and Whit- 
ney's Mills were also swept away. The suspension bridge at 
Strong was somewhat damaged, while the western span of the 
Fairbanks and Centre bridges in Farmington, as well as the 
Chesterville portion of the bridge at Farmington Falls, were 
carried away by the water. Near the Centre Bridge in Farm- 
ington was the newly erected corn-canning factory of J. Winslow 
Jones, with its heavy burden of machinery and packed corn. 
This was raised from its foundation and carried down the river, 
as was also the spool-factory of B. Frank Morrill at Farming- 
ton Falls. Farmers living along the river in many instances 
sustained serious losses from the flood. But little damage was 
done in Industry by this freshet aside from the destruction of 
the mill-dam at West's Mills. 

The town was visited by a very heavy thunder storm on 
Thursday afternoon, July 14, 1 870, accompanied by a gale of 
wind of such power and violence as had seldom if ever been 
known. The rain descended in torrents, the incessant flashing 
of the lightning was scarcely less terrifying than the accom- 
panying peals of thunder, which could be heard with almost 
painful distinctness above the roar of the wind. So powerful 
was the force of the wind that in some instances the trunks of 
large forest trees were broken like pipe-stems, while apple-trees 
were uprooted, fences blown down, crops injured and much 
other damage done in the track of the tornado. No hail fell 
in Industry, but in other towns it proved very destructive to 
window-glass and growing crops. 

A very singular and strikingly beautiful auroral display 
occurred on Friday evening, Oct. 14, 1870. The singular ap- 
pearance of the heavens was first noticed about eight o'clock in 
the evening, when it was discovered that the whole southern 
sky was aglow with the weird mystical light of the aurora 
borealis. The form was like that of a huge fan, having its cen- 
tre directly overhead and extending east and west from this 
point to the horizon, while to the north of this boundary the 
sky was perfectly clear. At the zenith and along the eastern 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 39' 

and western- boundaries the color was of a fiery red, and rays 
of the same color streamed into the mass of silvery light 
which flooded the whole southern sky, — the whole forming an 
excellent representation of an enormous opened fan. In less 
than an hour from the time it was discovered, this beautiful 
picture had entirely disappeared. 

At noon on Tuesday, Oct. 18, 1870, after an interval of 
warm, foggy weather, the sky cleared and a strong breeze 
sprung up, which rapidly increased in intensity until by the 
middle of the afternoon it became almost resistless in its power. 
Although the wind continued to blow about twelve hours, con- 
siderable damage was done to buildings, fences and orchards. 


On Thursday, Oct. 20, 1870, at about half-past eleven 
o'clock in the forenoon, a low, heavy rumbling sound was heard 
which was thought to be thunder, as it was raining hard at the 
time. Soon, however, its real nature was revealed. The shock 
seemed to move in two waves, the second being much heavier 
than the first. During the heaviest part of the convulsion, 
windows, stoves, crockery ware, etc., rattled in an alarming 
manner, and the buildings themselves rocked and swayed from 
the violence of the shock. Many families, thoroughly fright- 
ened, rushed out of doors, regardless of the rain, and only 
returned when the convulsive heaving of the earth had ceased. 
Its duration was nearly or quite seventy seconds, and it was 
claimed to have been the heaviest shock of earthquake which 
had occurred in the last hundred years. 


Early in the summer of 1871, an innumerable swarm of 
grasshoppers made their appearance in Industry. Their advent 
was the beginning of a period of devastation never before 
equaled in the history of the town. Not only was the grass 
crop nearly ruined by the insatiable eating proclivities of this 
insect horde, but every growing crop of the farmer was alike 

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attacked and frequently completely destroyed. Farms that had 
previously cut from ten to fifteen tons of hay, yielded from 
three to eight tons this season. Occasionally a piece of corn 
would be completely ruined by having the silks eaten off as 
soon as they appeared. Grain of all kinds suffered great 
damage by having the head-stalks eaten off, and in some 
instances the harvest did not equal the amount of seed sown. 
A remarkable trait of these insects was a tendency to confine 
their depredations to the highest ground, and seldom if ever 
troubling the grass on wet land. 

Under the existing circumstances nothing remained for the 
farmers but to reduce their stock to correspond with their 
limited crop of hay, and this reduction was effected at a ruinous 
sacrifice. Light beef was a drug in the market at three dollars 
per hundred, and good sheep sold as low as fifty cents per 
head. According to the inventory taken by the selectmen in 
April, 1870, there were 4333 sheep owned in town. From the 
same source it is learned that the number had been reduced to 
2358 in 1872. During the same time the amount of neat stock 
was reduced to 218 head. Even after thus reducing their stock 
it would have been impossible for the farmers of this town to 
have wintered the balance without the free use of western corn. 
The amount of damage done in Industry can hardly be esti- 
mated, and many years must elapse before *'the grasshopper 
year" will cease to be an important event in the farmer's 

The citizens of Allen's Mills and vicinity observed the 
ninety-fifth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence by 
a picnic dinner and other exercises in a cool shady grove just 
west of the village. Here tables, speaker's stand, and seats 
were built for the accommodation of those present. The day 
was exceptionally fine, and the usual programme of such occa- 
sions was carried out under the direction of Moses M. Luce, 
President of the Day, and his Marshal, Josiah Emery. After 
the usual morning street-parade, a procession was formed "and 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 393 

marched to the grove.* The following is a partial list of the 
exercises in the grove : 


Samuel G. Gould, Industry. 

Reading the Declaration of Independence, 

Virgil L. Craig, Farmington, 


Rev. George N. Marden, Farmington. 


After dinner occurred other exercises, followed by a pyro- 
technic display on Clear Water Pond in the evening. A large 
concourse of people were present, by whom the exercises were 
greatly enjoyed. 

After the close of the war it was found that some towns had 
paid a much larger sum in bounties to their soldiers than others. 
To remedy this inequality, the State issued to such towns 
Equalization Bonds drawing interest at the rate of six per 
cent. At the annual meeting, March 7, 1870, Gen. Nathan 
Goodridge was chosen an agent to effect the sale of those 
belonging to Industry. $3,677.61, including accrued interest, 
was received from their sale. 

In the fall of 1871 the citizens residing in the vicinity of 
Goodridge's Corner met at the Centre school-house, on Wednes- 
day evening, November iSth, and organized a society for the 
diffusion of knowledge and mutual improvement of its members. 
This organization, composed of very many prominent citizens, 
was known as the Industry Farmers* and Mechanics' Club. A 
constitution was drawn up and adopted, and the following 
officers chosen : President, Horatio A. B. Keyes ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Sylvanus B. Philbrick ; Recording Secretary, William M. 
Bryant ; Treasurer and Librarian, Hovey Thomas ; Correspond- 
ing Secretary, Augustus W. Morrell. The exercises were to 
consist of lectures, essays, and discussions on topics of timely 
interest and practical importance pertaining to agriculture and 

* Daniel Hilton, a skilful performer on the Bfe, furnished the music for this 
occasion, and it is believed to be the last time he ever played in public. 

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the mechanic arts. Gentlemen were admitted as members on 
signing the constitution and paying a nominal membership fee, 
while ladies became members by signing the constitution and 
by-laws. During its existence seventy-nine persons inscribed 
their names upon the club records as members. 

The club frequently employed lecturers, on practical topics, 
such as Major Lorin Adams, of Wilton, Major Alexander H. S. 
Davis, of Farmington, N. G. Foster, of Wilton, Rev. Mr. Kim- 
ball, of New Sharon, and others. Questions relating to the 
various branches of husbandry were discussed, books on agri- 
culture purchased and read, and many valuable essays were 
also prepared and delivered. Thus by the intelligent, well- 
directed efforts of its members, the Industry Farmers* and 
Mechanics' Club proved a great and lasting benefit. Meetings 
were held regularly during the fall and winter months up to the 
spring of 1877, when they abruptly ceased. Prominent among 
the members not previously mentioned were Thomas Stevens, 
Josiah Emery, D. Collins Luce, Truman Luce, Moses M. Luce, 
Augustus H. Swift, Francis S. Rogers, Alvarez N. Goodridge, 
Amos S. Hinkley, Brice H. Waugh, John R. Luce, Virgil L. 
Craig, William O. Hargraves, Holmes H. Bailey, and others. 

The movement which lead to the organization of the Enter- 
prise Cheese Manufacturing Company had its origin with the 
Industry Farmers' and Mechanics' Club. At a meeting held 
Oct. 30, T872, the question "Would a cheese-factory in this 
vicinity prove a paying business?" was discussed with a great 
deal of earnestness and enthusiasm. The question was decided 
in the affirmative, and a committee of three was chosen to visit 
the factory at Strong. Soon after this J. O. Keyes, of Jay, gave 
the club a talk on the importance of cheese-factories, and 
methods employed in the manufacture of cheese. The result 
of these discussions and talks was the association of several 
gentlemen, who purchased the '*01d Red Meeting-House" 
(see p. 130) of Augustus H. Swift, took it down and moved it 
to Goodridge's Corner during the winter. The parties inter- 
ested organized by the choice of the following officers : Presi- 
dent, Horatio A. B. Keyes ; Vice-President, Llewellyn Norton ; 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 395 

Secretary, Josiah Emery. A Board of Directors, consisting of 
John A. Stover, Truman Luce, Augustus H. Swift, William D. 
Mcintosh, and Hovey Thomas, was also chosen. In June 
following, the factory was built. The building was 24x28 
feet, two stories in height, and was furnished with a Ralph vat 
and the latest improved apparatus. The company divided its 
stock into twenty-five-dollar shares, and its factory was erected 
and furnished at a cost of $1300. The first season, the factory 
was in operation sixty-one days under the superintendency of 
Nathan Strickland and produced 7000 pounds of cured cheese, 
each cheese weighing 32 pounds on an average. These were 
marketed, principally at Farmington, for fifteen cents per 
pound. The total cost of manufacturing was three cents per 
pound. The State Legislature, by an act approved Feb. 3, 
1874, incorporated Horatio A. B. Kcyes, Hovey Thomas, 
Augustus H. Swift, William D. Mcintosh, Warren Bullen, 
Thomas Stevens, Alvarez N. Goodridgc, and Josiah Emery, with 
their associates, a body politic to be known as the Enterprise 
Cheese Manufacturing Company, with a maximum capital stock 
of $50CX). Under this charter the company organized by the 
choice of the following officers: President, Horatio A. B. 
Keyes ; Vice-President, Llewellyn Norton ; Secretary, Josiah 
Emery; Treasurer, Alvarez N. Goodridgc; Directors, William 
D. Mcintosh, Thomas Stevens and Hiram Titcomb. This year 
the company began the manufacture of cheese June ist, and 
the factory was in operation eighty-one days. This year the 
milk of one hundred cows, aggregating 1600 pounds per day, 
was received at the factory, and 14,000 pounds of cheese made 
during the season. The following year (1875), 7626 pounds 
of cheese was made, and about the same amount in 1876—7-8. 
But the company had found it necessary to hire a portion of 
the money required to build and fit up their factory. They were 
doing a good business and had paid the interest on the indebt- 
edness promptly, likewise something on the principal. But the 
several creditors becoming alarmed, sued and attached the 
property, which virtually put an end to all further operations, 
and the factory fell into disuse. 

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In the fall of 1872, two orders on the treasurer of Industry, 
amounting to $3100, were sent by mail to the First National 
Bank of Lewiston, Me., with the request that a part of their 
face value be advanced. These purported to have been given 
by the selectmen to Eli N. Oliver for expenses in the Betsey 
Nichols pauper case. The letter containing them was post- 
marked at Norridgewock, and requested that the remittance be 
sent to a certain hotel at West Farmington, obviously to a 
person under an assumed name. Suspicious that all was not 
right, the bank officials notified the selectmen, when it was 
discovered that the orders were base forgeries. At this time 
it would have been an easy matter to have detected the guilty 
party or parties, but the secret got abroad and the golden 
opportunity was lost. This event caused much excitement and 
a great deal of talk in Industry and vicinity. The topic reached 
such proportions at length, that a special town meeting was 
called to assemble at West's Mills, Dec. 7, 1872. After choos- 
ing Moses Bradbury, Moderator, Josiah Emery motioned that a 
reward of $200 be offered for the detection and conviction of 
the guilty parties, which was promptly seconded and unani- 
mously carried. Though some effort was made to earn the 
reward, it was never claimed, and the criminals escaped un- 

Rev. David Church, a gentleman of culture and fine literary 
tastes, was stationed at Industry in 1873 as pastor of the 
Methodist Church. While engaged in his pastoral labors, he 
conceived the idea of offering a prize for the best delivered 
declamation and holding the competitive test in the Union 
Church at West's Mills. This proposal was received with much 
favor, and Elder Church immediately set about perfecting his 
plans. The hearty support of many students and teachers was 
obtained, and a large number volunteered to compete for the 
prize. The date set for the exercises was Wednesday evening. 
F'eb. 12, 1873. The weather and sleighing being favorable, the 
attendance was large, filling the church to its utmost capacit)^ 
An orchestra was improvised for the occasion, and the decla- 
mations were interspersed with excellent music. Rev. Mr. 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 397 

Church acted as president of the evening, and Orville W. 
Collins, Stark, John G. Brown, New Sharon, and John Willis, 
Industry, were selected as awarding judges. The desk of the 
pulpit had been replaced by a convenient stage, on which were 
seated the president and adjudging committee, and from which 
the votaries of Demosthenes and Cicero delivered their orations. 
Among those present from abroad was Rev. Joseph Colby, 
Presiding Elder of Readfield District, who offered prayer at the 
commencement of the exercises. The programme in full was 
as follows : 



Discovery of America. — Everett. Henry D. Watson, Anson. 

Sheridan's Ride. — Read. John R. Luce, Industry.* 

The Pipes of Lucknow. Samuel Sherburne Day, Stark, 

Horatius at the Rridge. — Macaulay. Frank Pinkham, Anson. 

Extract. Joseph L. Coughlin, Industry. 
"The Skeeter" (a parody). Kred R. Trask, Nnv Sharon (aged 10 years). 

Assassination of President Lincoln. Adelbert C). Frederic, Stark. 

The Inebriate's Death-Bed. John H. Smith, Stark. 

Sparticus to the Gladiators. — Kellogg. Rol)ert Dana Trask, /Yew Sharon. 

Irish Aliens and English Victories. W. D. Morse, A>w/ Sharon. 

On the American War. — I^rd Chatham. James B. Greaton, Stark. 

Rum*s Maniac. — Allison. James E. Trask, New Sharon. 

Launching of the Ship. — Longfellow. Newton J. Jones, Farmington. 

Extract. Frank C. Stone, Ne7v Sharon. 

The Diver. — Schiller. Fred Bixby, Anson. 

Much ability was shown by the contestants in the rendering of 
their respective parts and the interest was sufficient to hold the 
close attention of the large and appreciative audience. So ex- 
cellent was every part that the committee found it no easy matter 
to determine which really was the best, but after carefully weigh- 
ing the matter the prize was awarded to James E. Trask, 
New Sharon, with honorable mention of James B. Greaton, 

The Centre Meeting-House had by long years of constant 
service fallen into a state of poor repair. At a meeting of the 
proprietors holden April 16, 1874, it was voted to raise $100 for 

* Absent. Omitted. 

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repairs by tax on pews. This tax was promptly assessed on the 
forty-seven pews which the house contained. During that year 
the roof was shingled, the outside nicely painted, and later the 
pews were cut down and modernized and the whole interior 
thoroughly remodeled. A fine Daniel F. Beatty organ was also 
purchased in 1878 and the house nicely furnished, and although 
not much used since the completion of Shorey Chapel, it is still a 
pleasant, attractive church. 

The Greenback party made its first appearance in American 
politics with the nomination of William Allen for governor of 
Ohio by the Democratic State Convention of 1874, in opposition 
to Rutherford B. Hayes, upon a platform containing a soft- 
money clause. This party made its first appearance in Maine 
with the introduction into the Democratic State Convention of 
1875, by Solon Chase,of Turner, a resolution containing this Ohio 
clause. This resolution was refused a passage. Before the next 
campaign Solon Chase established a Greenback newspaper, and 
a party was formed which nominated Almon Gage, of Lewiston, 
for governor, who received 520 votes. The next year their can- 
didate received 5,291 votes in the State, and in 1878 Joseph L. 
Smith received 41,371 votes for governor. The first votes cast 
by the Greenback party in Industry was at the gubernatorial 
election, Sept. 10, 1877, when 21 votes were polled for Henry C. 
Munson. On the evening of December 6th in that year, Solon 
Chase came to Industry and lectured on finance in the brick 
school-house at Allen's Mills. His sound logical arguments 
won many converts for the Greenback party, and the next year 
(1878) Joseph L. Smith received iii votes in town. The 
largest vote ever polled by the Greenback party in Industry was 
in 1879, when Joseph L. Smith received 130 votes for governor. 
There was a slight falling off from this at the two succeeding 
elections. But in the following years the party lost heavily, 
and in the course of time ceased to exist. 

The summer of 1875 witnessed one of the greatest scourges 
from the forest tent-caterpillar (Clisiocampa sylvatica, Harris) 
known in the history of the town. So numerous were they that 
whole orchards were as completely stripped of their foliage as 

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EVENTS FROM j866 TO 1893. 399 

they could have been by fire. So ravenous were these pests 
that maple and other shade-trees were attacked when the fruit- 
trees failed to supply the demands of their appetites. The next 
year (1876) orchards were again infested, but there seemed to 
be some diminution in number. Any orchard which chanced to 
escape in 1875 was sure to suffer in 1876. It was no uncommon 
sight to see, at evening, large windrows of these insects piled 
along fences and on buildings and trees. Strange as the state- 
ment may appear, it was currently reported that railroad travel 
was seriously impeded by these insects gathering on the iron 
rails in great numbers. 


In December, 1878, the inhabitants of West's Mills witnessed 
a freshet which is without a parallel in the history of the town. 
For some time previous to the lOth the ground had been deeply 
frozen, as it usually is at this season of the year. Snow began 
falling early on the morning of the 10th, and continued to fall 
until fully ten inches lay upon the ground. The snow was very 
damp and heavy, and sufficient in quantity to make good sleigh- 
ing. Towards night a warm rain set in, and by midnight but 
very little of this snow remained. As the ground was frozen, 
the water from the fast-melting snow ran off the surface into 
the brooks. At dark they were bank full, and a few hours* time 
was sufficient to swell their volume to a flood. Becoming 
alarmed for the safety of his property, Mr. James M. Norton 
summoned assistance and at about 10.30 P. M. commenced the 
removal of his stock from the stable just in front of his house. 
So strong was the current at this time that it was extremely 
hazardous to cross the road between the house and stable. A 
rope, made fast to a tree in front of the house, was stretched 
across the road and fastened to a post in the stable, by the aid 
of which the men crossed and re-crossed the road until cows, 
oxen and horses were removed to a place of safety. While 
thus engaged a heifer lost her footing and was carried some rods 
by the current and barely escaped being swept over a steep bluff 

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near the grist-mill. After the stock had been removed, Mr. 
Norton next gave the store, occupied by himself and brother, 
his attention. Already the water was on a level with the floor 
and was flowing under a door on the west side. Mr. Norton, 
aided by his assistants, commenced hoisting corn and other 
things, which the water might injure, to the second floor of his 
back store. Soon after midnight the dam of the grist and saw- 
mill gave way under the immense pressure brought to bear 
upon it, after which the water began to abate. At Charles M. 
Hilton's during the rise of the water matters also assumed a 
serious nature. His stable, which sat on very low ground, was 
filled with water to the depth of several feet. As his buildings 
were entirely surrounded by water, and the current was strong, 
the only place of safety which he could find for his cow and 
horse was by housing the former in his pig-pen and the latter 
in his woodhouse. These being connected with the house, 
were built at an elevation beyond reach of the water. Joseph 
Eveleth, with whom lived his aged mother and a sister, was 
completely isolated from the rest of the village, as it would have 
been extremely hazardous, if not impossible, to cross the street 
in any direction. By daylight the water had settled to the bank- 
level of the previous night. An examination revealed the fol- 
lowing casualties, among many others of minor importance: 
The dam of the grist and saw-mill was gone, the penstock of 
the former was also gone, and a large hole stove in the stone 
foundation. Several of James M. and Alonzo Norton's heavy 
lumbering sleds were gone, a portion of which were never 
found. A mowing-machine, minus the pole, standing just in 
front of J. Warren Smith's blacksmith shop, was swept away by 
the flood. A pile of boards some ten rods north of Norton's 
store was floated from beside the road nearly down to the Four 
Corners. J. Warren Smith's garden, near the mill-stream, was 
completely ruined by the wash of water, and James M. Norton's 
sustained serious damage from the same cause. A great amount 
of labor was required to repair the roads, which were also badly 
washed. A careful measurement showed the water to have 

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EVENTS FROAf 1866 TO 1893. 40 I 

been seventeen and one-fourth inches higher than it was during 
the freshet of 1 869. 

A drouth occurred in the summer of 1880, claimed by many 
to be fully equal in severity to that of 1825. During the month 
of June the amount of rainfall was small, and this soon evapor- 
ated beneath the rays of the hot summer sun. The roads 
became dry and oppressively dusty, while brooks and rills 
furnished only a limited supply of water. As time passed on, 
streams of considerable size began to get low, and at length 
became completely dry and wells began to fail. The flow of 
water in the mill-stream at West's Mills grew less and less, and 
at length entirely ceased. Wells in which the utmost confidence 
had heretofore been placed, failed, and as the drouth grew more 
and more intense, many residents of Industry found it necessary 
to drive their stock long distances to water, while for culinary 
and drinking purposes water was sometimes hauled nearly a 
mile. Fortunately no fires occurred in town during this pro- 
tracted drouth, which did not end until near the time winter 
set in. 


The year 1880 having been a prosperous one with the 
farmers of Industry, they decided to hold a show and fair for 
the exhibition of farm and household products at some conven- 
ient date during the fall. In accordance with their determi- 
nation, notice was given to all persons interested to meet at 
James M. and A. Norton's hall, at West's Mills, to choose officers 
and make necessary arrangements for the exhibition. A society 
was organized and the following officers elected: President, 
Col. Samuel W. Tinkham ; Vice-President, Melvin Viles ; Sec- 
retary, William C. Hatch ; Marshal, Josiah Emery. To some 
it may seem a little strange that a gentleman from an adjoining 
town should be selected as president, but as the colonel intended 
to exhibit largely at the proposed show, the office was bestowed 
upon him as a token of esteem. Saturday, October 9th, was 
set as the day for holding the show. The committee of arrange- 

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ments hired a field of James Oliver, at West's Mills, on the 
Stark road just east of John W. Frederic's house, and erected 
necessary stanchions and pens for the accommodation of the 
stock, — Messrs. Norton generously giving the use of their hall 
for the fair. The morning of October 9th dawned fair and 
bright, and at a seasonable hour cattle and sheep, horses and 
colts came pouring in from all parts of the town, as well as from 
the adjoining towns of Anson, Farmington and Stark, until by 
noon as large and handsome a display of stock was on the 
ground as is seldom seen at a town show. At the hall, which 
was under the immediate supervision of Eli N. Oliver and lady, 
the display of farm produce, fancy and useful manufactured 
articles, butter, cheese, etc., was large and of an excellent quality, 
and the hall was constantly thronged with people. Among the 
many exhibitors of neat stock we will mention the following : 
Eli N. Oliver, John Willis, William Henry Luce, Wesley N. 
Luce, Benjamin W. Norton, Lorenzo Watson, Samuel C. Rand, 
Peter W. Merry, Curtis Pinkham, Benjamin P. Look, Fred 
Jeffcrs, and last but by no means least, James M. and A. Norton. 
Sheep : William H. Luce, Peter W. Merry, Melvin Viles, John 
C. Pratt, Benjamin W. Norton, and Lorenzo Watson. Horses 
and Colts: J. M. and A. Norton, Elias H. Yeaton, A. N. Good- 
ridge, Melvin Viles, Albert H. Huntoon, etc. On the whole the 
show was a decided success. 

Not until the fall of 1884 did the Industry Agricultural 
Society hold its second annual show and fair. On Saturday, 
Sept. 13, 1864, the members met at the school-house at West's 
Mills, and organized for the season by choosing Holmes H. 
Bailey, of Industry, president, and William C. Hatch, secretary. 
The society voted to award preferences, and effected a radical 
change by electing a board of five trustees and authorizing them 
to appoint the awarding committees and make all necessary 
arrangements for the coming show. These trustees were Col. 
Samuel W. Tinkham, of Anson; Joseph H. Sayer, Benjamin 
W. Norton, and Eben S. Ladd, of Industry ; George M. Hatch, 
of Farmington. Joseph Elder was elected marshal, and Rosal- 
vin Robbins collector and treasurer. The society's advertising 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 403 

bills this year (1884) contained the names of the awarding 
committees, and the exhibits were classed in three separate 
divisions, and these divisions were sub-divided into twenty 
classes. Tuesday, September 30th, the day set for the show, 
was very fine and the exhibition was pronounced a decided 
success. There were one hundred and seventeen entries of neat 
stock alone, while the other departments were equally well 

The next year the society retained its old board of officers 
with the exception of its president and one trustee, who asked 
to be excused, and these vacancies were filled by the election 
of John Willis as president, and Orrin W. Greaton, of Stark, 
as trustee, vice Benjamin W. Norton, resigned. 

The third annual show and fair of the society occurred on 
Tuesday, Oct. 13, 1885, and although rather late in the season, 
the weather was very favorable and all things considered it was 
the best show ever held by the society. Never was a better 
exhibit of fruit, vegetables and dairy products seen in Industry 
than graced the tables in Norton's Hall on that day. Among 
the most extensive exhibitors of fruit were Alvarez N. Good- 
ridge, who made a fine display of twenty-seven varieties of 
apples and ten of grapes, Thomas Stevens, with fourteen 
varieties, William W. Campbell, Horatio A. B. Keyes, Lorenzo 
Watson, Charles W. Cookson, Herbert B. Luce, etc. The 
entries in the stock department were more numerous than on 
the previous year, and everything passed off in a pleasing and 
satisfactory manner. 


Late Saturday afternoon, before the celebration on the fol- 
lowing Monday, news reached our village of the shooting of 
President Garfield, which, with the expectation that every hour 
would bring the sad intelligence of his death, caused the day to 
be one of sorrow rather than of joy. 

Eli N. Oliver was chosen president of the day, and Josiah 
Emery ser\'ed as marshal. The Anson Cornet Band had been 

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engaged for the occasion, and at an early hour was on the 
ground. The stars and stripes were flung to the breeze, and 
at 9 o'clock A. M. the exercises commenced with a street-parade 
of the ** Ancients and Honorables," led by the cornet band. 
This parade afforded the children considerable amusement, and 
some of the older ones opened their eyes in wonderment when, 
trudging along in the rear of the procession, came a queerly- 
dressed character on a pair of tall stilts. 

At 10.30 a procession of citizens, headed by the veterans 
of the late Civil War and led by the band, marched to the 
grove near James Oliver's. Here a stand for the speaker and 
officers of the day had been erected, and after an opening 
prayer by Rev. John W. Perry, Virgil L. Craig, of Farmington, 
delivered a very able address, which was listened to with marked 
attention. At one o'clock the great event of the day, the bal- 
loon ascension, was to take place. These balloons, two in 
number, made of tissue paper, were to be inflated with hot 
air. The larger one accidentally took fire in the process of 
inflation, and being of such light material was reduced to a 
mass of charred cinders in less than a moment's time. The 
second was successfully inflated, however, and sailed majestically 
away. It afterwards took fire and burned in the air. This was 
probably the first balloon ascension which had ever occurred 
in town, and without doubt its course was watched by a thousand 
persons who never saw a similar sight. The foot-race and other 
minor features of the programme were carried out to the satis- 
faction of all present. Not a single instance of intoxication was 
observed during the day, which was greatly to the credit of all 
concerned. The expenses of the occasion were defrayed by the 
citizens of our town, who contributed liberally for the purpose. 


It was seldom that an alarm of fire disturbed the quiet of 
the little village of West's Mills, but on one unfortunate even- 
ing, just as the villagers were retiring for the night, the church 
bell pealed out an alarm the meaning of which could not be 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 405 

mistaken. The account of the fire given below was prepared 
by the author and published in the Farmington Herald soon 
after the occurrence of the event it portrays : 

At about 8.30 p. M. on the evening of Aug. 26, 1881, fire was discov- 
ered in the barn owned by John Willis. The alarm spread rapidly, as 
did also the fire, and in an incredibly short time the whole barn was a 
mass of flame. The house was connected with the bam by an ell, wood- 
house and sheep-shed, the upper part of the latter being filled with hay. 
Through these the fire swept with the speed of a race-horse, and com- 
municating with the main house that, too, in a short time was enveloped 
in flame. Mr. Willis's stable next shared the fate of the house and 
barn, quickly followed by the Union Church.* A perfect shower of 
burning shingles and cinders were rained down on the adjoining build- 
ings of Messrs. Eben S. Ladd, Alonzo Norton, and Rev. John W. Perry ; 
these, as it seemed impossible to save them from destruction, were 
cleared of their contents, and the furniture, etc., removed to a place of 
safety. At the same time a score of willing hands procured ladders 
and pails and commenced one of the most determined battles ever 
fought against the destroying element, and by their united and unre- 
mitting efibrts further destruction was prevented. Mr. Willis loses 
heavily by the fire, but it is almost impossible to give anything like an 
accurate estimate of the amount. Among the property destroyed was 
his entire crop of hay and grain, three cows, thirty cords of wood, all 
their winter clothes and bedding, glass, china, silverware, etc. There 
was an insurance of $1000 on the property, but this is a small fraction 
of the entire loss. There was no insurance on the church, and its 
destruction is a dead loss to the society. Extensive repairs- had just 
been completed, which made it one of the most pleasant country 
churches to be found. 

In the fall of 1883 the town was visited by a bear, which 
committed many depredations among the farmers in the north- 
ern part of Industry, such as killing sheep and lambs and strip- 
ping apple-trees of their fruit. At length these acts of plunder 
became much too frequent to render sheep-raising profitable to 

♦ A somewhat singular circumstance occurred during the burning of this struc- 
ture: While the belfry was enveloped in flame and the crowd were expectantly 
watching to see the bell fall, the giving way of a burning timber caused it to lurch 
slightly to one side and give forth a low, distinct peal, thus tolling its own knell. 


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some, and considerable excitement prevailed in the neighbor- 
hood where the losses occurred. Several women and children 
who were blackberrying on one occasion were nearly frightened 
out of their senses by Sir Bruin. At another time he was seen 
by Hosea W. Emery and Amos Stetson, Jr., in the very act of 
killing and devouring a nice fat lamb. Later in the fall it is 
believed that the animal went away, as nothing was seen or 
heard of him for several years. Early in the summer of i888 
Charles A. Eveleth, who had recently moved on to the John O. 
Rackliff farm, missed eleven sheep from his flock. A careful 
search brought to light seven pelts and one sheep badly maimed 
Those acquainted with the habits of that animal, pronounced it 
unmistakably the work of a bear or bears. Tracks of his 
bearship were occasionally seen during the summer in the soft 
mud near his most frequented haunts, but no one got a glimpse 
of the animal. On Friday morning, Nov. ii, 1888, Eugene L. 
and Fred W. Smith discovered his track in the newly-fallen 
snow near the base of Boardman Mountain. In company with 
their father, Joseph W. Smith, they followed the track until the 
darkness of night compelled them to desist. Once during the 
day bruin crossed the track of his pursuers in a manner that 
showed him to be not far in advance of them. The next day the 
same party followed him through New Vineyard to New Port- 
land and back to the place of starting in Industry. Relays of 
men and boys kept up the chase for nearly a week, and though 
sometimes seen in open land far ahead of his pursuers, no one 
got a shot at him, although reports reached town to the effect 
that he had been killed in Freeman by John Luce of that 
town. At length it became impossible to track him in the fast- 
disappearing snow, and the chase was reluctantly abandoned. 

For many nights during the fall of 1883 a peculiar luminous 
appearance of the sky was noticed after sunset and before sun- 
rise in the morning. Through the day, and more especially in 
the afternoon, the sun seemed to be obscured by a thin veil of a 
dull leaden hue, which, as the sun receded towards the horizon. 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 4^7 

became more luminous ; first the color would be a pale yellow, 
then changing to orange and afterwards to a brilliant red, which 
gradually faded to a dull purple. This unusual phenomenon 
occasioned considerable solicitude and anxiety among the peo- 
ple of Industry as well as elsewhere, and various speculations as 
to its origin were indulged in. Some claimed this luminous 
appearance to be only the ordinary sunset reflections, but this 
idea was refuted by the fact that they continued for a much 
longer time after sunset than such reflections were ever known 
to. Others claimed that this veil was composed of meteoric 
dust which reflected the rays of the sun, while a few held that 
the earth was passing through the tail of an immense unseen 
comet. The writer is not aware that the question has ever been 
satisfactorily settled. As time passed on the occurrence grew 
less and less frequent, and in the course of a few months ceased 
to be a topic of popular comment. 

THE GALE OF NOV. 12, 1 883. 
The following account of this gale was written by the author 
of this volume for the Franklin Journal, a local newspaper 
published at Farmington, Me., and appeared in the issue of Nov. 
1 7, 1 883 : " We were visited on Monday last by one of the most 
terrific gales ever witnessed, even by our oldest citizens. Al- 
though no one in this locality sustained any personal injury, yet 
much damage was done to property by breaking of windows, 
blowing down fences, unroofing of barns, out-buildings, etc. 
The gale commenced early Monday morning, but did not attain 
its greatest violence until after sunset Monday evening. By 
nine o'clock in the evening the gale had attained the strength of 
a hurricane, and dwellings, never before affected by the wind, 
trembled and swayed in a frightful manner. Bricks were dis- 
lodged from substantially-built chimneys and fell upon the roof 
with great din, while the air seemed full of flying branches of 
trees, dirt and even small stones. Many, anxious for the safety 
of their property, extended their vigils far into the small hours 
of the night, and even stock, carefully housed, seemed appre- 
hensive of danger. During the night a portion of the roof was 

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blown from Joseph H. Sayer's * hundred-foot barn.* An English 
poplar was blown down on the Deacon Ira Emery place and 
another on the farm of Francis S. Rogers. A portion of Mr. 
Rogers's barn was also unroofed, as were likewise the barns of 
Ward Burns and Hiram Look. Three windows were demolished 
in the Esquire Peter West house at West's Mills. Joseph W. 
Smith's stable and house were damaged to the amount of twenty- 
five or thirty dollars. A shed connected with John Willis's sheep 
barn was moved from its foundation and otherwise badly 
damaged. At George W. Johnson's a large hay-rack was blown 
several rods, smashing a picket fence in its course, and much 
other damage was done on the premises. Probably within a 
radius of five miles from West's Mills the damage done would 
amount to more than a thousand dollars. At sunrise Tuesday 
morning the fury of the gale began to abate, and by sunset it 
was almost a dead calm." 

The predicted perihelion of the four great planets of the 
solar system, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, began to 
attract attention about 1872. At that time Dr. Knapp, who had 
studied the history of great epidemics, claimed that in every 
instance he had traced them to perihelia of these planets. The 
Science of Health, a New York health Journal, in its issue for 
April gives a summary of Dr. Knapp's theory without any 
comment or expression of opinion. Other publications took up 
the subject and spread these reports broadcast over the land. 
In many instances the matter was greatly exaggerated by a class 
of sensational writers, who reveled in whatever savored of the 
supernatural. One of these writers averred that these four 
planets had not been in perihelion since the beginning of the 
christian era. This the London Telegraph subsequently claimed 
to be incorrect and stated that all four were in perihelion in 
1708. Notwithstanding the calm, candid tone of this and a 
few other papers, many whose "bump of credulity" was 
largely developed accepted the statements of Dr. Knapp as 
gospel truth. As the time of perihelion drew near, a few were 
almost overcome with fear, believing the end of the world was at 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 409 

hand. The date which someone had set for the final winding 
up of all things terrestrial was Saturday, June 18, 1881. On 
that night not a few passed the time, or at least a portion of 
it, in anxious watching, and not until Sunday morning dawned 
did they breathe easily. The perihelial influences brought no 
epidemic or dire calamity upon the citizens of Industry, and 
now even the most timorous ones can look back and smile at 
their credulity. 

At its annual meeting, March 2, 1885, the town voted to 
purchase a poor-farm, and instructed a committee, then ap- 
pointed, consisting of Franklin W. Patterson, George VV. John- 
son, and George Manter, to negotiate for some suitable set of 
buildings and land for that purpose. They failed, however, 
to appropriate any money for this purpose, consequently the 
measure was not carried out. 

The citizens residing in the vicinity of Goodridge's Corner 
met at the school-house on Saturday evening, Dec. 29, 1883, 
and organized a society for mutual improvement in public 
speaking and debate. This organization adopted the name of 
Industry Centre Literary Society, and held its meetings on 
Saturday evening of each week. The officers elected on the 
organization of the society were: President, John T. Luce: 
Vice-President, Elmer O. Goodridge; Secretary, Lucien W. 
Goodridge. This society held regular meetings through the fall 
and winter months up to Jan. 6, 1888, when they abruptly 
ceased. During its existence the society held frequent debates 
and conducted all their proceedings in accordance with parlia- 
mentary rules. The practice here gained has already proved of 
great value to the members, and it is to be regretted that the 
organization could not have been sustained. 


One September evening in the fall of 1886, a number of 
the most enterprising farmers living in the vicinity of Allen's 
Mills met for the purpose of discussing the subject of organ- 
izing a local agricultural society, the object of which should be 
to hold an exhibition each season at some convenient place. 

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All seeming to favor the proposition, an organization was 
effected by choosing Horatio A. B. Keyes, Industry, president; 
John M. Craig, Farmington, vice-president, and Herbert B. 
Luce, Industry, secretary and treasurer. A board of five 
trustees, consisting of Newell P. Luce and Fred A. Allen, of 
Industry, Ira Blanchard and George B. Jennings, of Farmington, 
and John Smelledge, of New Sharon, was also elected. The 
trustees decided to hold their first exhibition at Allen's Mills, 
on Saturday, Oct. 9, 1886. A good degree of interest was 
shown, and all preliminary work was seasonably and faithfully 
done. The day was all that one could desire, and the exhibits 
were numerous and of a superior quality. Through the able 
management of its efficient board of officers, the show was a 
most successful one and would have done credit to any locality. 
Fully 250 head of neat stock was on the ground, while other 
branches of stock husbandry were well represented. Judging 
from its first exhibition, the outlook for the Allen's Mills Union 
Agricultural Society is very promising. Exhibitions were held 
the two succeeding years with a good degree of success. But 
since the fall of 1888 no exhibition has been held by the 

For several days prior to Jan. 26, 1888, indications of an 
approaching storm had been observed and duly promulgated 
by the local weather prophets, and on Wednesday evening an 
immense halo surrounded the moon and its brightness was 
dimmed by a dense hazy atmosphere. Even at this time no 
one dreamed of the nearness of such an unparalleled storm. 
Early Thursday morning, Jan. 26, 1888, the storm set in with 
a strong breeze from the northeast. The snow fell so fast that 
by 1 1 o'clock A. M. the roads were rendered impassable, and 
the mail due at West's Mills on that hour failed to arrive. 
During the afternoon the wind increased to a gale, and the fast- 
falling snow was piled into huge drifts as it fell. The cold was 
intense, and the severity of the storm and huge drifts almost 
completely isolated even near neighbors in the villages. About 
midnight the storm ceased, the wind changed to the west and 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 41 1 

blew a piping gale all through the following day. At noon on 
Friday the thermometer indicated four degrees below zero. 
Saturday morning the wind having abated, the services of every 
available man and boy were called into requisition to open the 
roads. Fully three days were required to open them in Industry, 
and the expense was estimated at upward of $500. This storm 
was pronounced the worst for many years, and is generally 
known as "the great blizzard," and as such it will long be 

The summer of 1889 will long be remembered for the 
unusual amount of its rainfall and the almost complete failure of 
the potato crop. The early summer had been characterized by 
frequent and copious rains. These continued with slight varia- 
'tion all through the autumnal months. Near the close of July, 
a protracted period of warm, muggy weather occurred, and by 
the 4th of August the potato vines were as dead as if blighted 
by a severe frost. At that time but very few if any of the 
tubers had reached maturity, and this condition no doubt 
favored the rot which set in soon after the death of the tops. 
The quantity harvested was in many instances insufficient for 
the farmer's own use, and the tubers were for the most part 
small and immature, and when cooked, poor and soggy. 


For a long time after the burning of the Union Church at 
West's Mills the energies of the people seemed paralyzed, and 
no effort was made to rebuild the burned structure. The house 
destroyed had been erected by the joint efforts of the several 

♦ This storm caused a general suspension of railway travel in Norlhern New 
England, and gave a good deal of trouble on the lines as far south as Pennsylvania. 
The most severe portion of the storm was confined to Western Maine, New Hamp- 
shire, Vermont, and Western Massachusetts. In Farmington Village, on Broadway 
and Main Street drifts from four to six feet deep blocked the sture entrances and 
caused a suspension of all travel. All the incoming Maine Central trains were can- 
celed, and the first to arrive was at 2 o'clock r. M., on Saturday, followed l)y the 
regular passenger train seven hours later. Conductor Locke's mixed train was 
snowed in at Crowley's; Conductor Healey's train, Friday, was four hours on the road 
from Brunswick to Lewiston. 

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religious denominations existing in the vicinity. As time passed 
on some of these societies sustained heavy losses from deaths 
and removals until for many years previous to the fire none 
but the Methodist society held regular services there. This 
society was by no means a wealthy one, though it had managed 
to sustain preaching regularly and keep out of debt. But ex- 
pensive repairs on the parsonage in 1878 and on the church 
just prior to the fire had proved a heavy tax on the purses of 
many, and left the society and people in poor circumstances to 
meet the exigencies of the present case. 

Late in the fall of 1882 a meeting of the original proprietors 
was called. At this meeting, after voting to rebuild, the propri- 
etors proceeded to perfect an organization by electing all neces- 
sary officers. Committees were chosen to revise the constitution 
and prepare plans for the proposed structure, for approval of 
the corporation. The second meeting of the proprietors was 
held at the West's Mills school-house on Tuesday evening, Nov. 
28, 1882. At that meeting Benjamin W. Norton in behalf of 
the committee presented the revised constitution, which after a 
few additions and some alterations was adopted. The plan of a 
new house was presented by Eli N. Oliver, which seemed to 
meet the approval of all present. Agreeably to the resolutions 
of the meeting, a committee consisting of Franklin W. Patterson, 
James M. Norton, Rev. Luther P. French, Augustus H. Swift, 
Hovey Thomas, Calvin B. Fish, Warren Cornforth, George VV. 
Johnson and Ariel T. Tinkham was chosen to solicit subscrip- 
tions. Notwithstanding the harmonious feelings existing among 
members of the organization, the new church failed to materialize. 
Time passed on, the Methodist society led a nomadic life, wor- 
shipping in school-house and halls. Ministers came, served 
their allotted pastorate and went away again. The urgent need 
of a church was a frequent topic of conversation and admitted 
by all, but here the matter ended. 

The Methodist Conference of Maine, at its annual session in 
the spring of 1887, sent Rev. John R. Masterman* to the Indus- 

*JoHN Kor.KRTsoN Mastrkman, through whose untiring labors Wesl^s Mills 
rebuilt its burned church, was born in Weld, Me., July 28, 1837, ^"^^ ^** ^^ ***" ^^ 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 4^3 

try circuit. Elder Masterman was a gentleman of great energy 
and rare executive ability. As soon as he was fairly established 
in his new home he directed his attention to the matter of a new 
church. Early in August while in conversation with Richard 
Caswell, one of his parishioners, that gehtleman remarked, *< I 
will give seventy-five dollars toward erecting a church in this 
village." On the strength of this statement a subscription paper 
was drawn up and circulated, soliciting funds to build a free-seated 
Methodist church at West's Mills. Warren Cornforth, George W. 
Johnson and Franklin W. Patterson followed Mr. Caswell's ex- 
ample and each subscribed a similar sum. The work of soliciting 
funds was vigorously prosecuted through the labors of Rev. 
John R. Masterman, assisted by Richard Caswell and others, and 
once started in the work of soliciting, the prospects of the enter- 
prise grew brighter and brighter every day, and substantial aid 
was frequently received from unexpected sources. First among 
these surprises was a gift to the society of a superb Wilcox & 
White cabinet-organ from Twitchell, Champlin & Co., wholesale 
grocers, of Portland, Me. A little later a munificent cash pres- 
ent of $225 was received from Mr. and Mrs. Alanson C. Burce, 
of Minneapolis, Minn. Ere long a sufficient sum had been 
secured to assure the success of the enterprise, and on the 29th 
day of October the Methodist Quarterly Conference which met 
at Stark, appointed Warren Cornforth, Samuel C. Rand, Ben- 
jamin H. Luce, Calvin B. Fish, George W. Johnson, James M. 
Norton and Franklin W. Patterson a building committee to 
superintend the construction of the proposed structure. 

The first meeting of the committee was held at Norton's 
Hall on Saturday evening, Nov. 5, 1887, and was largely attended 

Ira and Susan D. (Robertson) Masterman. Early in life he entertained views wholly 
at variance with the Bible and Christianity, but was converted in 1854, at the age of 
17 years, and joined the Christian Band. Was licensed to preach Sept. 14, 1856. lie 
joined the M. E. Church in the fall of 1858 and soon after was licensed to preach by 
that denomination. He was admitted to the Maine Conference in 1866, and since that 
time, with the exception of four years, has been in active itinerant service. Previous 
to coming to Industry circuit he had been largely instrumental in erecting a union 
church at Kingfield, and also built a Methodist house of worship while stationed on 
Belgrade circuit. 


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by interested citizens. The committee proceeded to organize 
by choosing James M. Norton, president, Franklin W. Patterson, 
secretary, Calvin B. Fish, treasurer, and Warren Cornforth, col- 
lector. The committee immediately closed contracts for the 
granite with Asa Q. and Calvin B. Fish, and with George \V. 
Johnson for the necessary lumber. Hovey Thomas was engaged 
to put up and board the frame as soon as the lumber was ready 
in the spring. 

A lot for the new house had been previously selected and 
engaged of James Oliver, and Nov. 15, 1887, the society took 
a deed of the land and two days later the lot was surveyed and 
the boundaries established. The sills were cut and hewn before 
the snow fell in the fall, and many of the preliminary arrange- 
ments made. During the winter and spring many became dis- 
satisfied with the lot purchased of Mr, Oliver in consequence of 
the wet and heavy condition of the soil. At this juncture an ad- 
vantageous offer was made the society by Franklin W. Patterson, 
which was accepted by a unanimous vote of the subscribers to 
the building fund. On the 18th day of June, 1888, the work of 
clearing the lot was begun, and on the following day a large 
party of men and boys broke ground for the cellar. Consider- 
able enthusiasm prevailed, and under the direction of Samuel 
C. Rand, who had been specially selected to take care of digging 
and stoning the cellar, work proceeded rapidly. In due time 
the cellar was completed, granite dressed, sills framed and in 
position, and by July 4th the walls were up and nearly boarded. 
At this point it was deemed expedient to suspend work until 
the hay crop had been harvested. Work was resumed at the 
earliest possible moment, and soon the roof was raised and 
covered. The committee then engaged Edward A. Maxim, of 
Madison, to build the tower and superintend the finishing 
of the outside. The committee were very fortunate in their 
selection of Mr. Maxim as master workman, and the beauty 
of the exterior is a credit to his skill and judgment. The 
outside was finished late in the fall of 1888, and finding 
their funds exhausted and not wishing to incur any indebted- 
ness, the committee deemed it advisable to suspend work until 

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EVENTS FROM i866 TO 1893. 4^5 

from some source the treasury should be replenished. At that 
time the interior was partially lathed and some other work had 
been done. Upon the dismissal of the workmen, Rev. John R. 
Masterman voluntarily took up the work and only ceased his 
labors when the interior was ready for the masons. 

Through the solicitations of the pastor, ably seconded by 
those of Rev. George C. Andrews, Presiding Elder, the Maine 
Methodist Conference, in the spring of 1889, voted the West's 
Mills society the benefit of its Church Aid fund for that year, 
from which source $180.79 was realized, and but for this 
opportune aid the work of finishing the church must have been 
greatly delayed. From the following churches a donation of 
five dollars or more was received : 



North Anson, t 5.00 



Portland, Chestnut Street 

Church, 12,00 

Conway, N. H., 


Portland, Congress Street 

Church, 7.00 



Skowhegan, 6.50 
South Berwick, 6.00 

Mt. Vernon, 


Waterville, 15.00 
Wilton, 5.40 
Woodfords, 5.00 

Nearly contemporaneous with the starting of the subscription 
paper, the ladies of West's Mills and vicinity began looking 
about to see in what manner they could best aid in erecting the 
proposed new house of worship. As the result a Ladies* 
Circle was organized on Tuesday evening, Nov. 15, 1887, and 
the following officers elected : President, Miss Ellen A. Frederic ; 
Vice-President, Miss Eva L. Luce ; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Mrs. James M. Norton. A good degree of success attended 
the circle from the very first, and although the fees charged at 
their suppers and entertainments were merely nominal, a con- 
siderable sum was raised in this manner. From these funds 
was purchased and set up, at a cost of seventy-five dollars, one 
of the Doran Furnace Co.'s furnaces, known as the Siberian 
Heater. In addition to this, the circle rendered the building 
committee substantial and opportune aid in other directions. 

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Franklin W, Patterson- and Alonzo Sawtelle completed the 
chimney June 24th, and on the following day Cyrus A. Thomas 
& Sons, of Farmington, began plastering the walls. Early in 
August, Rev. John R. Masterman and Rufus Jennings began 
the work of finishing the interior. The completion of this 
work again found the society destitute of funds, and the interior 
yet to be painted. 

Here, as in previous emergencies, aid came from an unex- 
pected source. One pleasant morning, Mrs. John R. Master- 
man, wife of the pastor, started out with a subscription paper 
soliciting contributions to aid in painting. Her efforts were so 
successful that in a very short time sufficient money was obtained 
to pay for the paint and leave a small balance toward paying 
the painter. Robert Campbell, of Farmington, was employed 
to paint and grain the interior of the house, which he did in a 
skilful manner, and to the satisfaction of all concerned. 

The Methodist Society at Farmington, with characteristic 
generosity, presented the West's Mills church a number of 
pew-cushions taken from their church at the time it was burned 
in the fall of 1886. With a small amount of labor these were 
fitted to the pews by the ladies, and they proved no small 
addition to the comfort and beauty of the edifice. The house 
is 34x40 feet on the ground, with fifteen feet posts. The spire, 
which rises from the southwest corner, is fifty-nine feet tall, 
exclusive of weather-vane. The main entrance is in the south 
end, directly under the tower, and opens into an entry 8x10 
feet; two doors lead from the entry, one to the audience room, 
30x34 feet, the other on the right opens into the vestry, 10x22 
feet ; this is connected with the main house by means of folding 
doors. At the eastern extremity of this room is a flight of 
winding stairs leading to a room over and of the same size as 
the vestry. This room has conveniences for setting up a stove, 
and can be used as a kitchen in event of a church festival, or 
to augment the seating capacity of the church, with which it is 
connected with two large windows that can be raised as occasion 
requires. With the exception of this room, the whole interior 
is grained in ash, effectively set off by the judicious use of walnut 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 4^7 

stain for prominent mouldings, etc. The faithful labors and 
untiring interest manifested by Chairman James M. Norton and 
other members of the building committee, also Rev. John R. 
Masterman, the family and friends of George W. Johnson, 
Mrs. Warren Cornforth, and others, are worthy of all praise 
and to them, in no small measure, is due the success of the 

Tuesday, Feb. 1 1, 1890, was the time set for the dedicatory 
services, and a more beautiful day could not have been had. 
The sky was cloudless and the sleighing excellent. Under 
such favorable circumstances, it does not seem so very strange 
that a large number were in attendance. Among the clergymen 
who were present and participated in the services were Rev. 
Wilber F. Berry, of Farmington; Rev. Henry Crockett, of 
Kingfield, a former pastor ; Rev. George C. Andrews, Presiding 
Elder of the Augusta District, and Rev. John R. Masterman, 
the present pastor. Among the congregation, bowed down by 
the weight of his many years but still possessing a retentive 
memory, was Samuel Remick, of Stark, who sixty years before 
had attended the dedicatory services of the Union Church at 
West's Mills. Although on that occasion the house was packed 
to its utmost capacity, nearly all' had gone over to ** the silent 
majority." Of the remaining few, so far as the writer can learn, 
Mr. Remick was the only one present. 

Settees were brought from Norton's Hall and chairs from 
the neighboring houses, and by the hour appointed for the 
services the church was completely filled. The services, which 
began at 2 o'clock P. M., were both interesting and impressive. 
Much care and attention had been bestowed upon the details of 
the programme, and its general excellence was a credit to Rev. 
John R. Masterman, by whom it was prepared. 


1. Singing. Anthem: " Praise Ye the Lord." Choir. 

2. Introductory Remarks. Rev. John R. Masterman. 

3. Singing : " The Old Bell."* Choir. 

* The cast-steel bell saved from the old house was the only thing that could be 
utilized for the new. This hymn was arranged for the occasion by Elder Masterman 
and sung in commemoration of the fact. 

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4. Report of Building Committee. James M. Norton. 

5. Singing. Choir. 

6. Scripture Reading. Rev. George C. Andrews. 

7. Prayer. Rev. Henry Crockett. 

8. Reading of Discipline. Rev. Wilber F. Berry. 

9. Singing. Choir. 

10. Collection. Rev. George C. Andrews. 

11. Prayer and Sermon. Rev. George C. Andrews. 

12. Presentation of Church to Society for Dedication by Chairman of Board of 

Trustees. Franklin W. Patterson. 

13. Dedicatory Service. Revs. George C. Andrews and Wilber F. Berry. 

14. Dedicatory Prayer. Rev. W. F. Berry. 

15. Singing Doxology. Congregation. 

16. Benediction by the Pastor. Rev. John R. Masterman. 

James M. Norton, chairman of the building committee, 
reported as follows : 

Received on subscription paper dated Aug. 5, 1887, {992.60 

Of Ladies' Circle, 131,88 

Church Aid Fund, 180.79 
Subscription for paint and painting, Mrs. 

Masterman, 3 1 .00 

From sale of the Union Meeting- House lot, 20.00 

By sale of stove, 2.00 

In labor and material from individuals, 96.78 
From Harrison Daggett and Eugene L. Smith 

for vane,* 19.00 

By letter method, 26.61 

For land sold to Ellen A. Frederic, 25.00 

LiabiHties in excess of resources, 22.00 

Total cost of house, $1547.66 

Music for the occasion was furnished by a choir composed 
of the following persons, viz. : Miss Lilla Masterman, alto ; Mrs. 
John R. Masterman and Mrs. Alonzo Norton, soprano ; Rufus 
Jennings, tenor, and Messrs. John R. Masterman and Harrison 
Daggett, bass, with Miss Carrie L. Norton, organist. 

* This vane was bought with funds raised by subscription, J. Warren Smith gen- 
erously donating five dollars. The vane was three feet in length, known as the ban- 
nerette style, and was placed on the spire on Monday, Nov. 5, 1888, by Melvin A. 
Burns, a painter who chanced to be stopping in the village. 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 419 

Every detail of the programme was carried out successfully, 
and the dedicatory exercises were much enjoyed by all present. 
The sermon was pointed and practical and, taken as a whole, an 
eminently able discourse. The completion and opening of the 
new church for public worship at once gave a powerful impetus 
to church attendance, and the accruing good results on the 
morals of the community are hardly to be estimated. 

The spring of 1890 was noted for being one of the coldest 
and most backward in a long series of years. Added to this a 
protracted series of cold heavy rains prevented many farmers 
from completing their spring's work until near the middle of 
June, while a few were at work on their tillage as late as the 
twenty-first of June. Occasionally a piece of land would be 
found too wet to cultivate, and from this cause many acres lay 
idle through the succeeding summer. Even after the seed was 
in the ground germination proved to be a very slow process, 
and re-planting in some instances became necessary. 


Tuesday, July 8, 1890, was an unusually hot day. During a 
large part of the season the weather had been cool and agree- 
able, but on the day in question the mercury rose steadily until 
it ranged from 90 to 95 degrees in the shade, varying according 
to the locality. To add to the discomfort of sweltering human- 
ity scarcely a breath of air was stirring to relieve the awful 
intensity of the heat. During the afternoon dark and threaten- 
ing clouds were observed rising above the western horizon ; as 
this was no uncommon occurrence during the hottest days of 
summer no notice was taken of the matter. These huge masses 
of sullen clouds remained almost motionless in the western sky 
for several hours. Then, as if having gained motive power from 
their own inactivity, they began to rise, towering higher and 
higher in the heavens. On and on came the storm, the leaden 
black clouds rolling volume on volume, driven by some unper- 
ceived power. The sight was truly grand and appalling! A 
wilight gloom settled over the land, and the little birds ceased 

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their singing and sought shelter from the coming storm. Driven 
by an irresistible wind, thick clouds of dust, mingled with leaves 
and branches of trees, and even small gravel stones, filled the 
air and added to the gloom which enshrouded the land. The 
rain now fell in torrents, while the roar of the wind, the inces- 
sant flashing of the lightning and the pealing thunder presented 
a scene of weird and striking grandeur. The tornado began at 
six o'clock P. M., and lasted about thirty minutes, but in that 
brief period many valuable shade, field and forest trees were 
uprooted, while others were seriously injured by having large 
branches twisted from their trunks. The roads in many places 
were rendered impassable, so thickly were they strewn with 
fallen trees. But aside from the demolition of a barn in the 
northern part of the town, owned by Thomas M. Oliver, build- 
ings in Industry escaped with slight injury. Other towns were 
less fortunate in this respect, and great damage was done to 
property, such as farm-buildings and fences, as well as to fruit 
and shade trees. The lattice-work railroad bridge, 150 feet 
long, across the Sandy River at Phillips, was lifted from its 
foundation and dashed to kindling wood by the gale. At 
Winthrop, Me., the steeple was blown from the Methodist 
Church, and falling through the roof of a neighboring house, 
so injured an aged lady that she died soon after the accident. 
Had the surface of Maine been unbroken by hill or forest, 
this tornado must have reached the intensity of a western 

A new disease made its appearance in the fall of 1889, ^^^ 
prevailed widely as an epidemic during the following winter, 
and also during the succeeding winters of 1 891—2.* This 

♦The ravages of this disease in an adjoining State during the winter of 1 89 1-2 
is vividly pictured in the subjoined editorial clipped from the Manchester (X. H.) 
Mirror : There is always a tendency to overestimate the extent and effects of a 
widespread epidemic, especially in a community that reads newspapers extensively, 
for the disposition to state things quite as strongly as the facts will warrant is not one 
in which newspaper reporters and editors are generally lacking, but we question 
whether the people of New Hampshire are aware how violent has l>een the sweep of 
the disease which, with its numerous attendant and resulting ailments, is known as the 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 42 1 

disease was characterized by many of the symptoms of a severe 
attack of influenza. By some it was supposed to have had its 
origin in Siberia, hence was given the name ** Russian Influenza." 
La Grippe, the name by which the disease was most widely 
known, is said to have come from the Polish crypka, meaning 
hoarse. Others claim to recognize its origin in the French 
word "gripper," meaning to seize. It spreads with great ra- 
pidity, and in the epidemic just mentioned traveled from St. 
Petersburg to New York in about six weeks. Children enjoyed 
to a certain extent immunity from this disease. The invasion 
was usually sudden, accompanied by accelerated pulse, high 
fever, severe lumbar and muscular pains, with intense headache. 
Catarrhal symptoms were usually prominent characteristics, 
though in some instances they were slight or entirely wanting. 
These attacks invariably left the patient weak and extremely 
susceptible to other diseases, especially to pneumonia. A 
large number died in Industry and adjoining towns, either 
from the disease itself or its sequelae during its prevalence in 
1 890-1-2. 

grip. More than half of the public men of the State who desired to attend the 
funeral of Hon. Daniel Barnard at Franklin, Wednesday, were restricted to their 
homes on that day by sickness, and we think it is a fact that more than three-fourths 
of the entire population of the State has within the last two months been stricken 
down by this strange disease. A majority of them have recovered or are slowly 
convalescing, but the death roll for December and January must be longer than that 
for any other two months for many years. The grip goes everywhere and seizes its 
victims from all classes. It is quite as prevalent and virulent in the country towns 
as in the cities. In one town it rages on the hills and in another in the valleys. It 
does as deadly work in the homes of the poor as in those of the rich and well to do. 
It does not distinguish between those who work in the open air and those who are 
closely confined in warm and poorly-ventilated rooms, and young and old are alike 
its subjects, though it is more fatal among the aged, because they have less strength 
to withstand it. 

As a rule, when it enters a family it spares no member of it, and we hear of 
cases in almost every town in which all the occupants of a house are restricted to 
their beds. Physicians are everywhere worked to the limit of their endurance and 
neither love nor money can command the services of nurses in many instances. The 
cause no one knows. The weather is as bad as bad can be, but the grip rages where 
the weather is fine as fiercely as it does here, and of the cure, if cure there be, 
physicians seem to be nearly as ignorant as of the cause. In its every phase and 
from every point of view it is as mysterious as it is prostrating and fatal. 

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It was in the month of February, 1824, that Pelatiah Shorey 
came with his family from Berwick, Maine, to make his home 
in the town of Industry. Mr. Shorey was a native of Berwick, 
and the youngest of a family of ten children. He was of Eng- 
lish extraction on his father's side, while his mother was of 
Scottish descent. Both his father and grandfather were deacons 
of the Baptist church in their day, and his mother was an 
eminently pious woman and a constant, earnest student of the 
Bible. Pelatiah Shorey married, Feb. 23, 181 8, Sarah Fogg, 
daughter of Joseph and Phebe (Hayes) Fogg, of Berwick, a 
lady of sincere piety and sterling moral worth. On-coming to 
Industry, Mr. Shorey's family consisted of a wife and two chil- 
dren, — Elizabeth, through whose generosity Shorey Chapel has 
been erected, and George, who now resides in Cambridge, Mass. 

The people of Industry found their newly-acquired towns- 
man and neighbor to be a man of strong, positive convictions, 
firm and unwavering in his defense of the principles of right 
and justice, a christian whose profession of faith adorned the 
walks of his daily life, and a man in every respect worthy of 
love and esteem. Mr. and Mrs. Shorey were the parents of 
seven children, four sons and three daughters, all of whom grew 
to manhood and womanhood to lead useful christian lives, thus 
honoring the name of their revered parents and benefiting their 

Dec. 21, 1838, the family sustained an overwhelming and 
irreparable loss in the death of a kind, loving wife and mother. 
Two years later Mr. Shorey married Elizabeth Walbridge Lowe, 
with whom he lived happily for nearly a third of a century. 
She died in Industry, May 14, 1869, and in the month of 
September following, Mr. Shorey left town to make his home 
in Wayland, Mass., with his eldest daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Price. Here, impelled by the promptings of true filial affection, 
the daughter anticipated and ministered to his every want, thus 
making his last days as the flow of a peaceful river. Calmly, 
and apparently painlessly, on the morning of March 18, 1880, 
his immortal spirit parted its tenement of clay and was wafted 

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From :i photograph made in 1S91 by E. R. Starbird, Farmiiiji^ton, Maine. 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 423 

by angels to realms of infinite love. After the death of her 
father, Mrs. Price ever felt a yearning desire to erect some suit- 
able memorial to the memory of her deceased parents. But 
nearly a decade elapsed before a desirable avenue for the be- 
stowal of her charity presented itself, and it happened in this 
wise : A house for public worship had for a long time been a 
growing want with the people of Allen's Mills. For years all 
religious meetings had been held in the brick school-house, but 
it was poorly adapted to such use. Time rolled on and the year 
1890 dawned. This found the need of a church still a pressing 
want. Preaching was maintained at regular intervals, and a suc- 
cessful Sunday-school had been in operation for several years. 
There was also a flourishing lodge of Good Templars in the 
village, but like the church-goers they were without any suitable 
place for their meetings. Early in August, 1890, Mrs. Price, 
then a resident of Auburndale, Mass., came to visit friends and 
acquaintances in that part of Industry. She had for some years 
manifested much interest in the Sunday-school and in many 
ways promoted its interests. Almost intuitively she grasped the 
situation, and to those interested made this suggestive query: 
" Why not build a chapel with a room connected to accommo- 
date the temperance people?" This proposal struck a popular 
chord, and several individuals promptly offered to donate a lot 
of land upon which to erect the proposed building. Notice was 
given, and a meeting held on the evening of Aug. 29, 1890. 
At this meeting Wm. J. Rackliff was called to preside, and Mrs. 
Mary G. Rackliff was chosen secretary. A subscription paper 
was drawn up as the result, and a vigorous canvass for subscrip- 
tions begun. Mrs. Price promptly subscribed $500, and others 
pledged smaller sums. Considering the assistance already 
promised, sufficient to insure the success of their undertaking, 
the subscribers met and organized Shorey Chapel Association 
Monday evening, Oct. 20, 1 890. Their organization was per- 
fected by the election of the following officers : President, Wm. 
J. Rackliff; Clerk, John T. Luce ; Directors, D. Collins Luce, 
Wm. J. Rackliff, John C. Spinney, Alonzo O. Rackliff, John P. 
Rackliff; Collector and Treasurer, Herbert B. Luce. 

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At a subsequent meeting a constitution was drawn up, pre- 
sented and adopted. D. Collins Luce and wife generously do- 
nated a building-lot for the chapel and conveyed the same to 
the association Nov. 8, 1 890. Two days later ground was broken 
for the foundation, and before winter had fully set in the cellar had 
been dug and stoned.* Dec. 13, 1890, a contract was closed 
with John T. Luce to furnish and deliver by April i, 1891, the 
necessary lumber for the frame and covering of Shorey Chapel. 
The granite for the underpinning was also purchased and hauled 
from the quarry in Chesterville during the winter. Ere spring 
had fairly set in the enterprise sustained a serious loss in the 
death of Mrs. Mary G. Rackliff and her mother, Lydia C. Luce, 
two of its most earnest friends. Discouraging, indeed, were the 
prospects of the chapel association after this, and until May 
20th nothing further was done toward the building. At this 
critical juncture Mrs. Price, the originator of the movement, 
came to the rescue. By mutual agreement with the association 
she assumed the whole control of erecting and finishing the 
chapel, as well as all the expense of building. 

June 2, 1891, Frederick A. Tompson, of Portland, com- 
menced preparing the plans, and the contract for building was 
soon after let to Mr. Noyes H. Williamson, of Farmington. 
The work was soon begun and vigorously pushed under the 
immediate supervision of Mrs. Price. As the work neared 
completion it was thought advisable to dedicate the house 
November loth, it being the anniversary of Mr. Shorey's birth. 
In completing and furnishing this chapel the tact, good judgment 
and business ability of Mrs. Price is shown to the best advan- 
tage. Every detail received her careful personal attention, and 
nothing was left undone to make the building complete in all 
its appointments. A bell of 720 pounds weight hangs in the 
bell-tower, which is surmounted by a handsome vane of the 
bannerette style. A beautiful tablet bearing the inscription 
•'Shorey Chapel" adorns the front elevation of the main build- 
ing, and the structure as a whole is a model of architectural 

♦ By a singular coincidence ground was broken on the anniversary of Mr. Shorey's 
birth, the gentleman in whose honor the chapel had been named. 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 425 

beauty. The auditorium, situated in the main building, is reached 
from the entrance immediately under the tower, by turning to 
the right. This room, which has a seating capacity of about 
1 50, may well be termed a paragon of comfort and convenience. 
Overhead it is finished nearly to the ridge, leaving all the trusses 
exposed. These by their tastetul arrangement are made objects 
of beauty as well as utility. The richly-stained finish, the fres- 
coed walls and ceiling, the ash-wood pews with their cushions 
of maroon plush, the modestly-figured carpet, the handsomely- 
furnished pulpit, blend into one harmonious whole in the flood 
of mellow light admitted through the stained-glass windows. 
At the left of the minister, as he faces the congregation, is the 
choir with its fine new organ, while on his right is a small parlor 
reached by a private entrance, from which a short flight of stairs 
leads to the pulpit. 

On the desk lies a handsome copy of the Bible, presented 
by a sister of Mrs. Price, Mrs. Harriet A. Bassett, of New York 
City; but aside from this, everything from the furnace in the 
basement to the vane on the spire, and hymn-books in every 
pew, came from the generous hand of Elizabeth (Shorey) Price. 
The wing, extending at a right angle from the main building, 
contains a vestry, reached from a side entrance, and a kitchen 
furnished with a china closet, sink and all the conveniences of 
a first-class cuisine. The vestry communicates with the audito- 
rium by means of folding doors, and contains a book-case, desk 
and other necessary furniture. It is designed for the use of the 
Sunday-school, social meetings and the Good Templars. 


Tuesday, Nov. 10, 1891, was ushered in with overcast skies 
and indications of rain, but before the hour set for the dedica- 
tory services the clouds vanished, and the sun burst forth in all 
its splendor, giving promise of a perfect afternoon. At one 
o'clock the silvery-toned bell in the tower announced the arrival 
of the appointed hour. The people had begun to gather early 
in the afternoon and soon filled all the pews, and the ushers 
were obliged to place chairs in the aisles for those arriving 

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later, until the house was completely packed. Several ministers 
were present, aside from those who occupied seats in the pulpit 
and participated in the dedicatory services. Among these were 
Rev. George W. Barber, Pastor of the Industry Methodist 
Church, and Rev. Otis Andrews, of New Sharon. A pleasant 
reminder of Mrs. Price's thoughtfulness was the neatly-printed 
programme, a copy of which was placed in the hands of every 
one present at the opening of the service. At a few minutes 
past one the exercises began, of which the following is the 
programme in full : 

Organ Voluntary, Miss Agnes £. Allen, Farmington, 

Solo, Miss Mary B. Elwell, Fartnington. 

Anthem, Messrs. Geo. C. Purington, Carl Merrill, Wilbert G. Mallett, Farmington^ 

and J. \\. Conant, Strong. 
Invocation, Rev. J. W. H. Baker, Farmington Falls, 

Business, (a) Report of Herbert B. Luce in behalf of the Shorey Chapel Association. 
(b) Presentation of the key to Mr. Luce by the contractor, Noyes li. 
Williamson, who in turn presented it to the proper custodian, Eliz- 
abeth Price. 

In well-chosen language this lady responded substantially as 
follows: **This house, erected to the memory of my deceased 
parents, Pelatiah and Sarah (Fogg) Shorey, was built for the 
worship of the true and living God ; and although it is to be 
dedicated as a Congregational Chapel, it is my wish that it be 
made free to all christian denominations desiring to worship 
here." As she ceased speaking. Rev. Truman A. Merrill 
stepped forward and read the following resolutions, which were 
unanimously adopted : 

Resolved. That we, the citizens of Allen's Mills and vicinity, accept 
the gift of this beautiful chapel from Mrs. Elizabeth Price for our use 
and benefit, with feelings of profound gratitude. 

Resolved. That we will show our gratitude to her now, and in 
coming years, by doing all we can to the end that her wishes for our 
good and for the moral and religious improvement of the town may be 

Resolved. That we will teach our children to revere the name of 
Elizabeth Price, who by her christian character and her generous gift to 
us has proved that she is our friend indeed, worthy of our love and 

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EVENTS FROM 1866 TO 1893. 427 

Resolved, That by this deed of noble generosity she has enthroned 
herself in our hearts and awakened within us the heartfelt prayer that 
the Angel of Peace may ever guide her footsteps in pleasant and pros- 
perous paths and finally place upon her brow the victor's crown. 

Mrs. Price, as well as others, was deeply moved by this 
spontaneous and unexpected expression of gratitude. 

Scripture Reading, 84th Fsalm, and from the loth Chap. Hebrews commencing with 
13th verse, Rev. Wilber F. Berry, Farmington. 

Anthem, Messes. Purington, Merrill, Mallett and Conant. 

Hymn, Rev. John Spinney, Industry, 

Sermon (Text, St. John iv, 21, 22, 23.), Rev. Hugh Elder, Farmington, 

Reading Letters, Rev. Truman A. Merrill, Allen's Mills. 

Dedicatory Prayer, Rev. Herbert Tilden, Farmington. 

Hymn 485 ( in singing which the congregation joined), 

Rev. Daniel R. Hargraves, Neiv Sharon. 
Benediction, Rev. J. Henry McLaren, Phillips, 

The exercises were touchingly beautiful and impressive, and